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Assessment of Functional Status of Estrogen Receptors in Breast Cancer by Positron Emission Tomography

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02455453
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 27, 2015
Results First Posted : January 14, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the uptake of a radioactive tracer 21-18F-fluoro-16α,17α-[(R)-(1'-α-furylmethylidene)dioxy]-19-norpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione (FFNP) uptake, which binds to breast cancer progesterone receptors (PgRs) on a PET/CT scan before and after administration of estradiol for one day (estrogen challenge) to determine if the change in uptake is a predictor of response to endocrine therapy (ET) in patients with hormone-sensitive estrogen receptor positive (ER+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) breast cancer. Estradiol is the most potent of the naturally occurring estrogens, and can be administered to treat menopausal symptoms and also sometimes to treat metastatic breast cancer. The investigators propose to study patients with biopsy-proven newly diagnosed, locally advanced, metastatic, or recurrent breast cancer who are going to be treated with endocrine therapy (ET) (tamoxifen,aromatase inhibitors or fulvestrant as standard of care therapy.

Subjects will undergo a total of two FFNP-PET/CT scans; one before and a second one immediately following the one day estradiol challenge before the start of standard of care ET. The estradiol challenge will consist of administering a total of 6 mg of estradiol orally (three doses of 2 mg each) given at approximately 8 hour intervals and over a 24 hour period.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: 18F-FFNP Device: CTI/Siemens Biograph 40 PET/CT Scanner Drug: Estradiol Drug: 18F-FDG Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 47 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Assessment of Functional Status of Estrogen Receptors in Breast Cancer by Positron Emission Tomography
Actual Study Start Date : April 28, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 3, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : January 3, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Diagnostic FFNP-PET/CT Scan
  • (2) 18F-FFNP-PET/CT scans

    • First one prior to estradiol challenge test
    • Second one immediately following one day of estradiol challenge test
  • (1) FDG-PET/CT scan at screening
  • The estradiol challenge test will consist of administering a total of 6 mg of estradiol dosed orally as three 2 mg tablets with each tablet being administered approximately 8 hours apart and within a 24 hour period. This estradiol medication will be provided to the patient by the study.
Drug: 18F-FFNP
Other Name: 21-18F-fluoro-16α,17α-[(R)-(1'-α-furylmethylidene)dioxy]-19-norpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione

Device: CTI/Siemens Biograph 40 PET/CT Scanner
  • Will include (1) 18-FDG-PET/CT scan
  • Will include (2) 18F-FFNP-PET/CT scans

Drug: Estradiol
Drug: 18F-FDG



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Primary Tumor FFNP Uptake Before and After Estradiol Challenge as Measured by Percent Change in Standardized Uptake Value (SUV) [ Time Frame: Completion of second FFNP-PET/CT scan (up to 4 weeks) ]
  2. Change in Secondary Tumor FFNP Uptake Before and After Estradiol Challenge as Measured by Percent Change in Standardized Uptake Value (SUV) [ Time Frame: Completion of second FFNP-PET/CT scan (up to 4 weeks) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Heterogeneity of Tumor FFNP Uptake as Measured by Number of Participants With Heterogenous Response [ Time Frame: Completion of second FFNP-PET/CT scan (up to 4 weeks) ]
    As measured visually in known lesion by recording presence or absence of uptake with note of any changes between scans



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must be postmenopausal defined as meeting one or more of the following:

    • Age ≥ 60 years
    • Amenorrheic for at least 12 months
    • Surgically sterile- having undergone bilateral oophorectomy,
    • FSH level in postmenopausal range according to institutional standards (note follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) laboratory testing must be ordered as standard of care to determine optimal treatment and should not be ordered simply to confirm eligibility to this study)
    • OR Pre-menopausal for whom standard estradiol treatment (ET) is planned with ovarian suppression (imaging on study should be completed prior to start of ovarian suppression)
  • Patient must have histological or cytological confirmed breast cancer and fall into one of the following categories:

    • New diagnosis with plans for at least 6 months of neoadjuvant ET or any amount of neoadjuvant ET if surgery is planned as this will be used for response assessment .
    • Patients with newly diagnosed metastatic breast cancer or patient with known metastatic disease who has progressed while on therapy (no washout period is needed if the patient was treated with AIs or chemotherapy, but 2 months washout period is needed if the patient was treated with tamoxifen) who are going to be treated with ET.
  • Patient must have any one of the following types of breast cancer (primary or metastatic): ER+/PgR+/HER2- or ER+/PgR-/HER2-.

    • ER+ is defined as Allred score of at least 4 and greater.
    • PgR+ is defined as Allred score of at least 4 and greater.
    • Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is the primary assay methodology for HER2. HER2- refers to HER2 of 0, 1+ by IHC or negative by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
  • Patient must have at least one measurable lesion according to RECIST 1.1 by radiological evaluation (ultrasound, mammography, MRI, CT, PET) or physical examination.

    • Patients with evaluable osseous metastasis that are lytic or mixed lytic-sclerotic are eligible.
    • Patients with hepatic lesions may be eligible provided the location of the lesion is peripheral or not too close to hepatic ducts. Decision on hepatic lesion eligibility will be made by the principal investigator or sub-investigator after careful review of all available imaging to ensure evaluation of the lesion will not be obscured by normal hepatobiliary excretion of 18F-FFNP.
  • Patient must be able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Prior chemotherapy or endocrine therapy is allowed
  • The patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 or, based on the judgment of the treating medical oncologist, can tolerate imaging and at least 6 months of ET
  • The patient should have a life expectancy of > 6 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with other invasive malignancies, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical carcinoma in-situ, who had (or have) any evidence of the other cancer present within the last 5 years
  • Unable to tolerate up to 60 min of PET imaging per imaging session.
  • Patients with non-measurable non-evaluable lesions such as pleural effusion are not eligible to participate.
  • Patients with vertebral lesions that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator and the treating medical oncologist, pose an imminent risk for cord compression.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02455453


Locations
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United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Farrokh Dehdashti, M.D. Washington University School of Medicine
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Washington University School of Medicine:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] February 19, 2019

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02455453    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201411005
5R01CA195450-03 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 27, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 14, 2020
Last Update Posted: January 14, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Estradiol
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Estrogens
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiopharmaceuticals
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action