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Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) as Monotherapy in Participants With Previously-Treated Locally Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (MK-3475-164/KEYNOTE-164)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02460198
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 2, 2015
Results First Posted : August 21, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:

In this study, participants with previously-treated locally-advanced unresectable or metastatic mismatched repair (MMR) deficient or microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) colorectal carcinoma (CRC) will be treated with pembrolizumab (MK-3475, KEYTRUDA®) monotherapy.

There will be two cohorts in this study: Cohort A and Cohort B. For Cohort A, participants are required to have been previously treated with standard therapies, which must include fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan. Enrollment into Cohort A has been completed. For Cohort B, participants are required to have been previously treated with at least one line of systemic standard of care therapy: fluoropyrimidine + oxaliplatin or fluoropyrimidine + irinotecan +/ - anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/ epidermal growth factor regulator (EGFR) monoclonal antibody.

The primary hypothesis is that Objective Response Rate (ORR) based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors v 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) assessed by central imaging vendor in participants with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic MMR deficient or MSI high CRC is greater than 15%.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Carcinoma Biological: Pembrolizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:
With protocol amendment 08 (13-Nov-2019), once study participants have achieved the study objective or the study has ended, participants will be discontinued from this study and may be enrolled in a pembrolizumab extension study (NCT03486873) to continue protocol-defined assessments and treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 124 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) as Monotherapy in Subjects With Previously Treated Locally Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic (Stage IV) Mismatched Repair Deficient or Microsatellite Instability-High Colorectal Carcinoma (KEYNOTE-164)
Actual Study Start Date : August 25, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 9, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : February 19, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort A - Pembrolizumab 200 mg
Participants were previously treated with standard therapies, which must include fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan. Cohort A participants receive pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenously (IV) on Day 1 of every 3-week cycle (Q3W) for up to approximately 52 cycles (up to approximately 4 years).
Biological: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion
Other Names:
  • MK-3475
  • KEYTRUDA®

Experimental: Cohort B - Pembrolizumab 200 mg
Participants were previously treated with at least one line of systemic standard of care therapy: fluoropyrimidine + oxaliplatin or fluoropyrimidine + irinotecan +/ - anti vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/ epidermal growth factor regulator (EGFR) monoclonal antibody. Cohort B participants receive pembrolizumab 200 mg IV on Day 1 Q3W for up to approximately 52 cycles (up to approximately 4 years).
Biological: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion
Other Names:
  • MK-3475
  • KEYTRUDA®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) - Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) Assessed by Central Imaging Vendor [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4 years ]
    Objective response rate was defined as the percentage of the participants in the analysis population who had a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). Complete Response: disappearance of all target lesions. Partial Response: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Responses were based upon blinded central imaging vendor per RECIST 1.1. The point estimate and 95% confidence interval for the ORR, were provided using an exact binomial distribution (Clopper and Pearson method). Participants without response data were counted as nonresponders. The data cutoff date was 09-SEP-2019.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Control Rate (DCR) Per RECIST 1.1 Assessed by Central Imaging Vendor. [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4 years ]
    Disease Control Rate was defined as the percentage of participants who achieved confirmed CR or PR or had demonstrated stable disease (SD) for at least 24 weeks prior to any evidence of progression. Complete Response: disappearance of all target lesions. Partial Response: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Stable Disease: neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease (PD), taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study. Progressive Disease: at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. or the appearance of new lesion(s). Participants in the analysis population with missing DCR were considered as disease not under control. The data cutoff date was 09-SEP-2019.

  2. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) Per RECIST 1.1 Assessed by Central Imaging Vendor. [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4 years ]
    PFS is defined as the time from first day of study treatment to the first documented disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Progressive Disease: at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must have also demonstrated an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions was also considered progression). PFS was summarized by Kaplan-Meier (KM) methods. The data cutoff date was 09-SEP-2019.

  3. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4 years ]
    OS is defined as the time from first day of study treatment to death due to any cause. Participants without documented death at the time of analysis are censored at the date of the last follow-up. OS was summarized by Kaplan-Meier (KM) methods. The data cutoff date was 09-SEP-2019.

  4. Number of Participants Who Experienced an Adverse Event (AE). [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4 years ]
    An adverse event (AE) was defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign including an abnormal laboratory finding, symptom or disease associated with the use of a medical treatment or procedure, regardless of whether it was considered related to the medical treatment or procedure, that occurred during the course of the study.

  5. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Study Treatment Due to an AE. [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4 years ]
    An adverse event (AE) was defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign including an abnormal laboratory finding, symptom or disease associated with the use of a medical treatment or procedure, regardless of whether it was considered related to the medical treatment or procedure, that occurred during the course of the study.

  6. Duration of Response (DOR) Per RECIST 1.1 as Assessed by the Central Imaging Vendor [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 4 years ]
    For participants who demonstrated a CR or PR, duration of response was defined as the time from first documented evidence of CR or PR until disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. Complete Response: disappearance of all target lesions. Partial Response: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. Responses were based upon blinded central imaging vendor per RECIST 1.1. Duration of Response was based on IRC review using RECIST 1.1 and was summarized by Kaplan-Meier (KM) methods for censored data. Nonresponders were excluded from the analysis of DOR.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • Histologically-proven locally advanced unresectable or metastatic colorectal carcinoma
  • Locally confirmed MMR deficient or MSI-H status
  • Has been previously treated with standard therapies, which must include, for Cohort A, fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan, and for Cohort B, at least one line of systemic standard of care therapy: fluoropyrimidine + oxaliplatin or fluoropyrimidine + irinotecan +/- anti-VEGF/EGFR monoclonal antibody (mAb).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1
  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
  • Provides an archival or newly obtained (≤60 days prior to first dose of study treatment) tumor tissue sample (Cohort B)
  • At least one measurable lesion
  • Female participants of childbearing potential should be willing to use acceptable methods of contraception or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment
  • Male participants should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study treatment through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment
  • Adequate organ function

Exclusion criteria:

  • Currently participating in another study and receiving trial treatment, participated in a study of an investigational agent and received trial treatment within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment in this study, or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment in this study
  • Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years
  • Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  • Known active central nervous system metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
  • Prior monoclonal antibody (mAb), chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study Day 1 or not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events (AEs) due to a previously administered agent
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.
  • Received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study treatment
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Known active Hepatitis B or C
  • Has known history of, or any evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, noninfectious pneumonitis
  • Active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the study
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02460198


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02460198    
Other Study ID Numbers: 3475-164
2015-001852-32 ( EudraCT Number )
153046 ( Registry Identifier: JAPIC-CTI )
MK-3475-164 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
KEYNOTE-164 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
First Posted: June 2, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 21, 2020
Last Update Posted: March 22, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Programmed Cell Death-1 (PD1, PD-1)
Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PDL1, PD-L1)
MSI-H
MSI
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Colorectal Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents