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BiRd vs. Rd as Initial Therapy in Multiple Myeloma (BiRd vs Rd)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02516696
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 6, 2015
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Weill Medical College of Cornell University

Brief Summary:
This is a randomized, open-label, phase III study to investigate the efficacy of combination therapy with an induction phase utilizing a combination clarithromycin (Biaxin®), lenalidomide (Revlimid®), dexamethasone (Decadron®), in multiple myeloma patients who are newly diagnosed and require treatment when compared to patients who receive lenalidomide and dexamethasone alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Clarithromycin Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This research study is for men and women with newly diagnosed, previously untreated multiple myeloma. The purpose of this study is to observe the how well the different combinations of study drugs work as therapy for patients with newly diagnosed, transplant ineligible, previously untreated multiple myeloma.

The study will be done in two arms:

BiRd Arm:

  • Clarithromycin 500mg PO twice daily on days 1-28 for a 28-day cycle
  • Lenalidomide 25mg PO daily on days 1-21 of a 28-day cycle
  • Dexamethasone 40mg PO will be given on days 1, 8, 15, 22 of a 28-day cycle

Rd Arm:

  • Lenalidomide 25mg PO daily on days 1-21 of a 28-day cycle
  • Dexamethasone 40mg PO will be given on days 1, 8, 15, 22 of a 28-day cycle

Subjects will be treated in 28-day cycles and may continue treatment as long as they are responding to therapy and not experiencing unacceptable side effects or disease progression. There will be an evaluation at the end of each cycle. Participants will be in the study until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Rd) Versus Clarithromycin [Biaxin®] / Lenalidomide [Revlimid®] / Dexamethasone (BiRd) as Initial Therapy in Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : February 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2023


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BiRD treatment regimen
Subjects on the BiRD arm will receive clarithromycin, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone in 28-day cycles.
Drug: Clarithromycin
500mg PO twice daily on days 1-28 for a 28-day cycle.
Other Name: biaxin

Drug: Lenalidomide
25 mg PO days 1-21 followed by a 7 day rest period for each 28-day cycle
Other Name: Revlimid

Drug: Dexamethasone
20 mg PO on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 for each cycle for subjects 75 years and younger.
Other Name: Decadron

Active Comparator: Rd treatment regimen
Subjects on the Rd arm will receive lenalidomide and dexamethasone in 28-day cycles.
Drug: Lenalidomide
25 mg PO days 1-21 followed by a 7 day rest period for each 28-day cycle
Other Name: Revlimid

Drug: Dexamethasone
20 mg PO on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 for each cycle for subjects 75 years and younger.
Other Name: Decadron




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Survival duration without disease progression [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Calculate rate of progression-free survival for subjects following treatment BiRd regimen compared to Rd treatment regimen


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of subjects who demonstrate a response to BiRd treatment regimen [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Capture the number of subjects who demonstrate an improvement (response) in multiple myeloma after treatment with BiRD regimen, as compared to Rd

  2. Number of adverse events experienced [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Capture the number of adverse events experienced with BiRd regimen as compared to Rd regimen

  3. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Survival following treatment to the date of death of subjects on BiRd regimen as compared to Rd.

  4. Number of months after initiating treatment with BiRd regimen to disease progression, as compared to subjects on Rd treatment regimen. [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
  5. Number of patients with objective response rate (CR+PR) [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Confidence intervals will be Bonferroni-corrected.

  6. Number of patients with complete response rate (CR) [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Confidence intervals will be Bonferroni-corrected.

  7. Number of months for Event-Free Survival [ Time Frame: approximately 5 years ]
    Descriptively presented for each treatment group and no formal statistical comparison will be made between treatment arms

  8. Number of months for Duration of Response [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Descriptively presented for each treatment group and no formal statistical comparison will be made between treatment arms

  9. Number of months to Progression-Free Survival 2 [ Time Frame: approximately 5 years ]
    Time from study entry until 2nd instance of disease progression. Descriptively presented for each treatment group and no formal statistical comparison will be made between treatment arms.

  10. Quality of life response compared to patients in BiRd vs Rd treatment [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Measured by Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Fatigue (FACIT-Fatigue). Descriptively presented for each treatment group and no formal statistical comparison will be made between treatment arms.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject must voluntarily sign and understand written informed consent.
  • Subject is at least 65 years old at the time of signing the consent form.
  • Subject has histologically confirmed multiple myeloma that has never before been treated
  • Subject has no prior anti-myeloma treatment therapy within 14 days prior to initiation of study treatment except for corticosteroids with a maximum allowed dosage equivalent to three pulses of dexamethasone (40mg daily for 4 days equals one pulse). Patients may have received prior adjuvant antiresorptive therapy (i.e., pamidronate or zoledronic acid) as routine care, or radiation therapy as palliation for pain and/or spinal cord compression.
  • Subject has measurable disease as defined by > 0.5 g/dL serum monoclonal protein, >10 mg/dL involved serum free light chain (either kappa or lambda) provided that the serum free light chain ratio is abnormal, >0.2 g/24 hrs urinary M-protein excretion, and/or measurable plasmacytoma(s) of at least 1cm in greatest dimension as measured by either CT scanning or MRI.
  • Subject has a Karnofsky performance status ≥60% (>50% if due to bony involvement of myeloma (see Appendix IV).
  • Subject is able to take prophylactic anticoagulation as detailed in section 9.1 (patients intolerant to aspirin may use warfarin or low molecular weight heparin).
  • Subject is registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program, and is willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist® program.
  • If subject is a female of childbearing potential (FCBP),† she must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of prescribing lenalidomide
  • Subject has a life expectancy ≥ 3 months
  • Subjects must meet the following laboratory parameters:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥750 cells/mm3 (1.0 x 109/L)
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 7 g/dL
    • Platelet count ≥ 30,000/mm3 (75 x 109/L)
    • Serum SGOT/AST <3.0 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
    • Serum SGPT/ALT <3.0 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
    • Serum total bilirubin <2.0 mg/dL (34 µmol/L)
    • Creatinine clearance ≥ 45 cc/min

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has immeasurable MM (no measurable monoclonal protein, free light chains in blood or urine, or measureable plasmacytoma on radiologic scanning).
  • Subject has a prior history of other malignancies unless disease free for ≥ 5 years, except for basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast, or localized prostate cancer with Gleason score < 7 with stable prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels.
  • Subject has had myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment , or NYHA(New York Hospital Association) Class III or IV heart failure (see APPENDIX VI), Ejection Fraction < 35%, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities.
  • Female subject who is pregnant or lactating.
  • Subject has known HIV infection
  • Subject has known active hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection.
  • Subject has active viral or bacterial infections or any coexisting medical problem that would significantly increase the risks of this treatment program.
  • Subject is unable to reliably take oral medications
  • Subject has known hypersensitivity to dexamethasone, clarithromycin, lenalidomide, or thalidomide
  • Subject has a history of thromboembolic event within the past 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Subject has any clinically significant medical or psychiatric disease or condition that, in the Investigator's opinion, may interfere with protocol adherence or a subject's ability to give informed consent.
  • Subject has previously been treated for multiple myeloma

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02516696


Locations
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United States, Colorado
University of Colorado - Anschutz Cancer Center
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, New York
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Celgene Corporation
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Adriana Rossi, MD Weill Medical College of Cornell University
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Responsible Party: Weill Medical College of Cornell University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02516696    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1411015662
RV-CL-MM-PI-004078 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Celgene Corporation )
First Posted: August 6, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 5, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Clarithromycin
Dexamethasone
Lenalidomide
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Angiogenesis Inhibitors