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In Vivo Characterization of Inflammation With Ferumoxytol, an Ultrasmall Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticle, on 7 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02511028
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 29, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Contrast agents help things show up better on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Researchers want to see if the drug ferumoxytol is a good contrast agent. They want to determine that it does not cause prolonged MRI changes in the brain and to see if it helps identify inflammation in multiple sclerosis

Objective:

- To learn how ferumoxytol can be used to image inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS).

Eligibility:

  • Adults ages 18 70 who have MS.
  • Healthy volunteers ages 18 70.

Design:

  • Participants will have 5 clinic visits over 6 months.
  • Participants will be screened with a medical history, neurological exam, and blood draw. Full clinical measures will be obtained.
  • Participants will have a 7 tesla brain MRI scan that may include gadolinium contrast agent. The MRI is a metal cylinder in a strong magnetic field. The participant will lie on a table that can slide in and out of the cylinder.
  • During visit 2, ferumoxytol with be given through a catheter (a thin plastic tube) that is inserted with a needle into a vessel in the arm.

<TAB>- Participants will then have a 7 tesla MRI scan of the brain..

  • At each of the next 3 clinic visits, participants will have a 7 tesla brain MRI and have blood drawn. The MRIs may include gadolinium.
  • Participants may have a full neurologic exam at these visits. At the final visit, full clinical measures will be obtained.
  • Participants may have more MRI scans if a 6-month MRI shows ferumoxytol still in the brain.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Other: Ferumoxytol Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Objective

The goals of this pilot study are to (1) demonstrate the safety of ferumoxytol, a United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drug used in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia, as a contrast agent for brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as determined by a lack of long-term signal change in healthy volunteers (HV) and people with multiple sclerosis (MS); (2) determine if ferumoxytol enhancement can be detected in MS lesions on 7-tesla (T) MRI; and (3) examine the spatial and temporal enhancement patterns of ferumoxytol compared to patterns seen with gradient-echo imaging and gadolinium contrast in MS lesions.

Study population

Up to 10 HVs and up to 10 participants with MS will be recruited for this study.

Design

Participants will undergo a series of brain MRIs on a 7 T scanner. MRI will be before (baseline) and 0-8 hours, 24-96 hours, 1 month, and 6 months following ferumoxytol administration.

Outcome measures

The primary outcome measure is change in gradient-echo T2-weighted signal (derived from an MR sequence sensitive to paramagnetic agents such as iron) in the globus pallidus, a known brain iron reservoir, 6 months following ferumoxytol administration. Thus, we will determine if ferumoxytol induces long-lasting brain signal intensity changes in HV and MS. Secondary outcome measures are: (1) the number, location, and qualitative morphology of ferumoxytol, gradient-echo phase, and gadolinium-enhanced MS lesions and how these lesions change over time; and (2) quantitative estimates of change in iron concentration by determining R2 (= 1/T2) relaxation rate within MS lesions, normal appearing white matter, normal appearing gray matter, and other iron-rich regions within the brain before and after ferumoxytol injection.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: In Vivo Characterization of Inflammation With Ferumoxytol, an Ultrasmall Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticle, on 7 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Study Start Date : July 28, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 29, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : January 29, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ferumoxytol
A 510 mg dose (17 mL) of ferumoxytol diluted in 50 mL of 0.9% normal saline will be intravenously infused over 17 minutes
Other: Ferumoxytol
510mg (17mL) IV




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in gradient-echo T2*-weighted signal in an iron-rich brain structure, the globus pallidus [ Time Frame: before (baseline) and 0-8 hours, 24-96 hours, 1 month, and 6 months following ferumoxytol administration ]
    determine if ferumoxytol induces long-lasting brain signal intensity changes in HV and MS



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

HEALTHY VOLUNTEER INCLUSION CRITERIA

  • age between 18 and 70 (inclusive)
  • able to give informed consent
  • brain MRI within 2 years of study enrollment that shows no clinically significant abnormalities, in the judgment of a board-certified and NIH-credentialed neuroradiologist

PATIENT INCLUSION CRITERIA

  • age between 18 and 70, inclusive
  • able to give informed consent
  • diagnosis of multiple sclerosis according to revised McDonald Criteria

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • screening labs demonstrating any value for hepatic or renal function levels out of the range of normal, to include AST, ALT, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, creatinine, eGFR
  • evidence of polycythemia vera with hemoglobin levels more than 1 standard deviation above the NIH laboratory s normal level
  • iron overload syndromes, including hemochromatosis, or subjects with evidence of iron overload with a baseline ferritin level greater than 370 ng/ml and percent saturation of transferrin level greater than 40%.
  • previous or current alcohol and/or substance abuse per medical history or medical records
  • medical contraindications for MRI (e.g., any non-organic implant or other device such as a cardiac pacemaker or infusion pump or other metallic implants, objects, or body piercings that are not MRI-compatible or cannot be removed)
  • psychological contraindications for MRI (e.g., claustrophobia), to be assessed at the time the medical history is collected
  • pregnancy or current breastfeeding
  • reported history of clinically significant impaired hearing, because people with impaired hearing are at increased risk of sound-induced damage from the MRI scanner
  • known allergy to dextran or drugs containing iron salts or any previous history of severe allergic reactions, anaphylaxis, to any drug
  • clinically significant medical or neurological disorders that, in the judgment of the investigators might expose the patient to undue risk of harm confound study outcomes or prevent the participant from completing the study; examples of such conditions include but are not limited to diagnosis of certain types of cancer, cardiopulmonary conditions such as congestive heart failure, or uncontrolled hypertension

ADDITIONAL PATIENT EXCLUSION CRITERION:

-4 or more gadolinium-enhancing lesions on the screening scan


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02511028


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Daniel S Reich, M.D. National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02511028     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 150156
15-N-0156
First Posted: July 29, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 22, 2019
Last Verified: March 13, 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
MRI
Multiple Sclerosis
Healthy Volunteer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sclerosis
Inflammation
Multiple Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Ferrosoferric Oxide
Dextrans
Hematinics
Parenteral Nutrition Solutions
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Anticoagulants
Plasma Substitutes
Blood Substitutes