Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

The PK and PD of Dapagliflozin Therapy in Combination With Insulin in Japanese Subjects With T1DM

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02582840
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 21, 2015
Results First Posted : January 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca

Brief Summary:
This randomized, single-blind, 3 arm, parallel group, placebo controlled PK/PD study will enrol 30 Japanese male and female patients with T1DM and age 18 to 65 years, with inadequate glycemic control on insulin defined as HbA1c ≥ 7.0% and ≤ 10.0% at screening visit. lacebo-controlled design. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio into one of the 3 single-blinded treatment arms; dapagliflozin 5 mg, dapagliflozin 10 mg or placebo. CSII user are excluded.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Drug: Dapagliflozin 5mg Drug: Dapagliflozin 10mg Drug: Placebo tablet Phase 1

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 42 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Clinical Pharmacology and Long Term Study to Evaluate the Safety, Efficacy, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Dapagliflozin Therapy in Combination With Insulin in Japanese Subjects With Type 1 Diabetes Who Have Inadequate Glycemic Control
Study Start Date : October 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diabetes Type 1

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: dapagliflozin 5mg
dapagliflozin tablet 5mg
Drug: Dapagliflozin 5mg
Dapagliflozin, a blood glucose lowering drug. Oral dose

Experimental: dapagliflozin 10mg
dapagliflozin tablet 10mg
Drug: Dapagliflozin 10mg
Dapagliflozin, a blood glucose lowering drug. Oral dose

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
dapagliflozin tablet 5mg placebo or 10 mg placebo
Drug: Placebo tablet
Placebo tablet. Oral dose




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dapagliflozin Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of 7 Days Repeated Doses of Dapagliflozin - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Set [ Time Frame: Day 1-7 ]
    Serial blood samples for determination of study drug were collected predose Day 1, Day 7 (60 minutes prior to dose), Day 7 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose).

  2. Dapagliflozin Minimum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmin) of 7 Days Repeated Doses of Dapagliflozin - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Set [ Time Frame: Day 1-7 ]
    Serial blood samples for determination of study drug were collected predose Day 1, Day 7 (60 minutes prior to dose), Day 7 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose).

  3. Dapagliflozin Time of Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Tmax) of 7 Days Repeated Doses of Dapagliflozin - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Set [ Time Frame: Day 1-7 ]
    Serial blood samples for determination of study drug were collected predose Day 1, Day 7 (60 minutes prior to dose), Day 7 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose).

  4. Dapagliflozin Area Under the Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to Time of the Last Quantifiable Concentration AUC(0-T) of 7 Days Repeated Doses of Dapagliflozin - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Set [ Time Frame: Day 1-7 ]
    Serial blood samples for determination of study drug were collected predose Day 1, Day 7 (60 minutes prior to dose), Day 7 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose).

  5. Dapagliflozin 3-O-Glucuronide Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of 7 Days Repeated Doses of Dapagliflozin - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Set [ Time Frame: Day 1-7 ]
    Serial blood samples for determination of study drug were collected predose Day 1, Day 7 (60 minutes prior to dose), Day 7 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose).

  6. Dapagliflozin 3-O-Glucuronide Minimum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmin) of 7 Days Repeated Doses of Dapagliflozin - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Set [ Time Frame: Day 1-7 ]
    Serial blood samples for determination of study drug were collected predose Day 1, Day 7 (60 minutes prior to dose), Day 7 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose).

  7. Dapagliflozin 3-O-Glucuronide Time of Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Tmax) of 7 Days Repeated Doses of Dapagliflozin - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Set [ Time Frame: Day 1-7 ]
    Serial blood samples for determination of study drug were collected predose Day 1, Day 7 (60 minutes prior to dose), Day 7 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose).

  8. Dapagliflozin 3-O-Glucuronide Area Under the Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to Time of the Last Quantifiable Concentration AUC(0-T) of 7 Days Repeated Doses of Dapagliflozin - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Set [ Time Frame: Day 1-7 ]
    Serial blood samples for determination of study drug were collected predose Day 1, Day 7 (60 minutes prior to dose), Day 7 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose).

  9. Dapagliflozin Ratio of Metabolite to Parent AUC of 7 Days Repeated Doses of Dapagliflozin - Pharmacokinetic (PK) Set [ Time Frame: Day 1-7 ]
    Serial blood samples for determination of study drug were collected predose Day 1, Day 7 (60 minutes prior to dose), Day 7 (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose).

  10. 24-hour Urinary Glucose (g/24h) Mean Change From Baseline on Day 7 - Pharmacodynamic (PD) Set [ Time Frame: Baseline (the last available assessment prior to the first dose of study medication), Day 7 ]
    The 24-hour period is defined based on the morning void, from the first morning void to the one of the next day.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total Daily Insulin (IU) Percent Change From Baseline to Day 7 - Pharmacodynamic (PD) Set [ Time Frame: Baseline (the last available assessment on or prior to the first dose of study medication), Day 7 ]
    Total daily insulin dose is defined as the sum of all insulin doses (basal+bolus+premixed) for each day. Mean percent change from baseline was calculated using the geometric mean back-transformed from the results calculated under the logarithm transformation.

  2. Daily Basal Insulin (IU) Percent Change From Baseline to Day 7 - Pharmacodynamic (PD) Set [ Time Frame: Baseline (the last available assessment on or prior to the first dose of study medication), Day 7 ]
    Mean percent change from baseline was calculated using the geometric mean back-transformed from the results calculated under the logarithm transformation.

  3. Daily Bolus Insulin (IU) Percent Change From Baseline to Day 7 - Pharmacodynamic (PD) Set [ Time Frame: Baseline (the last available assessment on or prior to the first dose of study medication), Day 7 ]
    Mean percent change from baseline was calculated using the geometric mean back-transformed from the results calculated under the logarithm transformation.

  4. Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) (mg/dL) Change From Baseline to Day 7 - Pharmacodynamic (PD) Set [ Time Frame: Baseline (the last available assessment on or prior to the first dose of study medication), Day 7 ]
  5. Seated Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHG) Change From Baseline to Day 7 - Pharmacodynamic (PD) Set [ Time Frame: Baseline (the last available assessment on or prior to the first dose of study medication), Day 7 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed Written Informed Consent Subjects or their legally responsible representatives must be willing and able to give signed and dated written informed consent.
  • Target Population Diagnosis of T1DM. In addition, the following criteria also needs to be met; Central laboratory test of C-peptide < 0.7 ng/mL Subject re-enrolment: This study does not permit the re-enrolment of a subject who has discontinued the study as a screen failure
  • Insulin use for at least 12 months prior to the enrolment per subject report or medical records and Method of insulin administration (MDI) must have been unchanged for at least 3 months prior to the enrolment per subject report or medical records. Subjects must be taking a total daily insulin dose of ≥ 0.3 U/kg/day for at least 3 months prior to the enrolment. CSII users are excluded. MDI insulin administration subject must be on ≥ 3x injections per day.
  • Gender and reproductive Status Japanese men and women.
  • HbA1c eligibility criteria include: Screening Visit: Central laboratory HbA1c ≥ 7.0 % and ≤ 10.0 % (One repeat HbA1c test for subjects in screening if their initial test result was an HbA1c ± 0.2% of the cut off values)
  • BMI ≥ 20.0 kg/m², ≤ 35.0 kg/m² at visit 1
  • Ages 18 to 65 years, inclusive - ≥ 18 years old and < 20 years old must have assent forms signed and dated by their parents or guardians

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Target Disease Exceptions History of T2DM In cases where the subject has a history of T2DM and has a documented history of being auto-antibody positive for GAD65, tyrosine phosphatase IA-2/IA-2β, or Zinc Transporter 8 (ZnT8), or fasting c-peptide value below the lower limit of detection performed by local or central laborator, the subject will be eligible for screening
  • Maturity onset diabetes of young (MODY), Pancreatic surgery, chronic pancreatitis, or other pancreatic disorders that could result in decreased β-cell capacity (eg, pancreatogenous diabetes)
  • Any antihyperglycemic agent use, other than thiazolidinediones, or insulin, within 1 month prior to the screening visit. Use of thiazolidinediones within 6 months prior to the screening visit.
  • History of DKA requiring medical intervention (eg, emergency room visit and/or hospitalization) within 1 month prior to the enrolment
  • History of hospital admission for glycemic control (either hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia) within 1 month prior to the enrolment
  • Malignancy within 5 years of the enrolment (with the exception of treated basal cell or treated squamous cell carcinoma)
  • History of bladder cancer
  • History of radiation therapy to the lower abdomen or pelvis at any time Unstable pre-proliferative and proliferative retinopathy (untreated or under treatment).
  • Physical and Laboratory Test Findings Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 3x upper limit of normal (ULN) Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 3x ULN Serum total bilirubin (TB) > 2.0 mg/dL (34.2 μmol/L).
  • Estimated GFR (eGFR) by the Japanese Society of Nephrology formula ≤ 60 mL/min/1.73m2. Hemoglobin ≤ 11.0 g/dL (110 g/L) for men; hemoglobin ≤ 10.0 g/dL (100 g/L) for women.
  • Positive for hepatitis B surface antigen or anti-hepatitis C virus antibody
  • Abnormal Free T4

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02582840


Locations
Layout table for location information
Japan
Fukuoka-shi, Japan
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02582840     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D1695C00001sub
First Posted: October 21, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 18, 2019
Last Update Posted: January 18, 2019
Last Verified: August 2018
Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
Japanese patients with type 1 diabetes with inadequate glycemic control on insulin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Diabetes Mellitus
2-(3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)-4-chlorophenyl)-6-hydroxymethyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Insulin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action