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Celgosivir or Modipafant as Treatment for Adult Participants With Uncomplicated Dengue Fever in Singapore

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02569827
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (The investigational drug celgosivir will not be developed due to lack of VC funding.)
First Posted : October 7, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2020
Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School
60 Degrees Pharmaceuticals LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Singapore General Hospital

Brief Summary:
Dengue fever is an acute febrile illness transmitted by mosquitoes, which affects half the world's population. There are 96 million symptomatic infections, 500,0000 hospitalisations and 25,000 deaths per year attributed to the disease. The economic burden is $12 billion. In Singapore, as elsewhere, the incidence of the disease continues to increase despite aggressive control measures. At present there are no approved medicines for treating dengue fever. Only supportive fluid replacement therapy is used to treat vascular leakage in patients with severe illness. Therefore there is an urgent need to find alternative treatments. Experiments in the laboratory have shown that Celgosivir and modipafant inhibit dengue virus and improve mouse survival. Both drugs have previously been used in humans with good safety records, so investigators are taking this one step further to find out how well it works in dengue patients. Investigators plan to enroll dengue patients within 48 hours of fever onset and assign them to one of four treatment groups over five days. Together with the support from the industry partner, 60°Pharmaceuticals PLC, the investigators will determine the safety and effectiveness of these drugs on acute dengue patients and pave the way forward for dengue antiviral medicines to reach patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dengue Fever Drug: Celgosivir Drug: Modipafant 50mg Drug: Placebo Drug: Modipafant 100mg Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This trial is a single centre, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled parallel-group, dose ranging study in adult participants with uncomplicated dengue fever. The study will be conducted in two parts:

In Part 1, 72 otherwise healthy participants (18 participants per group, assuming up to 2 dropouts per group) with uncomplicated dengue fever meeting the inclusion/exclusion criteria will be randomised to receive treatment with placebo, celgosivir or modipafant. Participants will be randomised in parallel to one of Cohorts 1 to 4:

  • Cohort 1: Placebo Q6Hours for 5 days
  • Cohort 2: Modipafant 50 mg Q12Hours alternating with placebo Q12Hours for 5 days (total of 10 modipafant doses = 500 mg);
  • Cohort 3: Modipafant 100 mg Q12Hours alternating with placebo Q12Hours 5 days (total of 10 modipafant doses = 1000 mg);
  • Cohort 4: Celgosivir 150 mg Q6H for 5 days (total of 20 doses = 3000 mg total).

As modipafant is untested in uncomplicated dengue fever patients, a double-blinded sentinel group consisting of 4 participants randomised in a 1:1:1:1 ratio of Cohort 1: Cohort 2: Cohort 3: Cohort 4 will complete treatment to Study Day 5 prior to continuing enrolment of the remaining participants. Remaining 68 participants will be enrolled in parallel in a double-blinded fashion.

Participants will be evaluated during screening (< 24 hours before Study Day 1) and on Study Days 1-5, 14 and 28. Participants will be confined in the SingHealth Investigational Medicine Unit (IMU) from screening until end of study assessments on Study Day 5 and return to the clinic at Day 14 and 28 as outpatients. All patients will receive capsules Q6H for 5 days prepared by an open-label pharmacist according to the randomisation plan.

Interim Analysis: The treatment regimen chosen for Part 2 will be based on the analysis of Part 1 data. A detailed Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP) will be prepared for approval by the Sponsor prior to performing any unblinded analysis for presentation to personnel designated as being blinded to the randomization. A data safety monitoring board (DSMB) will conduct a blinded review of source verified safety data. If there are no safety concerns, an independent statistician will perform an unblinded futility analysis of preliminary efficacy data from the four cohorts; blinding to treatment group (celgosivir or modipafant) will be maintained, however placebo will be unblinded. If futility is concluded, the Sponsor may elect to discontinue the study. If a signal is detected, a sample size calculation will be undertaken for Part 2. The Sponsor will convene a Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) who will then review unblinded log10 serum viral load AUC for viraemia and platelet count data to recommend which dosing monotherapy dosing regimen to advance to Part 2. If the recommended sample size for Part 2 exceeds the maximum specified for Part 1 and 2 (a total combined sample size of N = 132 participants) for a monotherapy, the Sponsor will submit a major amendment for Institutional Review Board/ Health Science Authority (IRB/HSA) consideration prior to initiating Part 2.

For Part 2, up to 60 otherwise healthy participants with uncomplicated dengue fever meeting the inclusion/exclusion criteria will be assigned in a randomised double-blind fashion to:

  • Cohort 5: (i) celgosivir monotherapy 150 mg Q6H, OR (ii) modipafant monotherapy (either 50 mg Q12H or 100 mg Q12H)
  • Cohort 6: Placebo extension for 5 days of treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib/IIa Single Centre, Double-blind, Double-dummy, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group Dose Ranging Trial in Adult Participants With Uncomplicated Dengue Fever in Singapore
Estimated Study Start Date : December 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 8, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : August 8, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dengue Fever

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Cohort 1

Placebo Q6H for 5 days

A total of 72 participants (18 participants per group assuming up to two drop-outs per group) will be assigned in a randomised double-blind fashion.

Drug: Placebo
Placebo Q6H for 5 days

Active Comparator: Cohort 2
Modipafant 50 mg Q12H alternating with placebo Q12H for 5 days (total of 10 modipafant doses = 500 mg)
Drug: Modipafant 50mg
Modipafant 50 mg Q12H alternating with placebo Q12H for 5 days (total of 10 modipafant doses = 500 mg modipafant)

Active Comparator: Cohort 3
Modipafant 100 mg Q12H alternating with placebo Q12H 5 days (total of 10 modipafant doses = 1000 mg)
Drug: Modipafant 100mg
Modipafant 100 mg Q12H alternating with placebo Q12H for 5 days (total of modipafant 10 doses = 1000 mg modipafant)

Active Comparator: Cohort 4
Celgosivir 150 mg Q6H for 5 days (total of 20 doses = 3000 mg total).
Drug: Celgosivir
Celgosivir 150 mg Q6H for 5 days (total of 20 doses = 3000 mg celgosivir total).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Viral load AUC for viremia [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 5 ]
    Area under the curve (AUC) for serum viral load from baseline to Study Day 5 of Celgosivir dosing

  2. Platelet nadir [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 5 ]
    Lowest platelet count recorded from baseline to Study Day 5 of Modipafant dosing

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fever clearance time (days) [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 28 ]
    The time from the start of treatment to the start of the first 24-hour period during which the tympanic or oral temperature remains below 37.5°C

  2. Duration of illness [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 28 ]
    A 24-hour reduction in duration of illness that is treatment related is deemed clinically relevant. Draft criteria to support this include: Absence of fever (< 37.4˚C) for at least 24 hours

  3. Maximum percentage haemoconcentration [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 28 ]
    Determined by comparison of the maximum haematocrit detected in the acute phase as compared to baseline

  4. Time to NS1 clearance [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 28 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female, aged 21-65 years;
  2. Acute febrile illness with two or more manifestations (headache, retro-orbital pain, myalgia, arthralgia, rash, haemorrhagic manifestations, or leucopoenia) and occurrence at the same location and time as other confirmed cases of dengue fever;
  3. Fever (> 37.5°C) or history of fever at screening
  4. < 48 hours of fever history
  5. Positive NS1 strip assay or reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
  6. Able and willing to give written informed consent; and,
  7. Willing to be an inpatient from Study Screening to Study Day 5 and to return to hospital on study Days 14 and 28.
  8. Willing to keep a study diary from Study Day 5 to Day 14.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Clinical signs and symptoms for severe dengue, such as:

    • Severe abdominal pain;
    • Persistent vomiting;
    • CS fluid accumulation;
    • Mucosal bleeding;
    • Altered mental state;
    • Liver enlargement > 2 cm;
    • Systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg; and
    • Pulse pressure < 20 mmHg.
  2. A person with any of the following laboratory values:

    • Haematocrit >52% males; >46% females;
    • Aspartate or alanine aminotransferase (AST or ALT) > 1000 U/L;
    • Room air oxygen saturation < 95%;
    • Absolute neutrophil count < 1500/µL;
    • Platelet count < 80,000/mm3;
    • Creatinine > 165 µmol/L males; > 130 µmol/L females;
    • Haemoglobin < 13.0 g/dL males; < 11.0 g/dL females;
    • Total bilirubin > 24 µmol/L; and
    • Serum CPK > 600 U/L.
  3. History of or presently active intestinal disorders such as peptic ulcers, intestinal ulcers, intestinal obstructions, intestinal hernias, ulcerative colitis, malabsorption syndrome, celiac disease, Roemheld's syndrome (gastroesophageal regurgitation disease) or Crohn's disease;
  4. Severe diarrhoea (grade 2 or higher according to NIH clinical trial guidelines);
  5. Current usage of any anticoagulant drugs including, but not limited to, aspirin, warfarin or clopidogrel;
  6. Any other CS acute illness within seven days prior to first study drug administration;
  7. History of adverse reactions to celgosivir, castanospermine, modipafant or formulation excipients or history of severe drug or food allergies;
  8. Exposure to any new investigational drug within 30 days prior to the study drug administration;
  9. CS abnormal physical examination unrelated to dengue infection, chest X-ray or 12-lead ECG at screening such as QTc prolongation (> 450 msec);
  10. Women of child bearing potential (WOCBP) who are pregnant, breast feeding or unwilling to avoid pregnancy by the use of highly effective contraception (<1% failure rate per year) including oral and subcutaneous implantable hormonal contraceptives, condoms, diaphragm, or intra-uterine system (IUS), during the period that the experimental drug is administered. Prospective WOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test (point of care).
  11. Male participants unwilling to comply with the contraceptive requirements of the study as detailed in Section 4.7 (i.e. abstinence, effective barrier contraception during the study and for 65 days after the last dose of study drug).
  12. Current significant medical condition or illness including cardiac arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy or other cardiac disease, asthma or other respiratory disease, diabetes mellitus, renal or hepatic impairment, thyroid disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy or history of unexplained blackouts, immunocompromised state including known HIV infection, or any other illness that the Investigator considers should exclude the patient, especially those that require continuation of other medications likely to have an interaction with the study drug.
  13. Any condition that would render the informed consent invalid, or limit the ability of the participant to comply with the study requirements.
  14. Any condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would complicate or compromise the study or well-being of the participant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02569827

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Singhealth Investigational Medicine Unit
Singapore, Singapore, 169608
Sponsors and Collaborators
Singapore General Hospital
Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School
60 Degrees Pharmaceuticals LLC
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Principal Investigator: Jenny Low, Dr Singapore General Hospital
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Singapore General Hospital Identifier: NCT02569827    
Other Study ID Numbers: Cel01
First Posted: October 7, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 23, 2020
Last Verified: March 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Singapore General Hospital:
Uncomplicated Dengue Fever
Phase Ib/IIa
single centre
parallel-group dose ranging trial
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Body Temperature Changes
Arbovirus Infections
Vector Borne Diseases
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral