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ASCENT-Study of Sacituzumab Govitecan in Refractory/Relapsed Triple-Negative Breast Cancer (ASCENT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02574455
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 12, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 8, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Immunomedics, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This is an international, multi-center, open-label, randomized, Phase III study in patients with metastatic TNBC refractory or relapsing after at least 2 prior chemotherapies (including a taxane) for their metastatic disease. Patients meeting eligibility will be randomized 1:1 to receive either sacituzumab govitecan or treatment of physician choice (TPC) Patients will be treated until progression, unacceptable toxicity, study withdrawal, or death, whichever comes first. Tumor progression leading to treatment withdrawal will be assessed by the investigator. Starting with the initial dose of sacituzumab govitecan or TPC, Imaging assessments will be obtained at least every 8 weeks until the occurrence of progression of disease requiring discontinuation of further treatment. All patients, will be followed every 4 weeks during the first year and every 8 weeks thereafter for survival follow-up.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Sacituzumab govitecan Drug: Eribulin Drug: Capecitabine Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Vinorelbine Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is an international, multi-center, open-label, randomized, Phase III study in patients with metastatic TNBC refractory or relapsing after at least 2 prior chemotherapies (including a taxane) for their metastatic disease.

The primary objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of sacituzumab govitecan to the treatment of physician's choice (TPC) as measured by progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic TNBC previously treated with at least two systemic chemotherapy regimens.

The secondary objectives of the study are to compare between the two treatment groups for:

  • Overall Survival (OS)
  • Independently-determined Objective Response Rate (ORR), duration of response and time to onset of response per RECIST 1.1 criteria
  • Quality of life
  • Safety (adverse events, safety laboratories, incidence of dose delays and dose reductions, treatment discontinuations due to adverse events) Exploratory objectives include exposure-response analysis for the efficacy (PFS and OS) and safety (incidence of Grade 3-5 adverse events, related to UGT1A1 endpoints).

Four-Hundred and eighty-eight patients are anticipated to be enrolled. Approximately 150 institutions will participate in this study, including sites in North America and Europe.

Clinical sites will use standard ASCO/CAP criteria for the pathological diagnosis of TNBC, defined as negative for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Receptor results will be based on local assessment. TNBC status will be reviewed centrally but these results are not required prior to determining eligibility.

BRCA 1&2 mutational status will be collected, if known. Baseline serum biomarkers (CA15-3, CA27-29, and CEA) will be measured. A single whole-blood sample will be also collected from all patients for determination of UGT1A1 genotype for retrospective assessment predicting of toxicity.

The Sponsor will request slides from prior (archived) biopsy or surgical specimens, particularly for immunohistology documentation of tumor Trop-2 expression and other appropriate tumor markers, including topoisomerase 1.

Patients meeting eligibility will be randomized 1:1 to receive either sacituzumab govitecan or treatment of physician choice (TPC), which needs to be selected prior to randomization from one of the 4 allowed regimens. Randomization will be stratified by number of prior chemotherapies for advanced disease (2-3 vs > 3) and geographical location (North America vs Europe).

Patients will be treated until progression, unacceptable toxicity, study withdrawal, or death, whichever comes first. Tumor progression leading to treatment withdrawal will be assessed by the investigator.

No crossover to sacituzumab govitecan treatment will be allowed after discontinuing treatment in the TPC arm, but otherwise there is no restriction on subsequent therapies that a patient may receive after discontinuing the study.

All patients, including those prematurely terminating study participation, will be followed every 4 weeks for survival follow-up.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 328 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Study of Sacituzumab Govitecan (IMMU-132) in Refractory/Relapsed Triple-Negative Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : October 12, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: IMMU-132
Sacituzumab govitecan (10 mg/kg on Days 1 and 8 of 21-day cycles)
Drug: Sacituzumab govitecan
Sacituzumab govitecan (10 mg/kg on Days 1 and 8 of 21-day cycles)
Other Name: IMMU-132

Active Comparator: Control Arm

Treatment of Physician's Choice determined before randomization from only one of the following treatments (see Appendix 2 for more details on administration and dosing management):

Eribulin (1.4 mg/m2 IV on Days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle). See section 6.5.1 Capecitabine (1000-1250 mg/m2 orally twice daily on Days1-14 of a 21-day cycle). See section 6.5.2 Gemcitabine (800-1200 mg/m2 IV on Days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle). See section 6.5.3 Vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 weekly IV on Day 1 weekly) See section 6.5.4 (Note: eligible patients with Grade 2 neuropathy should not be prescribed vinorelbine as TPC)

Drug: Eribulin
Eribulin (1.4 mg/m2 IV on Days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle) See section 6.5.1
Other Name: Halaven

Drug: Capecitabine
Capecitabine (1000-1250 mg/m2 orally twice daily on Days 1-14 of a 21-day cycle) See section 6.5.2
Other Name: Xeloda

Drug: Gemcitabine
Gemcitabine (800-1200 mg/m2 IV on Days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle). See section 6.5.3
Other Name: Gemzar

Drug: Vinorelbine
Vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 IV on Day 1 weekly). See section 6.5.4 (Note: eligible patients with Grade 2 neuropathy should not be prescribed vinorelbine as TPC).
Other Name: Navelbine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival (PFS): [ Time Frame: 3 YEARS ]
    PFS


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS): [ Time Frame: 3 YEARS ]

    OS will compared between the two treatment groups.

    PFS will be measured by an independent centralized and blinded group of radiology experts who will be assessing tumor response using RECIST 1.1 criteria. FDA definitions and guidance as described in Guidance for Industry:


  2. Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    ORR will compared between the two treatment groups.

  3. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Duration of response will compared between the two treatment groups.

  4. Time to Onset of response [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Time to onset of response will compared between the two treatment groups.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female or male patients, >18 years of age, able to understand and give written informed consent.
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed TNBC based on the most recent analyzed biopsy or other pathology specimen. TNBC determination as per local institution as per standard guidelines.
  • Refractory to or relapsed after at least two prior standard therapeutic regimens for advanced/metastatic TNBC.
  • Prior exposure to a taxane (paclitaxel or docetaxel)-based regimen in localized or advanced/metastatic setting.
  • Eligible for one of the chemotherapy options listed as TPC (Eribulin, capecitabine, gemcitabine, or vinorelbine) as per investigator assessment.
  • ECOG performance score of 0 or 1 .
  • Measurable disease by CT or MRI as per RECIST 1.1. Bone-only disease is not permitted.
  • At least 2 weeks beyond prior treatment (chemotherapy, investigational drugs including small molecular inhibitors, endocrine therapy, immunotherapy and/or radiation therapy) or major surgery, and recovered from all acute toxicities to Grade 1 or less (except alopecia and peripheral neuropathy).
  • At least 2 weeks beyond high dose systemic corticosteroids (however, low dose corticosteroids < 20 mg prednisone or equivalent daily are permitted).
  • Adequate hematology without ongoing transfusional support (hemoglobin > 9 g/dL, ANC > 1,500 per mm3, platelets > 100,000 per mm3).
  • Adequate renal and hepatic function (creatinine ≤ 2.0 x IULN, bilirubin ≤ 1.5 IULN, AST and ALT ≤ 3.0 x IULN or 5 x IULN if known liver metastases).
  • Otherwise, all toxicity at study entry < Grade 1 by NCI CTCAE v4.00 (Patients with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy are eligible).
  • Patients with treated, non-progressive brain metastases, off high-dose steroids (>20 mg prednisone or equivalent) for at least 4 weeks can be enrolled in the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who are pregnant or lactating.
  • Women of childbearing potential or fertile men unwilling to use effective contraception during study until conclusion of 4-week post-treatment evaluation period.
  • Patients with Gilbert's disease.
  • Patients with active ≥ grade 2 anorexia, nausea or vomiting, and/or signs of intestinal obstruction.
  • Patients with non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix are eligible, while patients with other prior malignancies must have had at least a 3-year disease-free interval.
  • Patients known to be HIV positive, hepatitis B positive, or hepatitis C positive.
  • Infection requiring intravenous antibiotic use within one week of enrollment.
  • Patients with a history of an anaphylactic reaction to irinotecan.
  • Other concurrent medical or psychiatric conditions that, in the Investigator's opinion, may be likely to confound study interpretation or prevent completion of study procedures and follow-up examinations.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02574455


Contacts
Contact: Heather Horne 973-605-8200 hhorne@immunomedics.com

  Show 203 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Immunomedics, Inc.
Investigators
Study Chair: William Wegener, MD,PhD Immunomedics, Inc.

Responsible Party: Immunomedics, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02574455     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IMMU-132-05
First Posted: October 12, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 8, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Gemcitabine
Capecitabine
Camptothecin
Vinorelbine
Vinblastine
Immunoconjugates
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors