Try the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Preliminary Study of the Efficacy and Safety of MK-8521 for Type 2 Diabetes (MK-8521-004)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02492763
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : July 9, 2015
Results First Posted : March 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 10, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC

Brief Summary:

This is a multicenter randomized, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled (liraglutide; Victoza®), parallel-group, clinical trial of MK-8521 in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with inadequate glycemic control while on a stable dose of metformin (≥1000 mg/day).

The trial will include a 1-week screening period; at least an 8-week antihyperglycemic agent (AHA) washout period, if required; a 14-week blinded therapy period (which includes single-blind run-in and double-blind therapy); and a 14-day post-treatment visit, 2 weeks after the last dose of investigational product.

The primary hypothesis of the trial is that MK-8521 provides greater reduction in hemoglobin A1C relative to placebo after 12 weeks of once-daily administration in participants with T2DM with inadequate glycemic control on metformin monotherapy.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type II Diabetes Mellitus Drug: MK-8521 Drug: Placebo Drug: Liraglutide Drug: Metformin Phase 2

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 176 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IIa, Multicenter, Placebo- and Active-controlled, Randomized, Double-Blind, Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of MK-8521 Compared to Placebo in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Actual Study Start Date : July 27, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 18, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : April 18, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Liraglutide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MK-8521 300 μg
Participants receive double-blind MK-8521 300 μg daily (QD), subcutaneously, over 12 weeks.
Drug: MK-8521
Dose strengths: 180 μg QD administered subcutaneously. A 2-step dose escalation regimen [60 μg, 120 μg] over the first 2 weeks is used to achieve the final dose up to 180 μg.); 300 μg QD administered subcutaneously (A 3-step dose escalation regimen [60 μg, 120 μg, 180 μg] over the first 3 weeks is used to achieve the final dose up to 300 μg.

Drug: Placebo
Double dummy matching placebo for the MK-8521 and placebo arms: matching placebo for MK-8521 300 μg QD administered subcutaneously; matching placebo for MK-8521 180 μg QD administered subcutaneously. A dose escalation regimen consistent with that of the MK-8521 300 μg and 180 μg arms of the study; mock escalation will be performed over the first 2 to 3 weeks.

Drug: Metformin
Metformin immediate release (IR) or metformin extended release (XR) administered ≥1000 mg QD as background therapy

Experimental: MK-8521 180 μg
Participants receive double-blind MK-8521 180 μg QD, subcutaneously, over 12 weeks.
Drug: MK-8521
Dose strengths: 180 μg QD administered subcutaneously. A 2-step dose escalation regimen [60 μg, 120 μg] over the first 2 weeks is used to achieve the final dose up to 180 μg.); 300 μg QD administered subcutaneously (A 3-step dose escalation regimen [60 μg, 120 μg, 180 μg] over the first 3 weeks is used to achieve the final dose up to 300 μg.

Drug: Placebo
Double dummy matching placebo for the MK-8521 and placebo arms: matching placebo for MK-8521 300 μg QD administered subcutaneously; matching placebo for MK-8521 180 μg QD administered subcutaneously. A dose escalation regimen consistent with that of the MK-8521 300 μg and 180 μg arms of the study; mock escalation will be performed over the first 2 to 3 weeks.

Drug: Metformin
Metformin immediate release (IR) or metformin extended release (XR) administered ≥1000 mg QD as background therapy

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants receive matching double-blind placebo, QD over 12 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Double dummy matching placebo for the MK-8521 and placebo arms: matching placebo for MK-8521 300 μg QD administered subcutaneously; matching placebo for MK-8521 180 μg QD administered subcutaneously. A dose escalation regimen consistent with that of the MK-8521 300 μg and 180 μg arms of the study; mock escalation will be performed over the first 2 to 3 weeks.

Drug: Metformin
Metformin immediate release (IR) or metformin extended release (XR) administered ≥1000 mg QD as background therapy

Active Comparator: Liraglutide 1.8 mg
Participants receive open-label 1.8 mg of liraglutide, QD, subcutaneously, over 12 weeks.
Drug: Liraglutide
Dose strength: 1.8 mg QD administered subcutaneously. A 2-step dose escalation regimen (0.6 mg, 1.2 mg) over the first 2 weeks is used to achieve the final dose up to 1.8 mg.
Other Name: Victoza®

Drug: Metformin
Metformin immediate release (IR) or metformin extended release (XR) administered ≥1000 mg QD as background therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin A1C (A1C) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    A1C is the percentage of hemoglobin that has glucose bound to it and is a blood marker used to report average blood glucose levels over prolonged periods of time. A1C is reported as a percentage (%). This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 A1C minus the Week 0 A1C.

  2. Number of Participants With an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 14 ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign including an abnormal laboratory finding, symptom or disease associated with the use of a medical treatment or procedure, regardless of whether it is considered related to the medical treatment or procedure, that occurs during the course of the study.

  3. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Study Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign including an abnormal laboratory finding, symptom or disease associated with the use of a medical treatment or procedure, regardless of whether it is considered related to the medical treatment or procedure, that occurs during the course of the study.

  4. Number of Participants With an AE of Symptomatic Hypoglycemia [ Time Frame: Up to Week 14 ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign including an abnormal laboratory finding, symptom or disease associated with the use of a medical treatment or procedure, regardless of whether it is considered related to the medical treatment or procedure, that occurs during the course of the study. Hypoglycemia episodes are those with glucose values ≤70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L). Symptomatic hypoglycemia episodes were episodes with clinical symptoms reported by the investigator as hypoglycemia and classified as adverse events.

  5. Change From Baseline in Heart Rate at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 heart rate minus the Week 0 heart rate.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Body Weight at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 body weight minus the Week 0 body weight.

  2. Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 FPG minus the Week 0 FPG.

  3. Change From Baseline in Fasting Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 fasting LDL cholesterol minus the Week 0 fasting LDL cholesterol.

  4. Change From Baseline in Fasting High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 fasting HDL cholesterol minus the Week 0 fasting HDL cholesterol.

  5. Change From Baseline in Fasting Triglycerides at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 fasting triglycerides minus the Week 0 fasting triglycerides.

  6. Change From Baseline in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 SBP minus the Week 0 SBP.

  7. Change From Baseline in Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 DBP minus the Week 0 DBP.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have T2DM in accordance with American Diabetes Association guidelines
  • Be on metformin monotherapy (>-1000 mg/day: metformin IR or metformin XR) for at least 12 weeks prior to study start with a hemoglobin A1C (A1C) >-7.5 and <-10.5% OR Be on dual therapy with metformin (>-1000 mg/day: dose stable for at least 4 weeks prior to study start) with an A1C of >-7.0% and <-10.0% and a second AHA and be willing to washout the second AHA. Allowable AHAs are dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4 inhibitors), alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, sulfonylureas, and glinides.
  • Have a body mass index (BMI) ≥23 kg/m^2 and ≤40 kg/m^2
  • Is a female who is not of reproductive potential, or is a female of reproductive potential who agrees to avoid becoming pregnant: while receiving study drug and for 14 days after the last dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have a history of type 1 diabetes or a history of diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Has a history of other specific types of diabetes (e.g., genetic syndromes, secondary pancreatic diabetes, diabetes due to endocrinopathies, drug- or chemical-induced, and post-organ transplant)
  • Has been treated with any gut-derived incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist (e.g. Byetta™, Victoza™ or investigational agents) within the last 6 months or has had GLP-1 receptor agonist discontinued due to gastrointestinal intolerance or lack of efficacy. Note: treatment with a GLP-1 receptor agonist that was discontinued >6 months prior to study start is not an exclusion if the GLP-1 receptor agonist was discontinued for reasons other than gastrointestinal intolerance or lack of efficacy.
  • Has a history of clinically significant gastrointestinal disorder (including diabetic gastroparesis; irritable bowel disease; recurrent episodes of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain)
  • Has a history of clinically significant and active, immunological, respiratory, genitourinary or major neurological (including stroke, transient ischemic attack and chronic seizures) abnormalities or diseases
  • Has a history of cardiovascular disease (including diabetic cardiomyopathy) or significant cardiac condition (including a history of myocardial infarction, stable or unstable angina, arterial revascularization, pathologic, symptomatic or sustained tachyarrhythmia [e.g. atrial fibrillation, sustained supraventricular tachycardia, symptomatic non-sustained supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome, congenital long QT syndrome, etc.]) or heart failure
  • Has a family history of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid or multiple endocrine neoplasm type-2 syndrome
  • Has active diabetic proliferative retinopathy or a history of maculopathy
  • Has human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Has a medical history of active liver disease (other than non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis), including chronic hepatitis B or C (assessed by medical history), primary biliary cirrhosis, or active symptomatic gallbladder disease
  • Is on a weight loss medication or has undergone bariatric surgery
  • Has a history of acute or chronic pancreatitis of any etiology
  • Had an event of severe hypoglycemia with neuroglycopenia in the past 12 months
  • Has a positive urine pregnancy test
  • Is pregnant or breast-feeding, or is planning to conceive during the trial, including 14 days following the last dose of investigational product
  • Routinely consumes >1 alcoholic drinks per day or >7 alcoholic drinks per week or engages in binge drinking
  • Routinely consumes ≥480mg /day caffeine in caffeinated beverages (1 cup of coffee contains approximately 120 mg of caffeine
  • Is taking a beta blocker or medications with sympathomimetic activity (e.g. pseudoephedrine, phenylpropanolamine, etc.)
  • Is currently a user of nicotine or nicotine containing products or does not agree to refrain from using nicotine during the trial, including 14 days following the last dose of investigational product
  • Is currently a user of any illicit drugs (including any marijuana use) or has a history of drug (including alcohol) abuse within approximately 5 years
  • has other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or blinded investigational product administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02492763


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02492763    
Other Study ID Numbers: 8521-004
MK-8521-004 ( Other Identifier: Merck protocol number )
First Posted: July 9, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 8, 2018
Last Update Posted: September 10, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: https://www.merck.com/clinical-trials/pdf/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Metformin
Liraglutide
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists