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JoLT-Ca Sublobar Resection (SR) Versus Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SAbR) for Lung Cancer (STABLE-MATES)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02468024
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 10, 2015
Last Update Posted : June 14, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:
To Determine if SAbR improves survival over SR in High Risk Operable Stage I NSCLC

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Procedure: Lung Surgery Radiation: Radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy has been shown in single institution phase II and matched cohort studies to be effective at controlling primary early lung cancer. Recent pooled analysis of both the STARS and ROSEL randomized trials comparing SABR versus lobectomy have shown a significantly improved 3-year survival with SABR, giving further impetus for successful completion of a randomized trial .

Pre-randomized trial- Patients will be screened and pre-randomized to either SR or SAbR. Informed consent will be obtained after patients are made aware of the randomized assignment. Despite pre-randomization prior to consent, patients maintain their right to accept or decline any/all study activities. Only consenting patients will be allowed to participate in study activities, including observation after either randomized treatments or observation after standard of care treatment, while those declining consent will be managed by their physician(s) off study.Patients will be accrued and followed for a minimum of 2-years after treatment.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 272 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: JoLT-Ca A Randomized Phase III Study of Sublobar Resection (SR) Versus Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SAbR) in High Risk Patients With Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC), The STABLE-MATES Trial
Actual Study Start Date : July 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Arm 1 lung surgery
Sublobar Resection (SR)
Procedure: Lung Surgery
Sublobar Lung Resection
Other Name: SR

Experimental: Arm 2 radiation therapy
Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SAbR)
Radiation: Radiation therapy
Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy, 54 Gy in 3 fractions
Other Name: SAbR




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. overall survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    To test the hypothesis that the 3-year overall survival in high risk operable patients with Stage I NSCLC is greater in patient who undergo SAbR as compared to standard sublobar resection (SR).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. progression free survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    survival at 5-years for Stage I NSCLC who undergo SR or SAbR.

  2. toxicity as assessed toxicity using the Common Toxicity Criteria [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    toxicity using the Common Toxicity Criteria



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 18 years.
  • ECOG performance status (PS) 0, 1, or 2.
  • Radiographic findings consistent with non-small cell lung cancer, including lesions with ground glass opacities with a solid component of 50% or greater. Those with ground glass opacities and <50% solid component will be excluded.
  • Biopsy confirmed non-small cell lung cancer.
  • Tumor ≤ 4 cm maximum diameter, including clinical stage IA and selected IB by PET/CT scan of the chest and upper abdomen performed within 60 days prior to registration.
  • All clinically suspicious mediastinal N1, N2, or N3 lymph nodes (> 1 cm short-axis dimension on CT scan and/or positive on PET scan) confirmed negative for involvement with NSCLC by one of the following methods: mediastinoscopy, anterior mediastinotomy EUS/EBUS guided needle aspiration, CT-guided, video-assisted thoracoscopic or open lymph node biopsy.
  • Tumor verified by a thoracic surgeon to be in a location that will permit sublobar resection.
  • Tumor located peripherally within the lung. NOTE: Peripheral is defined as not touching any surface within 2 cm of the proximal bronchial tree in all directions. See below. Patients with non-peripheral (central) tumors are NOT eligible.
  • No evidence of distant metastases.
  • Availability of pulmonary function tests (PFTs - spirometry, DLCO, +/- arterial blood gases) within 90 days prior to registration. Patients with tracheotomy, etc, who are physically unable to perform PFTs (and therefore cannot be tested for the Major criteria in 3.1.10 below) are potentially still eligible if a study credentialed thoracic surgeon documents that the patient's health characteristics would otherwise have been acceptable for eligibility as a high risk but nonetheless operable patient (in particular be eligible for sublobar resection).
  • Patient at high-risk for surgery by meeting a minimum of one major criteria or two minor criteria
  • No prior intra-thoracic radiation therapy. NOTE: Previous radiotherapy as part of treatment for head and neck, breast, or other non-thoracic cancer is permitted so long as possible radiation fields would not overlap. Previous chemotherapy or surgical resection specifically for the lung cancer being treated on this protocol is NOT permitted. No prior lung resection on the ipsilateral side.
  • Non-pregnant and non-lactating. Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 60 days prior to registration. Peri-menopausal women must be amenorrheic > 12 months prior to registration to be considered not of childbearing potential.
  • No prior invasive malignancy, unless disease-free for ≥ 3 years prior to registration (exceptions: non-melanoma skin cancer, in-situ cancers).
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • evidence of distant metastases
  • prior intra-thoracic radiation therapy. NOTE: Previous radiotherapy as part of treatment for head and neck, breast, or other non-thoracic cancer is permitted so long as possible radiation fields would not overlap. Previous chemotherapy or surgical resection specifically for the lung cancer being treated on this protocol is NOT permitted. No prior lung resection on the ipsilateral side.
  • pregnant and lactating women
  • prior invasive malignancy, unless disease-free for ≥ 3 years prior to registration (exceptions: non-melanoma skin cancer, in-situ cancers).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02468024


Contacts
Contact: Robert Timmerman, MD 214-645-8525
Contact: Sarmistha Sen 214-645-8525

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Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Timmerman, MD UTSW Medical Center

Responsible Party: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02468024     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU 022015-069
First Posted: June 10, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms