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Viral Kinetics, Interferon Stimulated Genes (ISGs) and mirRNA Among Subjects Infected With Different Hepatitis C Virus Genotypes During Therapy With Sofosbuvir and GS-5816

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02468648
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 11, 2015
Last Update Posted : September 21, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Chronic hepatitis C is a serious liver disease. Current treatments have side effects. New drugs have been developed, but they work better in some people than others. Researchers want to learn why.

Objective:

- To learn why new hepatitis C drugs sometimes don t work. Also, to learn if these drugs are safe and how well they work in people with different virus strains.

Eligibility:

- Adults age 18 and older who are infected with hepatitis C virus genotypes 1-4 and who have either never been treated or treated previously with an interferon regimen (with or without ribavirin) that failed to clear the virus.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with medical history and physical exam. They will have blood and urine tests and complete questionnaires.
  • Participants will have a Fibroscan an ultrasound that measures liver stiffness and other liver scans. They will have an electrocardiogram.
  • Eligible participants will have a liver biopsy.
  • Participants will be admitted to the Clinical Center. They will have a physical exam and blood tests, and complete questionnaires.
  • They will take the first study drug dose as a tablet taken once daily.
  • Participants will take the drug at home for 12 weeks.
  • Participants will have 6 study visits. They will have blood and vital signs taken, and complete questionnaires.
  • At week 4, participants will have another liver biopsy.
  • After their last drug dose, participants will have 5 follow-up visits. They will have blood and vital signs taken, and complete questionnaires. They will discuss their medications and side effects. They may have another Fibroscan.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Hepatitis C Drug: Sofosbuvir Drug: GS-5816 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Up to 140 patients with chronic hepatitis C, genotypes 1-4, who were never treated or previously treated but failed a course of therapy with any interferon and ribavirin combination regimen will be eligible to be enrolled into this pilot study to evaluate the combination of sofosbuvir and GS-5816 as a fixed dose tablet to improve response to antiviral therapy. To enrich the study population with subjects with a greater likelihood of virological relapse after stopping therapy, we plan to enroll a minimum of 60% treatment-experienced subjects and 50% with cirrhosis. These two drugs inhibit key enzymes that are necessary for viral replication. Sofosbuvir, an NS5B polymerase inhibitor is already approved for use in combination with interferon and ribavirin for the treatment of HCV genotype 1 infection. GS-5816 is an NS5A replication complex inhibitor with potent activity against most strains of hepatitis C virus. Combining these two agents into a single pill should improve patient compliance and improve tolerability because interferon and ribavirin will not be part of the regimen. After medical evaluation and liver biopsy, patients will receive combination therapy with sofosbuvir and GS-5816 one pill a day for 12 weeks. The baseline liver biopsy is necessary to assess the amount of liver damage caused by the HCV and to measure expression of genes associated with clearance of HCV. Blood samples will be collected to monitor safety and response to therapy and for research purposes. HCV RNA levels will be monitored frequently for the initial 4 weeks and then at monthly intervals for the remaining 8 weeks of antiviral therapy. All subjects will undergo a second liver biopsy, 4 weeks after starting therapy. The second biopsy is being performed for research purposes so investigators can determine specifically which liver genes are associated with failure of therapy (and response to therapy). Subjects who refuse the second liver biopsy will continue to receive SOF/GS-5816 treatment for the planned 12 week duration Patients in whom serum HCV RNA is greater than or equal to lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) after 2 consecutive HCV RNA < LLOQ or who have a confirmed > 1 log10 increase from nadir will discontinue therapy (because continuing therapy is considered futile i.e. it is unlikely to work). The major endpoints will be changes in interferon stimulated gene and protein expression in the liver and changes in HCV RNA levels in liver and serum between baseline and 4 weeks and rates of sustained virologic response at post-treatment week 12. Secondary endpoints will be safety and sustained virologic response at post-treatment week 24 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 79 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Investigation of Viral Kinetics, Interferon Stimulated Genes (ISGs) and mirRNA Among Subjects Infected With Different Hepatitis C Virus Genotypes During Therapy With Sofosbuvir and GS-5816
Study Start Date : June 9, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 14, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : September 14, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine



Intervention Details:
  • Drug: Sofosbuvir
    An NS5B polymerase inhibitor that is already approved for use in combination with interferon and ribavirin for the treatment of HCV genotype 1 infection
  • Drug: GS-5816
    An NS5A replication complex inhibitor with potent activity against most strains of hepatitis C virus.


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary endpoints will be changes in interferon stimulated gene and protein expression in the liver and changes in HCV RNA levels in liver and serum between baseline and 4 weeks. [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
  2. Proportion who achieve SVR12 stratified by viral genotype [ Time Frame: 12 weeks post-treat ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Secondary endpoints will be safety and rates of sustained virologic response 24 weeks off therapy [ Time Frame: 24 weeks post-Rx ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for participation in this study.

  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent.
  • Male or female, age greater than or equal to18 years.
  • Body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 18 kg/m^2.
  • HCV RNA greater than or equal to10^4 IU/mL at Screening
  • HCV genotypes 1a, 1b, 2, 3 or 4 at screening
  • Confirmation of chronic HCV infection documented by either:

    • A positive anti-HCV antibody test or positive HCV RNA or positive HCV genotyping test at least 6 months prior to the Baseline/Day 1 visit, or
    • A liver biopsy performed within 12 weeks prior to the Baseline/Day 1 visit with evidence of chronic HCV infection. A prior biopsy would be acceptable if performed with 12 weeks AND liver tissue stored in RNALater was available.
  • Screening ECG without clinically significant abnormalities.
  • Subjects must have the following laboratory parameters at screening:

    • ALT less than or equal to 10 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • AST less than or equal to 10 times ULN
    • Direct bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 ULN
    • Platelets > 70,000
    • HbA1c less than or equal to8.5%
    • eGFR greater than or equal to 60 mL /min, as calculated by the CKD-EPI equation.
    • Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 10g/dL.
    • Albumin greater than or equal to 3g/dL
    • INR less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN unless subject has known hemophilia or is stable on an anticoagulant regimen affecting INR.
  • A female subject is eligible to enter the study if it is confirmed that she is:

    • Not pregnant or nursing
    • Of non-childbearing potential (i.e., women who have had a hysterectomy, have both ovaries removed or medically documented ovarian failure, or are postmenopausal women > 50 years of age with cessation (for greater than or equal to 12 months) of previously occurring menses),

OR

  • Of childbearing potential (i.e., women who have not had a hysterectomy, have not had both ovaries removed, and have not had medically documented ovarian failure). Women less than or equal to 50 years of age with amenorrhea will be considered to be of childbearing potential. These women must have a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening and a negative urine pregnancy test on the Baseline/Day 1 visit prior to randomization. They must also agree to one of the following from 3 weeks prior to Baseline/Day 1 until 90 days after last dose of study drug:

    • Complete abstinence from intercourse. Periodic abstinence from intercourse (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) is not permitted.
    • Consistent and correct use of 1 of the following methods of birth control listed below in addition to a male partner who correctly uses a condom from the date of Screening until 90 days after last dose of study drug: <TAB>

      • intrauterine device (IUD) with a failure rate of < 1% per year
      • female barrier method: cervical cap or diaphragm with spermicidal agent
      • tubal sterilization
      • vasectomy in male partner
      • hormone-containing contraceptive:

        • implants of levonorgestrel
        • injectable progesterone
        • oral contraceptives (either combined or progesterone only)
        • contraceptive vaginal ring
        • transdermal contraceptive patch

          • All male study participants must agree to consistently and correctly use a condom, while their female partner agrees to use 1 of the methods of birth control listed above, from the date of Screening until 90 days after last dose of study drug.
          • Male subjects must agree to refrain from sperm donation from 90 days after their last dose of study drug.
          • Subject must be of generally good health, with the exception of chronic HCV infection, as determined by the Investigator.
          • Subject must be able to comply with the dosing instructions for study drug administration and able to complete the study schedule of assessments, including all required post treatment visits.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects who meet any of the following exclusion criteria will not to be enrolled in this study.

  • Current or prior history of any of the following:

    • Clinically-significant illness (other than HCV) or any other major medical disorder that may interfere with subject treatment, assessment or compliance with the protocol; subjects currently under evaluation for a potentially clinically-significant illness (other than HCV) are also excluded.
    • Gastrointestinal disorder or post-operative condition that could interfere with the absorption of the study drug.
    • Difficulty with blood collection and/or poor venous access for the purposes of phlebotomy.
    • Clinical hepatic decompensation (i.e., ascites, encephalopathy or variceal hemorrhage).
    • Solid organ transplantation.
    • Significant pulmonary disease, significant cardiac disease or porphyria.
    • Psychiatric hospitalization, suicide attempt, and/or a period of disability as a result of their psychiatric illness within the last 5 years. Subjects with psychiatric illness (without the prior mentioned conditions) that is well-controlled on a stable treatment regimen for at least 12 months prior to randomization or has not required medication in the last 12 months may be included.
    • Malignancy within 5 years prior to screening, with the exception of specific cancers that are entirely cured by surgical resection (basal cell skin cancer, etc). Subjects under evaluation for possible malignancy are not eligible.
    • Significant drug allergy (such as anaphylaxis or hepatotoxicity).
  • Any prior treatment with a direct acting antiviral agent (protease inhibitors, NS5A inhibitors and NS5B polymerase inhibitors/non-nucleoside polymerase inhibitors.)
  • Pregnant or nursing female or male with pregnant female partner.
  • Chronic liver disease of a non HCV etiology (e.g., hemochromatosis, Wilson s disease, alfa 1 antitrypsin deficiency, cholangitis).
  • Infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Clinically-relevant drug abuse within 12 months of screening. A positive drug screen will exclude subjects unless it can be explained by a prescribed medication; the diagnosis and prescription must be approved by the investigator.
  • Use of any prohibited concomitant medications as described within 21 days of the Baseline/Day 1 visit; this washout period does not apply to PPIs, which can be taken up to 7 days before baseline Day 1.
  • Use of antiviral medications within the last 30 days.
  • Chronic use of systemically administered immunosuppressive agents (e.g., prednisone equivalent > 10 mg/day).
  • Known hypersensitivity to GS-5816, SOF, or formulation excipients.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02468648


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Marc G Ghany, M.D. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02468648    
Other Study ID Numbers: 150143
15-DK-0143
First Posted: June 11, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 21, 2018
Last Verified: September 14, 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) ):
Oral Therapy
Liver Biopsy
Chronic Hepatitis C
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Hepatitis
Hepatitis, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Interferons
Sofosbuvir
Velpatasvir
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents