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FOLFIRI and Panitumumab in Treating Patients With RAS and BRAF Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02508077
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Poor Accrual)
First Posted : July 24, 2015
Results First Posted : August 16, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 16, 2018
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and irinotecan hydrochloride (FOLFIRI) together with panitumumab work in treating patients with colorectal cancer that expresses the RAS and B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase (BRAF) wild-type genes, has spread from the original site of growth to another part of the body (metastatic), resists the effects of treatment with prior cetuximab (or panitumumab) plus irinotecan hydrochloride-based therapy, and who have failed at least one subsequent non-anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) containing treatment regimen. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and irinotecan hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies, such as panitumumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Giving FOLFIRI together with panitumumab may be an effective treatment for colorectal cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Colorectal Carcinoma Stage IVA Colorectal Cancer Stage IVB Colorectal Cancer Drug: Fluorouracil Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Leucovorin Calcium Biological: Panitumumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Estimate the response rate (RR) and progression-free survival (PFS) with FOLFIRI + panitumumab in patients with acquired resistance to panitumumab (or cetuximab) + irinotecan (irinotecan hydrochloride)-based therapy after a documented clinical response or prolonged PFS and following progression on a subsequent non-anti-EGFR containing regimen in extended RAS wild-type and BRAF wild-type patients.


I. Estimate the overall survival (OS) in the re-challenge populations.

II. Describe the safety of re-challenge in this population.

III. Investigate the impact of PFS, RR on prior anti-EGFR + irinotecan-based exposure on the response and PFS on the current study.


I. Collect serial plasma samples to investigate the incidence of RAS and BRAF mutation in circulating free deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) at baseline, every 2 months, and at the time to progression (and following progression when feasible).

II. Collect serial plasma samples for future biomarker exploration, including the potential investigation of micro-ribonucleic acid (RNA).


Patients receive panitumumab intravenously (IV) over 30-90 minutes, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes, leucovorin calcium orally (PO), and fluorouracil IV over 46 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 3 months thereafter.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Study of FOLFIRI Plus Panitumumab in Extended RAS Wild Type and BRAF Wild Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer With Acquired Resistance to Prior Cetuximab (or Panitumumab) Plus Irinotecan-Based Therapy and Who Failed at Least One Subsequent Non-anti-EGFR Containing Regimen
Actual Study Start Date : February 16, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 13, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : September 13, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Panitumumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (panitumumab and FOLFIRI)
Patients receive panitumumab IV over 30-90 minutes, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 90 minutes, leucovorin calcium PO, and fluorouracil IV over 46 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-Fluoro-2,4(1H, 3H)-pyrimidinedione
  • 5-Fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU
  • AccuSite
  • Actino-Hermal
  • Adrucil
  • Arumel
  • Cytosafe
  • Efudex
  • Efurix
  • Fiverocil
  • Fluoro Uracil
  • Fluoroplex
  • Fluouracil
  • Flurablastin
  • Fluracedyl
  • Fluracil
  • Fluril
  • Fluroblastin
  • Flurox
  • Ribofluor
  • Ro 2-9757
  • Ro-2-9757
  • Timazin

Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Campto
  • Camptosar
  • Camptothecin 11
  • Camptothecin-11
  • CPT 11
  • CPT-11
  • U-101440E

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Adinepar
  • Calcifolin
  • Calcium (6S)-Folinate
  • Calcium Folinate
  • Calcium Leucovorin
  • Calfolex
  • Calinat
  • Cehafolin
  • Citofolin
  • Citrec
  • Citrovorum Factor
  • Cromatonbic Folinico
  • Dalisol
  • Disintox
  • Divical
  • Ecofol
  • Emovis
  • Factor, Citrovorum
  • Flynoken A
  • Folaren
  • Folaxin
  • FOLI-cell
  • Foliben
  • Folidan
  • Folidar
  • Folinac
  • Folinate Calcium
  • folinic acid
  • Folinic Acid Calcium Salt Pentahydrate
  • Folinoral
  • Folinvit
  • Foliplus
  • Folix
  • Imo
  • Lederfolat
  • Lederfolin
  • Leucosar
  • leucovorin
  • Rescufolin
  • Rescuvolin
  • Tonofolin
  • Wellcovorin

Biological: Panitumumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ABX-EGF Monoclonal Antibody
  • ABX-EGF, Clone E7.6.3
  • MoAb ABX-EGF
  • Monoclonal Antibody ABX-EGF
  • Vectibix

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 4-month Progression-free Survival (PFS) Rate [ Time Frame: At 4 months ]
    PFS is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first. Will be estimated using the product-limit method of Kaplan and Meier. Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.1), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (including baseline sum), or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Participant must be willing to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy of 3 >= months
  • Histologically confirmed colon or rectal cancer with metastatic disease
  • Extended RAS and BRAF wild type status documented on archival tumor tissue or on fresh biopsy if no archival tissue present
  • Measurable disease defined by at least 1 lesion >= 1 cm
  • Documented objective response or stable disease lasting for 6 months or more to last prior anti-EGFR (cetuximab or panitumumab) in combination with irinotecan or FOLFIRI
  • Progression within 6 weeks following their last dose of anti-EGFR therapy
  • Treatment with a non-EGFR targeting regimen following progression on anti-EGFR plus irinotecan-based therapy
  • At least 4 months from prior anti-EGFR therapy prior to start of study treatment
  • At least three weeks from any non-anti-EGFR therapy prior to start of study treatment; any number of prior therapies is permitted
  • Adequate recovery in the investigators opinion from any clinically significant toxicity from prior therapy
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dL without transfusions
  • Platelets (PLT) >= 100 x 10^9/L without transfusions
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN); patient with liver metastases =< 5 x ULN
  • Total bilirubin =< ULN
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL
  • Magnesium >= 1.2mg/dL or 0.5 mmol/L
  • Negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test (female patient of childbearing potential only), to be performed locally within the screening period
  • Agreement by females of childbearing potential and sexually active males to use an effective method of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry and for three months following duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while participating on the trial, she should inform her treating physician immediately

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of severe anti-EGFR toxicity requiring drug discontinuation or dose-modification within the first 4 months of prior anti-EGFR therapy
  • History of intolerance to irinotecan at dose-intensity of 125 mg/m^2/2 weeks or lower
  • History of intolerance to 5-FU at dose-intensity of 1800 mg/m^2/2 weeks or lower
  • Current use (or planned use during the treatment period) of other investigational agents, or biological, chemotherapy, radiation or other anti-tumor therapy
  • Co-medication that may interfere with study results; e.g. immuno-suppressive agents other than corticosteroids, such as systemic cyclosporine and tacrolimus
  • No St John's wort supplement or other herbal supplementation is allowed while on trial; patients are not to take grapefruit juice during study treatment
  • Use of drugs known to inhibit UDP glycosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A1 gene (UGT1A1), such as Atazanavir, Gemfibrozil, Indinavir, or Ketoconazole while on study treatment; (patients using these drugs must not take these drugs on the day study treatment begins and for the duration of study treatment)
  • Planned use of strong cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors or CYP3A4 inducers while on study treatment unless deemed clinically necessary with no reasonable alternatives and with expressed permission from the principal investigator
  • If on anticoagulation, participant must be on stable therapeutic dose prior to enrollment
  • Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease (e.g., active ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, extensive small bowel resection)
  • Major surgery =< 3 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such procedure
  • Unstable pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, or other significant arterial/venous thromboembolic event =< 30 days before enrollment
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia) =< 6 months prior to enrollment
  • History of interstitial lung disease (ILD) eg, interstitial pneumonitis, pulmonary fibrosis or evidence of ILD on baseline chest computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Other active malignancies except cervical carcinomas in situ or clinically insignificant non-melanoma skin cancers
  • Clinically significant uncontrolled illness or active infections
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to irinotecan, 5-FU, leucovorin or any of the products to be administered during dosing
  • Pregnant women and women who are lactating; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is enrolled on this study
  • Any other condition that would, in the Investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns or compliance with clinical study procedures, e.g., infection/inflammation, intestinal obstruction, unable to swallow medication, social/psychological issues, etc
  • Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02508077

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United States, California
City of Hope Medical Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
City of Hope Antelope Valley
Lancaster, California, United States, 93534
City of Hope Rancho Cucamonga
Rancho Cucamonga, California, United States, 91730
South Pasadena Cancer Center
South Pasadena, California, United States, 91030
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Marwan Fakih City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by City of Hope Medical Center:
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Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02508077    
Other Study ID Numbers: 15117
NCI-2015-01241 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
15117 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center )
First Posted: July 24, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 16, 2018
Last Update Posted: August 16, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Calcium, Dietary
Folic Acid
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Bone Density Conservation Agents