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Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of AVP-786 for the Treatment of Agitation in Participants With Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02442778
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 13, 2015
Results First Posted : September 9, 2022
Last Update Posted : September 9, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.

Brief Summary:
Participants with agitation secondary to dementia of the Alzheimer's type. The diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) will be based on the "2011 Diagnostic Guidelines for Alzheimer's Disease" issued by the National Institute on Aging (NIA)-Alzheimer's Association (AA) workgroups.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Agitation in Participants With Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type Drug: AVP-786-18 Drug: Placebo Drug: AVP-786-28 Drug: AVP-786-42.63 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Eligible participants for this study must have a diagnosis of probable AD and must have clinically meaningful agitation secondary to AD.

This is a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled study, consisting of 12 weeks of treatment.

Approximately 470 participants will be enrolled at approximately 75 centers in North America.

Study medication will be administered orally twice-daily from Day 1 through Week 12 (Day 85). Screening will occur within approximately 4 weeks prior to randomization. Following screening procedures for assessment of inclusion and exclusion criteria, eligible participants will be randomized into the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 522 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of AVP-786 (Deuterated [d6]-Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide [d6-DM]/Quinidine Sulfate [Q]) for the Treatment of Agitation in Patients With Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type
Actual Study Start Date : November 11, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 14, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : September 9, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants were administered AVP-786 matching placebo capsules, orally, twice daily (BID) for up to 12 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Administered as capsules.

Experimental: AVP-786-28
Participants were administered AVP-786-18 capsule, orally, once daily (QD) along with AVP-786 matching placebo capsule, orally, QD during Week 1 followed by AVP-786-18 capsules, orally, BID during Weeks 2, 3 and AVP-786-28 capsules, orally, BID during Weeks 4 to 12.
Drug: AVP-786-18
18 mg of Deudextromethorphan hydrobromide (d6-DM) and 4.9 mg of Quinidine sulfate (Q)

Drug: AVP-786-28
28 mg of d6-DM and 4.9 mg of Q

Experimental: AVP-786-42.63
Participants were administered AVP-786-28 capsules, orally, QD along with AVP-786 matching placebo capsule, orally, QD during Week 1 followed by AVP-786-28 capsules, orally, BID during Weeks 2, 3, and AVP-786-42.63 capsules, orally, BID during Weeks 4 to 12.
Drug: AVP-786-28
28 mg of d6-DM and 4.9 mg of Q

Drug: AVP-786-42.63
42.63 mg of d6-DM and 4.9 mg of Q




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI) Composite Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The CMAI was used to assess the frequency of manifestations of agitated behaviors in elderly participants. It consists of 29 agitated items rated on a 7-point scale of frequency: 1, never; 2, less than once a week; 3, once or twice a week; 4, several times a week; 5, once or twice a day; 6, several times a day; 7, several times an hour. The CMAI total score ranges from 29 to 203. Higher scores indicate worsening of the condition. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement. Mixed Model Repeated Measures (MMRM) was used for the analysis.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Relative Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the Modified Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-Clinical Global Impression of Change (mADCS-CGIC)-Agitation Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The mADCS-CGIC-Agitation is a modified version of the ADCS-CGIC containing additional questions related to agitation and an assessment of the Clinician's Impression of Change focused specifically on agitation. Participants are asked to rate their impression of change as: 1=Marked Improvement; 2=Moderate Improvement; 3=Minimal Improvement; 4=No Change; 5=Minimal Worsening; 6=Moderate Worsening; 7=Marked Worsening. Higher scores indicate worsening of agitation and positive change from baseline indicates worsening. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  2. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) Agitation/Aggression Domain Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The NPI is a retrospective caregiver-informant interview covering 12 neuropsychiatric symptom domains. The Agitation/Aggression domain is designed to collect information on the behavioral aspects of agitation/aggression in participants with probable AD and clinically meaningful agitation secondary to AD. Each NPI domain is rated by the caregiver for symptom frequency and severity. Symptom frequency is rated as:1, occasionally; 2, often; 3, frequently; 4, very frequently. Symptom severity is rated as: 1, mild; 2, moderate; 3, severe. The total domain score is calculated as the frequency score multiplied by the severity score and thus ranges from 1 to 12. Higher scores indicate worsening symptoms. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement in symptoms. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  3. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the NPI Agitation/Aggression Caregiver Distress Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The NPI is a retrospective interview covering 12 neuropsychiatric symptom domains and is used to evaluate caregiver distress. Each NPI domain is rated by the caregiver for symptom frequency and severity. Symptom frequency is rated as:1, occasionally; 2, often; 3, frequently; 4, very frequently. Symptom severity is rated as:1, mild; 2, moderate; 3, marked severe. The total caregiver distress score is calculated as the frequency score multiplied by the severity score and thus ranges from 1 to 12 with a higher score indicating worsening of symptoms. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement in symptoms. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  4. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the NPI Aberrant Motor Behavior Domain Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The NPI is a retrospective interview covering 12 neuropsychiatric symptom domains and is used to evaluate aberrant motor behavior. Each NPI domain is rated by the caregiver for symptom frequency and severity. Symptom frequency is rated as: 1, occasionally; 2, often; 3, frequently; 4, very frequently. Symptom severity is rated as: 1, mild; 2, moderate; 3, marked severe. The total domain score is calculated as the frequency score multiplied by the severity score and thus ranges from 1 to 12 with a higher score indicating worsening of symptoms. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement in symptoms. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  5. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The ZBI is a 22-item scale used to assess the impact of a participants' disabilities on the caregiver's life. It is designed to reflect the burden experienced by caregivers of dementia participants and can either be completed by the caregiver or administered as an interview. Each item of the scale is rated to reflect the burden using the 5-point scale: 0=Never; 1=Rarely; 2=Sometimes; 3=Quite Frequently; 4=Nearly Always. The ZBI is scored by summing the responses of the individual questions and ranges from 0 to 88. Higher scores indicate greater caregiver distress. Negative change from baseline indicates less distress. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  6. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the NPI Irritability/Lability Domain Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The NPI is a retrospective interview covering 12 neuropsychiatric symptom domains, including the irritability/lability domain score. Each NPI domain is rated by the caregiver for symptom frequency and severity. Symptom frequency is rated as:1, occasionally; 2, often; 3, frequently; 4, very frequently. Symptom severity is rated as:1, mild; 2, moderate; 3, severe. The total domain score is calculated as the frequency score multiplied by the severity score and thus ranges from 1 to 12. Higher scores indicate worsening of the symptoms. Negative change from baseline indicates improvement in symptoms. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  7. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the NPI Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    NPI evaluates both frequency and severity of 12 neuropsychiatric disturbances including delusions, hallucinations, agitation/aggression, depression/dysphoria, anxiety, elation/euphoria, apathy/indifference, disinhibition, irritability/lability, motor disturbance, night time behaviors, as well as appetite/eating. Total domain score= frequency x severity and thus ranges from 1 to 12. NPI domain is rated by caregiver for symptom frequency and severity. Frequency is rated as:1=occasionally, 2=often, 3= frequently, and 4=very frequently. Severity is rated as:1=mild,2=moderate,3=severe. Frequency and severity rating scales has defined anchor points to enhance reliability of caregiver responses. Caregiver distress is rated for each positive neuropsychiatric symptom using following anchored scores. It is rated as 0=not at all,1=minimal,2=mild,3=moderate,4=severe,5=very severe. Individual Item scores are added to yield a possible total score of 0 to 144. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  8. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the Clinical Global Impression of Severity of Illness (CGIS)-Agitation Domain Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The CGIS-Agitation is an observer-rated scale that measures illness severity. The CGIS-Agitation is a 7-point (1-7) scale (1=normal, not at all ill participants; 7=among the most extremely ill participants) and is assessed for severity of agitation. A value of 0 is given to participants who are not assessed. Higher scores indicate poor health of participants. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  9. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-Clinical Global Impression of Change (ADCS-CGIC) Overall Rating [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The ADCS-CGIC rating scale provides a reliable means to assess change from a Baseline level of global function within the time frame of the trial. ADCS-CGIC-Overall focuses on the clinician's observations of change in the participant's cognitive, functional, and behavioral performance. The ADCS-CGIC-Overall responses (1-7) are rated as: 1 = marked improvement, 2 = moderate improvement, 3 = minimal improvement, 4 = no change, 5 = minimal worsening, 6 = moderate worsening, or 7 = marked worsening. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  10. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The PGIC is a 7-point (1-7) scale used to assess treatment response: 1 = very much improved, = much improved, 3 = minimally improved, 4 = no change, 5 = minimally worse, 6 = much worse, or 7 = very much worse. Higher scores indicate less response to treatment. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  11. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the Dementia Quality of Life (DEMQOL) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The DEMQOL scale is used to evaluate health-related QOL in participants with dementia and their caregivers. There are 2 versions of the DEMQOL: a 28-item version (rated by the participant); and a 31-item version (DEMQOL-proxy, rated by the caregiver). Both versions are recommended for evaluating participants (and their caregivers) with mild to moderate dementia. The DEMQOL total score ranges from 28 to 112. The DEMQOL-proxy is used for participants with severe dementia; the total score ranges from 31 to 124. For both versions, higher scores indicate greater QOL. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  12. Change From Baseline in the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The CSDD scale is used to assess signs/symptoms of major depression in participants with dementia. CSDD has 19 items, and each item is rated for severity on the following scale of 0 to 2 (0 =absent, 1= mild/intermittent 2=severe). CSDD score is calculated by summing non-missing scores from each item score. The scale ranges from 0 (no depression) to 38 (maximum depression). Scores above 10 indicate a probable major depression, above 18 indicate a definite major depression, and below 6 as a rule are associated with the absence of significant depressive symptoms. Higher score indicated maximum depression. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  13. Number of Participants With the Change From Baseline in the General Medical Health Rating (GMHR) Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    The GMHR is a global clinical rating for medical health, designed to quantify in a single number (1 to 4) the severity of general comorbidity in a participant with dementia. The ratings are: 1 = poor; 2 = fair; 3 = good; 4 = excellent to very good. MMRM was used for the analysis.

  14. Change From Baseline to Week 12 in the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-Cog) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    The ADAS is designed to evaluate the cognitive and non-cognitive behavioral dysfunction characteristics of participants with AD. The cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) consists of 11 subsets related to memory, praxis, and language. ADAS-cog scores range from 0 to 70. Higher scores indicate greater cognitive impairment. Negative change from baseline indicates less cognitive impairment. MMRM method was used for analysis.

  15. Resource Utilization in Dementia (RUD) Score: Number of Hours Per Day the Caregiver Spent Assisting the Participant [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]

    The RUD evaluates dementia participants' utilization of formal and informal healthcare resources, including hospitalizations and doctor visits, living assistance, and time spent by nonprofessional caregivers. Information on hours per day the caregiver spent assisting participant were reported in this outcome measure, using the following questions:

    Q1= On a typical care day during the last 30 days, how much time per day did you assist the participant with tasks such as toilet visits, eating, dressing, grooming, walking and bathing? Q2= On a typical care day during the last 30 days, how much time per day did you assist the participant with tasks such as shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, laundry, transportation, taking medication and managing financial matters? Q3= On a typical care day during the last 30 days, how much time per day did you spend supervising (that is, preventing dangerous events) the participant?


  16. Resource Utilization in Dementia (RUD) Score: Number of Days the Caregiver Spent Assisting the Participant [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]

    The RUD evaluates dementia participants' utilization of formal and informal healthcare resources, including hospitalizations, doctor visits, living assistance, and time spent by nonprofessional caregivers. Information on days the caregiver spent assisting participant were reported in this outcome measure, using the following questions:

    Q1= During the last 30 days, how many days did you spend providing these (toilet visits, eating, dressing, grooming, walking and bathing) services to the participant? Q2= During the last 30 days, how many days did you spend providing these (shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, laundry, transportation, taking medication and managing financial matters) services to the participant? Q3= During the last 30 days, how many days did you spend providing these services (supervising) to the participant?


  17. Resource Utilization in Dementia (RUD) Score: Number of Visits to Hospital, Emergency, and Healthcare Professional [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]

    The RUD evaluates dementia participants' utilization of formal and informal healthcare resources, including hospitalizations, doctor visits, living assistance, and time spent by nonprofessional caregivers. Information on the number of hospital visits, emergency visits and visits to healthcare professional were reported in this outcome measure using the following questions:

    Q1= During the last 30 days, how many times did the participant receive care in a hospital emergency room (for less than 24 hours)? Q2= During the last 30 days, how many times did the caregiver receive care in a hospital emergency room (for less than 24 hours)? Q3= During the last 30 days total number of visits by participant to a health care professional? Q4= During the last 30 days, how many times (number of visits for each) the participant visited any other health care professional?




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's Disease (AD) according to the 2011 National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) working groups criteria
  • The participant has clinically significant, moderate/severe agitation at the time of screening and for at least 2 weeks prior to randomization
  • The diagnosis of agitation must meet the International Psychogeriatric Association (IPA) provisional definition of agitation
  • Either out participants or residents of an assisted-living facility or a skilled nursing home
  • Clinical Global Impression of Severity of Illness (CGIS) score assessing Agitation is >=4 (moderately ill) at screening and baseline
  • Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score is between 6 and 26 (inclusive) at screening and baseline
  • Caregiver who is able and willing to comply with all required study procedures. In order to qualify as a reliable informant (i.e., caregiver) capable of assessing changes in participant's condition during the study, the individual must spend a minimum of 2 hours per day for 4 days per week with the participant.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant has dementia predominantly of non-Alzheimer's type (e.g., vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, Parkinson's disease, substance-induced dementia)
  • Participants with co-existent clinically significant or unstable systemic diseases that could confound the interpretation of the safety results of the study (e.g., malignancy, poorly controlled diabetes, poorly controlled hypertension, unstable pulmonary, renal or hepatic disease, unstable ischemic cardiac disease, dilated cardiomyopathy, or unstable valvular heart disease)
  • Participant with myasthenia gravis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02442778


Locations
Show Show 83 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.:
Study Protocol  [PDF] February 28, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 26, 2019

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Responsible Party: Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02442778    
Other Study ID Numbers: 15-AVP-786-302
First Posted: May 13, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 9, 2022
Last Update Posted: September 9, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Anonymized Individual participant data (IPD) that underlie the results of this study will be shared with researcher sound research proposal. Small studies with less than 25 participants are excluded from data sharing.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Data will be available after marketing approval in global markets, or beginning 1-3 years following article publica data.
Access Criteria: Otsuka will share data on the Vivli data sharing platform which can be found here: https://vivli.org/ourmember/O
URL: https://clinical-trials.otsuka.com

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dementia
Alzheimer Disease
Psychomotor Agitation
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Dyskinesias
Neurologic Manifestations
Psychomotor Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations