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A Study of Rivaroxaban for Early Discharge of Low Risk Pulmonary Embolism From the Emergency Department (MERCURY PE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02584660
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 22, 2015
Results First Posted : April 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 1, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bayer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to evaluate that low risk Pulmonary Embolism (PE) participants who are discharged from the Emergency Department (ED) to the home environment and treated with rivaroxaban as outpatients have fewer total days in the hospital for bleeding and/or venous thromboembolism (VTE) events through Day 30 compared to participants who are treated with initial hospitalization and standard-of-care.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pulmonary Embolism Drug: Rivaroxaban Drug: Standard-of-care Phase 4

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized (study medication is assigned by chance), open-label (all people know the identity of the intervention), parallel-group, multicenter (study conducted at multiple sites) study to evaluate that low risk PE participants who are discharged from the ED and treated with rivaroxaban compared to participants who are treated with initial hospitalization and standard-of-care. The study consists of a Screening and Randomization Period, followed by a 90-day open-label treatment period, and an end of study/early withdrawal (EOS) visit. The duration of study participation for each participant is approximately 3 months. The participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to one of two treatments. Safety will be monitored during the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 114 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: MulticEnter Trial of Rivaroxaban for Early disCharge of pUlmonaRY Embolism From the Emergency Department
Actual Study Start Date : October 15, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 22, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 22, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Rivaroxaban

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Rivaroxaban
Participants will receive Rivaroxaban 15 milligram (mg) orally twice daily with food for the first 21 days followed by 20 mg orally once daily with food, for approximately 69 days for a total treatment duration of 90 days.
Drug: Rivaroxaban
Participants will receive Rivaroxaban 15 milligram (mg) twice daily up to Days 21 by orally and Rivaroxaban 20 mg once daily up to Days 90 by orally.

Experimental: local Standard-of-care
Participants will receive local Standard-of-care as per local protocol and defined by the medical team caring for the participant.
Drug: Standard-of-care
Standard-of-care as per local protocol and defined by the medical team caring for the participant.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Duration of Hospitalization [ Time Frame: Up to Day 30 ]
    Mean number of days of initial inpatient hospitalization (beginning from randomization to discharge from the hospital) plus any subsequent hospitalization(s) related to bleeding and/or venous thromboembolism (VTE) events up to 30 days were calculated.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Reoccurrence of Symptomatic Venous Thromboembolism Event (VTE) (Composite of Recurrent PE, New or Recurrent DVT) or VTE-related Death [ Time Frame: Up to 7, 14, 30, and 90 Days ]
    Reoccurrence of symptomatic, objectively confirmed VTE, defined as recurrent pulmonary embolism (PE) or new or recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) (including symptomatic upper extremity DVT) or VTE related death were analyzed.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Number of Unplanned Hospital Visits or Physician Office for VTE Symptoms and/or Bleeding [ Time Frame: Up to 7, 14, 30 and 90 Days ]
    Percentage of participants of unplanned hospitalization for VTE symptoms or bleeding-related hospital or physician visits were analyzed.

  3. Mean Combined Duration of Initial and Subsequent Emergency Department (ED) Hospitalization for Any Reason [ Time Frame: Up to 30 and 90 Days ]
    Mean combined duration of Initial and subsequent ED Stay and hospitalization for any reason within 30 and 90 days from randomization was analyzed.

  4. Treatment Satisfaction Assessment in Participants by Anti-clot Treatment Scale (ACTS) [ Time Frame: Day 90 ]
    ACTS is defined as a validated measure for assessing treatment satisfaction. The ACTS comprised of 2 subscales: Burdens (13 items: Item 1 to 13 [how much of limitation from taking part in vigorous physical activities, limitation from usual activities, bothered by bruising, bothered to avoid other medicines, limitation to diet, daily hassle, occasional hassle, difficult to follow treatment, time-consuming, worrying, frustrating, burden, negative impact on life respectively) and Benefits (4 items: Items 14 to 17 for evaluating confidence, reassurance, satisfaction, positive impact respectively) as a result of anti-clot treatment. The treatment experience scores ranged from 'Not at all' to 'Extremely' on a 5-point Likert scale (psychometric rating); higher scores indicate greater satisfaction with treatment.

  5. Percentage of Participants Satisfied Using Site-of-Care Satisfaction Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    The Satisfaction to Site-of-Care Questionnaire (standard-of-care versus early discharge on rivaroxaban therapy) was administered after 7 days on anticoagulant therapy. Satisfaction to Site-of-Care (hospitalization versus home care) rates the participant's level of satisfaction to care and location with care received as well as preference to location of care provided. Participants rated the 3 items of this scale of 1=Very satisfied; 2=Quite satisfied; 3=Neither; 4=Quite dissatisfied; and 5=Very dissatisfied for satisfaction questions and for the 1 preference question responses included 1=In the hospital; 2=In the community; and 3=No preference. Higher score indicates more level of satisfaction.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have confirmed acute symptomatic Pulmonary Embolism (PE) with or without symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
  • A PE participant diagnosed in the Emergency Department (ED) who is deemed to be at low risk of clinical deterioration as determined by the Hestia criteria
  • Have no contraindications to and be able to complete randomized treatment and all study assessments
  • Have a life expectancy of at least 6 months
  • Must be willing and able to adhere to the prohibitions and restrictions specified in this protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Having received any Combined P-gp (P-glycoprotein) and strong CYP3A4 (Cytochrome P450) inhibitors (such as but not limited to ketoconazole, telithromycin or protease inhibitors) use within 4 days before randomization, or planned use during the study. Itraconazole use within 7 days before randomization or planned use during the study
  • Having received any Combined P-gp and strong CYP3A4 inducers (such as but not limited to rifampin/rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, or St. John's Wort) use within 2 weeks before randomization or planned use during the study
  • Who Has contraindications to the use of any anticoagulant therapy (example, bleeding diathesis, history of gastrointestinal bleeding within 1 year or coagulopathy documented at Screening)
  • Who Has known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to rivaroxaban or its excipients
  • Woman who is pregnant, or breast-feeding, or planning to become pregnant

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02584660


Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
Bayer
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 16, 2015
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 27, 2017


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Responsible Party: Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02584660    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR107694
39039039APE4001 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC )
First Posted: October 22, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 20, 2018
Last Update Posted: June 1, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Keywords provided by Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC:
Rivaroxaban
JNJ39039039
Pulmonary embolism
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pulmonary Embolism
Embolism
Emergencies
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Rivaroxaban
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Antithrombins
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anticoagulants