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Trial record 48 of 582 for:    Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | Superior

Superior Colliculus Activity in Parkinson Disease: a Potential Marker? (AGIRPARK)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02488395
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 2, 2015
Last Update Posted : October 15, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France

Brief Summary:

The ultimate goal of this project is to evaluate a possible new strategy to diagnose earlier Parkinson's disease, using the superior colliculus as a biomarker.

Preliminary data from the investigator's group in a rat model of Parkinson's disease suggest that the superior colliculus, a sensory structure, show an early deficit in visual processing. The investigator's data also suggests that with the evolution of the disease, this structure presents a neuronal re-organisation leading which causes a sensory rebound after the introduction of the treatment. The light responses in the superior colliculus were faster, bigger in amplitude and lasted longer (Rolland et al., 2012). Those results raise an important question about the superior colliculus functional state in Parkinson's patients. If this structure have a similar neuroplasticity, the investigators could hypothesize that the superior colliculus may also present a sensory rebound when introducing the treatment. If this hypothesis is true, the accelerated and amplified light responses of this structure may explain the difficulties felt by the patients to inhibit reflexive saccades induced by the appearance of unexpected visual stimuli. Indeed, the superior colliculus is involved in the orientation of the head and eye toward any sudden changes in our environment (Wurtz and Albano, 1980) and the light responses of this structure are strongly correlated with the speed of the saccade (Marino et al., 2012).

Therefore, the investigators want to test if a similar deficit could be observed in the superior colliculus of newly diagnosed PD patients. Data will be compared to matching controls.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Parkinson's Disease Other: fMRI Other: Ophthalmologic evaluation Other: visual psychophysics test

Detailed Description:

This project aims at better understanding the physiopathology of Parkinson's disease and the effect of the administration of the classical medical treatment. The main aim of this project is to evaluate the possibility of an early detection using a new original strategy. The investigators want to demonstrate the predictive value of the superior colliculus light responses as an early biomarker.

The investigators will perform functional magnetic resonance imagery (fMRI) to measure the BOLD light responses of the superior colliculus at different key stages of the normal medical follow up of Parkinson's patients by the neurologist (when diagnosed, when introducing the first treatment and when the treatment is stabilised).

Two groups of participants will be tested: a) a group of de novo patients, which have just been diagnosed and haven't started their treatment; b) a group of matching controls.

A first fMRI session (S1) will be performed to compare the light induced BOLD response of the superior colliculus between de novo patients and their matching controls. This session will evaluate a possible visual processing dysfunction in the superior colliculus of newly diagnosed patients.

Parkinson's patients will then start their treatment and a second session (S2) will be done on this group shortly after the introduction of the treatment to measure its acute effect. If the superior colliculus of those patients presents a sensory rebound, the investigators should observe a bigger light-induced BOLD response after the treatment compared to before the treatment.

A third session (S3) will be performed after the optimal adjustment of the treatment on motor symptoms which would be around six month after the start of the treatment. This adjustment is long and difficult, realized by the neurologist according to its effect on the motor symptoms. Those two last fMRI will allow the investigators to compare the effect of the introduction of the treatment on the motor symptoms, known to not improve correctly at this stage, and on non-motor symptoms (visual processing deficits in this project) from which no information are available to the investigators knowledge.


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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Superior Colliculus Activity in Parkinson Disease: a Potential Marker? fMRI Brain Activation in Response to Visual Stimuli.
Study Start Date : October 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
de novo Parkinson's patients

This group includes de novo Parkinson's patients who have just been diagnosed and not started their treatment at the inclusion.

This group will perform three fMRI sessions at different crucial steps of their normal follow up with a neurologist. Their visual abilities will be tested with an ophthalmologic evaluation and their sensitivity to contrast with a visual psycho-physics test.

Other: fMRI
The investigators will use a non invasive fMRI technique centred on the superior colliculus during the presentation of flickered check-boards with varying contrast (1, 3, 5 and 9 %).

Other: Ophthalmologic evaluation
The aim of this experiment is the evaluate the functional state of a visual structure. Therefore, with this ophthalmologic test, the investigators will control if the participant does not present major visual deficits. This examination will evaluate the visual acuity and the visual field. A funduscopic examination will also be performed to check the retina.

Other: visual psychophysics test
This test will allow to control the sensitivity of the participant to our contrast. The participant will be asked to look at screen on which three static check-boards will be presented. The participant will have to choose the two check-boards with the closest contrast.

matching controls

This group includes age-matching control participants to the first Parkinson group.

This group will perform one fMRI session. Their visual abilities will be tested with an ophthalmologic evaluation and their sensitivity to contrast with a visual psycho-physics test.

Other: fMRI
The investigators will use a non invasive fMRI technique centred on the superior colliculus during the presentation of flickered check-boards with varying contrast (1, 3, 5 and 9 %).

Other: Ophthalmologic evaluation
The aim of this experiment is the evaluate the functional state of a visual structure. Therefore, with this ophthalmologic test, the investigators will control if the participant does not present major visual deficits. This examination will evaluate the visual acuity and the visual field. A funduscopic examination will also be performed to check the retina.

Other: visual psychophysics test
This test will allow to control the sensitivity of the participant to our contrast. The participant will be asked to look at screen on which three static check-boards will be presented. The participant will have to choose the two check-boards with the closest contrast.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Light responses measure in the superior colliculus [ Time Frame: 2 hours / session ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Groups of de novo Parkinson's patients and their age matching controls.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • De novo parkinson's patients being just diagnosed (stage 1 according to the Hoehn and Yahr scale: first unilateral signs with no discomfort in everyday life) without a current dopaminergic treatment and who have not started their anti-parkinsonian treatment.
  • Both Parkinson's patients and their age matching control must not present a major visual pathology (mainly in the retina) which may interfere with the visual task.
  • Signed informed and free consent.
  • Matching controls must not present a neurological or psychiatric troubles.
  • For the matching controls: There are no contraindication on current treatments apart from those to treat other neurological disease than Parkinson's disease or psychiatric troubles.
  • For Parkinson's patients: There are no contraindication on current treatments apart from those to treat neurological troubles including anti-parkinsonian treatment, or psychiatric troubles.
  • As a precaution, the investigators will check that no MRI exam has been performed during the week preceding our fMRI.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Parkinson's patients with important tremor limiting the validity of the fMRI acquisition.
  • Adult under supervision
  • Incapacity to understand the consent explanations.
  • Impossibility to participate to the whole experimental protocol.
  • No affiliation to a health insurance.
  • Consent not signed by a participant or refusal by the participant to participate to the experiment.
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding woman.
  • Administrative or justice freedom restricted participant.

Exclusion Criteria specific for MRI:

  • Pacemaker, neurosensorial stimulator or implanted defibrillator.
  • Presence of ocular or cerebral ferromagnetic material.
  • Respiratory disease (i.e. asthma), cardio-vascular deficits, claustrophobia

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02488395


Contacts
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Contact: Elena Moro, MD/PhD +33 4 76765791 emoro@chu-grenoble.fr
Contact: Michel Dojat, PhD 33 4 56 52 06 01 michel.dojat@ujf-grenoble.fr

Locations
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France
CHU de Grenoble Recruiting
Grenoble, Isere, France, 38000
Contact: Elena Moro, MD/PhD    334 76765791    emoro@chu-grenoble.fr   
Contact: Pierre Pellissier    33 4 76 76 94 59    ppelissier@chu-grenoble.fr   
Grenoble Institute of Neurosciences Recruiting
Grenoble, Isere, France, 38000
Contact: Elena Moro, MD/PhD    33 4 76765791    emoro@chu-grenoble.fr   
Contact: Michel Dojat, PhD    33 4 56 52 06 01    michel.dojat@ujf-grenoble.fr   
Principal Investigator: Elena Moro, MD/PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Michel Dojat, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Veronique Coizet, PhD         
IRMAGE Recruiting
Grenoble, Isere, France, 38000
Contact: Michel Dojat, PhD    33 456 52 06 01    Michel.dojat@ujf-grenoble.fr   
Contact: Veronique Coizet, PhD    33 456 52 06 88    veronique.coizet@ujf-grenoble.fr   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Elena Moro, MD/PhD Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
Study Chair: Michel Dojat, PhD Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02488395     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C14-58
IDRCB ( Registry Identifier: 2014-A01835-42 )
First Posted: July 2, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 15, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015

Keywords provided by Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France:
Parkinson's disease
Non-motor symptoms
Visual deficits
Superior colliculus
fMRI

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases