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Pembrolizumab in Combination With CRT for LA-SCCHN

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02586207
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 26, 2015
Results First Posted : January 15, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 21, 2022
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanford Health

Brief Summary:

This is a single-arm, multi-site, open-label trial of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) used in combination with standard, cisplatin-based, definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with stage III-IVB squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Approximately 39 patients with Stage III-IVB SCCHN will be enrolled to evaluate both the safety and efficacy of this novel combination. Subjects will not be randomized and will all receive the study treatment.

Treatment will consist of a loading dose of pembrolizumab 200 mg IV given 7 days prior to initiation of CRT (day-7). CRT with cisplatin 40 mg/m2 IV weekly and head and neck radiation at 70 Gy fractionated at 2 Gy once daily over 35 days, will begin on day 1. CRT will end on approximately day 46-50. Pembrolizumab 200 mg IV will continue following CRT in an adjuvant fashion starting on day 57 for an additional 5 doses, as tolerated, through day 141. Subjects will be evaluated for response following treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Squamous Cell Carcinoma Oral Cavity Cancer Oropharynx Cancer Hypopharynx Cancer Larynx Cancer Laryngeal Cancer Drug: pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Drug: Cisplatin Radiation: Radiation Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Each subject will participate in the trial from the time the subject signs the Informed Consent Form (ICF) through the final protocol-specified contact. After a screening phase of 28 days, eligible subjects will receive treatment on Day -7 with a loading dose of the study drug. This will continue during concurrent therapy with cisplatin and radiation, which will begin on day 1. Treatment will continue until completion of therapy, documented confirmed disease progression, unacceptable adverse event(s), intercurrent illness that prevents further administration of treatment, investigator's decision to withdraw the subject, subject withdraws consent, pregnancy of the patient, noncompliance with trial treatment or procedure requirements; or administrative reasons. After the end of treatment, each patient will be followed for 30 days for adverse event monitoring (serious adverse events will be collected for 90 days after the end of treatment or 30 days after the end of treatment if the patient initiates new anticancer therapy, whichever is earlier). Subjects who discontinue for reasons other than disease progression will have post-treatment follow-up for disease status until end of study disease progression, initiating a non-study cancer treatment, withdrawing consent, or becoming lost to follow-up. All subjects will be followed by telephone for overall survival until death, withdrawal of consent, or the Investigator is notified by Sanford Research to discontinue follow-up

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 59 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase Ib Study of Pembrolizumab in Combination With Chemo Radiotherapy (CRT) for Locally-advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)
Study Start Date : November 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 29, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single Arm
Pembrolizumab + Cisplatin + Radiation
Drug: pembrolizumab (MK-3475)
200mg IV on days -7(loading dose), 15, 36, 57, 78, 99, 120, 141.
Other Name: Keytruda

Drug: Cisplatin
Cisplatin 40 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36
Other Name: Platinol, Platinol-AQ

Radiation: Radiation
70 Gy fractionated over 35 days

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse Events Will be Assessed and Graded Using CTCAE 4.0. Occurrences With Max Grade and Percentage/Number of Participants Affected by AEs Will be Provided. [ Time Frame: through day 240 (this time frame allows capturing of AEs that occurred up to 90 days after completion of treatment) ]

    To determine the safety and tolerability of pembrolizumab given in combination with cisplatin-based chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in subjects with treatment naive Stage III-IVB squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).

    Number of participants affected by AEs will be reported by grade and percentage of participants affected.

    Safety and tolerability will be assessed by clinical review of all relevant parameters including adverse events (AEs), laboratory tests, and vital signs. Count and percentage of AE will be provided.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of the Efficacy of Pembrolizumab Given in Combination With Definitive CRT by Determining the Number of Participants With Complete Response at Treatment End (Day 150) [ Time Frame: Day 150 (post treatment imaging) ]

    Response was determined using a composite end point of overall end-of-treatment (EOT) complete response (CR) at day 150 (approximately 12 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy) by CT of the neck (RECIST 1.1).

    Optional positron emission tomography (PET) imaging was allowed rather than neck dissection if CT could not confirm CR. Complete metabolic response was assessed using Hopkins score of 1, 2, or 3 on PET imaging. For those without an imaging CR, pathologic confirmation was recommend (but not required) by selective neck dissection and/or directed biopsy of the suspected active disease site. If pathologic evaluation of the potential disease site confirmed no residual invasive or in situ cancer, the patient was determined to have a pathologic CR. In cases with both an imaging CR and pathologic response assessment, the pathologic response defined final overall response. Therefore, patients with a final EOT CR included those with either an imaging (CT or PET) or pathologic CR.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Have histologically or cytologically-confirmed head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity (excluding lip), oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx.
  2. Have TNM clinical stage III, IVA, or IVB disease
  3. Be eligible for curative-intent concurrent chemoradiation therapy
  4. Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for the trial.
  5. Be 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
  6. Have measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1.
  7. Be willing to provide tissue from a recently obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion. Newly-obtained is defined as a specimen obtained up to 6 weeks (42 days) prior to initiation of treatment on Day -7. Subjects for whom newly-obtained samples cannot be provided (e.g. inaccessible or subject safety concern) may submit an archived specimen only upon agreement from Sanford Research.
  8. Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the ECOG Performance Scale.
  9. Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined:

    Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500 /mcL Platelets ≥100,000 / mcL Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL or ≥5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or EPO dependency (within 7 days of assessment) Serum creatinine OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) ≤1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR ≥60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN OR Direct bilirubin ≤ ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X ULN OR ≤ 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases Albumin >2.5 mg/dL

  10. Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
  11. Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication. Subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year.
  12. Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, or molecular targeted agents within 4 weeks of the start of the study treatment.
  2. Prior treatment with radiation to the head and neck
  3. Patients with TNM Stage IVC disease
  4. Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment.
  5. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment.
  6. Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis)
  7. Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients.
  8. Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  9. Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy.
  10. Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.
  11. Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis.
  12. Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
  13. Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
  14. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  15. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  16. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  17. Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120days after the last dose of trial treatment.
  18. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent.
  19. Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
  20. Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected).
  21. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02586207

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United States, California
UCSD Moores Cancer Center
La Jolla, California, United States, 92093-0698
United States, North Dakota
Sanford-Bismarck Medical Center
Bismarck, North Dakota, United States, 58501
Sanford-Roger Maris Cancer Center
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58122
United States, South Dakota
Sanford Health Cancer Center
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States, 57104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sanford Health
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
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Principal Investigator: Steven F Powell, MD Sanford Research
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Sanford Health:
Seiwert T, Burtness B, Weiss J, Gluck I, Eder JP, Pai SI, et al. A phase IB study of MK-3475 in patients with human papilloma virus (HPV) associated and non-HPV associated head and neck (H/N) cancer. ASCO 2014 Abstract #6011, Jun 2014.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Sanford Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02586207    
Other Study ID Numbers: SH MISP203
First Posted: October 26, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 15, 2021
Last Update Posted: April 21, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Projected to share initial safety data 4th quarter 2016
Keywords provided by Sanford Health:
Squamous Cell
Oral cavity
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Laryngeal Neoplasms
Mouth Neoplasms
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Laryngeal Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Pharyngeal Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological