Alpha Lipoic Acid for Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02439879|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 12, 2015
Results First Posted : March 2, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 2, 2016
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Diabetic Neuropathy||Drug: Alpha lipoic acid||Phase 4|
This trial was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the ethics committee of Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla, Mexico. All participants provided a written informed consent. Type 2 diabetic patients (according to American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria) with symptomatic diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN) defined as the presence of neuropathic symptoms (pain, paresthesias, or numbness) were invited to participate in this open-label multicenter trial. Inclusion criteria were: total symptom score (TSS) >7 points, HbA1c<10%, and serum creatinine <2 mg/dl. Exclusion criteria were evidence of active cardiovascular disease, malignancy, or any other conditions causing neuropathic pain, use of analgesic, antidepressant, or antiepileptic drugs, or any other medication aimed to relief neuropathic pain. In addition, child-bearing female patients not using any effective birth control method and under surveillance of a board-certified gynecologist were excluded.
Phase 1. All patients meeting inclusion criteria received 600 mg of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) (Meda Pharma, Germany) orally tid, 30 min after each main meal for 4 weeks. During phase 1, no medication for relief of neuropathic pain was allowed. Each participating site was in charge to maintain glycemic control based on the investigator's judgment attempting that all patients were treated according to the american diabetes association (ADA) guidelines. All patients were seen once a week, and at each site visit, TSS was assessed along with a pill count to ensure drug adherence, presence of adverse events and, if needed, treatment adjustments to maintain glucose levels within the ADA targets. Patients with a TSS reduction >3 points by the end of phase 1 were selected to proceed with phase 2 of the study. Patients with a decrease <3 points in TSS or that used other neuropathic pain drugs were excluded from study phase 2.
Phase 2. Patients with a decrease of ≥3 TSS points after phase 1 were randomized to receive 600 mg of ALA orally qd for 16 weeks or ALA withdrawal. Patients were scheduled to visit the clinic every 2-3 weeks for TSS, monofilament and assessment. If needed, the patient was prescribed analgesic rescue medication which was monitored at each visit. Primary endpoint was the change in TSS in the two groups studied in phase 2 and the frequency of use of rescue medications Neurological examination was performed at baseline and after phase 1 and 2 including the monofilament test, vibration perception threshold (VPT), and ankle reflexes. A 10g nylon monofilament (Thio-Feel ® Meda Pharma, Germany) was applied to four anatomical sites in each foot (1st, 3rd and 5th metatarsal heads and plantar surface of distal hallux) as previously described (correct answer = 1 point, with a maximum of 4 points in each foot). Eight correct answers were considered normal, 1-7 correct answers indicated reduced monofilament sensation, while absent sensation was assumed if no answer was correct. VPT was evaluated using a 128-Hz tuning fork (Thio-Vib ®, Meda Pharma,Germany) applied bilaterally at the tip of the great toe. Responses were categorized as abnormal (no perception of vibration), present (examiner perceives vibration <10 seconds after patient reported disappearance of vibration perception) and reduced (examiner perceives vibration >10 sec after patient reported disappearance of vibration perception). Ankle reflexes were graded as normal, decreased, and absent
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||45 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Treatment With Alpha-lipoic Acid Over 16 Weeks in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Symptomatic Polyneuropathy Who Responded to Initial 4-week High-dose Loading|
|Study Start Date :||December 2009|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 2010|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2010|
Active Comparator: alpha lipoic acid treatment
After a decrease in the total symptoms score >3 points with 600 mg orally tid of alpha lipoic acid for 4 weeks patients were randomized to recieve for 16 weeks 600 mg orally once a day of alpha lipoic acid
Drug: Alpha lipoic acid
Alpha lipoic acid 1800 mg PO divided in 3 doses for 4 weeks . If total symptoms score decreased >3 points patients received alpha lipoic acid 600 mg PO each day or no treatment for 16 weeks.
No Intervention: alpha lipoic acid withdrawal
After a decrease in the total symptoms Score >3 points with 600 mg orally tid of alpha lipoic acid for 4 weeks patients were randomized to recieve for 16 weeks no treatment
- Total Symptoms Score [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]Total symptoms score is a summation of presence, severity, and duration of the four main positive neuropathic sensory symptoms: lancinating/stabbing pain, burning pain, paresthesia, and asleep numbness
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02439879
|Principal Investigator:||Hector Garcia-Alcala, MD||Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla|