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Study Comparing Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy vs Conventional Palliative Radiotherapy (CRT) for Spinal Metastases

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02512965
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 31, 2015
Results First Posted : August 16, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 17, 2021
Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Canadian Cancer Trials Group

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to find out if SBRT is better than CRT at controlling pain in the spine 3 months after receiving treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Metastases Radiation: 20 Gy in 5 fractions Radiation: Conventional SBRT: 24 Gy in 2 fractions Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This research is being done because while there is some evidence suggesting that SBRT may improve treatment for patients with spine metastases, more research is needed to determine if it is better than CRT. The first part of the randomized trial (phase II) looked at whether it was possible (feasible) to provide these treatments in cancer centres across Canada, by aiming to recruit 54 participants within 18 months. This part of the study was successfully completed in early 2017. The second component of this study, called a randomized phase III trial, is now underway. It involves recruiting another 124 participants to receive either CRT or SBRT, using the same study procedure as in the feasibility study. We will continue to obtain information about whether SBRT is better than CRT at controlling pain.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 229 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II/III Study Comparing Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy(SBRT) Versus Conventional Palliative Radiotherapy (CRT) for Patients With Spinal Metastases
Actual Study Start Date : July 28, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 21, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : August 16, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard Conventional Radiotherapy
Standard Conventional Radiotherapy (CRT) 20 Gy in 5 fractions
Radiation: 20 Gy in 5 fractions
Experimental: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy
Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) 24 Gy in 2 fractions
Radiation: Conventional SBRT: 24 Gy in 2 fractions

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase III: Complete Pain Response at 3 Months Post-radiation [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    A Complete Pain Response is defined as a pain score of zero (0) at the treated site with no concomitant increase in analgesic intake (stable or reducing analgesics in daily oral morphine equivalent) .

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete Pain Response at 6 Months Post Radiation Based on the International Bone Metastases Consensus Working Party Criteria [ Time Frame: 6 months post radiation ]
    A Complete Pain Response is defined as a pain score of zero (0) at the treated site with no concomitant increase in analgesic intake (stable or reducing analgesics in daily oral morphine equivalent) .

  2. Radiation Site Progression-free Survival Rate at 6 Months Using MRI Imaging [ Time Frame: 6 months. ]

    Radiation site progression was defined as:

    • Gross unequivocal increase in tumor volume or linear dimension > 20%.
    • Any new or progressive tumor within the epidural space.
    • Neurologic deterioration attributable to pre-existing epidural disease with equivocal increased epidural disease dimensions on MRI.

  3. Overall Survival Rate at 6 Months [ Time Frame: 6 months post radiation ]
    Proportion of participants who were alive at 6 months in study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of cancer (excluding seminoma, small cell lung cancer and hematologic primaries).
  • Spinal metastasis documented with MRI and suitable for treatment with radiotherapy with the following characteristics:

    • Painful, as defined by a pain score ≥ 2 for worst pain in the planned target treatment volume;
    • ≤ 3 consecutive spinal segments involved by tumour to be included in the planned target volume. The patient may have other spinal metaastases to be treated as per the radiation oncologist's discretion, but the eligible spinal metastatic site has to be one where there is pain and no more than 3 consecutive segments to be included as clinical target volume and appropriate for either 20 Gy in 5 fractions or 24 Gy in 2 fractions per the randomization.
  • There is no plan to change the pain medication on the first day of protocol treatment with radiotherapy.
  • ECOG Performance Status 0-2.
  • Seen by a radiation oncologist and judged to be appropriate for participation in this study including ability to tolerate protocol radiotherapy (SBRT or CRT).
  • Age of 18 years or older.
  • Patient is able and willing to complete the Patient Diary (pain and analgesic use).
  • Patient is able (i.e. sufficiently fluent) and willing to complete the quality of life questionnaire in either English or French. The baseline assessment must be completed within required timelines, prior to randomization. Inability (illiteracy in English or French, loss of sight, or other equivalent reason) to complete the questionnaires will not make the patient ineligible for the study. However, ability but unwillingness to complete the questionnaires will make the patient ineligible.
  • Patient consent must be appropriately obtained in accordance with applicable local and regulatory requirements. Each patient must sign a consent form prior to enrollment in the trial to document their willingness to participate.
  • Patients must be accessible for treatment and follow-up. Investigators must assure themselves the patients randomized on this trial will be available for complete documentation of the treatment, adverse events, and follow-up.
  • In accordance with CCTG policy, protocol treatment is to begin within 3 weeks of patient randomization. From the time of successful treatment planning, no more than 12 days can elapse before the first fraction of radiotherapy is delivered.
  • Women/men of childbearing potential must have agreed to use a highly effective contraceptive method. A woman is considered to be of "childbearing potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months. In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation, or vasectomy/vasectomized partner. However, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he/she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures.
  • Women of childbearing potential will have a pregnancy test to determine eligibility as part of the Pre-Study Evaluation; this may include an ultrasound to rule-out pregnancy if a false-positive is suspected. For example, when beta-human chorionic gonadotropin is high and partner is vasectomized, it may be associated with tumour production of hCG, as seen with some cancers. Patient will be considered eligible if an ultrasound is negative for pregnancy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have a pacemaker, such that MRI cannot be performed or treatment cannot be delivered safely.
  • Patients with prior treatment with any radionuclide within 30 days prior to randomization.
  • Patients with prior radiation to the spinal segment intended to be treated with protocol radiotherapy such that the protocol therapy cannot be delivered as intended.
  • Patients with prior surgery to the spinal segment intended to be treated with protocol radiotherapy.
  • Patients who have received chemotherapy within 1 week prior to administration of protocol radiotherapy or who are expected/planned to receive chemotherapy within one week of completing protocol radiotherapy. Centre guidelines regarding administration of targeted non-cytotoxic therapy must be followed with the proviso that no systemic anticancer therapy should be administered within 24 hours prior to and post-radiotherapy. Endocrine therapy may be administered during radiotherapy as per the discretion of the treating physician.
  • Patients with spine instability as judged by a Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS) of more than 12.
  • Patients with symptomatic spinal cord compression or cauda equina syndrome resulting from bony compression or epidural compression of the spinal cord and cauda equina, respectively. Symptomatic refers to neurolic deficit in the form of motor, bowel or bladder dysfunction.
  • Pregnant or lactating women.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02512965

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Trans Tasman Radiation Oncology Group
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Study Chair: Arjun Sahgal Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto ON
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Canadian Cancer Trials Group:
Study Protocol  [PDF] October 31, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] July 7, 2020
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] October 31, 2018

Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Canadian Cancer Trials Group Identifier: NCT02512965    
Other Study ID Numbers: SC24
First Posted: July 31, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 16, 2021
Last Update Posted: August 17, 2021
Last Verified: August 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes