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Efficacy and Safety of Rivaroxaban in Reducing the Risk of Major Thrombotic Vascular Events in Subjects With Symptomatic Peripheral Artery Disease Undergoing Peripheral Revascularization Procedures of the Lower Extremities (VOYAGER PAD)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02504216
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 21, 2015
Results First Posted : December 8, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Colorado Prevention Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bayer

Brief Summary:
The purpose of study was to test whether rivaroxaban added to standard of care treatment, when compared to placebo, had the potential to reduce the incidence of the clinical events related to the clots and complications of the heart and brain (CV death, MI, or stroke) or the legs (acute limb ischemia or major amputation) in patients who had undergone recent procedure(s) to improve the blood flow of their legs.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Peripheral Artery Disease Drug: Rivaroxaban (Xarelto, BAY59-7939) Drug: Rivaroxaban-Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6564 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: An International, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Phase 3 Trial Investigating the Efficacy and Safety of Rivaroxaban to Reduce the Risk of Major Thrombotic Vascular Events in Patients With Symptomatic Peripheral Artery Disease Undergoing Lower Extremity Revascularization Procedures
Actual Study Start Date : August 18, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 27, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : January 9, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Rivaroxaban

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Rivaroxaban
Rivaroxaban 2.5 mg orally twice daily (5 mg cumulative daily dose)
Drug: Rivaroxaban (Xarelto, BAY59-7939)
2.5 mg, twice daily, orally, tablet

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Rivaroxaban-placebo orally twice daily
Drug: Rivaroxaban-Placebo
matching placebo, twice daily, orally, tablet




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Primary Efficacy Outcome: Number of Participants With Composite of Myocardial Infarction (MI), Ischemic Stroke, Cardiovascular Death, Acute Limb Ischemia (ALI) and Major Amputation Due to a Vascular Etiology [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the composite primary efficacy outcome after randomization up until the efficacy cut-off date (08-Sep-2019) was considered. The mean time in follow-up survival time until ECOD that date was 1109.76 days. ]
    Only the first occurrence of the outcome event under analysis within the data scope from a participant is considered.

  2. Primary Safety Outcome: Number of Participants With TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) Major Bleeding [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the primary safety outcome after randomization up until 2 days after permanent stop of study drug (rivaroxaban or rivaroxaban placebo). ]
    Only the first occurrence of the outcome event under analysis within the data scope from a participant is considered.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Composite of MI, Ischemic Stroke, Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Death, ALI, and Major Amputation of a Vascular Etiology [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the composite efficacy outcome after randomization up until the efficacy cut-off date (08-Sep-2019) was considered. The mean survival time until ECOD was 1108.79 days. ]
    Only the first occurrence of the outcome event under analysis within the data scope from a participant is considered.

  2. Number of Participants With an Unplanned Index Limb Revascularization for Recurrent Limb Ischemia (Subsequent Index Leg Revascularization That Was Not Planned or Considered as Part of the Initial Treatment Plan at the Time of Randomization) [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the efficacy outcome after randomization up until the efficacy cut-off date (08-Sep-2019) was considered. The mean survival time until ECOD was 1062.48 days. ]
    Only the first occurrence of the outcome event under analysis within the data scope from a participant is considered.

  3. Number of Participants With Hospitalization for a Coronary or Peripheral Cause (Either Lower Limb) of a Thrombotic Nature [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the efficacy outcome after randomization up until the efficacy cut-off date (08-Sep-2019) was considered. The mean survival time until ECOD was 1154.04 days ]
    Only the first occurrence of the outcome event under analysis within the data scope from a participant is considered.

  4. Number of Participants With Composite of MI, Ischemic Stroke, All-cause Mortality (ACM), ALI, and Major Amputation of a Vascular Etiology [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the composite efficacy outcome after randomization up until the efficacy cut-off date (08-Sep-2019) was considered. The mean survival time until ECOD was 1085.13 days ]
    Only the first occurrence of the outcome event under analysis within the data scope from a participant is considered.

  5. Number of Participants With Composite of MI, All-cause Stroke, Cardiovascular (CV) Death, Acute Limb Ischemia (ALI), and Major Amputation of a Vascular Etiology [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the composite efficacy outcome after randomization up until the efficacy cut-off date (08-Sep-2019) was considered. The mean survival time until ECOD was 1108.29 days ]
    Only the first occurrence of the outcome event under analysis within the data scope from a participant is considered.

  6. Number of Mortality (All-cause) [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the outcome after randomization up until the efficacy cut-off date (08-Sep-2019) was considered. The mean survival time until ECOD was 1188.48 days ]
  7. Number of Participants With Venous Thromboembolic (VTE) Events [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the outcome after randomization up until the efficacy cut-off date (08-Sep-2019) was considered. The mean survival time until ECOD was 1187.65 days ]
    Venous thromboembolic events were reported by investigator only.

  8. Secondary Safety Outcome: Number of Participants With ISTH (International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis) Major Bleeding [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the major bleeding events according to the ISTH classification after randomization up until 2 days after permanent stop of study drug (rivaroxaban or rivaroxaban placebo). ]
    Only the first occurrence of the outcome event under analysis within the data scope from a participant is considered.

  9. Secondary Safety Outcome: Number of Participants With BARC (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium) Type 3b and Above Bleeding Events [ Time Frame: For each participant, the first occurrence of the type 3b and above bleeding events according to the BARC classification after randomization up until 2 days after permanent stop of study drug (rivaroxaban or rivaroxaban placebo) ]
    Only the first occurrence of the outcome event under analysis within the data scope from a participant is considered



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥50
  • Documented moderate to severe symptomatic lower extremity atherosclerotic peripheral artery disease
  • Technically successful peripheral revascularization distal to the external iliac artery for symptomatic PAD (Peripheral artery disease) within the last 10 days prior to randomization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients undergoing revascularization for asymptomatic PAD or mild claudication without functional limitation of the index leg.
  • Patients undergoing revascularization of the index leg to treat an asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic restenosis of a bypass graft or target lesion restenosis.
  • Prior revascularization on the index leg within 10 days of the qualifying revascularization.
  • Planned dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) use for the qualifying revascularization procedure of clopidogrel in addition to Acetylic salicylic acid (ASA) for >6 months after the qualifying revascularization procedure; it is strongly recommended that any course of clopidogrel is kept to the minimum necessary in accordance with local standard of care and international practice guidelines (typically 30 days, or up to 60 days for some drug-coated products or devices) and is only allowed for up to 6 months for complex procedures or devices in the investigator's opinion that require longer use.
  • Planned use of any additional antiplatelet agent other than clopidogrel and ASA after the qualifying revascularization procedure.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02504216


Locations
Show Show 533 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bayer
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Colorado Prevention Center
Investigators
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Study Director: Bayer Study Director Bayer
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Bayer:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] July 24, 2019
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 21, 2017

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: Bayer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02504216    
Other Study ID Numbers: 17454
2014-005569-58 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: July 21, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 8, 2020
Last Update Posted: December 8, 2020
Last Verified: December 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Bayer:
Rivaroxaban
Xarelto
Aspirin
Acetylic salicylic acid
Anticoagulant
Peripheral artery disease
Peripheral arterial disease
Revascularization
Acute limb ischemia
Amputation
Cardiovascular events
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Peripheral Arterial Disease
Atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Rivaroxaban
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Antithrombins
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anticoagulants