Pay For Success: Permanent Supportive Housing for the Chronically Homeless (PFS:PSH-CH)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02440360|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 12, 2015
Last Update Posted : December 20, 2019
Santa Clara County has partnered with Abode Services to provide 112 units of permanent supportive housing (PSH) for up to 6 years for chronically homeless individuals with multiple co-morbidities who are high cost users of services in the County. Because the target population of high cost users who are chronically homeless greatly exceeds the supply of permanent supportive housing to be made available via this mechanism, the County plans to use this opportunity to examine the effectiveness of PSH compared to treatment as usual by ethically allocating a limited resource using a lottery type system for eligible individuals who consent to participate in the Pay For Success (PFS) initiative. Specifically, while there are estimated to be over 2,500 people in Santa Clara who would be eligible for participation on any given night, the PFS program will only provide 112 PSH units at any given time. As the study duration will last six years, the investigators anticipate that approximately 150-200 people will be housed via this mechanism. Outcomes will be reported to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) on a quarterly basis and will be based on scheduled quarterly reports provided to the county.
This evaluation will be a randomized controlled trial comparing the outcomes for chronically homeless individuals randomized to receive PSH to those who are randomized to receive usual care. The aims of this study are to:
- measure months of stable tenancy for individuals who are placed in PSH;
- examine differences in utilization of health services and the criminal justice system; and
- monitor the changes in use of longitudinal care.
All data utilized for this evaluation will be County administrative data. The investigators hypothesize that some costly and acute health services utilization will decrease over time for the intervention group, while other more sustaining health services will increase.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Homelessness||Behavioral: PSH Behavioral: Usual Care||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||300 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Health Services Research|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of Provision of Permanent Supportive Housing for Chronically Homeless Individuals Through Pay for Success|
|Study Start Date :||May 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||July 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||July 2021|
Active Comparator: Permanent Supportive Housing
Permanent Supportive Housing (PSH) is subsidized housing with closely linked or on-site supportive services that typically include case management, physical and mental health care, substance use treatment services and vocational support.
Please see arm description.
Other Name: Permanent Supportive Housing
Placebo Comparator: Usual Care
Usual Care consists of public benefits (e.g., General Assistance and CalFresh), integrated medical and behavioral health services provided by Valley Medical Center and the rest of the County Health & Hospital System including those offered by Valley Homeless Healthcare Program, specialty mental health and substance abuse treatment services and housing programs, and approximately 2,000 year-round beds of emergency shelter and transitional housing.
Behavioral: Usual Care
Please see arm description.
- Stable tenancy [ Time Frame: Six years ]evaluated in months
- Utilization of health services and the criminal justice system [ Time Frame: Six years ]We will evaluate various categories of health services utilization (including, but not limited to, inpatient medical and psychiatric hospitalizations, emergency department use, and ambulance use) and use of the criminal justice system (including, but not limited to, arrests and jail stays).
- Longitudinal health care [ Time Frame: Six years ]We will examine longitudinal health services utilization (including, but not limited to, regular attendance at primary care, and engagement with ambulatory mental health and substance use treatment).
- Shelter days [ Time Frame: Six years ]We will calculate the number of days in shelter for both the treatment and control groups
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02440360
|Contact: Maria Raven, MD, MPH, MSc||(415) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Margot Kushel, MD||(415) email@example.com|
|United States, California|
|Santa Clara Valley Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Santa Clara, California, United States, 95118|
|Contact: Phuong Le, MD 408-299-5942 PhuongH.Nguyen@hhs.sccgov.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Maria Raven, MD, MPH, MSc||University of California, San Francisco|