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Dose Finding Trial of ARQ 092 in Children and Adults With Proteus Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02594215
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : November 3, 2015
Last Update Posted : July 6, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) )

Brief Summary:


Proteus syndrome (PS) is caused by a mutation in the AKT1 gene. This gene makes a protein that communicates with other proteins in the body to make cells grow. The AKT1 mutation changes chemical signals in the body and causes overgrowth. PS can be fatal. The drug ARQ 092 reduces signals from the AKT1 protein. This may reduce or stabilize some of the overgrowth in people with PS. Researchers want to find the best dose of ARQ 092 based on its effect on tissues in people with PS.


To determine the safety, tolerability, and recommended dose of ARQ 092 in people with PS.


People ages 6 and older with PS


Participants will be screened with medical history, physical exam, and blood and urine tests.

Participants will take ARQ 092 by mouth once daily for up to 12 28-day cycles.

Participants must stay near the NIH Clinical Center (CC) during the whole first cycle, for weekly visits to the CC. For cycle 2, they will have visits every 2 weeks. They will have 1 visit before cycles 3 and 4, and once before every other cycle for cycles 5 11. The final visit will be at the end of cycle 12. Visits may include:

Small skin samples taken.

ECG: Soft electrodes on the skin record heart signals.

Echocardiogram: A small probe held to the chest takes pictures of the heart.

MRI: Participants will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body.

Joint and mobility function tests.

Participants will complete surveys by phone and in person.

Participants will keep a daily medication and symptom diary.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Proteus Syndrome Drug: ARQ 092 Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Proteus syndrome is a rare segmental overgrowth disorder caused by a somatic gain of function mutation in the oncogene AKT1, encoding the AKT1 kinase. The disorder is progressive, with high morbidity and mortality there are very few living adults with this disease. Tissues and cell lines from patients with Proteus syndrome harbor admixtures of mutant alleles that ranged from <1% to approximately 50%. This mutation causes constitutive activation of AKT1, through Ser473 and Thr308 phosphorylation. This activation stimulates the AKT/PI3K pathway, mediating processes including increased cell proliferation and decreased apoptosis. The progressive nature of the disorder and the mechanism of disease (gain of function) make AKT1 an excellent target for therapeutics, specifically repression. The AKT/PI3K pathway is mutated in numerous cancers as well. Because it is commonly mutated in cancer, pharmaceutical companies are interested in targeting this molecule with inhibitors. Indeed, Proteus syndrome can be considered a simple model for cancer therapeutics, as these patients are known to harbor only a single activating mutation instead of the hundreds or thousands that are mutated in cancers. ArQule Inc. has developed a small molecule, ARQ 092 that effectively inhibits AKT, with the lowest IC(50) for AKT1 (as compared to AKT2 or AKT3, and orders of magnitude lower for other kinases). This agent has undergone significant development with animal toxicity studies and is currently in phase I trials in patients with different types of cancer. In addition, we have performed in vitro testing with ARQ 092 in cells from patients with Proteus syndrome and demonstrated reduction in AKT1 phosphorylation at doses in the range of achievable blood levels in humans with low toxicity. Because Proteus syndrome is a chronic disease, typical approaches to defining the recommended phase II dose by determining the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) are not appropriate - it is unreasonable to propose that patients would tolerate significant side effects for prolonged time periods. As an initial trial for this disease, we propose a phase I study to determine a recommended dose for subsequent trials, which will determine the efficacy of ARQ 092 in Proteus syndrome. The recommended phase II dose will be determined based on the tolerability of ARQ 092 in children and adults with Proteus syndrome and measures of drug levels in plasma and affected tissues in patients with Proteus syndrome and measures of tissue phosphorylation of AKT1. We hypothesize that the recommended dose of ARQ 092 will be substantially below that of doses used in patients with cancer and that this will lead to a highly favorable risk - benefit ratio on which we can base future efficacy studies.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1 Dose Finding Trial of ARQ 092 in Children and Adults With Proteus Syndrome
Study Start Date : October 31, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment
All participants will receive drug
Drug: ARQ 092

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tissue drug levels [ Time Frame: 15 +/- 3 Days ]
  2. Tissue phospho-AKT level [ Time Frame: 15+/-3 Days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tolerability and side effects [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Meets published clinical criteria for PS.
  • Measurable disease: Patients must have at least one measurable lesion for volumetric MRI or photographic CCTN.
  • Has a CLIA-validated report demonstrating presence of a mosaic AKT1 c.49G>A mutation.
  • 6 years of age or older. The age limits including children and adolescents were chosen because childhood and puberty are considered to be the greatest risk for disease progression, and ARQ 092 may provide the most benefit to this young group of patients. In addition, an important objective of this study is to characterize the pharmacokinetics of ARQ 092 in the pediatric population since it has been better studied in adults.
  • Not using nor has used within the past 6 months any medication known to affect the AKT/PI3K pathway (e.g., everolimus), reviewed by NIHCC pharmacist.
  • Performance status: Patients greater than or equal to 16 years of age must have a Karnofsky performance level of greater than or equal to 40%, and adolescents 6 - 16 years old must have a Lansky performance of greater than or equal to 40%.
  • Is willing to identify and allow us to communicate with an outside medical provider if needed.
  • Hepatic function: Bilirubin must be less than or equal to 1.5 x the upper limit of normal and the SGPT (ALT) must be less than or equal to 2.5 x the upper limit of normal.
  • Cardiac function: Must have an ejection fraction with normal limits for age by echocardiogram.
  • Must have cognitive abilities to complete patient surveys/QOL assessments as appropriate for age or have an appropriate surrogate decision-maker or guardian able to complete these measures in the case of intellectually impaired adults.
  • Renal function: Age-adjusted normal serum creatinine (see Table below) OR a creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2.

    • Age (Years): less than or equal to 15; Serum Creatinine (mg/dl): less than or equal to1.2
    • Age (Years): > 15; Serum Creatinine (mg/dl): less than or equal to 1.5
  • Body surface area of at least 0.5 m^2


  • Pregnant or breast-feeding females are excluded due to potential risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events of an investigational agent. Pregnancy tests must be obtained prior to enrollment on this study in all females. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method. Abstinence is an acceptable method of birth control.
  • Patients who anticipate the need for surgical intervention within the first three cycles (3 months), as surgical intervention during the period of DLT evaluation may affect analysis of adherence and/or make the subject unevaluable.
  • An investigational agent within the past 6 months.
  • Ongoing radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy directed at the disease, immunotherapy, or biologic therapy.
  • Clinically significant unrelated systemic illness, such as serious infections, hepatic, renal or other organ dysfunction, which in the judgment of the Principal or Associate Investigator would compromise the patient s ability to tolerate the agents used in this trial or are likely to interfere with the study procedures or results.-
  • Type I or II diabetes mellitus or is being treated with insulin or an oral hypoglycemic agent.
  • Abnormal LVEF on echocardiogram.
  • Patients with known extensive intestinal involvement of the disease or evidence of malabsorption that, in the investigator s opinion could compromise drug absorption.
  • Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study.
  • Inability to undergo MRI/CT and/or contraindication for MRI examinations following the MRI protocol. Prosthesis or orthopedic or dental braces that would interfere with volumetric analysis of target lesion on MRI.
  • Evidence of a tumor, or other cancer requiring treatment with chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
  • Patients with baseline (pre-treatment) QTcF>470ms on ECG.
  • Absence of an approved legal guardian or approved surrogate decision-maker in the case of intellectually impaired adults.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02594215

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Principal Investigator: Leslie G Biesecker, M.D. National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) Identifier: NCT02594215     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 160014
First Posted: November 3, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 6, 2018
Last Verified: February 16, 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) ):

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Proteus Syndrome
Proteus Infections
Pathologic Processes
Enterobacteriaceae Infections
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Hamartoma Syndrome, Multiple
Neoplasms, Multiple Primary
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Limb Deformities, Congenital
Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
Abnormalities, Multiple
Congenital Abnormalities