Prevalence of Problematic Use of Equimolar Mixture of Oxygen and Nitrous Oxide and Analgesics in the Sickle-cell Disease (PHEDRE)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02580565|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 20, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2018
The use of analgesics can lead to cases of drug abuse and dependence. It can also cause pseudo-addiction in patients suffering from pain. What is the actual situation in patients suffering from severe sickle-cell disease, exposed to acute pain during vaso-occlusive crises? Evaluation of the use of analgesics, on the basis of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for substance abuse and dependence, makes it possible to differentiate the symptoms occurring only in a context of pain, in the aim of managing the pain, and thus describing pseudo-addiction, from symptoms also occurring when there is no pain, and more in favour of true addiction. Currently there is no data available in France on this problem, and no studies have been carried out in children or adolescents with sickle-cell disease. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of problematic use of equimolar mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide and other analgesic drugs in a population of subjects with severe sickle-cell disease in France.
PHEDRE (Pharmacodépendance Et DREpanocytose-drug dependence and sickle-cell disease) is an observational, descriptive and transversal study. Patients under the age of 26 with sickle-cell disease are included in the study by the doctors looking after them in sickle-cell disease centres. The patients are then contacted by a trained researcher for a telephone interview, including an evaluation of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for abuse and dependence to equimolar mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide and for each of the analgesic drugs taken by the patient. The data are also completed using the subject's medical record.
This study will make it possible to provide an initial quantitative and qualitative evaluation of problematic use of equimolar mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide and analgesic drugs in the sickle-cell disease population. The results will be used firstly to provide additional data essential for monitoring the risk of overdose, abuse, dependence and misuse of these products, and to begin awareness-raising and to provide information for health care professionals, in order to significantly improve the management of sickle-cell disease-related pain.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Sickle Cell Disease||Other: telephone interview|
This is a national multicentric observational study
After he includes a patient, the medical practitioner complete a clinical assessment which contains all information about patient's family and personal history, history of the SCD and treatment already received for SCD. The clinical assessment is kept in the Reference Centre or Special Centre for Children and Adults (RSCCA). Therefore, the trained researcher will schedule a visit to the RSCCA to retrieve the clinical assessments of all patients included in this RSCCA and enter the data in the electronic case report form (e-CRF).
- Telephone interview
Telephone interview is carried out with a trained researcher from Nantes CEIP-A. When Nantes CEIP-A receipts the inclusion form and written consent, the trained researcher schedules a telephone interview with the patient. The interview is suited to the child's, adolescent's or young adult's age, maturity and comprehension skills. The following parameters are evaluated during the telephone semi-structured interview for EMONO, and for other analgesic drugs, during pain episodes and outside pain episodes.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||1004 participants|
|Official Title:||PHEDRE Trial Protocol - Observational Study of the Prevalence of Problematic Use of Equimolar Mixture of Oxygen and Nitrous Oxide (EMONO) and Analgesics in the French Sickle-cell Disease Population|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 25, 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 25, 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2017|
- Other: telephone interview
Clinical assessment for screening and a phone call for questionnaire administration
- Problematic use is abuse of or dependence on a substance according to the fourth edition of DSM (DSM-IV), and substance use disorder according to the fifth edition (DSM 5). [ Time Frame: 24 months after the start of the study ]The primary outcome mesure is evaluation of problematic use of EMONO. The DSM (Diagnostic and Satistical Manual) identifies 11 criteria for problematic use. The presence or absence of each criteria is assessed by phone with the patient. Therefore, the total number of criteria is calculated for each patient and represents the severity of problematic use.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02580565
|Principal Investigator:||Marie GERARDIN, Doctor||Hospital practitioner|