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Immediate and Long-term Induction of Incretin Release by Artificial Sweeteners 2 (ILIAS-2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02487537
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 1, 2015
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Ludwig-Maximilians - University of Munich
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Prof. Dr. med. Andreas F. H. Pfeiffer, German Institute of Human Nutrition

Brief Summary:

Epidemiological data suggest, that not only sugar-based, but also artificially sweetened soft drinks may play a role in the development of diabetes.

Recent studies in animals and humans have shown, that artificial sweeteners (AS) influence metabolic responses after glucose ingestion, possibly alter the intestinal microbiome and even modulate incretin release.

Data on human subjects are sparse and controversial, especially in a long-term manner. We therefore conduct a cross-over study to assess metabolic response to sweetened vs. non-sweetened soft drinks, which are consumed over a period of 4 weeks.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Pre-diabetes Dietary Supplement: custom-made soft drink Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Epidemiological data suggest, that not only sugar-based, but also artificially sweetened soft drinks may play a role in the development of diabetes.

Recent studies in animals and humans have shown, that artificial sweeteners (AS) influence metabolic responses after glucose ingestion, possibly alter the intestinal microbiome and even modulate incretin release.

Data on human subjects are sparse and controversial, especially in a long-term manner. We therefore conduct a cross-over study to assess metabolic response to sweetened vs. non-sweetened soft drinks, which are consumed over a period of 4 weeks. Metabolic assessment will be based on oral glucose tolerance tests.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Immediate and Long-term Induction of Incretin Release by Artificial Sweeteners 2
Actual Study Start Date : March 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Non-sweetened soft drink
4-week-intervention with one liter of custom-made soft drink per day; soft drink does not contain glucose or any kind of sweet tasting substance
Dietary Supplement: custom-made soft drink
Active Comparator: Sweetened soft drink
4-week-intervention with one liter of custom-made soft drink per day, soft drinks contains an amount of sweetener, which is isosweet compared to 100 g of sucrose in one liter of beverage
Dietary Supplement: custom-made soft drink



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. change in release of GIP [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (cross-over) ]
    change in fasting state and post-glucose release of GIP between the two interventions

  2. change in release of GLP-1 [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (cross-over) ]
    change in fasting state and post-glucose release of GLP-1 between the two interventions

  3. change in release of GLP-2 [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (cross-over) ]
    change in fasting state and post-glucose release of GLP-2 between the two interventions

  4. change in release of PYY [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (cross-over) ]
    change in fasting state and post-glucose release of PYY between the two interventions

  5. change in release of insulin [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (cross-over) ]
    change in fasting state and post-glucose release of insulin between the two interventions

  6. change in combined levels of glucose and insulin, expressed in calculated indices for insulin secretion [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (cross-over) ]
    change in fasting state and post-glucose insulin secretion between the two interventions

  7. change in combined levels of glucose and insulin, expressed in calculated indices for insulin sensitivity [ Time Frame: 4 weeks (cross-over) ]
    change in fasting state and post-glucose insulin sensitivity between the two interventions



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • healthy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • no metabolic disorders such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, corticoid therapy, heart or lung disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02487537


Locations
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Germany
German Institut for Human Nutrition; Department for Clinical Nutrition
Bergholz-Rehbrücke, Brandenburg, Germany, 14458
Sponsors and Collaborators
German Institute of Human Nutrition
Ludwig-Maximilians - University of Munich
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Prof. Dr. med. Andreas F. H. Pfeiffer, Director, Department of Clinical Nutrition, German Institute of Human Nutrition
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02487537    
Other Study ID Numbers: ILIAS-2
First Posted: July 1, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Keywords provided by Prof. Dr. med. Andreas F. H. Pfeiffer, German Institute of Human Nutrition:
incretin release
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Prediabetic State
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases