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Trial record 2 of 10 for:    "Acute T Cell Leukemia" | "Etoposide"

Re-Induction Therapy for Relapsed Pediatric T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Lymphoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02518750
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Due to slow accrual)
First Posted : August 10, 2015
Results First Posted : April 3, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Brief Summary:

This is a phase-II study to evaluate the efficacy of a salvage regimen in children with relapsed T-cell ALL or lymphoma. Peg-asparaginase, mitoxantrone, intrathecal triples (IT) (intrathecal methotrexate/hydrocortisone/cytarabine) (ITMHA) and dexamethasone are commonly used drugs to treat relapsed or refractory acute lymphocytic leukemia or lymphoma (ALL). In this study, the investigators want to know if adding three drugs called panobinostat, bortezomib and liposomal vincristine (VSLI) to this regimen will result in remission (no signs or symptoms of leukemia or lymphoma).

  • Panobinostat has been approved by the FDA for treating adults with multiple myeloma, but it has not been approved for use in children and has not been given together with the other drugs used in this study. It has not been widely studied in children.
  • VSLI has been approved by the FDA for adults with relapsed or refractory ALL, but has not yet been approved for treating children with leukemia or lymphoma.
  • Bortezomib has been approved by the FDA for treating adults with a cancer called multiple myeloma and adults with relapsed mantle cell lymphoma; it has not been approved for treating children.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

  • To estimate the complete remission (CR) rate for patients with T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphoma in first relapse.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

  • To evaluate minimal residual disease (MRD) levels at end of each block of therapy.
  • To describe the toxicities of vincristine sulfate liposome injection (VSLI) when used in combination with chemotherapy and bortezomib.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin's Leukemia, T-Cell Leukemia, B-Cell Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Panobinostat Drug: Liposomal vincristine Drug: Mitoxantrone Drug: Peg-asparaginase Drug: Bortezomib Drug: Intrathecal Triples Drug: High-dose methotrexate Drug: 6-Mercaptopurine Drug: High-dose cytarabine Drug: Nelarabine Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Etoposide Drug: Clofarabine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a study of re-induction therapy that will comprise of three blocks of multi-agent chemotherapy. CR will be evaluated following each block of therapy. All patients will be candidates for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) once they achieve negative minimal residual disease (MRD). If patients cannot proceed to HSCT following Block A, they will continue therapy on Block B and Block C until ready for HSCT.

Three Block Induction:

Block A: approximately 5 weeks

  • Dexamethasone 10 mg/m^2/day orally (PO) Days 1-8, 15-22 (Total 16 days)
  • Panobinostat 24 mg/m^2/dose PO Day 2,4,6
  • Liposomal vincristine (VSLI) 2.25 mg/m^2 no cap intravenously (IV) on Days 7, 14, 21, 28
  • Mitoxantrone 10 mg/m^2 IV Day 7,14 (In the absence of peripheral blasts, Day 14 Mitoxantrone will be given if WBC ≥1000 and ANC ≥300)
  • Peg-asparaginase 2500 units/m^2 on Days 9,23
  • Bortezomib 1.3 mg/m^2 IV Days 16, 19, 23, 26
  • Intrathecal Triples (IT) (intrathecal methotrexate/hydrocortisone/cytarabine) (ITMHA) Days 1, 7, 14, 21, 28. Additional ITs on Days 10 and 17 for patients with central nervous system (CNS) 2, 3 or traumatic tap with blasts

Block B: approximately 5 weeks

  • High-dose methotrexate 8 g/m^2 IV over 24 hours (will not be given to patients with prior cranial irradiation) Day 1
  • 6-mercaptopurine 50 mg/m^2 PO days 1-14
  • ITMHA Day 1
  • High-dose cytarabine 3 g/m^2 IV every 12 hours (Q12H) Days 15 and 16

Block C: approximately 3 weeks

  • Nelarabine 650 mg/m^2/day IV Days 1-5 (Clofarabine 40 mg/m^2/day IV Days 1-5 will be given instead of nelarabine for patients with B-lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphoma in stratum II)
  • Cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m^2 IV Days 1-5
  • Etoposide 100 mg/m^2/day IV Days 1-5

Response evaluation is performed after the end of each treatment block. All patients should proceed to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after achieving negative minimal residual disease (MRD) when a suitable donor is identified. Patients could continue on Block B and Block C if not ready for HSCT. If after completion of Block C, MRD is persistently positive, the plan will be discussed with the principal investigator and co-principal investigator and the transplant team. Enrollment on ongoing natural killer (NK) cell studies will be considered. For patients who require a second transplant, HAP3R (another clinical trial at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital) may be an option. Donor will be selected according to institutional practices and transplant regimens will be used according to institutional HSCT protocols and guidelines.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study Incorporating Panobinostat, Bortezomib and Liposomal Vincristine Into Re-Induction Therapy for Relapsed Pediatric T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Lymphoma
Actual Study Start Date : November 23, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 11, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : March 11, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Study Participants

Participants with ALL will receive the following interventions in three treatment blocks:

  • Block A: Dexamethasone, panobinostat, liposomal vincristine, mitoxantrone, peg-asparaginase, bortezomib, intrathecal triples.
  • Block B: High-dose methotrexate, 6-mercaptopurine, intrathecal triples, high-dose cytarabine.
  • Block C: Nelarabine or clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, etoposide.
Drug: Dexamethasone
Given orally (PO).
Other Name: Decadron®

Drug: Panobinostat
Given PO.
Other Name: LBH589

Drug: Liposomal vincristine
For intravenous (IV) use only.
Other Names:
  • Vincristine sulfate liposome injection
  • VSLI
  • Marqibo®

Drug: Mitoxantrone
Given IV.
Other Name: Novantrone®

Drug: Peg-asparaginase

Given IV or intramuscularly (IM).

In case of allergy or intolerance to Peg-asparaginase, Erwinia L-asparaginase (Erwinase®) will be used. Erwinia L-asparaginase is given by either IV or IM injection.

Other Names:
  • Peg-L-asparaginase
  • Pegaspargase
  • Oncaspar®

Drug: Bortezomib
Given by IV push over 3 to 5 seconds. For IV use only.
Other Names:
  • Velcade
  • MLN341
  • LDP-341

Drug: Intrathecal Triples
Given IT as ITMHA.
Other Names:
  • ITMHA
  • Methotrexate/Hydrocortisone/Cytarabine

Drug: High-dose methotrexate
Given intrathecally (IT) or IV.
Other Name: HDMTX

Drug: 6-Mercaptopurine
Given PO at consistent time each day.
Other Names:
  • 6-MP
  • Purinethol®

Drug: High-dose cytarabine
Given IT or IV.
Other Names:
  • Ara-C
  • Cytosar-U®

Drug: Nelarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Arranon®
  • Compound 506U78

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV.
Other Name: Cytoxan®

Drug: Etoposide

Given IV.

In case of etoposide reactions, IV etoposide phosphate (Etopophos®) will be used.

Other Names:
  • VP-16
  • Vepesid®

Drug: Clofarabine

Given IV.

Clofarabine will be given instead of nelarabine for patients with B-lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphoma in stratum II.

Other Names:
  • Clolar™
  • Clofarex




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete Remission (CR) Rate [ Time Frame: At the end of each remission re-induction block C (approximately 13 weeks after start of therapy) ]
    All participants who start re-induction Block A therapy are considered evaluable. Any patient who at any time point achieves CR and goes to transplant is considered as a success; or any patient who successfully reaches the end of block C and achieves/remains in CR is considered a success; all other cases are considered as failure.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Block A Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) [ Time Frame: At the end of Block A therapy (approximately 5 weeks after start of therapy) ]
    MRD will be studied after each cycle of therapy. MRD is considered as positive (i.e., prevalent) if its level is ≥0.01% for ALL. The prevalence of MRD at end of each cycle is defined as proportion of MRD positives; we will estimate these proportions with point and interval estimates.

  2. Block B Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) [ Time Frame: At the end of Block B therapy (approximately 10 weeks after start of therapy) ]
    MRD will be studied after each cycle of therapy. MRD is considered as positive (i.e., prevalent) if its level is ≥0.01% for ALL. The prevalence of MRD at end of each cycle is defined as proportion of MRD positives; we will estimate these proportions with point and interval estimates.

  3. Block C Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) [ Time Frame: At the end of Block C therapy (approximately 13 weeks after start of therapy) ]
    MRD will be studied after each cycle of therapy. MRD is considered as positive (i.e., prevalent) if its level is ≥0.01% for ALL. The prevalence of MRD at end of each cycle is defined as proportion of MRD positives; we will estimate these proportions with point and interval estimates.

  4. Proportion of Relevant Toxicities [ Time Frame: At the completion of therapy (up to approximately 5 months after the start of therapy) ]
    The toxicities of liposomal vincristine (VSLI) when used in combination with chemotherapy will be evaluated. Proportions (probabilities) of relevant toxicities will be estimated with point and interval estimates.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphoma (ALL):

    • Stratum I: T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphoma in first relapse or refractory to one or two courses of frontline induction therapy.
    • Stratum II: B-cell or T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphoma in second or third relapse or refractory to 2 or 3 induction or re-induction attempts. Patients with Ph+ ALL must be refractory or relapsed after treatment with regimen that included a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI).
  • Relapse in ALL is defined as the reappearance (in a patient who has previously achieved remission) of leukemic blasts in the bone marrow.

    • Should flow cytometric analyses suggest relapse (by the reappearance of a similar immunophenotype to the original leukemia) in the presence of <5% blasts morphologically, a repeat bone marrow test is recommended to confirm relapse.
    • Molecular or genetic relapse is characterized by the reappearance of a cytogenetic or molecular abnormality.
  • Age is ≤ 21 years (participant has not yet reached 22nd birthday).
  • Able to swallow capsules.
  • Karnofsky or Lansky performance score is ≥ 60%. The Lansky performance score should be used for participants < 16 years and the Karnofsky performance score for participants ≥ 16 years.
  • Prior therapy:

    • There is no waiting period for participants who relapse while receiving therapy if they are free from side effects attributable to such therapy.
    • Emergent radiation therapy, one dose of intrathecal chemotherapy and up to 7 days of steroids or hydroxyurea are permitted before start of treatment in participants who relapse after completion of frontline therapy. Other circumstances must be cleared by PI or medical designee.
    • At least 90 days have elapsed since bone marrow transplant and participant is off immune suppression for ≥ 2 weeks, if applicable.
  • Adequate renal function defined as glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 cc/min/1.73m^2 or serum creatinine based on age as follows:

    • If age is 1 to 2 years, then maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL) is 0.6 for males or females.
    • If age is 2 to 6 years, then maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL) is 0.8 for males or females.
    • If age is 6 to 10 years, then maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL) is 1 for males or females.
    • If age is 10 to <13 years, then maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL) is 1.2 for males or females.
    • If age is 13 to 16 years, then maximum serum creatinine (mg/dl) is 1.5 for males or 1.4 for females.
    • If age is > 16 years, then maximum serum creatinine (mg/dl) is 1.7 for males or 1.4 for females.
  • Adequate hepatic function defined as:

    • Direct bilirubin ≤ 1.4 mg/dL (if total bilirubin > 1.4 mg/dL) AND
    • AST and ALT < 5 x ULN for age.
  • Adequate cardiac function defined as shortening fraction of ≥ 27% or ejection fraction ≥ 45%.
  • Lymphoma participants without bone marrow involvement must have:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >1,000/mm3, AND
    • Platelet count ≥50,000/mm^3 (without transfusion support)
    • NOTE: These criteria are waived for participants with leukemia or lymphoma participants with bone marrow involvement.
  • Written, informed consent and assent following Institutional Review Board, NCI, FDA and OHRP guidelines.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior histone deacytylases (HDAC), DAC, HSP90 inhibitors or valproic acid for treatment of cancer.
  • Patients who will need valproic acid for any medical condition during the study or within 5 days prior to first panobinostat treatment.
  • Impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac diseases, history of arrhythmia (including ventricular fibrillation or torsade de pointes), bradycardia <50 bpm, screening ECG with prolonged QTc or uncontrolled hypertension.
  • Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of panobinostat.
  • Patients with diarrhea > CTCAE grade 2.
  • Other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions (e.g., uncontrolled diabetes or active or uncontrolled infection) including abnormal laboratory values, that could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol.
  • Patients using medications that have a relative risk of prolonging the QT interval or inducing torsade de pointes if treatment cannot be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting treatment.
  • Patients who have received targeted agents within 2 weeks or within 5 half-lives of the agent and active metabolites (whichever is longer) and who have not recovered from side effects of those therapies.
  • Patients who have undergone major surgery ≤ 4 weeks prior to starting treatment or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy.
  • Patients with known positivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B/C.
  • Inability to swallow capsules.
  • Active, uncontrolled infection or severe concurrent medical disease, including but not limited to congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, or psychiatric illness.
  • Isolated extramedullary relapse (leukemia) or isolated CNS lymphoma.
  • Pregnant or lactating (female participant of childbearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test required within 7 days prior to start of treatment). Male or female of reproductive potential has agreed to use effective contraception method for duration of study treatment.
  • Down syndrome.
  • Inability or unwillingness or research participant or legal guardian/representative to give written informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02518750


Locations
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United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Sima Jeha, MD St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02518750     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TSALV
NCI-2015-00935 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Clinical Trial Registration Program )
First Posted: August 10, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 3, 2019
Last Update Posted: April 3, 2019
Last Verified: June 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Salvage Regimen
Re-Induction Therapy
Multi-agent chemotherapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Etoposide
Etoposide phosphate
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Leukemia, B-Cell
Leukemia, T-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Hydrocortisone
Cyclophosphamide
Methotrexate
Bortezomib
Cytarabine
Vincristine
Mitoxantrone
Clofarabine
Asparaginase
Mercaptopurine
Panobinostat
Pegaspargase