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A Clinical Trial to Assess the Long Term Safety and Tolerability of MK-0653C in Japanese Participants With Hypercholesterolemia (MK-0653C-384)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02460159
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 2, 2015
Results First Posted : January 11, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
This study will assess the safety and tolerability of Ezetimibe (EZ) 10 mg/Atorvastatin (Atora) 10 mg and EZ 10mg/Atora 20 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC) in Japanese participants with hypercholesterolemia uncontrolled with monotherapy of Ezetimibe 10 mg or Atorvastatin up to 20 mg. There is no formal hypothesis for the study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypercholesterolemia Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia Drug: EZ 10 mg/Atorva 20 mg FDC Drug: EZ 10 mg/Atorva 10 mg FDC Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 135 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Clinical Trial to Assess the Long Term Safety and Tolerability of MK-0653C in Japanese Patients With Hypercholesterolemia Who Have Inadequate LDL-C Control on Ezetimibe or Atorvastatin Calcium Monotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : June 23, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 22, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 22, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: EZ 10 mg/Atorva 10 mg FDC
one EZ 10 mg/Atorva 10 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablet orally with food once daily for 52 weeks.
Drug: EZ 10 mg/Atorva 10 mg FDC
Other Name: MK-0653C

Experimental: EZ 10 mg/Atorva 20 mg FDC
one EZ 10 mg/Atorva 20 mg fixed -dose combination (FDC) tablet orally with food once daily for 52 weeks.
Drug: EZ 10 mg/Atorva 20 mg FDC
Other Name: MK-0653C




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Experience 1 or More Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: up to 54 Weeks ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a subject which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. An AE was any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. The percentage of participants that reported at least 1 AE was summarized.

  2. Percentage of Participants Who Experience 1 or More Gastrointestinal-related AEs [ Time Frame: up to 54 weeks ]
    Gastrointestinal-related AEs included all preferred terms within system organ class of Gastrointestinal Disorders except Chapped Lips and Toothache.

  3. Percentage of Participants Who Experience 1 or More Gallbladder-related AEs [ Time Frame: up to 54 weeks ]
    Gallbladder-related AEs included Bile Duct Obstruction, Bile Duct Stone, Bile Duct Stenosis, Biliary Colic, Cholangitis, Cholecystectomy, Cholecystitis, Cholelithiasis, Gallbladder Disorder, Gallbladder Perforation, Hepatic Pain, and Hydrocholecystis.

  4. Percentage of Participants Who Experience 1 or More Allergic Reaction or Rash AEs [ Time Frame: up to 54 weeks ]
    Allergic Reaction or Rash AEs included Allergy to Arthropod Sting, Anaphylactoid Reaction, Anaphylactic Reaction, Anaphylatic Shock, Anaphylactoid Shock, Angioedema, Conjunctivitis Allergic, Contrast Media Reaction, Dermatitis, Dermatitis Allergic, Dermatitis Atopic, Dermatitis Bullous, Dermatitis Contact, Dermatitis Psoriasiform, Drug Hypersensitivity, Eczema, Eosinophila, Erythema, Eye Allergy, Face Oedema, Hypersensitivity, Mechanical Urticaria, Palmar Erythema, Periorbital Oedema, Photodermatosis, Photosensitivity Allergic reaction, Photosensitivity Reaction, Pigmentation Disorder, Pruritus, Pruritus Generalised, Rash, Rash Erythematous, Rash Follicular, Rash Generalised, Rash Maculo-Papular, Rash Papulosquamous, Rash Pruritic, Rash Pustular, Rash Vesicular, Rhinitis, Rhinitis Allergic, Rosacea, Skin Exfoliation, Skin Disorder, Skin Hyperpigmentation, Skin Lesion, Skin Mass, Skin Ulcer, Subcutaneous Nodule, Swelling Face, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Rash, Urticaria.

  5. Percentage of Participants Who Experience 1 or More Hepatitis-related AEs [ Time Frame: up to 54 weeks ]
    Hepatitis-related AEs included Cholestasis, Cytolytic Hepatitis, Hepatic Cyst, Hepatic Failure, Hepatic Lesion, Hepatic Necrosis, Hepatitis, Hepatitis Cholestatic, Hepatitis Fulminant, Hepatitis Infectious, Hepatocellular Injury, Hepatomegaly, Jaundice, Jaundice Cholestatic.

  6. Percentage of Participants Who Experience Consecutive Elevations in Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and/or Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) ≥3 Times Upper Normal Limit (ULN) [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ]
    Participants had ALT and AST levels assessed throughout the 52 week treatment period. Participants who had 2 consecutive assessments of ALT and/or AST that were 3 x ULN or greater were recorded. The ALT and AST ULNs were 40 U/L.

  7. Percentage of Participants Who Experience Elevations in ALT or AST ≥5 Times ULN [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ]
    Participants had ALT and AST levels assessed throughout the 52 week treatment period. Participants who had assessments of ALT or AST that were 5x ULN or greater were recorded. The ALT and AST ULNs were 40 U/L.

  8. Percentage of Participants Who Experience Elevations in ALT or AST ≥10 Times ULN [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ]
    Participants had ALT and AST levels assessed throughout the 52 week treatment period. Participants who had assessments of ALT and/or AST that were 10x ULN or greater were recorded. The ALT and AST ULNs were 40 U/L.

  9. Percentage of Participants With Potential Hy's Law Condition [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ]
    Percentage of Participants with Potential Hy's Law Condition (defined as serum ALT or serum AST elevations >3xULN, with serum alkaline phosphatase <2xULN and total bilirubin (TBL) ≥2xULN) was summarized. The ALT and AST ULNs were 40 U/L. The ULN for alkaline phosphatase was 359 IU/L and the ULN for total bilirubin was 1.2 mg/dL.

  10. Percentage of Participants Who Experience Elevations in Creatine Kinase (CK) ≥10 Times ULN [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ]
    Participants had creatine phosphokinase (CK) levels assessed throughout the 12 week treatment period. Participants who had any CK level that was ≥10 x ULN were recorded. The CK ULNs for males and females were 287 IU/L and 163 IU/L, respectively.

  11. Percentage of Participants Who Experience Elevations in Creatine Kinase (CK) ≥10 Times ULN With Muscle Symptoms [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ]
    Participants had CK levels assessed throughout the 52 week treatment period. Participants who had any CK level that was ≥10 x ULN and had associated muscle symptoms present within +/- 7 days were recorded. The CK ULNs for males and females were 287 IU/L and 163 IU/L, respectively.

  12. Percentage of Participants Who Experience Elevations in Creatine Kinase (CK) ≥10 Times ULN and Drug-Related Muscle Symptoms [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ]
    Participants had CK levels assessed throughout the 52 week treatment period. Participants who had any CK level that was ≥10 x ULN and had associated muscle symptoms present within +/- 7 days that were reported as at least possibly-related to study drug were recorded. The CK ULNs for males and females were 287 IU/L and 163 IU/L, respectively.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Japanese
  • Outpatient with hypercholesterolemia
  • Has familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) diagnosed per genetic testing or meets two or more of the below criteria based on Japan Atherosclerosis Society Guideline 2012 (JAS2012): Hyper low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterolemia (an untreated LDL-C level of ≥180mg/dL); tendon xanthoma (tendon xanthoma on the backs of the hands, elbows, knees, etc. or achilles tendon hypertrophy) or xanthoma tuberosum; family history of FH or premature coronary arterial disease (within the participant's second degree relatives)
  • Females must be of non-reproductive potential or agree to remain abstinent or use (or partner use) two acceptable methods of birth control from date of signed informed consent to the 14 days after the last dose of study drug
  • Agree to maintain a stable diet that is consistent with the JAS 2012 for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria

  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Type 1 or uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (treated or untreated)
  • Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia or has undergone LDL apheresis
  • Had a gastrointestinal tract bypass, or other significant intestinal malabsorption
  • History of cancer within the past 5 years except for successfully treated dermatological basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma or in situ cervical cancer
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
  • History of drug/ alcohol abuse within the past 5 years or psychiatric illness not adequately controlled and stable on pharmacotherapy
  • Consumes more than 25 g of alcohol per day
  • Consumes more than 1L of grapefruit juice per day
  • Currently following an excessive weight reduction diet
  • Engaging in a vigorous exercise regimen (e.g.; marathon training, body building training etc.) or intends to start training during the study
  • Hypersensitivity or intolerance to ezetimibe or atorvastatin
  • History of myopathy or rhabdomyolysis with ezetimibe or any statin
  • Pregnant or lactating
  • Taking any other investigational drugs and/or has taken any investigational drugs within 30 days

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02460159


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02460159     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0653C-384
152982 ( Registry Identifier: JAPIC )
First Posted: June 2, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 11, 2018
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II
Hypercholesterolemia
Hyperlipidemias
Dyslipidemias
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Hyperlipoproteinemias