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Phase II Safety and Efficacy Study of Oral ORMD-0801 in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02496000
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 14, 2015
Results First Posted : February 17, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Integrium
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Oramed, Ltd.

Brief Summary:
Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Type 2 Drug: ORMD-0801 Drug: Placebo Comparator Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a multicenter, Phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study. After appropriate screening, approximately 180 male and female patients from up to 33 study centers will be treated in this study. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who are being treated by diet, exercise, untreated with antidiabetic medications or treated with and metformin monotherapy or in combination with one other antidiabetic drug (excluding insulin) are eligible for enrollment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 188 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Multiple Oral Bedtime Doses of ORMD-0801 in Adult Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Who Are Inadequately Controlled With Diet and Metformin
Actual Study Start Date : July 27, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 27, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : September 13, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Insulin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Comparator
three identical capsules containing placebo
Drug: Placebo Comparator
Placebo
Other Name: Placebo

Experimental: ORMD-0801 Dose 1
three identical capsules, as follows: capsule #1: one half of Dose 1 capsule #2: one half of Dose 1 capsule #3: placebo
Drug: ORMD-0801
Oral Insulin
Other Name: Oral Insulin

Experimental: ORMD-0801 Dose 2 = 1.5 * Dose 1
three identical capsules, as follows: capsule #1, 2, and 3: one half of Dose 1
Drug: ORMD-0801
Oral Insulin
Other Name: Oral Insulin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measure of the Mean Night Time Glucose Levels Based on Two Nights of Glucose Measurements. [ Time Frame: Baseline-Study day -7 (± 1 day) through Study day 1 (± 1 day), and Week 4 -Study day 22 (± 1 day) through Study day 29 (± 1 day) ]
    The Effect of ORMD-0801 (Doses 1 & 2, Pooled) on Mean Night Time Glucose Levels (measured in mg/dL) Based on 2 Nights of Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM) Data by Comparison of the Mean Change Between Baseline and Wk 4 of ORMD-0801 Treatment and Placebo Groups. The primary analysis will be based on the results from the two last days, unless technical difficulties preclude calculation of the weighted mean glucose levels. In this case, the last two days (selected between days 5, 6, and 7) with at least 80% of the expected number of measurements will be used. If days 5, 6 and 7 do not have 2 days with at least 80% of the expected number of measurements for a specific subject, then the value will be missing for that subject.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Effect of ORMD-0801 on Mean 24-hour Glucose [ Time Frame: Study day -7 (± 1 day) through Study day 1 (± 1 day), and Study day 22 (±1 day) - Study day 29 (± 1 day) ]
    The effect of ORMD-0801 (Dose 1 and Dose 2 individually) on mean 24-hour glucose based on 2 nights of CGM data by comparison of the mean percent change between baseline and Wk 4 of ORMD-0801 treatment and the placebo groups.

  2. Measure Percent Change in Continuous Glucose Monitoring Mean Fasting Glucose Between Treatment and Run-In [ Time Frame: Baseline (Run-in days 13-14) and Study day 1 (± 1 day) through Study day 29 (± 1 day) ]
    The percent change in the Continuous Glucose Monitoring Mean Fasting Glucose between treatment and mean of the last two days of the baseline(run-in period).

  3. Measure the Change From Baseline to End of the Study of Morning Fasting C-Peptide (Nmol/L) [ Time Frame: Study day 1 (±1 day) through Study day43 (± 1 day) ]
    The measurement of the change in Morning Fasting C-peptide between baseline to end of the study, measured in Nmol/L

  4. The Effect of ORMD-0801 on the Percent Change in HbA1c [ Time Frame: Study day 1 (± 1 day) through Study day 29 (± 1 day) ]
    The effect of ORMD-0801 (Dose 1 and Dose 2 individually) on the percent change from baseline to Wk 4 in HbA1c



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HbA1c ≥7.5% if naïve to antidiabetic therapy; ≥6.5% and ≤10% if on metformin ≥1,500 mg daily; ≥6.5% and ≤9.5% if on monotherapy with an antidiabetic drug other than metformin; ≥ 6.5% and ≤9.5% if on metformin and one other antidiabetic drug; ≥ 7.0% if on metformin <1,500 mg daily.
  • At time of randomization, patients will be treated for their diabetes by diet, exercise, and metformin (≥1500 mg/day; any type and regimen). Patients will have been on a stable regimen of metformin (defined as the same metformin dose and type) for at least two weeks prior to entering the single-blind placebo run-in period.
  • Other antidiabetic agents will not be used for the two weeks prior to entering the placebo run-in period.
  • Patients in whom the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of metformin is 1,000 mg will be allowed to enter the study.
  • At Day -7 (Visit 3), all patients will have HbA1c ≥ 6.5% and ≤10%.
  • Body Mass Index between 25 and 40 kg/m2, inclusive.
  • Fasting blood glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL (8.3 mmol/L) prior to randomization at Day -7 (Visit 3). For patients in whom the Day -7 (Visit 3) fasting blood glucose is <126 mg/dL and ≥ 115 mg/dL, and the Day -7 (Visit 3) HbA1C is ≥ 7% and ≤ 10%, a minimum of 5 daily self- monitored fasting blood glucose checks recorded in the patient diary can be averaged. If the average value is ≥ 126 mg/dL, the patient may continue in the trial.
  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test result at screening. A negative urine pregnancy test must be obtained during Visit 2 and at Visit 4 (prior to randomization).
  • Males and females of childbearing potential must use two methods of contraception (double barrier method), one of which must be an acceptable barrier method from the time of screening to the last study visit (Day 43).
  • Patient has >80% compliance with placebo during run in prior to randomization.
  • Patient has ≥ 80% of the glucose readings on at least two 24 hour periods (6AM - 6AM) during the seven day CGM period.
  • Patient has performed ≥ 10/14 of the self monitored glucose level measurements during placebo run-in, prior to randomization.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who meet any of the following criteria are not eligible for this study.

  • Presence of any clinically significant endocrine disease according to the Investigator (euthyroid patients on replacement therapy will be included if the dosage of thyroxine is stable for at least six weeks prior to Screening Visit).
  • Clinical diagnosis of Type 1 diabetes.
  • Fasting blood glucose >260 mg/dL at the end of Day -7/Visit 3. For patient in whom the Day 07 (Visit 3) fasting blood glucose is > 260 mg/dL and < 300 mg/dL, and the Day -7 (Visit 3) HbA1C is ≥ 7% and ≤ 10%, a minimum of 5 self-monitored fasting blood glucose checks recorded in the patient diary can be averaged. If the average value is ≤ 260 mg/dL, the patient may continue in the trial.
  • Presence or history of cancer within the past five years with the exception of adequately-treated localized basal cell skin cancer or in situ uterine cervical cancer.
  • Laboratory abnormalities at screening including:

    1. C-peptide < 1.0 ng/mL.
    2. Positive pregnancy test in females of childbearing potential (at screening and start of run-in period).
    3. Abnormal serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels >1.5 times the upper limit of normal.
    4. Positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen and/or hepatitis C antibody.
    5. Positive test for HIV.
    6. Serum Cr >1.4mg/dl in males, >1.3mg/dl in females.
    7. Any relevant abnormality interfering with the efficacy or the safety assessments during study drug administration.
  • Use of the following medications:

    1. History of use of insulin for greater than one week in the last six months and any use of insulin in the last six weeks prior to randomization.
    2. Administration of anti-diabetic drugs other than metformin within four weeks prior to randomization visit. Administration of thyroid preparations or thyroxine within six weeks prior to screening visit. (Patients on stable thyroid replacement therapy for greater than 6 weeks may enter the study.)
  • Administration of systemic long-acting corticosteroids within two months or prolonged use (more than one week) of other systemic corticosteroids or inhaled corticosteroids within 30 days prior to screening visit.
  • Use of medications known to modify glucose metabolism or to decrease the ability to recover from hypoglycemia such as oral, parenteral, and inhaled steroids (as discussed above), beta blockers (with the exception of beta blocker ophthalmic solutions for glaucoma or ocular hypertension), and immunosuppressive or immunomodulating agents.
  • History of tobacco or nicotine use in excess of two packs/day within ten weeks prior to screening.
  • Patient is on a weight loss program and is not in the maintenance phase, or patient that started any approved or non approved weight loss medication within eight weeks prior to screening.
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding.
  • Patient has a screening visit systolic blood pressure of ≥160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure of ≥100 mm Hg Patients will be allowed to take BP medication as long as they have been on a stable dose for a period of four weeks prior to the screening visit.
  • Patient is, at the time of signing informed consent, a user of recreational or illicit drugs or has had a recent history (within the last year) of drug or alcohol abuse or dependence. (Note: Alcohol abuse includes heavy alcohol intake as defined by >3 drinks per day or >14 drinks per week, or binge drinking).
  • Elevated liver enzymes (alanine transaminase (ALT), alanine aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase) greater than two times the upper limit of normal at screening.
  • Very high triglyceride level (>500 mg/dL) at screening.
  • Any clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality at screening or cardiovascular disease. Clinically significant cardiovascular disease will include:

    1. History of stroke, transient ischemic attack, or myocardial infarction within six months prior to screening,
    2. History of or currently have New York Heart Associate Class II-IV heart failure prior to screening, or
    3. Uncontrolled hypertension defined as blood pressure ≥160 mmHg (systolic) or ≥100 mmHg (diastolic) at screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02496000


Locations
Show Show 34 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oramed, Ltd.
Integrium
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Joel M Neutel, M.D. Orange County Research Center

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Responsible Party: Oramed, Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02496000    
Other Study ID Numbers: ORA-D-007
First Posted: July 14, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 17, 2017
Last Update Posted: November 13, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Oramed, Ltd.:
Diabetes Mellitus type 2
Metformin
oral insulin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Insulin
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Metformin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs