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Comparison of Treatment rOutine Using afLibERcept: Strict vs relAxed retreatmeNT Regimen

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02550002
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 15, 2015
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital Inselspital, Berne

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to test non-inferiority of aflibercept "treat and extend" using a relaxed retinal fluid management relative to aflibercept "treat and extend" using a strict retinal fluid management SD-OCT (spectral domain optical coherence tomography) disease activity guided retreatment with respect to best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline to end of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Age Related Macular Degeneration Drug: Aflibercept

Detailed Description:

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly population in developed countries. Severe visual loss in AMD usually occurs in patients with neovascular AMD (nAMD), which is caused by vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) driven choroidal neovascularization (CNV).

Intravitreal therapy with VEGF-A inhibitors is the current standard treatment for nAMD. Optimization of current VEGF-A therapies includes finding a dosing regimen that maximizes visual acuity (VA) and minimizes the frequency of intravitreal injections and associated risks of treatment.

The "treat and extend" protocol is OCT guided with the primary aim of complete resolution of all retinal fluid, i.e. both intraretinal fluid (IRF) and subretinal fluid (SRF), both of which are considered to be a sign of disease activity. Once all fluid is resolved, an extension of the treatment interval by 2 weeks is mandated. If there is return of either SRF or IRF, the interval is shortened by one week. Currently, the relevance of both IRF and SRF in relation to best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) outcomes is still being disputed. From the CATT and VIEW studies there is some reason to suspect that some SRF may be allowed to remain to extend the treatment interval without affecting BCVA. In contrast to IRF which has clearly been shown to correlate with poorer VA and is considered to be a sign of active disease, SRF may only be a sign of impaired pumping function of the RPE, similar to what is seen in central serous chorioretinopathy and as such may not be considered as an indication of ongoing disease activity. The consequence of insisting upon complete lack of SRF (strict approach) is more injections and therefore increased exposure of the retina to anti-VEGF agents. And there are recent reports that frequent intravitreal injections may lead to changes in the retinal nerve fiber layer and increased risk of geographic atrophy development. As a consequence, limiting the number of injections would be desirable if the same VA result could be achieved. From the pivotal anti-VEGF studies it has become apparent that patients show an individualised response to therapy. As such optimization of individualized treatment needs to be explored and understood. This study aims to explore further the "treat and extend" approach and will evaluate and compare two individualized aflibercept treatment regimens, differentiated by the definition of disease activity which determines the treatment interval until the next injection. The aim will be to determine whether small amounts of SRF may be tolerated using a "treat and extend" regimen in the treatment of nAMD and whether the presence and extent of both intra-retinal fluid and/or sub-retinal fluid (SRF) helps to decide on extension or reduction of treatment intervals in a "treat and extend" regimen. The results will be used to generate further recommendations about strict versus relaxed treatment approaches and how they can be utilised within a clinically practical "treat and extend" approach to maximize patient outcomes, while reducing the need for potentially unnecessary intravitreal injections.

Taking all together, the study aims for optimization of flexible patient treatment.


Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 175 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Comparison of Treatment rOutine Using afLibERcept: Strict vs relAxed retreatmeNT Regimen (TOLERANT Study)
Study Start Date : December 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Aflibercept
U.S. FDA Resources

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Strict treatment regimen with aflibercept
Treatment intervals with aflibercept in the strict retinal fluid treatment regimen will be extended by two weeks only if no SRF in the central subfoveal field and no IRF can be detected SD-OCT examination.
Drug: Aflibercept
Intravitreal injection
Other Name: Eylea
Relaxed treatment regimen with aflibercept
Treatment intervals with aflibercept in the relaxed retinal fluid treatment regimen will be extended by two weeks only if SRF in the central subfoveal field is ≤100 μm in a vertical extent and no IRF is detected on SD-OCT examination.
Drug: Aflibercept
Intravitreal injection
Other Name: Eylea



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline to end of treatment (EOS) at week 104. The primary outcome of the trial is the difference between the two arms in the mean change in BCVA from baseline to EOS. [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 months ]
    Change of BCVA from baseline to end of study at week 104


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The difference between the two arms in the mean change in BCVA from baseline to week 52. [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 months ]
  2. The difference between the two arms in the mean change in central retinal thickness (CRT) from baseline to week 52 and to EOS. [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 months ]
  3. The difference between the two arms in the mean number of injections from baseline to week 52 and to EOS. [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 months ]
  4. The difference between the two arms in the proportion of patients showing newly developed geographic atrophy at week 52 and at EOS as compared to baseline. [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 months ]
  5. The difference between the two arms in the mean change in the area of new and existing geographic atrophy from baseline to week 52 and to EOS. [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 months ]
  6. The difference between the two arms in the proportion of patients showing no IRF and no SRF at week 52 and at EOS. [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 months ]
  7. The difference between the two arms in the proportion of patients showing no SRF at week 52 and at EOS. [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 months ]

Biospecimen Retention:   None Retained
blood


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
A total of 150 patients will be recruited to this study, with approximately 75 randomised to each study arm (relaxed and strict retinal fluid treatment regimen). Assuming an approximate 20% screen failure rate, approximately 188 patients will need to be screened to have 150 patients found eligible and commencing treatment in the trial.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

General:

  • Informed consent as documented by signature of the patient on the informed consent form.
  • Male or female, ≥50 years of age.

Study eye:

  • Diagnosis of subfoveal CNV secondary to wAMD without restriction of lesion size, with visual impairment due to an active wAMD lesion. Active wAMD lesions are characterised by the following:

    • Evidence of SRF and/or IRF and
    • area of fibrosis less than 50% of the lesion area.
  • CNV membrane confirmed by presence of active leakage from the area of CNV seen by fluorescein angiography (FA) and color fundus photography (CFP) and at least two of the following items:

    • Drusen
    • Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE)-Atrophy
    • Exudates
    • Subretinal or intraretinal haemorrhage
  • BCVA scores at both screening and baseline must be 23 letters or more as measured by the ETDRS-like charts (or approximate Snellen equivalent to 20/320).

Exclusion Criteria:

General:

  • Inability to comply with study or follow-up procedures.
  • Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women.
  • Women of child-bearing potential, not using or not willing to continue using a medically reliable method of contraception for the entire study duration, such as oral, injectable, or implantable contraceptives, or intrauterine contraceptive devices, or who are not using any other method considered sufficiently reliable by the Investigator in individual cases. (Female participants who are surgically sterilised/hysterectomised, or post-menopausal for longer than 2 years are not considered as being of child-bearing potential.)
  • Any type of systemic disease or its treatment, in the opinion of the Investigator, including any medical condition (controlled or uncontrolled) that could be expected to progress, recur, or change to such an extent that it may bias the assessment of the clinical status of the patient to a significant degree or put the patient at special risk.
  • Stroke or myocardial infarction less than 3 months prior to the date of informed consent signature.
  • Uncontrolled blood pressure defined as systolic value of >160 mmHg or diastolic value of >100 mmHg at screening or baseline.
  • Known hypersensitivity to aflibercept or any component of the aflibercept formulation, or fluorescein.
  • Prior or current use of any systemic anti-VEGF drugs [e.g., bevacizumab (Avastin®) or ranibizumab (Lucentis®)].
  • Current or planned use of systemic medications known to be toxic to the lens, retina or optic nerve, including chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil®), deferoxamine, phenothiazines, tamoxifen, and ethambutol.
  • Use of systemic or intravitreal corticosteroids for at least 30 consecutive days within 3 months prior to the date of informed consent signature.
  • Use of other investigational drugs within 6 months prior to the date of informed consent signature.
  • Patient was previously screened for participation in the study and was a screen failure.

Both eyes:

  • Any active periocular or ocular infection or inflammation (e.g., blepharitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis, scleritis, uveitis, endophthalmitis) at the time of screening or baseline.
  • Uncontrolled glaucoma [intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥30 mmHg on medication or according to Investigator's judgment] at the time of screening or baseline.
  • Neovascularisation of the iris or neovascular glaucoma at the time of screening or baseline.
  • Inability of obtaining SD-OCT images of sufficient quality to be analysed.
  • Any intraocular procedure (including Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet capsulotomy) within 2 months prior to the date of informed consent signature or anticipated within the next 6 months following the date of informed consent signature.
  • Intravitreal or topical ocular corticosteroids administered for at least 30 consecutive days within 3 months prior to the date of informed consent signature.

Study eye:

  • Visually significant cataract, aphakia, pseudoexfoliation, vitreous haemorrhage, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, proliferative diabetic retinopathy or CNV of any cause other than wAMD at the time of screening and baseline.
  • Structural damage within 0.5 disc diameter of the centre of the macula at the time of screening or baseline that in the Investigator's opinion could preclude visual function improvement with treatment.
  • Subretinal hemorrhage involving the central foveal subfield which is 1 or more disc areas in size at the time of screening or baseline.
  • Intraocular treatment with any anti-angiogenic drug (including any anti-VEGF agents) prior to the date of informed consent signature.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02550002


Contacts
Contact: Martin Zinkernagel, MD, PhD +41316329565 martin.zinkernagel@insel.ch

Locations
Switzerland
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Bern Recruiting
Bern, Switzerland, 3010
Contact: Corinne Stöckli    +41316321197    corinne.stoeckli@insel.ch   
Inselspital Bern, Department of Ophthalmology Not yet recruiting
Bern, Switzerland, 3010
Contact: Martin Zinkernagel, MD, PhD    +41316329565    martin.zinkernagel@insel.ch   
Contact: Corinne Stöckli    +41316321197    corinne.stoeckli@insel.ch   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
Investigators
Study Chair: Martin Zinkernagel, MD, PhD Inselspital Bern, Department of Ophthalmology

Responsible Party: University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02550002     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TOLERANT
First Posted: September 15, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases