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Integrated Clinical Prediction Rules: Bringing Evidence to Diverse Primary Care Settings (iCPR2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02534987
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 28, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2020
University of Utah
University of Wisconsin, Madison
North Shore University Hospital
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NYU Langone Health

Brief Summary:

The study is a randomized controlled trial, with an Intervention Group and a Control Group at the University of Utah (U of U) and University of Wisconsin (UW). BU serves as the primary award and coordinating institution. The unit of randomization will be at the clinic level at each institution. UW will recruit all General Internal Medicine (GIM) Clinics and Department of Family Medicine (DFM) Clinics in Dane County as well as their East and West Urgent Care Clinics. U of U will recruit all affiliated primary care practices. The unit of randomization will be the clinic.

The study biostatistician will receive a list of clinic sites that have agreed to participate in the study from the site PIs. Clinics will be randomized to either Intervention group or to a Control group stratified by clinic size. Both groups will receive a single 45 minute academic detailing session describing evidenced-based diagnosis and treatment for strep throat and pneumonia. The Intervention Group will also receive a demonstration of the iCPR tool during their academic detailing session. Providers and clinic staff will be invited to the academic detailing session. Any provider or staff that is unable to attend the session will receive written and electronic copies of the material. Individual providers will not be specifically recruited for participation and they will participate or not based on personal preferences as they would for any clinic quality improvement project. The iCPR tool will be "turned on" for providers in the Intervention group. This means that the best practice alerts will trigger for appropriate patients with suspected strep throat or pneumonia.

We will collect and analyze data about the use of each element of the iCPR tool during patient visits, including which elements of the tool were used and how often. We will also collect data from the site EHRs about antibiotic and diagnostic test orders for strep throat and pneumonia from all clinics participating in the trial, both Intervention and Control groups.

After one year of study implementation, we will run an Interim Primary Outcome Report comparing the antibiotic and diagnostic test orders between the Intervention and Control group clinics. This report will be in the aggregate and will not contain any personally-identifiable information. If there is a significant difference between the groups that meets our predetermined stopping end points, we will stop the randomized controlled trial.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Strep Throat Pneumonia Other: iCPR2 Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
As the nation continues its efforts to contain healthcare costs and improve quality, healthcare information technology provides some of our most potent yet underutilized tools. Clinical prediction rules are frontline decision aids that combine state-of-the-art evidence with real-time patient history, physical examination, and laboratory data. While often well-validated, clinical prediction rules have been underutilized in practice. Recently, our team developed the integrated clinical prediction rule (iCPR) system, embedding CPRs within the nation's largest commercial electronic health record (EHR) system. Using this novel system, we demonstrated high rates of provider utilization and a significant reduction in antibiotic prescribing and diagnostic test ordering among suspected cases of strep throat and pneumonia at a single healthcare facility. The objective of the proposed project is to generalize this platform across diverse settings and create a toolkit for further dissemination. Building on the success of the original iCPR project, the specific aims of this proposal are to (1) integrate our previously tested and refined iCPR tool into the same commercial EHR in three different clinical settings, adapting the innovation to provider preference, culture, and local workflow rather than imposing a rigidly standardized tool, (2) identify and measure rate and variability of iCPR uptake across different settings, (3) determine iCPR impact on antibiotic prescribing and diagnostic test-ordering patterns across diverse clinical settings with a randomized controlled trial, and (4) use a well-established theory-driven implementation framework to identify facilitators and barriers to integration in each setting, and develop a toolkit for adapting and implementing the tool in diverse settings. To achieve these aims, we propose a five-year study in which we first adapt, integrate and usability-test the original iCPR at three new diverse sites. We will then conduct a two-year randomized controlled trial with a one-year post-trial open-access observation period to determine the persistence of: 1) the tool's utilization and 2) its impact on antibiotic- and test-ordering in patients with suspected strep throat or pneumonia. In the final year, study findings will be compiled into a toolkit so that any healthcare facility using the Epic EHR can integrate iCPR into its ambulatory workflow. The study uses several innovative and significant approaches, including: 1) adapting the nation's most widespread commercial EHR system; 2) building the new tool with "off-the-shelf" technology included in every Epic EHR package, so the innovation can be easily ported to all Epic EHR users; 3) using highly specific, well-validated clinical prediction rules as its core content; 4) guiding the integration process with highly generalizable usability testing techniques; and 5) using a hybrid RE-AIM and normalization process theory implementation evaluation framework. Together, these innovative approaches make iCPR uniquely suited to overcome longstanding barriers and integrate and disseminate evidence-based tools into the primary care workflow at the point of care in real time.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 33 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Integrated Clinical Prediction Rules: Bringing Evidence to Diverse Primary Care Settings
Actual Study Start Date : March 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: iCPR2 intervention
EMR integrated clinical prediction rule system guiding antibiotic prescription choices for strep and pneumonia
Other: iCPR2
clinical decision support guiding clinician through clinical prediction rule and associated evidence based orders for strep and pneumonia

No Intervention: iCPR2 control
Standard education/academic detailing on appropriate treatment of strep and pneumonia

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall rate of antibiotic prescribing [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    overall rate of antibiotic prescribing for strep and pneumonia

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • seen for strep or pneumonia visit at participating site

Exclusion Criteria:

  • none

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02534987

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United States, New York
New York University School of Medicine
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Sponsors and Collaborators
NYU Langone Health
University of Utah
University of Wisconsin, Madison
North Shore University Hospital
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Principal Investigator: Devin Mann, MD, MPH NYU Langone Health
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: NYU Langone Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02534987    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16-01240
5R01AI108680-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 28, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Respiratory Tract Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases