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Phase I/II, Study of Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) Selinexor (KPT-330) + Sorafenib in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02530476
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 21, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 31, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

There are 2 parts to this study: Part 1 (dose escalation) and Part 2 (dose expansion).

The goal of Part 1 of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerated dose of the combination of selinexor (KPT-330) and sorafenib (Nexavar) that can be given to patients with FLT3-ITD and -D835 mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or FLT3-mutated high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).

The goal of Part 2 of this study is to learn if the dose found in Part 1 can help to control the disease.

The safety of the drug combination will also be studied in both parts of this study.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: Selinexor Drug: Sorafenib Phase 1 Phase 2

  Show Detailed Description

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 52 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II, Study of Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) Selinexor (KPT-330) + Sorafenib in Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : December 8, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2019


Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Selinexor + Sorafenib

Cohort includes those with FLT3-ITD and -D835 mutated participants with relapsed/refractory AML, including participants who may have been previously exposed to one or more FLT3-inhibitors.

Phase I Starting Dose of Sorafenib: 400 mg by mouth twice daily for a 28 day cycle.

Phase I Starting Dose of Selinexor: 80 mg by mouth twice weekly for a 28 day cycle.

Drug: Selinexor

Phase I Starting Dose of Selinexor: 80 mg by mouth twice weekly for a 28 day cycle.

Phase II Starting Dose of Selinexor: Maximum tolerated dose from Phase I.

Other Name: KPT-330
Drug: Sorafenib

Phase I Starting Dose of Sorafenib: 400 mg by mouth twice daily for a 28 day cycle.

Phase II Starting Dose of Sorafenib: Maximum tolerated dose combination from Phase I.

Other Names:
  • Nexavar
  • BAY 43-9006
Experimental: Cohort 1 (FLT3-ITD inhibitor failure cohort)

Cohort includes those with FLT3-ITD and -D835 mutated relapsed/refractory AML who have failed therapy with up to two prior salvage regimens.

Phase II Starting Dose of Sorafenib: Maximum tolerated dose combination from Phase I.

Phase II Starting Dose of Selinexor: Maximum tolerated dose from Phase I.

Drug: Selinexor

Phase I Starting Dose of Selinexor: 80 mg by mouth twice weekly for a 28 day cycle.

Phase II Starting Dose of Selinexor: Maximum tolerated dose from Phase I.

Other Name: KPT-330
Drug: Sorafenib

Phase I Starting Dose of Sorafenib: 400 mg by mouth twice daily for a 28 day cycle.

Phase II Starting Dose of Sorafenib: Maximum tolerated dose combination from Phase I.

Other Names:
  • Nexavar
  • BAY 43-9006
Experimental: Cohort 2 (FLT3-ITD inhibitor naive cohort)

Cohort includes those with FLT3-ITD and -D835 mutated relapsed/refractory AML who have failed therapy with up to two prior salvage regimens.

Phase II Starting Dose of Sorafenib: Maximum tolerated dose combination from Phase I.

Phase II Starting Dose of Selinexor: Maximum tolerated dose from Phase I.

Drug: Selinexor

Phase I Starting Dose of Selinexor: 80 mg by mouth twice weekly for a 28 day cycle.

Phase II Starting Dose of Selinexor: Maximum tolerated dose from Phase I.

Other Name: KPT-330
Drug: Sorafenib

Phase I Starting Dose of Sorafenib: 400 mg by mouth twice daily for a 28 day cycle.

Phase II Starting Dose of Sorafenib: Maximum tolerated dose combination from Phase I.

Other Names:
  • Nexavar
  • BAY 43-9006


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Selinexor with Sorafenib [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    MTD defined as the highest dose level with </= 1 out of 6 patients experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) during the first 28 days of treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Composite CR (CRc) Rate defined as CR (complete remission) + CRp (complete remission with incomplete platelet recovery) + CRi (complete remission with incomplete count recovery) within 3 months of treatment initiation [ Time Frame: 84 days, assessed following first three cycles of therapy of Selinexor with Sorafenib ]

    CRc Response criteria modified from International Working Group for AML. Responders obtain a Composite Complete Remission Rate (CRc) with or without cytogenetic response, hematologic improvements, and morphologic leukemia-free state. CRc rate is defined as the confirmed remission rate of all complete and incomplete CRs (i.e., CR+ CRp + CRi).

    CR: bone marrow regenerating normal hematopoietic cells & morphologic leukemia-free state, & ANC > 1×10^9/L, platelet count ≥100×10^9/L, & normal marrow differential with <5% blasts, & red blood cell (RBC) and platelet transfusion independent, no evidence of extramedullary leukemia. CRp: CR except for incomplete platelet recovery (<100×10^9/L). CRi: Same criteria for CR except incomplete hematological recovery with residual neutropenia (ANC ≤ 1 × 109/L) with or without thrombocytopenia (platelet count <100×109/L). No need to be RBC or platelet transfusion independent (modification to Cheson criteria).



Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. FLT3-ITD and/or FLT3-D835 mutated patients 18 years of age or older with relapsed/ refractory AML (any number of relapses) including patients who may have been previously exposed to one or more FLT3-inhibitor therapies will be eligible for the phase I portion of this study.
  2. Phase II FLT3-ITD and/or FLT3-D835 mutated relapsed/refractory patients: Patients should have a diagnosis of AML (de novo or transformed from hematologic malignancies). Patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (defined as having >/= 10% blasts in the bone marrow) or patients with Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) (having >/= 10% blasts in the bone marrow) may also be eligible after discussion with Principal Investigator (PI). The patients should have one of the following features: 1. Patients with AML should have failed any prior induction therapy or have relapsed after prior therapy. 2. Patients with high-risk MDS or high-risk CMML should have failed any prior therapy for the MDS or CMML. 3. Patients with MDS or CMML who received therapy for the MDS or CMML and progress to AML are eligible at the time of diagnosis of AML regardless any prior therapy for AML. The WHO classification will be used for AML.
  3. Patients must be eligible for one of two cohorts: Cohort 1 (FLT3 and/or FLT3-D835 inhibitor failure cohort) in FLT3-ITD and/or FLT3-D835 mutated relapsed/refractory AML who have failed therapy with up to two prior salvage regimens (SCT or stem cell therapy for patients who previously underwent SCT/stem cell therapy in remission will not be considered a salvage regimen) and have previously been exposed at least one prior FLT3 inhibitor. Cohort 2 (FLT3 inhibitor naive cohort) in FLT3-ITD and/or FLT3-D835 mutated relapsed/refractory who have failed therapy with up to two prior salvage regimens (SCT or stem cell therapy for patients who previously underwent SCT/stem cell therapy in remission will not be considered a salvage regimen) with no prior exposure to any FLT3 inhibitor.
  4. Age >/=18 years
  5. ECOG Performance Status </=2
  6. Patients should have estimated life expectancy of >3 months at study entry
  7. Adequate hepatic (serum total bilirubin </= 2.0 x upper limit normal (ULN) (or </= 3.0 x ULN if deemed to be elevated due to leukemia), alanine aminotransferase and/or aspartate transaminase </= 3.0 x ULN (or </= 5.0 x ULN if deemed to be elevated due to leukemia), and renal function (creatinine </= 2.0 mg/dL).
  8. Patients must provide written informed consent.
  9. In the absence of rapidly progressing disease, the interval from prior treatment to time of initiation of selinexor and sorafenib administration will be at least 2 weeks for cytotoxic agents or at least 5 half-lives for cytotoxic/noncytotoxic agents. The use of chemotherapeutic or anti-leukemic agents is not permitted during the study with the following exceptions: (1) intrathecal (IT) therapy for patients with controlled CNS leukemia at the discretion of the PI and with the agreement of the Sponsor. Controlled CNS leukemia is defined by the absence of active clinical signs of CNS disease and no evidence of CNS leukemia on the most recent 2 simultaneous CSF evaluations. (2) Use of one dose of cytarabine (up to 2 g/m2) or hydroxyurea for patients with rapidly proliferative disease is allowed before the start of study therapy and for the first four weeks on therapy. These medications will be recorded in the case-report form.
  10. Baseline ejection fraction must be >/= 40%.
  11. Females must be surgically or biologically sterile or postmenopausal (amenorrheic for at least 12 months) or if of childbearing potential, must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours before the start of the treatment.
  12. Women of childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception during the study and until 3 months after the last treatment. Males must be surgically or biologically sterile or agree to use an adequate method of contraception during the study until 3 months after the last treatment. Adequate methods of contraception include: Total abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception. Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment
  13. (Continued from Criteria 12) Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). For female patients on the study, the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that patient Combination of any of the two following (a+b or a+c or b+c) Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) Barrier methods of contraception: Condom or Occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/ vaginal suppository
  14. (Continued from Criteria 13) In case of use of oral contraception, women should have been stable on the same pill before taking study treatment. Note: Oral contraceptives are allowed but should be used in conjunction with a barrier method of contraception due to unknown effect of drug-drug interaction. Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with known allergy or hypersensitivity to selinexor, sorafenib or any of its components.
  2. Subject has concurrent, uncontrolled medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness, which could place him/her at unacceptable risk.
  3. Patients who have had any major surgical procedure within 14 days of Day 1.
  4. Patients currently receiving any other standard or investigational therapy for the treatment of AML.
  5. Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol.
  6. Patients receiving concomitant treatment with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors, unless such drugs are considered critical for the well being of the patient and not adequate alternatives are available. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors include the following medications: itraconazole, ketoconazole, miconazole, voriconazole; amprenavir, atazanavir, fosamprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir; ciprofloxacin, clarithromycin, diclofenac, doxycycline, enoxacin, isoniazid, ketamine, nefazodone, nicardipine, propofol, quinidine, telithromycin.
  7. Patients with any severe gastrointestinal or metabolic condition that could interfere with absorption of oral medications.
  8. Patients who are in blast transformation of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Prior MDS or CMML is acceptable.
  9. Patient has a concurrent active malignancy under treatment.
  10. Unstable cardiovascular function: • Symptomatic ischemia, or • Uncontrolled clinically significant conduction abnormalities (i.e., ventricular tachycardia on antiarrhythmic agents are excluded; 1st degree atrioventricular (AV) block or asymptomatic left anterior fascicular block/right bundle branch block (LAFB/RBBB) will not be excluded), or • Congestive heart failure (CHF) NYHA Class ≥ 3, or • Myocardial infarction (MI) within 3 months. • Left ventricular ejection fraction < 40 %. • Hypertension > 140 mm Hg systolic or > 90 mm Hg diastolic with or without antihypertensive therapy.
  11. Uncontrolled infection at the time of enrollment. Infections controlled on concurrent anti-microbial agents are acceptable, and anti-microbial prophylaxis per institutional guidelines is acceptable.
  12. Known active hepatitis B virus (HBV) or C virus (HCV) infection; or known to be positive for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) or HBsAg (HBV surface antigen).
  13. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  14. Female subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  15. Acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  16. Any medical condition, which in the investigator's opinion, could compromise the patient's safety.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02530476


Contacts
Contact: Naval Daver, MD 713-794-4392

Locations
United States, Texas
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: MD Anderson Health Information Specialist    877-632-6789      
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Naval Daver, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02530476     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-0975
NCI-2015-01523 ( Other Identifier: NCI CTRP )
P50CA100632 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 21, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Leukemia
Acute myeloid leukemia
AML
Relapsed/Refractory
FLT3-ITD mutation
FLT3-mutated high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome
MDS
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
CMML
Selinexor
KPT-330
Sorafenib
Nexavar
BAY 43-9006
FLT3-inhibitor therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Sorafenib
Niacinamide
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs