Study of E7046 in Subjects With Selected Advanced Malignancies
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02540291|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Terminated due to, licensing agreement granting exclusive rights of research, development, manufacture and marketing of Eisai's E7046 to Adlai Nortye Biopharma.)
First Posted : September 3, 2015
Results First Posted : February 17, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2020
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Tumors||Drug: E7046||Phase 1|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||31 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||An Open-Label Multicenter Phase 1 Study of E7046 in Subjects With Selected Advanced Malignancies|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 30, 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 27, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 27, 2018|
Participants with tumor types that harbor high levels of myeloid infiltrate based on the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA).
E7046 will be administered as a single agent orally once daily (QD) continuously in 21-day cycles. In the dose escalation part, increasing doses of E7046 ranging from 125 mg to 750 mg will be administered to cohorts of 6 participants. In the cohort expansion part, participants will be treated at the RP2D.
- Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study drug up to 30 days after the last dose of study drug (approximately up to 2 years) ]
- Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of E7046 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 (21 days) ]
- Recommended Phase 2 Dose (RP2D) of E7046 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 (21 days) ]Two RP2Ds were planned to be evaluated.
- Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: From first dose date until disease progression/recurrence (approximately up to 2 years) ]The ORR is the percentage of participants achieving a best overall response of confirmed immune-related partial response (irPR) + immune-related complete response (irCR), according to immune-related Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (irRECIST) v1.1, from first dose date until disease progression/recurrence.
- Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From first dose date to the date of the first documentation of confirmed disease progression or death (approximately up to 2 years) ]PFS is defined as the time from first dose date to the date of the first documentation of confirmed disease progression or death, whichever occurs first, according to irRECIST v1.1. PFS was calculated using Kaplan-Meier product-limit method and Greenwood Formula.
- Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: From the date of first documented confirmed irCR/irPR until the first documentation of confirmed disease progression or death (approximately up to 2 years) ]The DOR is defined as the time from the date of first documented confirmed irCR/irPR, according to irRECIST v1.1 until the first documentation of confirmed disease progression or death, whichever came first.
- Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: From the first dose date until disease progression/recurrence (approximately up to 2 years) ]The DCR is percentage of participants achieving best overall response of confirmed irCR, irPR, or immune-related stable disease (irSD) (lasting at least 5 weeks), according to irRECIST v1.1 from the first dose date until disease progression/recurrence.
- Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: From first dose date until disease progression/recurrence (approximately up to 2 years) ]The CBR is the percentage of participants achieving irPR + irCR + irSD (lasting at least 24 weeks), according to irRECIST v1.1 from first dose date until disease progression/recurrence.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years to 99 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Age greater than or equal to 18 years
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1
- Life expectancy greater than or equal to 12 weeks
- Participants must have any of the following tumor types, confirmed by available pathology records or current biopsy, that is advanced, nonresectable, or recurrent and progressing since last antitumor therapy, and for which no alternative standard therapy exists: pancreatic adenocarcinoma, renal clear cell carcinoma, SCCHN (squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck), NSCLC (non-small cell lung cancer), colorectal cancer (CRC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), ovarian serous epithelial cancer, bladder transitional cancer, cervical cancer, and triple-negative breast cancer
- Prior chemotherapy or immunotherapy (tumor vaccine, cytokine, or growth factor given to control the cancer) must have been completed at least 4 weeks before study drug administration, and all adverse events (AEs) have either returned to baseline or stabilized
- Prior definitive radiation therapy must have been completed at least 6 weeks before study drug administration and the irradiated lesions should show evidence of progression if they are intended to be considered target lesions. Prior palliative radiotherapy must be completed at least 2 weeks before study drug administration. The radiotherapy-related side effects must have resolved before the study entry. No radiopharmaceuticals (strontium, samarium) will be allowed within 8 weeks before study drug administration.
- Participants must have accessible tumors and consent to repeated biopsy for performance of correlative tissue studies
Must have at least one measurable lesion per irRECIST (immune-related Response Evaluation Criteria Criteria in Solid Tumors):
- At least 1 lesion of greater than or equal to 10 mm in the longest diameter for a non-lymph node or greater than or equal to 15 mm in the short-axis diameter for a lymph node that is serially measurable according to irRECIST using computerized tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI)
- Lesions that have had definitive external beam radiotherapy or locoregional therapies such as radiofrequency (RF) ablation or brachytherapy must show evidence of progressive disease to be deemed a target lesion
- Prior treated brain or meningeal metastases must be without evidence of progression (confirmed by MRI) for at least 8 weeks and off immunosuppressive doses of systemic steroids (greater than 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) for at least 4 weeks before study drug administration
- Immunosuppressive doses of systemic medications, such as steroids or absorbed topical steroids (doses greater than 7.5 to 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) must be discontinued at least 2 weeks before study drug administration.
- Participants with prior Hepatitis B or C are eligible on the condition that participants have adequate liver function as defined by Inclusion Criterion number 16 and Exclusion Criterion number 5
- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) greater than 50% on echocardiography or multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) scan
- Adequate renal function defined as serum creatinine less than 1.5 X ULN (upper limit of normal) or use SI units or calculated creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 50 mL/min per the Cockcroft and Gault formula
Adequate bone marrow function:
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1500/mm3 (greater than or equal to 1.5 X 103/ul)
- Platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3 (greater than or equal to 100 X 109/L)
- Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9.0 g/dL
Adequate liver function:
- Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 X ULN except for unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia of Gilbert's syndrome
- Alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less than or equal to 3 X ULN (less than or equal to 5 X ULN if participant has liver metastases). If alkaline phosphatase is greater than 3 X ULN (in absence of liver metastases) or greater than 5 X ULN (in presence of liver metastases) AND the participant also is known to have bone metastases, the liver-specific alkaline phosphatase must be separated from the total and used to assess the liver function instead of total alkaline phosphatase
- Adequate blood coagulation function as evidenced by an International Normalized Ratio (INR) less than or equal to 1.5
- Willing and able to comply with all aspects of the protocol
- Provide written informed consent prior to any study-specific screening procedures
Females must not be lactating or pregnant at screening or baseline (as documented by a negative beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [B-hCG] test with a minimum sensitivity of 25 IU/L or equivalent units of B-hCG). A separate baseline assessment is required if a negative screening pregnancy test was obtained more than 72 hours before the first dose of study drug. All females will be considered to be of childbearing potential unless they are postmenopausal (at least 12 months consecutive amenorrheic, in the appropriate age group, and without other known or suspected cause) or have been sterilized surgically (ie, bilateral tubal ligation, total hysterectomy, or bilateral oophorectomy, all with surgery at least 1 month before dosing). Females of childbearing potential must not have had unprotected sexual intercourse within 30 days prior to study entry and must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception, from the last menstrual period prior to initiation of treatment, during Treatment Cycles, and for 30 days after the final dose of study treatment, and have a male partner who uses a condom. Highly effective contraception includes:
- Double barrier methods of contraception such as condom plus diaphragm or cervical/vault cap with spermicide
- Placement of an intrauterine device
- Established hormonal contraceptive methods: oral, injectable, or implant. Females who are using hormonal contraceptives must have been on a stable dose of the same hormonal contraceptive product for at least 4 weeks prior to dosing and must continue to use the same contraceptive during the study and for 30 days after study drug discontinuation. Female participants exempt from this requirement are participants who practice total abstinence or have a male partner who is vasectomized with confirmed azoospermia. If currently abstinent, the participant must agree to use a double barrier method as described above if they become sexually active during the Treatment Cycles, and for 30 days after study drug discontinuation
- Male participants must have had a successful vasectomy (confirmed azoospermia) or they and their female partners must meet the criteria above (ie, not of childbearing potential or practicing highly effective contraception and use a condom throughout the study period and for 90 days after study drug discontinuation)
- Other malignancy active within the previous 2 years except for basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast that has completed curative therapy
- Participants with any active autoimmune disease (Appendix 2) or a documented history of autoimmune disease, poorly controlled asthma or history of syndrome that required systemic steroids or immunosuppressive medications, except for participants with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy. Participants with asthma who require intermittent use of bronchodilators (such as albuterol) will not be excluded from this study.
- Participants with inflammatory bowel disease
- Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
- Active infection requiring therapy, including known positive tests for Hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA
- Major surgery within 4 weeks before the first dose of study drug
- Concurrent medical condition requiring the use of immunosuppressive medications, or immunosuppressive doses of systemic or absorbable topical corticosteroids except inhaled or intranasal corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption)
- Inability to take oral medication, or malabsorption syndrome or any other uncontrolled gastrointestinal condition (eg, nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting) that might impair the bioavailability of E7046
- Any other major illness that, in the investigator's judgment, will substantially increase the risk associated with the participant's participation in this study
- Use of other investigational drugs within 28 days or at least 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) before study drug administration
- Prior exposure to drugs that are antagonists of colony stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF1R) like but not limited to emactuzumab (RG7155) (Roche), PLX3397 (Plexicon), and JNJ40346627 (J & J)
- Use of any live vaccines (eg, intranasal influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, oral polio, BCG, yellow fever, varicella, and TY21a typhoid vaccines) within 28 days
- Prolongation of corrected QT [QTcF (Fridericia's corrected QT interval)] interval to greater than 480 msec when electrolytes balance is normal
- Significant cardiovascular impairment: history of congestive heart failure greater than New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II, uncontrolled arterial hypertension, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or stroke within 6 months of the first dose of study drug; or cardiac arrhythmia requiring medical treatment (including oral anticoagulation)
- Females who are pregnant (positive urine test) or breastfeeding
- Any history of a medical condition or a concomitant medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the subject's ability to safely complete the study
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02540291
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States|
|United States, Texas|
|Houston, Texas, United States|
|Villejuif, Cedex, France|
Documents provided by Eisai Inc.:
|Responsible Party:||Eisai Inc.|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
2014-004823-37 ( EudraCT Number )
|First Posted:||September 3, 2015 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||February 17, 2020|
|Last Update Posted:||February 17, 2020|
|Last Verified:||July 2018|