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MLN 9708 in Induction and Consolidation for Adults With AML >= 60 Years of Age

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02582359
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 21, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2021
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Philip C. Amrein, M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
This research study is evaluating drugs called Millennium 9708 (referred to as MLN9708) in combination with standard therapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) consisting of daunorubicin and cytarabine as a possible treatment for the patient AML.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: MLN9708 Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Daunorubicin Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This research study is a clinical trial comprised of two Phase I portions an induction treatment (initial treatment), and a consolidation treatment (which is given later). The patient is being asked to participate in one or both phase I portions of this study.

A phase I study tests the safety of an investigational drug or combination of drugs. Phase I studies also try to define the appropriate dose of the investigational drugs to use for further studies. "Investigational" means that the drug combination is being studied. It also means that the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved the drug combination for the participant's type of cancer.

In this research study, the investigators are studying the safety and tolerability of MLN9708 in combination with standard treatment for adults 60 years of age or older with AML.

In the first phase I portion of treatment ("induction") participants will receive MLN9708 in combination with daunorubicin and cytarabine. Once the maximally tolerated dose (MTD) of MLN9708 is established in this induction portion, up to 36 additional participants will be enrolled in the portion focusing on consolidation.

The drugs daunorubicin and cytarabine have been approved by the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). MLN9708 is not approved by the FDA.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 54 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Dose Escalation Study of Millennium 9708 in Combination With Induction and Consolidation Chemotherapy in Adults >= 60 Years With Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : January 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MLN9708

Phase I dose escalation study of MLN9708 with induction chemotherapy

  • MLN9708 -oral on predetermined days per cycle
  • Cytarabine, continuous infusion for predetermined duration and dosage
  • Daunorubicin short IV infusion or rapid injection for predetermined

Phase I dose escalation study of MLN9708 with consolidation chemotherapy after establishment of MTD with induction

Drug: MLN9708
Dose of 1.5 mg or 2.3 mg or 3.0 mg taken by mouth on days 2, 5, 9, 12 of each cycle.
Other Name: Ixazomib

Drug: Cytarabine
Induction: cytarabine 100 mg/m2/day continuous infusion, days 1-7 Consolidation: cytarabine 2000 mg/m2/day, 3 hour infusion, on days 1-5
Other Names:
  • Cytosar-U®
  • Ara-C
  • Arabinosylcytosine

Drug: Daunorubicin
Daunorubicin 60 mg/m2, IV bolus, on days 1-3 of induction, only.
Other Name: Cerubidine®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MTD/recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of MLN9708 in combination with induction chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Safety of MLN9708 in induction

  2. MTD/RP2D of MLN9708 with combination with consolidation chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Safety of MLN9708 in consolidation tested separately

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose Limiting Toxicities of MLN9708 [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Generally by NCI CTCAE: grade 3 neuropathy, grade 3 non-hematological toxicity that does not resolve to grade 2, grade 4 hematological toxicity not due to persistent AML that persists

  2. Disease Free Survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: 2 Years: Complete remission (CR) or complete remission without platelet recovery (CRp) to relapse or death, whichever comes first, for patients who receive study drug in induction and regardless of consolidation therapy ]
    Duration in weeks or months from determination of remission to time of relapse or death

  3. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Duration in weeks or months from day 1 of protocol treatment to time of death

  4. Remission Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Percentage of patients starting day 1 treatment that achieve a remission (CR or CRp)

  5. Relationship between CD74 expression and remission, DFS, OS [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Degree of CD74 expression on leukemia blasts compared to the rate of remission and length of DFS and OS.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients 60 years or older.
  • Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
  • Female patients who:

    • Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR
    • Are surgically sterile, OR
    • If they are of childbearing potential, agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent form through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, AND
    • Must also adhere to the guidelines of any treatment-specific pregnancy prevention program, if applicable, OR
    • Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [eg, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.)
  • Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (ie, status post-vasectomy), must agree to one of the following:

    • Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
    • Must also adhere to the guidelines of any treatment-specific pregnancy prevention program, if applicable, OR
    • Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. [Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.]
  • Patients must have a diagnosis of AML according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Therapy-related and secondary AML (arising after a period of myelodysplasia [MDS]) allowed. Prior treatment for MDS with hypomethylator-based therapy and lenalidomide allowed, but not allowed if used after the diagnosis of AML is made, since enrollment to this study is not for relapsed AML.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status and/or other performance status 0, 1, or 2. Performance status of 3 permissible if related to disease.
  • Patients must meet the following clinical laboratory criteria:

    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x the upper limit of the normal range (ULN) unless related to disease or patient known to have underlying Gilbert's disease.
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 ULN.
    • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min (see Section 12.2).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Female patients who are lactating or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period.
  • Failure to have fully recovered (ie, ≤Grade 1 toxicity) from the reversible effects of prior chemotherapy as stated in Section 5.1.4.
  • Major surgery within 14 days before enrollment.
  • Radiotherapy within 14 days before enrollment. If the involved field is small, 7 days will be considered a sufficient interval between treatment and administration of the MLN9708.
  • Suspected AML-related central nervous system involvement. A lumbar puncture (LP) is not required to exclude central nervous system (CNS) disease.
  • Evidence of current uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions, including uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  • Ongoing or active systemic infection, active hepatitis B or C virus infection, or known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive.
  • Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol.
  • Known allergy to any of the study medications, their analogues, or excipients in the various formulations of any agent.
  • Known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of MLN9708 including difficulty swallowing.
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before study enrollment or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease. Patients with non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection.
  • Patient has ≥ Grade 1 neuropathy, sensory, with or without pain, motor, or autonomic, on clinical examination during the screening period.
  • Participation in other clinical trials involving investigational agents within 21 days of the start of this trial and throughout the duration of this trial.
  • Prior chemotherapy treatment for AML (Prior treatment with hydroxyurea and/or leukapheresis to control white blood cell count acceptable). Prior chemotherapy for MDS or myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) such as azacitidine, decitabine, and thalidomide, is permitted, but such treatments once MDS or MPN has transformed to AML is not permitted.
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL) by WHO criteria [AML with t(15;17)]
  • Cardiac ejection fraction (EF) < 40%
  • Systemic treatment, during or within 48 hours of the first dose of MLN9708, with strong inhibitors of CYP1A2 (fluvoxamine, enoxacin, ciprofloxacin), strong inhibitors of CYP3A (clarithromycin, telithromycin, itraconazole, voriconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, posaconazole) or strong CYP3A inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital), or use of Ginkgo biloba or St. John's wort. The washout period will be extended to 2 days if patients are receiving extended release ciprofloxacin. For this protocol prophylactic antibiotics are not recommended, at least not until 48 hours after the last dose of study drug (given on Day 12), when the patient may be neutropenic. For patients with fever and/or infections, cefepime and ambisome are acceptable.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02582359

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Contact: Philip C Amrein, MD 617-724-1124

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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Philip C Amrein, MD    617-724-1124      
Principal Investigator: Philip C Amrein, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Philip C Amrein, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Philip C. Amrein, M.D., Philip C. Amrein, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital Identifier: NCT02582359    
Other Study ID Numbers: 15-276
First Posted: October 21, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021
Keywords provided by Philip C. Amrein, M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital:
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors