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A Study to Assess the Safety and Tolerability of Nusinersen (ISIS 396443) in Participants With Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA). (EMBRACE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02462759
Recruitment Status : Terminated (The study was terminated early to roll over participants to open label extension study NCT02594124.)
First Posted : June 4, 2015
Results First Posted : January 27, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 27, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Biogen

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of Part 1 of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of Nusinersen in participants with SMA who are not eligible to participate in the clinical studies ISIS 396443-CS3B (NCT02193074) or ISIS 396443-CS4 (NCT02292537). The secondary objective of Part 1 of this study is to examine the pharmacokinetics (PK) of Nusinersen in participants with SMA. The primary objective of Part 2 of this study is to assess the long-term safety and tolerability of Nusinersen in participants with SMA who participated in Part 1 and completed their End of Part 1 Evaluation assessments. The secondary objective of Part 2 of this study is to examine the PK of Nusinersen in participants with SMA who participated in Part 1 and completed their End of Part 1 Evaluation assessments.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Drug: Nusinersen Procedure: Sham Procedure Phase 2

Expanded Access : An investigational treatment associated with this study is available outside the clinical trial.   More info ...

Detailed Description:
Part 2 is an Open Label extension phase.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-blind, Sham-procedure Controlled Study to Assess the Safety and Tolerability and Explore the Efficacy of ISIS 396443 (BIIB058) Administered Intrathecally in Subjects With Spinal Muscular Atrophy Who Are Not Eligible to Participate in the Clinical Studies ISIS 396443-CS3B or ISIS 396443-CS4
Actual Study Start Date : August 19, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 24, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : September 24, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nusinersen
Administered by intrathecal injection.
Drug: Nusinersen
Administered by intrathecal injection.
Other Names:
  • BIIB058
  • ISIS SMNRx
  • ISIS 396443
  • Spinraza

Sham Comparator: Sham Procedure
Small needle prick on the lower back at the location where the IT injection is normally made.
Procedure: Sham Procedure
Small needle prick on the lower back at the location where the IT injection is normally made.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Part 1 and 2: From first dose/sham procedure to end of study (up to 1080 days) ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant or clinical investigation participant administered a pharmaceutical product and that does not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal (investigational) product, whether or not related to the medicinal (investigational) product. A SAE is any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose results in death, life-threatening event, requires inpatient hospitalization, significant disability/incapacity or congenital anomaly.

  2. Number of Participants With Change From Baseline in Clinical Laboratory Parameters [ Time Frame: Part 1 and 2: From first dose/sham procedure to end of study (up to 1080 days) ]
    Clinically significant changes in laboratory parameters were evaluated for assessing the safety of ISIS 396443.

  3. Number of Participants With Change From Baseline in Electrocardiograms (ECGs) [ Time Frame: Part 1: Day 2, 29 and 422; Part 2: Day 1 to 596 ]
    Clinically significant changes in ECG measurements were evaluated for assessing the safety of ISIS 396443.

  4. Number of Participants With Change From Baseline in Vital Signs [ Time Frame: Part 1: Day 2, 29 and 422; Part 2: Day 1 to 596 ]
    Clinically significant changes in vital signs were evaluated for assessing the safety of ISIS 396443. Vital signs that were assessed included resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate, respiratory rate, temperature, pulse oximetry, and transcutaneous carbon dioxide.

  5. Change From Baseline in Head Circumference [ Time Frame: Part 2: Baseline, Day 15, 29, 64, 183, 302, 422, 540, 659, 778, 898, 1018 and 1138 ]
    Participants were analyzed for change in growth parameter of head circumference to evaluate clinical efficacy. WHO Child Growth Standards were used to determine the head circumference percentile. Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days <=1 as Baseline; Days >1 to <= 22 as Day 15;Days >22 to <=47 as Day 29;Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659;Days >719 to <= 838 as Day 778;Days >838 to <= 958 as Day 898;Days >958 to <= 1078 as Day 1018;Days >1078 to <= 1198 as Day 1138.

  6. Change From Baseline in Chest Circumference [ Time Frame: Part 2: Baseline, Day 15, 29, 64, 183, 302, 422, 540, 659, 778, 898, 1018 and 1138 ]
    Participants were analyzed for change in growth parameter of chest circumference to evaluate clinical efficacy. WHO Child Growth Standards were used to determine the chest circumference percentile. Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days <=1 as Baseline; Days>1 to <= 22 as Day 15;Days >22 to <=47 as Day 29;Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659;Days >719 to <= 838 as Day 778;Days >838 to <= 958 as Day 898;Days >958 to <= 1078 as Day 1018;Days >1078 to <= 1198 as Day 1138.

  7. Change From Baseline in Arm Circumference [ Time Frame: Part 2: Baseline, Day 15, 29, 64, 183, 302, 422, 540, 659, 778, 898, 1018 and 1138 ]
    Participants were analyzed for change in growth parameter of arm circumference to evaluate clinical efficacy. WHO Child Growth Standards were used to determine the arm circumference percentile. Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days <=1 as Baseline; Days >1 to <= 22 as Day 15;Days >22 to <=47 as Day 29;Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659;Days >719 to <= 838 as Day 778;Days >838 to <= 958 as Day 898;Days >958 to <= 1078 as Day 1018;Days >1078 to <= 1198 as Day 1138.

  8. Change From Baseline in Weight for Age [ Time Frame: Part 2: Baseline, Day 15, 29, 64, 183, 302, 422, 540, 659, 778, 898, 1018 and 1138 ]
    Participants were analyzed for change in growth parameter of weight for age to evaluate clinical efficacy. WHO Child Growth Standards were used to determine the weight for age percentile. Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days <=1 as Baseline; Days >1 to <= 22 as Day 15;Days >22 to <=47 as Day 29;Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659;Days >719 to <= 838 as Day 778;Days >838 to <= 958 as Day 898;Days >958 to <= 1078 as Day 1018;Days >1078 to <= 1198 as Day 1138.

  9. Change From Baseline in Weight [ Time Frame: Part 2: Baseline, Day 15, 29, 64, 183, 302, 422, 540, 659, 778, 898, 1018 and 1138 ]
    Participants were analyzed for change in growth parameter of weight to evaluate clinical efficacy. WHO Child Growth Standards were used to determine the weight percentile. Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days <=1 as Baseline; Days >1 to <= 22 as Day 15;Days >22 to <=47 as Day 29;Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659;Days >719 to <= 838 as Day 778;Days >838 to <= 958 as Day 898;Days >958 to <= 1078 as Day 1018;Days >1078 to <= 1198 as Day 1138.

  10. Change From Baseline in Head to Chest Circumference (HCC) Ratio [ Time Frame: Part 2: Baseline, Day 15, 29, 64, 183, 302, 422, 540, 659, 778, 898, 1018 and 1138 ]
    Participants were analyzed for change in growth parameter of HCC to evaluate clinical efficacy. WHO Child Growth Standards were used to determine the HCC circumference percentile. Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days <=1 as Baseline; Days >1 to <= 22 as Day 15;Days >22 to <=47 as Day 29;Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659;Days >719 to <= 838 as Day 778;Days >838 to <= 958 as Day 898;Days >958 to <= 1078 as Day 1018;Days >1078 to <= 1198 as Day 1138.

  11. Change From Baseline in Body Length [ Time Frame: Part 2: Baseline, Day 15, 29, 64, 183, 302, 422, 540, 659, 778, 898, 1018 and 1138 ]
    Participants were analyzed for change in growth parameter of body length to evaluate clinical efficacy. WHO Child Growth Standards were used to determine the body length percentile. Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days <=1 as Baseline; Days >1 to <= 22 as Day 15;Days >22 to <=47 as Day 29;Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659;Days >719 to <= 838 as Day 778;Days >838 to <= 958 as Day 898;Days >958 to <= 1078 as Day 1018;Days >1078 to <= 1198 as Day 1138.

  12. Number of Participants With Change From Baseline in Neurological Examination Outcomes [ Time Frame: Part 1: Baseline to Day 422; Part 2: Baseline to Day 596 ]
    Neurological examinations included assessment of mental status, level of consciousness, sensory function, motor function, cranial nerve function, reflexes, mood, speech/language and hearing.

  13. Number of Participants With Change From Baseline in Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time [aPTT] [ Time Frame: Part 2: Up to 1080 days ]
    Activated partial thromboplastin time was evaluated to assess safety. "Shift to low" measured change in normal, high and unknown values of aPTT at baseline to low values postbaseline. "Shift to high" measured change in normal, high and unknown values of aPTT at baseline to high values postbaseline.

  14. Number of Participants With Change From Baseline in Partial Thromboplastin Time [PTT] [ Time Frame: Part 2: Up to 1080 days ]
    PTT was evaluated to assess safety. "Shift to low" measured change in normal, high and unknown values of PTT at baseline to low values postbaseline. "Shift to high" measured change in normal, high and unknown values of PTT at baseline to high values postbaseline.

  15. Number of Participants With Change From Baseline in International Normalized Ratio [INR]) [ Time Frame: Part 2: Up to 1080 days ]
    INR was evaluated to assess safety. "Shift to low" measured change in normal, high and unknown values of INR at baseline to low values postbaseline. "Shift to high" measured change in normal, high and unknown values of INR at baseline to high values postbaseline.

  16. Number of Participants With Presence of Urine Total Protein Post-baseline [ Time Frame: Part 2: Up to 1080 days ]
    Urine total protein was evaluated to assess safety.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Plasma Concentration of ISIS 396443 in Part 2 of Study in Participants Who Received Sham Procedure in Part 1 of the Study [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on Days 64, 183, 540 and 659 ]
    Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659.

  2. Plasma Concentration of ISIS 396443 in Part 1 and 2 of Study in Participants Who Received ISIS 396443 in Part 1 of the Study [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on Days 64, 183, 302, 422, 540, 659, 778, 898, 1018 and 1138 ]
    Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659;Days >719 to <= 838 as Day 778;Days >838 to <= 958 as Day 898;Days >958 to <= 1078 as Day 1018;Days >1078 to <= 1198 as Day 1138.

  3. Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Concentration of ISIS 396443 in Part 2 of Study in Participants Who Received Sham Procedure in Part 1 of the Study [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on Days 15, 29, 64, 183, 302, 422 and 540 ]
    CSF samples were analyzed for ISIS 396443 concentrations in participants. Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days >1 to <= 22 as Day 15;Days >22 to <=47 as Day 29;Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540.

  4. CSF Concentration of ISIS 396443 in Part 1 and 2 of Study in Participants Who Received ISIS 396443 in Part 1 of the Study [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on Days 15, 29, 64, 183, 302, 422, 540, 659, 778, 898 and 1018 ]
    CSF samples were analyzed for ISIS 396443 concentrations in participants. Study days were windowed for integrated analysis and labelled as follows: Days >1 to <= 22 as Day 15;Days >22 to <=47 as Day 29;Days >47 to <= 123 as Day 64;Days >123 to <=242 as Day 183;Days >242 to <=362 as Day 302;Days >362 to <=482 as Day 422;Days >482 to <= 600 as Day 540;Days >600 to <= 719 as Day 659;Days >719 to <= 838 as Day 778;Days >838 to <= 958 as Day 898;Days >958 to <= 1078 as Day 1018.

  5. Number of Participants With Plasma Antibodies to ISIS 396443 [ Time Frame: Part 2: Baseline to Day 596 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Genetic documentation of 5q SMA homozygous gene deletion, mutation, or compound heterozygote.
  • Onset of clinical signs and symptoms consistent with SMA at ≤6 months of age and have documentation of 3 SMN2 copies OR onset of clinical signs and symptoms consistent with SMA at ≤6 months of age, >7 months of age (211 days) at screening, and have documentation of 2 SMN2 copies OR onset of clinical signs and symptoms consistent with SMA at >6 months of age, are ≤18 months of age at screening, and have documentation of 2 or 3 SMN2 copies.
  • Meets age-appropriate institutional criteria for use of anesthesia/sedation, if use is planned for study procedures.
  • Medical care, such as routine immunizations meets and is expected to continue to meet guidelines set out in the Consensus Statement for Standard of Care in SMA, in the opinion of the Investigator.
  • Participants with 2 SMN2 copies must reside within approximately 9 hours' ground-travel distance from a participating study site for the duration of the study.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Meets additional study related criteria.
  • Any previous exposure to ISIS 396443; previous dosing in this study or previous studies with ISIS 396443.
  • Signs or symptoms of SMA present at birth or within the first week after birth.
  • Ventilation for ≥16 hours per day continuously for >21 days at screening.
  • Permanent tracheostomy, implanted shunt for CSF drainage, or implanted central nervous system (CNS) catheter at screening.
  • History of brain or spinal cord disease that would interfere with the LP procedure, CSF circulation, or safety assessments.
  • Hospitalization for surgery (e.g., scoliosis surgery), pulmonary event, or nutritional support within 2 months prior to screening, or hospitalization for surgery planned during the study.
  • Clinically significant abnormalities in hematology or clinical chemistry parameters or Electrocardiogram (ECG), as assessed by the Investigator.
  • Treatment with an investigational drug for SMA (e.g., albuterol/salbutamol, riluzole, carnitine, sodium phenylbutyrate, valproate, hydroxyurea), biological agent, or device within 30 days prior to screening. Any history of gene therapy, prior antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) treatment, or cell transplantation.

For Part 2 only:

To be eligible to participate in Part 2 of this study, participants must meet the following eligibility criteria at the time of consent to participate in Part 2:

Participation in Part 1 and completion of the End of Part 1 Evaluation assessments.

Ability of parent(s) or legal guardian(s) to understand the purpose and risks of the study and to provide signed and dated informed consent on the Part 2 informed consent form (ICF) and authorization to use confidential health information in accordance with national and local participant privacy regulations.

Able to complete all study procedures, measurements, and visits, and parent or legal guardian/participant has adequately supportive psychosocial circumstances, in the opinion of the Investigator.

Participants will be excluded from the Part 2 if they meet the following exclusion criterion at the time of consent into Part 2 of the study:

Any significant change in clinical status, including laboratory tests that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would make them unsuitable to participate in Part 2. The Investigator must reassess the subject's medical fitness for participation and consider any diseases that would preclude treatment.

NOTE: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02462759


Locations
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United States, California
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-8344
United States, Connecticut
Connecticut Childrens Medical
Hartford, Connecticut, United States, 06106
United States, Maryland
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Minnesota
Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, 55101
United States, Texas
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75235
United States, Washington
Seattle Children's Research Institute
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Germany
LMU-Campus Innenstadt
Muenchen, Germany, 80337
Sponsors and Collaborators
Biogen
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Biogen
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Biogen:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] July 16, 2018
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 16, 2017


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Responsible Party: Biogen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02462759    
Other Study ID Numbers: 232SM202
2014-003657-33 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: June 4, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 27, 2020
Last Update Posted: January 27, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Biogen:
EMBRACE
SMA
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscular Atrophy
Muscular Atrophy, Spinal
Atrophy
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Motor Neuron Disease
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases