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Cardiovascular Inflammation Reduction Trial - Inflammation Imaging Study (CIRT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02576067
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 15, 2015
Results First Posted : April 20, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 20, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
Unity Health Toronto
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Zahi Fayad, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Brief Summary:

Vascular inflammation, a central feature of atherosclerosis, participates in the initiation, perpetuation and instability of plaques. Multiple clinical trials of cholesterol lowering therapy with statins have demonstrated that reductions in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) events are associated with reductions in both LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) and the systemic inflammatory mediator C-reactive protein (CRP). The Cardiovascular Inflammation Reduction Trial (CIRT) investigates if an anti-inflammatory agent commonly used in rheumatoid arthritis (low dose methotrexate (LDM)) can reduce CV morbidity and mortality among patients with a prior myocardial infarction or angiographically demonstrated multivessel coronary artery disease (GCO#13-1467).

In this ancillary CIRT imaging study, the investigators propose to use this well validated approach by non-invasive serial FDG-PET/CT imaging in a subset of patients enrolled in the main CIRT trial to directly visualize vascular inflammation. Once the subjects are enrolled in the main CIRT trial, baseline imaging will be done and follow up imaging will be done approximately 8 months after the baseline imaging.

18FDG-PET imaging data will be acquired, analyzed centrally and results incorporated into the main CIRT database. The investigators hypothesize that LDM treatment will result in a significant decrease in plaque inflammation as measured by 18-FDG-PET/CT after 8 months as compared to placebo.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Vascular Inflammation Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Drug: Low dose methotrexate Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The NHLBI funded (Ridker 5U01HL101422) Cardiovascular Inflammation Reduction Trial (CIRT) provides a unique opportunity to investigate whether a commonly used anti-inflammatory agent used in rheumatoid arthritis (low dose methotrexate (LDM)) can reduce CVD morbidity and mortality among patients with stable coronary artery disease. CIRT, is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial among 7,000 men and women with prior myocardial infarction or angiographically demonstrated multivessel coronary artery disease. Eligible participants will be randomly allocated over a three to four year period to usual care plus placebo or usual care plus LDM (average dose of 15-20 mg po/weekly. CIRT proposes that the reduction in CVD events with methotrexate derives from its effect on vascular inflammation, thus it is crucial to incorporate a measure of vascular inflammation imaging for confirmation of the primary mechanism of action underlying CIRT. As such, the direct evaluation of arterial inflammation would enhance the scientific value of the CIRT trial.

The inclusion of the proposed vascular inflammation imaging substudy has widespread implications that will allow this imaging modality to serve as a surrogate measure of disease, and thereby provide an opportunity for stratification in individuals at risk for CVD and evaluation of other interventions with presumed anti-inflammatory effects.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 123 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cardiovascular Inflammation Reduction Trial (CIRT) - Inflammation Imaging Study
Actual Study Start Date : December 18, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 29, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 29, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Low dose methotrexate
average dose of 15-20 mg po/weekly
Drug: Low dose methotrexate
Study participants will additionally receive 1 mg daily oral folate.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
matching placebo
Drug: Placebo



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Arterial Inflammation [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 months ]
    Change in arterial inflammation - The relative change at 8 months as compared to baseline in arterial inflammation as measured by the most diseased segment (MDS) of the index vessel. The MDS is defined as the 1.5 cm segment within the carotid artery (right or left carotid) that demonstrates the highest PET/CT activity, and is calculated as a mean of maximum TBR values derived from 3 contiguous axial segments. The index vessel in turn is defined as the vessel (either aorta, right, or left carotid) with the greatest mean TBR at baseline. (MDS TBR Index Vessel)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Max Target-to-background (TBR) [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 months ]
    Change in max target-to-background (TBR) - The mean of max TBR within the carotid arteries as an average of the slices from the left and right carotid) at follow up imaging as compared to baseline.

  2. Change in Max TBR Within the Carotid Arteries [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 months ]
    Change in max target-to-background (TBR) - The mean of max TBR within the carotid arteries as an average of the slices from the left and right carotid)



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 18 years at screening
  • Documented MI in the past or past evidence of multivessel coronary artery disease by angiography must have completed any planned coronary revascularization procedures associated with the qualifying event, and must be clinically stable for at least 60 d before screening; the qualifying prior MI must be documented either by hospital records or by evidence on current electrocardiogram of Q waves in 2 contiguous leads and/or an imaging test demonstrating wall motion abnormality or scar; the qualifying documentation of multivessel coronary disease must include angiographic evidence of atherosclerosis in at least 2 major epicardial vessels defined either as the presence of a stent, a coronary bypass graft, or an angiographic lesion of 60% or greater. Left main coronary artery disease that has been revascularized with a stent or bypass graft will qualify as multivessel disease, as will the presence of a 50% or greater isolated left main stenosis.
  • History of type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome at the time of study enrollment
  • Willing to participate as evidence by signing the study informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior history of chronic infectious disease, including tuberculosis, severe fungal disease, or known HIV positive
  2. Chronic hepatitis B or C infection
  3. Interstitial pneumonitis, bronchiectasis, or pulmonary fibrosis. Chest x-ray evidence in the past 12 months of interstitial pneumonitis, bronchiectasis, or pulmonary fibrosis.
  4. Prior history of non basal cell malignancy or myeloproliferative or lymphoproliferative disease within the past 5 years
  5. White blood cell count <3,500/mm3, hematocrit <32%, or platelet count <75000/mm3
  6. Liver transaminase levels (AST/ALT) greater than the upper limit of normal or albumin less than the lower limit of normal
  7. Creatinine clearance (CrCl) <40 mL/min as estimated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation
  8. History of alcohol abuse or unwillingness to limit alcohol consumption to <4 drinks per week
  9. Women of child bearing potential, even if currently using contraception, and women intending to breastfeed
  10. Men who plan to father children during the study period or who are unwilling to use contraception
  11. Requirement for use of drugs that alter folate metabolism (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazoyl) or reduce tubular excretion (probenecid) or known allergies to antibiotics making avoidance of trimethoprim impossible
  12. Current indication for methotrexate therapy
  13. Chronic use of oral steroid therapy or other immunosuppressive or biologic response modifiers
  14. Known chronic pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, or ascites
  15. New York Heart Association class IV congestive heart failure
  16. Life expectancy of <3 years

The study population for the ancillary study will be the same as the main trial with the following additional exclusion criteria

  1. Subjects with a history of multiple imaging studies associated with radiation exposure
  2. Insulin-dependent diabetics
  3. If subject is Type 2 diabetic, hemoglobin A1c greater than 8% as determined by patient medical record review in the one year prior to the date of consent to this study.
  4. BMI greater than 37 kg/m2 or weight greater than 350 pounds

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02576067


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02199
United States, New York
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Canada, Ontario
St. Michael's Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
Unity Health Toronto
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Zahi Fayad, PhD Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Zahi Fayad, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai:
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Responsible Party: Zahi Fayad, Director Translational and Molecular Imaging Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02576067    
Other Study ID Numbers: GCO 14-1382
1R01HL128056-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 15, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 20, 2020
Last Update Posted: April 20, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Keywords provided by Zahi Fayad, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai:
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
Inflammation reduction
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cardiovascular Diseases
Atherosclerosis
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Methotrexate
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors