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An Open-Label Extension Study Assessing the Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of ALX-0061 in Subjects With Rheumatoid Arthritis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02518620
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 10, 2015
Results First Posted : July 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ablynx

Brief Summary:
This was a multicenter, open-label extension (OLE) Phase II study designed to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of ALX-0061 (i.e., vobarilizumab) administered subcutaneously (s.c.) in subjects with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had completed the treatment and assessment period of one of the preceding Phase IIb studies with ALX-0061 (ALX0061-C201 and ALX0061-C202; placebo and ALX-0061 treatment arms only), and who achieved at least 20% improvement in swollen joint count (SJC) and/or tender joint count (TJC) (66/68 counts) compared to Baseline at the final visit of the preceding study (i.e., Week 24 for Study ALX0061-C201 and Week 12 for Study ALX0061-C202).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis Biological: ALX-0061 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Eligible subjects received one of the following treatments during the preceding Phase IIb studies ALX0061-C201 and ALX0061-C202:

  • Study ALX0061-C201:

    • Placebo (+ methotrexate [MTX]), or
    • ALX-0061 75 mg every 4 weeks (q4w) (+ MTX), or
    • ALX-0061 150 mg q4w (+ MTX), or
    • ALX-0061 150 mg every 2 weeks (q2w) (+ MTX), or
    • ALX-0061 225 mg q2w (+ MTX), for 24 weeks
  • Study ALX0061-C202:

    • ALX-0061 150 mg q4w, or
    • ALX-0061 150 mg q2w, or
    • ALX-0061 225 mg q2w, for 12 weeks

At the Week 24 (ALX0061-C201) or Week 12 (ALX0061-C202) visit of the previous study, informed consent was obtained from all subjects who were deemed potentially eligible for the OLE study, according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. This was marked as the Week 0 visit of the C203 study. Of note, the Baseline time point in the analyses of this study was defined the Baseline value of the parent study.

In this OLE study, eligible subjects received ALX-0061 150 mg s.c. injections, beginning at Week 0 and every 2 weeks thereafter, up to and including Week 102. Eligible subjects from the preceding study ALX0061-C201 also continued their MTX treatment.

Maintenance of the response (i.e., at least 20% improvement in both SJC and TJC compared to Baseline of the preceding study) was reassessed at the study visits at Weeks 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, and 96. Subjects who failed to maintain response and met the Efficacy Discontinuation Criteria were discontinued from this study.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 406 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Multicenter, Open-Label Extension Study Assessing the Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous ALX-0061 in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis Who Have Completed One of the Preceding Phase IIb Studies With ALX-0061
Actual Study Start Date : July 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ALX-0061 150 mg q2w (+ MTX) Biological: ALX-0061
Subjects received ALX-0061 150 mg s.c. injections, beginning at Week 0 and q2w thereafter, up to and including Week 102. Subjects from the preceding study ALX0061-C201 also continued their MTX treatment.
Other Name: Vobarilizumab




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number and Percentage of Subjects With American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 Response. [ Time Frame: At Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 ]

    ACR 20 response is defined as:

    • 20% improvement in tender joint count (TJC; 68 joints) relative to Week 0 AND
    • 20% improvement in swollen joint count (SJC; 66 joints) relative to Week 0 AND
    • 20% improvement in 3 of the following 5 areas relative to Week 0:

      • Subject's Assessment of Pain (100 mm - visual analogue scale [VAS])
      • Subject's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (VASPA)
      • Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (VASPHA)
      • Subject's assessment of physical function as measured by Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI)
      • C-reactive protein (CRP) level

    ACR20 responses were measured at Weeks 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, and 104 and Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 reported.


  2. Number and Percentage of Subjects With ACR50 Response. [ Time Frame: At Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 ]

    ACR50 response is defined as:

    • 50% improvement in TJC (68 joints) relative to Week 0 AND
    • 50% improvement in SJC (66 joints) relative to Week 0 AND
    • 50% improvement in 3 of the following 5 areas relative to Week 0:

      • Subject's Assessment of Pain (100 mm - VAS)
      • Subject's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (VASPA)
      • Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (VASPHA)
      • Subject's assessment of physical function as measured by HAQ-DI
      • CRP level

    ACR50 responses were measured at Weeks 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, and 104 and Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 reported.


  3. Number and Percentage of Subjects With ACR70 Response. [ Time Frame: At Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 ]

    ACR70 response is defined as:

    • 70% improvement in TJC (68 joints) relative to Week 0 AND
    • 70% improvement in SJC (66 joints) relative to Week 0 AND
    • 70% improvement in 3 of the following 5 areas relative to Week 0:

      • Subject's Assessment of Pain (100 mm - VAS)
      • Subject's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (VASPA)
      • Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (VASPHA)
      • Subject's assessment of physical function as measured by HAQ-DI
      • CRP level

    ACR70 responses were measured at Weeks 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, and 104 and Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 reported.


  4. ACR-N Index of Improvement [ Time Frame: At Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 ]

    The ACR-N Index of Improvement is defined as the minimum of the following 3 criteria:

    • The percent improvement from Week 0 in TJCs
    • The percent improvement from Week 0 in SJCs
    • The median percent improvement from Week 0 for the following 5 assessments:

      • Subject's assessment of pain (VAS)
      • Subject's global assessment of disease activity (VASPHA)
      • Physician's global assessment of disease activity (VASPHA)
      • Subject's assessment of physical function as measured by the HAQ-DI
      • CRP level

    ACR-N Index of Improvement was measured at Weeks 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, and 104 and Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 reported.


  5. Number and Percentage of Subjects in Remission or With Low, Moderate or High Disease Activity Based on Disease Activity Score Using 28 Joint Counts (DAS28) Using Estimated Sedimentation Rate (ESR) [ Time Frame: At Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 ]

    DAS28(ESR) = (0.56 × √TJC28) + (0.28 × √SJC28) + (0.70 × ln[ESR]) +(0.014 × VASPA)

    • Remission = DAS28(ESR) < 2.6
    • Low disease activity = 2.6 ≤ DAS28 ≤ 3.2
    • Moderate disease activity = 3.2 < DAS28 ≤ 5.1
    • High disease activity = DAS28 > 5.1

    Disease activity based on DAS28(ESR) was measured at Weeks 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, and 104 and Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 reported.


  6. Number and Percentage of Subjects With DAS28 Using C-reactive Protein (CRP) < 2.6, Low, Moderate or High Disease Activity Based on DAS28(CRP) [ Time Frame: At Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 ]

    DAS28(CRP) = (0.56 × √TJC28) + (0.28 × √SJC28) + (0.36 × ln[CRP+1]) + (0.014 × VASPA) + 0.96

    • DAS28(CRP) < 2.6
    • Low disease activity = 2.6 ≤ DAS28 ≤ 3.2
    • Moderate disease activity = 3.2 < DAS28 ≤ 5.1
    • High disease activity = DAS28 > 5.1

    Disease activity based on DAS28(CRP) was measured at Weeks 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, and 104 and Weeks 0, 12, 48, and 104 reported.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 74 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must have been eligible for one of the preceding Phase IIb studies with ALX-0061 (study ALX0061-C201 or ALX0061-C202), have been randomized to placebo or one of the ALX-0061 arms (subjects randomized to tocilizumab [TCZ] in study ALX0061-C202 were not eligible), and completed the entire treatment and assessment period of the preceding studies (i.e., 24 weeks for study ALX0061-C201 and 12 weeks for study ALX0061-C202).
  • Must have reached at least 20% improvement in SJC and/or TJC (66/68 counts) compared to Week 0 at Week 24 for subjects participating in the preceding Phase IIb ALX0061 C201 study, or at Week 12 for subjects participating in the preceding Phase IIb ALX0061-C202 study
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential (excluding postmenopausal women, sterilized, ovariectomized, and hysterectomized women) must agree to use 2 generally accepted adequate contraceptive methods of which 1 is a barrier method (e.g., hormonal contraception stabilized for at least 1 month [oral, patch, depot, injectable, vaginal ring] in combination with condom by partner) or should agree upon continuous abstinence from heterosexual contact from screening/baseline until at least 6 months after last dosing. Male subjects must use condoms for the duration of the study and for at least 6 months after last administration of study drug.
  • Ability to comprehend and willingness to sign the informed consent form (ICF).
  • An understanding of and ability and willingness to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Received TCZ during the previous Study ALX0061-C202.
  • Received any prohibited treatment during the previous Phase IIb studies (ALX0061-C201 or ALX0061-C202.
  • Diagnosis of or suspicion of a serious infection (requiring parental antibiotics and/or hospitalization) or tuberculosis during the preceding study.
  • Diagnosis of malignancy or demyelinating disease during the preceding study.
  • Any active or recurrent viral infection that made the subject unsuitable for the study based on the Investigator's clinical assessment, including recurrent/disseminated herpes zoster.
  • Diagnosis of congestive heart failure class III or IV (as defined by the New York Heart Association), unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and/or cerebrovascular accident during the preceding study.
  • Abnormality in laboratory test results observed at the Week 22 visit for subjects participating in the preceding Phase IIb ALX0061-C201 study, or observed at the Week 10 visit for subjects participating in the preceding Phase IIb ALX0061-C202 study:

    1. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and/or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels ≥ 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN).
    2. Hemoglobin levels ≤ 85 g/L (8.5 g/dL).
    3. Platelet count ≤ 75 x 109/L (75,000 cells/mm³).
    4. Absolute neutrophil count < 1.5 x 109/L.
    5. Serum creatinine levels ≥ 1.5 mg/dL (133 μmol/L).
    6. Any other clinically significant abnormal laboratory result as evaluated by the Investigator.
    7. If no laboratory test results of the Week 22 Visit (for subjects participating in the preceding ALX0061-C201 study) or the Week 10 Visit (for subjects participating in the preceding ALX0061-C202 study) were available, then laboratory values of tests performed between Week 22 and 24 (for study ALX0061-C201) or Week 10 and 12 (for study ALX0061-C202) were taken into account for the exclusion criteria a to e listed above.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02518620


  Show 57 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ablynx
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Monitor Ablynx NV
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Ablynx:
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 10, 2015
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] October 4, 2018


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Responsible Party: Ablynx
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02518620     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ALX0061-C203
2014-003034-42 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 10, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 19, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 30, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases