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IMproving reModeling in Acute myoCardial Infarction Using Live and Asynchronous TElemedicine. (IMMACULATE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02468349
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2018 by Mark Chan, National University Heart Centre, Singapore.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : June 10, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2018
National University of Singapore
National University Hospital, Singapore
Tan Tock Seng Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Chan, National University Heart Centre, Singapore

Brief Summary:
The proposed research aims to compare Left ventricular remodeling outcomes among patients with AMI and elevated NT-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide receiving telemedicine-guided post-MI treatment vs. non-telemedicine guided treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Left Ventricular Remodeling Medication Adherence Acute Coronary Syndrome Other: Telemedicine Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) accounts for more than 6,000 admissions to Singapore hospitals each year. Contemporary treatment, including percutaneous intervention (angioplasty and stenting) and adjunctive drug therapy, has reduced early mortality from AMI.

In many healthcare systems, Hospital scorecards stipulate prescription of appropriate drugs upon discharge after hospitalization for AMI. These drugs include aspirin, a platelet P2Y12 inhibitor, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB), beta-blockers and lipid-lowering drugs. Such quality improvement programs have led to an increase in prescription of these drugs upon discharge. Yet, 2 problems remain pervasive:

  1. dose optimization; how the investigators escalate patients to the most effective drug doses, and
  2. drug adherence; whether patients are taking these drugs regularly.

These 2 problems stem largely from the traditional model of episodic care entailing face-to-face visits between patient and healthcare practitioner. Inadequate dose optimization is most relevant to ACE-I/ARB and beta-blockers as healthcare practitioners necessarily prescribe low doses of these drugs at discharge to avoid excessive lowering of blood pressure soon after an AMI. Yet, these drugs are most effective at preventing adverse ventricular remodeling when patients take them at their maximum tolerated doses. In clinical trials, titrating these ACE-I/ARB and beta-blockers to target doses has required weekly outpatient visits, a model of care that most healthcare systems cannot afford.

The investigators hypothesize that a telemedicine-based system of care will lead to a greater reduction in ventricular remodeling as compared with usual care, by improving dose optimization and adherence to ACE-I/ARB and beta-blockers in patients with recent AMI.

Participants with AMI (n=300) will be recruited during the index hospitalization. A key inclusion criteria is an elevated NT-proBNP measurement during the index hospitalization. Participants will first undergo stratified randomization according to ST-segment classification (STEMI/NSTEMI), thereafter randomized into the Telehealth versus Control group in 1:1 sequential block randomization (blocks of 4 and 6). The telehealth intervention group will have their blood pressure and heart rate monitored twice daily at home for 2 months, with alternating titration between ACE-inhibitors and betablockers weekly during the first 2 months. After 2 months, they will continue on telemedicine consultation for 4 months; coaching on drug adherence, drug side-effects management and monitoring of symptoms. A smartphone-based app developed by PEACH Intellihealth will provide structured health education, medication reminders and real-time text messaging with telehealth professionals.

All participants enrolled will be put on 1 year of dual antiplatelet therapy, have a cardiac MRI done both at baseline and 6-months, and followed up with cardiologist review visit at 1, 6 and 12 months. Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events will be assessed during each cardiologist review visit, and beyond 12 months, it will be assessed by either phone calls or online/mailed questionnaires at 18 and 24 months.

Four substudies have been planned: a substudy to assess the impact of telemedicine on readmissions (ALTRA), a substudy to assess the effect of telemedicine on adherence to antiplatelet therapy (TICA), a substudy to assess the cost-effectiveness of telemedicine (CEA) and a substudy to assess the effect of telemedicine on MR-PET measured cardiac work efficiency (CES).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: IMproving reModeling in Acute myoCardial Infarction Using Live and Asynchronous TElemedicine.
Actual Study Start Date : June 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Telemedicine
The telehealth group will be remotely monitored and managed on medication adherence, dosage titration, and management of drug side effects, through a combination of feed-forward blood pressure monitoring, app-based education and medication reminders, and remote consultations.
Other: Telemedicine
Participants enrolled will be randomised 1:1 to either telemedicine arm or standard care arm.

No Intervention: Standard care
The standard care group will receive face-to-face consultations at one month, 6 months and 12 months.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference in Left Ventricular End-Systolic Volume (ml) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Difference in Left Ventricular End-Systolic Volume (ml) measured on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Haemodynamic Stress [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Frequency of participants with reduction in NT-proBNP <20%

  2. Infarct size (grams and % of total LV mass) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Infarct size (grams and % of total LV mass) measured on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

  3. Adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet reactivity [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Difference in Multiplate ADP test (AU*min)

  4. Hospitalisation & readmission [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Difference in incidence of Death, MI, Stroke, readmission for recurrent ischaemia requiring unplanned revascularization and readmission for heart failure.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Difference in QoL outcome measures

  2. Medication Adherence [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Difference in medication adherence score and pill count

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria

  1. Clinically diagnosed STEMI or NSTEMI* within the last 7 days at high risk of ventricular remodeling

    • Typical history of ischemic chest pain or angina equivalent symptoms (e.g. acute onset dyspnea)
    • Typical rise or fall of cardiac enzymes with at least one value of cardiac troponin I≥10 ug/L.
    • ECG changes required for diagnosis of STEMI: ≥0.1mV ST segment elevation in two or more contiguous limb leads or precordial leads or presence of Q waves ≥0.02 sec in two or more contiguous limb leads or precordial leads, or new onset left bundle branch block (LBBB), *The definition of STEMI and NSTEMI follows the 3rd universal definition of MI [19]
  2. Pre-discharge NTproBNP ≥300 pg/mL for both STEMI and NSTEMI
  3. Undergone PCI for the index event
  4. Age >21 years and <85 years

Exclusion criteria

  1. Hypersensitivity to ticagrelor, aspirin or any excipients
  2. Active pathological bleeding
  3. History of intracranial haemorrhage
  4. Bacterial Infection within 6 weeks preceding the primary angioplasty, HIV, autoimmune disease (e.g. SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma and Grave's disease, etc) or on immunosuppressive therapy
  5. Women of child-bearing potential, known to be pregnant, breast-feeding, or intend to become pregnant during the study period
  6. Malignancy within last 2 years
  7. History of significant valvular heart disease (moderate or severe MS, MR, AS, AR, TR)
  8. Planned CABG within the next 6 weeks
  9. Unable to be weaned off inotropes or IABP
  10. Active asthma or any other contraindications to beta-blockers
  11. Arrhythmias precluding proper CMR image acquisition, such as atrial fibrillation and frequent atrial or ventricular ectopy of > 1 in 5 intrinsic QRS complexes
  12. Contraindications to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging including claustrophobia, pacemaker or ICD implantation, mechanical valve or other metallic implants
  13. Severe liver impairment due to chronic liver disease e.g. advanced alcoholic liver cirrhosis or primary biliary cirrhosis
  14. Significant renal impairment (eGFR <50ml min-1), end stage renal failure on renal replacement therapy
  15. Anaemia (Hb<10 g/dL).
  16. Psychosocial barriers to telemedicine adoption (screening for education level, dementia, substance abuse and other psychological disorders)
  17. Participants who cannot be followed up
  18. Participants not able or willing to consent for study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02468349

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Contact: Sock Cheng Poh +65 9772 0495 sock_cheng_poh@nuhs.edu.sg
Contact: Karen Koh +65 67728664 karen_wl_koh@nuhs.edu.sg

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National Heart Centre Singapore Recruiting
Singapore, National Heart Research Institute, Singapore, 169609
Contact: Derek Hausenloy    +65 65166719    d.hausenloy@ucl.ac.uk   
Principal Investigator: Derek Hausenloy         
National University Heart Centre Singapore Recruiting
Singapore, Singapore, 119228
Contact: Sock Cheng Poh    +65 66015951    sock_cheng_poh@nuhs.edu.sg   
Contact: Karen Koh    +65 67726884      
Principal Investigator: Mark Chan         
Tan Tock Seng Hospital Recruiting
Singapore, Singapore, 308433
Contact: Tasha Mahadi    +65 63578124    tashama@ttsh.com.sg   
Principal Investigator: Hee Hwa Ho         
Sub-Investigator: Yeong Shyan Lee         
Sub-Investigator: Prabath F Joseph         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National University Heart Centre, Singapore
National University of Singapore
National University Hospital, Singapore
Tan Tock Seng Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Mark Chan National University Heart Centre, Singapore
Study Chair: A. Mark Richards National University Heart Centre, Singapore
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Mark Chan, A/Prof Mark Chan, National University Heart Centre, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02468349    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014/00793
First Posted: June 10, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 29, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Mark Chan, National University Heart Centre, Singapore:
Acute Myocardial Infarction
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myocardial Infarction
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Ventricular Remodeling
Pathologic Processes
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical