Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Novel Vitality Indices Derived From the Hexoskin in Patients Affected With Angina Undergoing Coronary Revascularization or Medical Therapy (NOVA-SKIN)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02591758
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 30, 2015
Last Update Posted : October 5, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marc Jolicoeur, Montreal Heart Institute

Brief Summary:

The first and foremost manifestation of ischemic heart disease (IHD) is angina. At a global level, patients with chronic angina are at risk of poor vital status and deconditioning. Medical therapy and coronary revascularization using coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can effectively relieve angina . In spite of all the available treatment options, the assessment of angina remains a challenge. Angina has a cyclical pattern and will naturally worsen and improve as days go by. Likewise, angina can be significantly biased by the placebo effect. Clinically angina is most frequently quantified with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) classes system. In research protocols, angina is often quantified with health-related quality of life questionnaires and diaries. None of the tool available accounts for an important phenomenon called ischemic threshold adaptation, which could be defined as a limitation of their activity level under the ischemic level, which will translate into fewer angina episodes and a seemingly stable condition. Better clinical assessment tools that take into consideration the ischemic threshold adaption are needed.

Despite increased interest in wearable biometrics clothing in medicine, no prospective study has documented their utility to assess angina and to monitor the rehabilitation in cardiac patients. The Hexoskin™ is a biometric vest that can collect physiological data from individuals in their natural daily living environment. Currently, the use of biometric clothing is confined to a niche exploited exclusively by health enthusiasts, athletes or astronauts. As we enter this new age of virtual healthcare, tools like wearable biometrics could represent a giant leap forward in assisting healthcare professionals and patients. This will translate a better assessment of their health status, will allow physicians to target the right treatment strategy, ultimately improving case-selection and outcomes.

Our objective is to prospectively validate the wearable biometrics clothing Hexoskin™ against established standards used to assess chronic stable angina. In addition, the investigators want to derive a novel vitality index from the data generated by this device that will subsequently be used to propose a new angina classification system that will account for ischemic threshold adaptation. Moreover, the investigators want to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Hexoskin monitor patients undergoing home-based cardiac rehabilitation.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Chronic Stable Angina Device: Hexoskin Vest Behavioral: Cardiac rehabilitation program Other: Anxiety assessment as determined by the GAD-7 Other: Angina assessment with the angina diary, the SAQ and the SF-36 Other: Exercise stress test Other: Holter monitoring

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Novel Vitality Indices Derived From the Hexoskin in Patients Affected With Angina Undergoing Coronary Revascularization or Medical Therapy (NOVA-SKIN Study)
Actual Study Start Date : October 1, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 17, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : July 17, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Angina

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Stable Angina with coronary angiogram
This study aims to correlate the biometric data collected and derived from the Hexoskin with the standard physiological assessment, in patients referred for coronary angiography for limiting angina. Afterwards, the clinician will decide of the best treatment strategy for the patient: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or no revascularization.
Device: Hexoskin Vest
The Hexoskin vest will be used at home to monitor the patient before and after the coronary angiography, during a treadmill test and during a home cardiac rehabilitation program.

Behavioral: Cardiac rehabilitation program
A 6 sessions home cardiac rehabilitation program will be prescribed to the patient 2 to 4 weeks after the coronary angiogram. Those sessions will take place under Hexoskin surveillance. One session will take place at our specialized institution and six sessions will take place at home over the time span of two to three weeks.

Other: Anxiety assessment as determined by the GAD-7
Anxiety assessment using the General Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale, at the end of the study, to see if the Hexoskin relieved the anxiety patients can feel at home when exercising after a percutaneous coronary intervention.

Other: Angina assessment with the angina diary, the SAQ and the SF-36
Other Name: Angina assessment with the angina diary, the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) and the Short Form 36 (SF-36)

Other: Exercise stress test
Using the RAMP protocol before and after the coronary intervention, under Hexoskin surveillance.

Other: Holter monitoring
24-hour Holter monitoring before and after the coronary angiogram with simultaneous Hexoskin reading.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Validation of the Hexoskin measures : Average heart rate [ Time Frame: Two months to three months ]
    Correlation between the heart rate as determined by the Hexoskin with the reference data provided by the Holter monitoring and treadmill stress test

  2. Validation of the vitality index with angina class as assessed by the CCS Class [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
  3. Validation of the vitality index with quality of life using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    The changes in the vitality index compared with changes quality-of-life as measured by the Seattle Angina Questionnaire

  4. Validation of the vitality index with Anxiety using the GAD-7 [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    The changes in the vitality index compared with changes of anxiety as measured by the General Anxiety Disorder Scale - 7 .

  5. Validation of the vitality index with quality of life using the SF-36 [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    The changes in the vitality index compared with changes quality-of-life as measured by the Short-Form 36 (SF-36).

  6. Validation of the vitality index with Anxiety using the ASI-3 [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    The changes in the vitality index compared with changes of anxiety as measured by the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI-3)

  7. Responsiveness to the revascularisation procedure or medical treatment [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    Difference of the vitality index before and after the revascularisation procedure or medical treatment

  8. Validation of the Hexoskin measures : Arrhythmia detection [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    : Correlation between the arrhythmias as determined by the Hexoskin with the reference data provided by the Holter monitoring.

  9. Adjusting of the different subdomains of SF-36, Seattle Angina Questionnaire, Treadmill length, CCS class and weekly angina count before and after the coronary angiogram for the vitality index [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    Adjusting of the different subdomains of SF-36, Seattle Angina Questionnaire, Treadmill length, CCS class and weekly angina count before and after the coronary angiogram for the vitality index and comparison between the difference detected before & after compared to the unadjusted metrics


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    Mortality, re-infarction, revascularization procedure, ventricular arrhythmias and re-hospitalisation for angina.

  2. Safety outcomes of the Hexoskin (Allergies, Intolerance) [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    Allergies, Intolerance

  3. Resource utilisation : Any overnight hospital stay [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    • Rehospitalisation: Any overnight stay at the hospital.
    • Coronary care unit admission: Any overnight stay at the coronary care unit.
    • Intensive care unit admission: Any overnight stay at the intensive care unit.

  4. Medical contact (Number of phone calls or unplanned clinic or emergency visit to the physician per patient) [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    Any phone call or unplanned clinic visit to a physician.

  5. Remote signal transmission integrity [ Time Frame: Two to three months ]
    o Defined as the number of seconds the Hexoskin does not transmit any interpretable data divided by the total time the Hexoskin has been worn.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Thirty (30) subjects who meet all of the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria and who successfully wear the Hexoskin vest in the run-in will be eligible to study participation. Subjects will be recruited as outpatient, from the specialized angina clinic at the Montreal Heart Institute (MHI) or as an inpatient, after screening by the research team.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent form
  2. Patient 18 years of age
  3. History of coronary artery disease that consists of a well-documented medical history (over 3 months prior to the enrolment) of myocardial infarction or significant coronary artery disease with non-invasive angiographic confirmation.
  4. Symptoms that support the diagnosis of chronic angina and/or a history of an abnormal exercise response limited by angina and/or electrocardiograph (ECG) changes.
  5. All-comers with stable or unstable moderate-to-severe angina pectoris (Canadian Cardiovascular Class [CCS] II-III or IV subsequently medically stabilized (minimum 7 days) despite guideline directed medical therapy due to a reversible myocardial ischemia deemed sufficiently severe to justify a coronary angiography.
  6. Patient can be treated percutaneously, surgically or medically.
  7. Willing to undertake a cardiac rehabilitation program at home
  8. Patient understands the nature of the device and is able to wear the Hexoskin for 24h Patient is willing to comply with specified follow-up evaluation and can be contacted by telephone.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Recent (<1 week) acute coronary syndrome
  2. Decompensated congestive heart failure (CHF) or hospitalization due to CHF during the 3 months prior to screening.
  3. Severe valvular disease
  4. High-risk criteria demonstrated on the treadmill stress test (Appendix D5)
  5. With contraindications to, unable to, or with other co-morbidities that may prevent or interfere with the ability to perform treadmill stress test (including but not limited to : pulmonary hypertension, functionally limiting chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), history of pulmonary tuberculosis, prior hospitalization for acute exacerbation of chronic lung disease, home oxygen use, chronic oral steroid therapy that can limit exercise capacity, functionally limiting peripheral artery disease.
  6. Patients for whom an home-based cardiac rehabilitation is contraindicated or not possible
  7. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% or patients with defibrillator or cardiac resynchronisation pacemaker.
  8. Severe left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (defined as septal wall thickness at echocardiography of more than > 13 mm)
  9. Congenital cardiac defects, severe uncontrolled hypertension (seated systolic blood pressure > 180 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 110 mm Hg), severe anemia, suspected or known dissecting aortic aneurysm, acute myocarditis or pericarditis, thrombophlebitis or pulmonary embolism.
  10. Presence of electrocardiographic or other abnormalities/factors that could interfere with exercise electrocardiograph interpretation or may lead to a false positive stress test (See appendix B for more details)
  11. Clinically significant arrhythmias, rapid atrial fibrillation (> 110 beats per minute at rest) or atrioventricular conduction block greater than first degree.
  12. Planned need for concomitant cardiac surgery, such as valve surgery.
  13. Refusal or an inability to perform cardiac rehabilitation.
  14. Moribund patients, or patients with comorbidities limiting life expectancy < 1 year.
  15. Any contra-indications to the treadmill stress test (See Appendix D6)
  16. Mental condition (psychiatric or organ cerebral disease) rendering the subject unable to understand the nature, scope and possible consequences of the trial or mental retardation or language barrier such that the patient is unable to give informed consent.
  17. Potential for non-compliance towards the requirements in the study protocol and/or follow-up visits
  18. Any other conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, are likely to prevent compliance with the study protocol or pose a safety concern if the subject participates in the study.
  19. Currently enrolled in another investigational device or drug trial that has not completed the primary endpoint or that clinically interferes with the current study endpoints.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02591758


Locations
Layout table for location information
Canada, Quebec
Montreal Heart Institute
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H1T 1C8
Sponsors and Collaborators
Montreal Heart Institute
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Marc Jolicoeur Jolicoeur, MD, M.Sc., MHS Montreal Heart Institute
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Marc Jolicoeur, Principal Investigator, Montreal Heart Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02591758    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015-1919
First Posted: October 30, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 5, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Keywords provided by Marc Jolicoeur, Montreal Heart Institute:
Hexo-Skin
Hexoskin
NOVA-SKIN
angina
biometric vest
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Angina Pectoris
Angina, Stable
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Chest Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations