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Gender and PK-PD of Propofol and Cisatracurium (BIS5)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02588118
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 27, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 12, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ashraf Dahaba, MD, Medical University of Graz

Brief Summary:
In recent years it has become clear that gender differences exist both in the pharmacokinetics and the pharmacodynamics of drugs related to the practice of anesthesia. Differences in pharmacokinetics are more straightforward to study than differences in clinical effects. However, isolated pharmacokinetic data are of less value if they are not accompanied by measurements of clinical effects. Males are more sensitive than females to propofol. It may therefore be necessary to decrease the propofol dose by 30-40% in males. Females have 20-30% greater sensitivity to the muscle relaxant effects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Gender Drug: propofol Drug: Cisatracurium

Detailed Description:

Background: In recent years it has become clear that gender differences exist both in the pharmacokinetics and the pharmacodynamics of drugs related to the practice of anesthesia. Differences in pharmacokinetics are more straightforward to study than differences in clinical effects. However, isolated pharmacokinetic data are of less value if they are not accompanied by measurements of clinical effects. Males are more sensitive than females to propofol. It may therefore be necessary to decrease the propofol dose by 30-40% in males. Females have 20-30% greater sensitivity to the muscle relaxant effects.

Methods: Anaesthesia is induced with propofol 2 mg/kg (t0) followed by cisatracurium 0.1 mg/kg 1 min from propofol administration (t2). Patients will be monitored using the conventionally available bispectral index monitoring for propofol concentrations and Relaxometer mechanomyograph neuromuscular monitoring for cisatracurium. Serial arterial blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn in EDTA-tubes before cisatracurium administration, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30, 60 and 90 min following administration. Blood samples were assayed in duplicate using high performance liquid chromatograph. Pharmacokinetic analysis was performed by fitting the cisatracurium blood concentration time profile of individual patients, to non-compartmental as well as multi-compartmental pharmacokinetic models.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 120 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Effect of Gender on the Pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics of Propofol and Cisatracurium Besylate
Study Start Date : January 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
male group
Propofol 2 mg/kg (t0) followed by cisatracurium 0.1 mg/kg 1 min (t2). Patients will be monitored using bispectral index monitoring for propofol and Relaxometer mechanomyograph neuromuscular monitoring for cisatracurium. Serial arterial blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn in EDTA-tubes before cisatracurium administration, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30, 60 and 90 min following administration. Blood samples were assayed in duplicate using high performance liquid chromatograph for Pharmacokinetic analysis.
Drug: propofol
Propofol 2 mg/kg (t0) followed by cisatracurium 0.1 mg/kg 1 min (t2). Patients will be monitored using bispectral index monitoring for propofol and Relaxometer mechanomyograph neuromuscular monitoring for cisatracurium. Serial arterial blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn in EDTA-tubes before cisatracurium administration, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30, 60 and 90 min following administration. Blood samples were assayed in duplicate using high performance liquid chromatograph for Pharmacokinetic analysis.
Other Name: diprivan

Drug: Cisatracurium
Propofol 2 mg/kg (t0) followed by cisatracurium 0.1 mg/kg 1 min (t2). Patients will be monitored using bispectral index monitoring for propofol and Relaxometer mechanomyograph neuromuscular monitoring for cisatracurium. Serial arterial blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn in EDTA-tubes before cisatracurium administration, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30, 60 and 90 min following administration. Blood samples were assayed in duplicate using high performance liquid chromatograph for Pharmacokinetic analysis.
Other Name: nimbix

female group
Propofol 2 mg/kg (t0) followed by cisatracurium 0.1 mg/kg 1 min (t2). Patients will be monitored using bispectral index monitoring for propofol and Relaxometer mechanomyograph neuromuscular monitoring for cisatracurium. Serial arterial blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn in EDTA-tubes before cisatracurium administration, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30, 60 and 90 min following administration. Blood samples were assayed in duplicate using high performance liquid chromatograph for Pharmacokinetic analysis.
Drug: propofol
Propofol 2 mg/kg (t0) followed by cisatracurium 0.1 mg/kg 1 min (t2). Patients will be monitored using bispectral index monitoring for propofol and Relaxometer mechanomyograph neuromuscular monitoring for cisatracurium. Serial arterial blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn in EDTA-tubes before cisatracurium administration, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30, 60 and 90 min following administration. Blood samples were assayed in duplicate using high performance liquid chromatograph for Pharmacokinetic analysis.
Other Name: diprivan

Drug: Cisatracurium
Propofol 2 mg/kg (t0) followed by cisatracurium 0.1 mg/kg 1 min (t2). Patients will be monitored using bispectral index monitoring for propofol and Relaxometer mechanomyograph neuromuscular monitoring for cisatracurium. Serial arterial blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn in EDTA-tubes before cisatracurium administration, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30, 60 and 90 min following administration. Blood samples were assayed in duplicate using high performance liquid chromatograph for Pharmacokinetic analysis.
Other Name: nimbix




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. propofol elimination half life [ Time Frame: before administration till 120 minutes ]
    Propofol 3 mg/kg (t0) followed by cisatracurium 0.1 mg/kg 2 min (t2). Patients will be monitored using bispectral index monitoring for propofol. Serial arterial blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn in EDTA-tubes before cisatracurium administration, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30, 60 and 90 min following administration. Blood samples were assayed in duplicate using high performance liquid chromatograph for Pharmacokinetic analysis.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. cisatracurium elimination half life [ Time Frame: before administration till 120 minutes ]
    Propofol 3 mg/kg (t0) followed by cisatracurium 0.1 mg/kg 2 min (t2). Patients will be monitored using TOF-Watch neuromuscular monitoring for cisatracurium. Serial arterial blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn in EDTA-tubes before cisatracurium administration, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30, 60 and 90 min following administration. Blood samples were assayed in duplicate using high performance liquid chromatograph for Pharmacokinetic analysis.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
differences between equal numbers of males and females
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. either males or females

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Liver disease


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02588118


Locations
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Austria
Medical University of Graz
Graz, Austria, 8046
China, Shaanxi
Xijing hospital of Fourth Military Medical University
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of Graz
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ashraf Dahaba Medical University of Graz
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Ashraf Dahaba, MD, Principle Investigator, Medical University of Graz
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02588118    
Other Study ID Numbers: MUGraz5
First Posted: October 27, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 12, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Propofol
Cisatracurium
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anesthetics, Intravenous
Anesthetics, General
Anesthetics
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
Neuromuscular Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents