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A Study in Subjects With Late Prodromal & Early Manifest HD to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, pk, and Efficacy of Pepi (SIGNAL-HD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02481674
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 25, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 2, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Huntington Study Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vaccinex Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, PK, and efficacy of Pepinemab in subjects with late prodromal and early manifest Huntington's disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Huntington's Disease Drug: VX15/2503 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
VX15/2503-N-131 (SIGNAL-HD) is a Phase 2, multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study of VX15/2503 (pepinemab) in subjects with late prodromal and early manifest Huntington's disease. The primary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of monthly IV administration of a single dosage of pepinemab (or placebo). Efficacy endpoints include determining the effect of pepinemab on brain volumes (MRI), FDG-PET imaging, 11C-PBR28 (TSPO) PET imaging (subset of Cohort B only) and clinical features of HD including cognition, motor function, behavior, functional abilities, global function and global measurement of change. Additional endpoints include PK / PD, immunogenicity, and exploratory biomarkers. Subjects in Cohort B that have received 12 months of pepinemab who volunteer will undergo a lumbar puncture at V13 to collect cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) to evaluate pepinemab mAb concentrations, total sSEMA4D levels, and other biomarkers in their CSF. Enrollment will involve approximately 276 individuals who are 21 years of age or older with late prodromal (CAG-age product score (CAP score) of greater than 200 and Diagnostic Confidence Level (DCL) of 2 or 3) or early manifest HD (Total Functional Capacity (TFC) greater than or equal to 11). The study will be divided into Cohort A and Cohort B. Cohort A is now complete and an unblinded analysis has been performed. Cohort A subjects were treated for 6 months with either drug or placebo (1:1) and then all subjects were treated with drug for 6 months, followed by 3 months of follow up. Treatment duration for each subject in Cohort A was 12 months. Participation in Cohort A included a Screening visit, a Baseline visit within 30 days of screening; 12 monthly treatment visits beginning at baseline and continuing through Month 12; follow-up safety phone call at one month and a follow-up safety visit three months after the final infusion. Cohort A subjects participated in the study for approximately 16 months. Based on the analysis of Cohort A, it was decided to extend the duration of treatment for a subset of subjects in Cohort B to evaluate the clinical response to pepinemab after 36 months. Additional enrolled subjects in Cohort B will be treated with drug or placebo (1:1). Participation in Cohort B will include a Screening visit, a Baseline visit within 30 days of screening; 18 or 36 monthly visits beginning at baseline and continuing through Month 18 or Month 36; follow-up safety phone call or visit, and for a subset of subjects, a follow-up safety visit three and six months after the final infusion. Cohort B subjects will participate in the study for approximately 19 and up to 37 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 301 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Multi-center, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Study in Subjects With Late Prodromal and Early Manifest Huntington's Disease to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, pk, and Efficacy of Pepinemab
Study Start Date : July 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: VX15/2503
The study drug VX15/2503 will be administered via monthly intravenous infusions
Drug: VX15/2503
VX15/2503 (pepinemab) is a humanized IgG4 monoclonal antibody and will be administered intravenously at a dose of 20 mg/kg. The antibody is formulated at 20 mg/mL in 20 mM Sodium Acetate buffer, pH 5.4, containing 130 mM Sodium Chloride and 0.02% Polysorbate 80.
Other Name: pepinemab

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
A placebo control will be administered via monthly intravenous infusions
Drug: Placebo
Placebo consists of formulation buffer only which is 20 mM Sodium Acetate buffer, pH 5.4, containing 130 mM Sodium Chloride and 0.02% Polysorbate 80.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Revisions to SAP were made prior to un-blinding, on June 30, 2020, upon consultation with FDA. [ Time Frame: Prior to DBL/Study Completion ]
    If primary outcome, listed below (Outcome 3), does not reach its critical p-value, the secondary outcomes will not be formally tested. If both co-primary outcomes are statistically significant, the five secondary outcomes will be formally tested following a hierarchical testing procedure.

  2. Safety and tolerability of monthly intravenous (IV) administration of pepinemab relative to placebo in subjects with early HD (Cohort B pooled, includes Cohort B1 Early Manifest and Cohort B2 Late Prodromal HD). [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by drug related adverse event frequency and laboratory test abnormalities in all subjects.

  3. Efficacy of monthly IV administration of pepinemab relative to placebo in Early Manifest HD (Cohort B1) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Co-primary outcome measured by the change from baseline in the Huntington's Disease Two-item Cognitive Family (PTAP and OTS) selected from the Huntington's Disease


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical feature of Early Manifest HD: motor function (Q-Motor) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline of Q-Motor Tap Speed IOI duration mean in Cohort B1

  2. Clinical feature of Early Manifest HD: functional capacity (UHDRS-TFC) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline of UHDRS-TFC score in Cohort B1

  3. Clinical feature of Early HD: functional capacity (UHDRS-TFC) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by time to 1-point change in UHDRS-TFC score in Cohort B pooled

  4. Clinical Feature of Early HD: motor function (Q-Motor) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline of Q-Motor Tap Speed IOI duration mean in Cohort B pooled

  5. Clinical Feature of Early HD: cognition (Huntington's Disease Two-item Cognitive Family). [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline in the two-item HD-CAB family (PTAP and OTS) in Cohort B pooled


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Clinical feature of HD: cognition [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline in the HD-CAB composite score

  2. Impact of monthly IV administration of pepinemab relative to placebo on change in brain metabolic activity [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline [18F]-Fluoro-2-Deoxy-D-Glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) Cortical Composite Index averaging results over the right and left sides of the brain in a subset of both late prodromal and early manifest subjects

  3. Impact of monthly IV administration of pepinemab relative to placebo on change in brain volume [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline in volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) averaging results over the right and left sides of the brain (BBSI, CBSI, VBSI, and change in white matter)

  4. Brain metabolic activity [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline in [11C]-PBR28 translocator protein positron emission tomography (TSPO-PET) in a small subset of late prodromal subjects (Cohort B2)

  5. pepinemab and total sSEMA4D levels in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    PK parameter

  6. Immunogenicity of monthly IV administration of pepinemab relative to placebo [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by the frequency and titer of anti-drug antibodies and human anti-human antibodies

  7. Immunophenotyping of monthly IV administration of pepinemab relative to placebo [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by the levels of peripheral immune subsets in whole blood, including such lymphocyte subsets as B cells, T cells, and NK cells

  8. Peak serum concentration (Cmax) of monthly IV administration of pepinemab [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    PK parameter

  9. Area under the serum concentration versus time curve (AUC) of monthly IV administration of pepinemab [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    PK parameter

  10. Half-life of VX15/2503 of monthly IV administration of pepinemab [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    PK parameter

  11. SEMA4D saturation in whole blood of monthly IV administration of pepinemab [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    PD parameter to determine T-cell receptor occupancy

  12. T-cell SEMA4D levels in whole blood of monthly IV administration of pepinemab [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    PD parameter

  13. Total soluble SEMA4D levels in serum of monthly IV administration of pepinemab [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    PD parameter to determine the levels of total soluble SEMA4D

  14. Clinical feature of HD: functional abilities [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline in UHDRS core functional assessments

  15. Clinical Feature of HD: Patient Reported Outcome [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by the overall response to therapy using patient reported impression of change (PGIC)

  16. Clinical feature of HD: behavior [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline in the Problem Behavioral Assessment-Short (PBA) questionnaire

  17. Clinical feature of HD: Patient Reported Outcome [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Measured by change from baseline in the Huntington Disease Health Index (HD-HI) Index

  18. Clinical Safety and Non-Safety Laboratory Assessments (Clinical, Imaging, PK, PD and/or Immunogenicity) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Dataset analysis



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria Highlights:

  1. Male or female and are at least greater than or equal to 21 years of age at Screening.
  2. Must fulfill one of the following criteria at Screening:

    1. Late prodromal HD as defined by a CAP score of greater than 200 and DCL 2 or 3.
    2. Early manifest HD as defined by a TFC greater than or equal to 11. Subject must have been determined to have a clinical diagnosis of HD by the Site Investigator as defined by a DCL of 4.
  3. Must fulfill both of the following criteria at Screening:

    1. Have undergone genetic testing with a known CAG repeat greater than or equal to 36.
    2. No features of juvenile HD (Westphal variant).
  4. If female must be either surgically sterile, postmenopausal, or nonlactating and nonpregnant. Female subjects of childbearing potential must practice a highly effective method of contraception.
  5. If male, must agree to use a reliable method of birth control (condoms with contraceptive foams or sexual abstinence) during the study and for 6 months after the last dose of study drug.
  6. Are willing and capable of providing informed consent for study participation, CAG genotyping (all subjects).
  7. Are capable of reading, writing, and communicating effectively with others.
  8. Are taking stable doses of any concomitant medications (including tetrabenazine and deutetrabenazine) during the 1 month prior to the Baseline Visit, with the exception of newly prescribed anxiolytics for the use of pre-medication prior to imaging at screening, which will be permitted on a case-by-case basis.
  9. Must meet all criteria required to move forward with the Randomization Authorization Flow (RAF) and be considered eligible by the RAF Reviewer.

Exclusion Criteria Highlights:

  1. Have participated in an investigational drug or device study within 30 days of the Baseline Visit, or 180 days if previous investigational drug was a MAb therapeutic, or previously participated in SIGNAL Cohort A. This does not apply to Cohort B subjects who are being offered the option to participate in the extension of Cohort B.
  2. Have had previous neurosurgery for Huntington's disease or other movement disorders.
  3. Are a suicide risk, as determined by meeting any of the following criteria:

    1. suicide attempt within one year prior to Baseline.
    2. suicidal ideation as defined by a positive response to question 5 on the C-SSRS (Baseline visit form) suicidal ideation section, within 60 days of the Baseline Visit.
    3. significant risk of suicide, as judged by the site Investigator.
  4. Have marked cognitive impairment with a Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) Score less than or equal to 22.
  5. Have a presence of clinically significant psychosis and/or confusional states, in the opinion of the site Investigator.
  6. Have clinically significant laboratory or ECG abnormalities at Screening, in the opinion of the site Investigator.
  7. Have clinically relevant hematologic, hepatic, cardiac, or renal disease.
  8. Have a medical history of infection with human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C and/or hepatitis B, or found to have an abnormality at Screening.
  9. Have a history of substance abuse (based on DSMIV criteria) within the past 12 months prior to Screening.
  10. If female are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  11. Have a known allergy to any ingredient in the study drug.
  12. Have a history of malignancy of any type within 2 years prior to Screening. A history of surgically excised non-melanoma skin cancers, and superficial bladder or prostate cancer is permitted.
  13. Have a clinically significant medical, surgical, laboratory, or behavioral abnormality which in the judgment of the site Investigator makes the subject unsuitable for the study.
  14. Have any significant findings not related to HD on the screening MRI which in the judgment of the site Investigator makes the subject unsuitable for the study.
  15. Have any of the following conditions (which would exclude MRI participation):

    1. An implant/device/condition that is contraindicated for MRI (e.g. pacemaker, severe claustrophobia, prosthetic heart valve, any metal fragments in the eyes or body--in some cases, an X-ray may be needed before an MRI scan, to ensure it is safe to enter the scanner).
    2. Body habitus that would impede completion of MRI scan. (Subject weight above 158 kg should be discussed with the Medical Monitor).

    NOTE: If PET is done on PET-MRI all the above conditions apply for PET-MRI.

  16. Are undergoing FDG-PET and have received research-related radiation exposure that exceeds institutional guidelines in the prior year if applicable.
  17. Are undergoing a LP for CSF collection and have any of the following conditions: uncorrected bleeding or clotting disorders, skin infections near the site of the LP, suspicion of increased intracranial pressure, allergies to numbing medications (local anesthetics), acute spinal trauma, history of migraines.
  18. Are undergoing a LP for CSF collection and taking any of the following types of anticoagulants: coumarins and indandiones, Factor Xa inhibitors, heparins, or thrombin inhibitors.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02481674


Locations
Show Show 32 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vaccinex Inc.
Huntington Study Group
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Andrew Feigin, MD The Marlene & Paolo Fresco Institute for Parkinson's & Movement Disorders-NYU Langone Medical Center
Additional Information:
Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Vaccinex Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02481674    
Other Study ID Numbers: VX15/2503-N-131
First Posted: June 25, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 2, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Vaccinex Inc.:
Prodromal Stage
Early Manifest Stage
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Huntington Disease
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Dementia
Chorea
Dyskinesias
Movement Disorders
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Cognition Disorders
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders