A Registry to Determine the Clinical and Genetic Risk Factors for Torsade De Pointes (BA-TdP)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02439645|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 12, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2016
|Condition or disease|
|Long qt Syndrome Torsade de Pointes|
BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE Drug-induced long QT syndrome (LQTS), and the subsequent fatal arrhythmia torsade de pointes (TdP), is an important side effect associated with the use of a number of medications. Prolongation of the QT interval is the most common cause of withdrawal of medications already on the market, and despite the relatively rarity with non-cardiovascular drugs, the public health impact is magnified by the fact that drug-induced TdP can occur with medications used for benign conditions, such as allergic rhinitis. The QT interval is heritable, and a number of common genetic variants have been associated with QT interval in large population studies.
Although common genetic variants associated with sudden cardiac death have been identified, studies specifically identifying variants associated with drug-induced LQTS and TdP are limited. Smaller studies have suggested that variants of genes associated with QT interval duration in the population in general are also associated with the risk of drug-induced QT prolongation and TdP, but larger studies are needed. Moreover, an improved ability to predict the causes of TdP requires a careful search for clinical factors associated with TdP compared to controls.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS
A. Study Design and Enrollment: We propose to conduct a multi-center research study to examine known and explore potentially unknown genetic and clinical predictors of torsade de pointes (TdP) also known as acquired long QT syndrome (LQTS) through creation of a registry. Any patient with a documented history of a torsade de pointes (TdP) event will be eligible. Patients must be able to understand the risks of genetic testing, and be willing to undergo a venipuncture for blood collection for genotyping. Exclusion criteria include inability to provide informed consent. We plan to enroll a total of 200 study participants total across all participating centers. Massachusetts General Hospital will be the coordinating center of this multi-center study of medical institutions within the greater Boston and New England area. In a substudy to take place at MGH, subjects will be invited to have a punch biopsy of the skin to allow creation of inducible pluripotent stem cells that can be differentiated into cardiomyocytes for further characterization of the repolarization phenotype.
B. Study Procedures: We will screen patients for enrollment including both retrospective (event prior to the start of the study) and prospective (event following the start of the study) components. Patients will be identified by investigators based on clinical characteristics, and following explanation of the study by co-investigators, will be asked about participation either during routine scheduled follow-up (for retrospective cases) or at the sentinel event. Investigators will complete a data collection form for each patient, which will include contact information, demographic information, clinical information, family history and pedigree, and all electrocardiography information available (12-lead ECGs, rhythm strips and summary reports). No information about mental illness will be collected. Patients will then undergo venipuncture, and four 5mL blood samples will be collected for genotyping and plasma analysis. For patients who are willing, a 3mm punch biopsy from the shoulder, upper thigh, small of the back, or buttock (subject's choice) will be obtained for fibroblast culture. Patients who are recruited at non-MGH sites will have a visit to MGH scheduled in order to obtain the skin biopsy. Induced pluripotent stem cells will be made from the fibroblast cultures and differentiated to cardiomyocytes in order to assess the cellular phenotype. Patients will also be consented for future re-contact about additional data, information, or samples needed for analysis. All clinical information and samples (including DNA and blood) collected at participating centers will be transferred to Dr. Newton-Cheh at MGH for storage and analysis.
|Study Type :||Observational [Patient Registry]|
|Estimated Enrollment :||200 participants|
|Target Follow-Up Duration:||20 Years|
|Official Title:||A Registry to Determine the Clinical and Genetic Risk Factors for Torsade De Pointes|
|Study Start Date :||October 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2018|
- Torsade de pointes arrhythmia events [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the time to obtain consent, clinical information and biospecimens (typically < 1 day) ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02439645
|Contact: Christopher Newton-Cheh, MD, MPHfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Michael A Rosenberg, MDemail@example.com|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Contact: Christopher Newton-Cheh, MD, MPH 617-643-7995 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Michael A Rosenberg, MD 617-726-3592 email@example.com|
|Boston University Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118|
|Contact: Robert Helm, MD 617-638-5300 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|Contact: Saumya Das, MD, PhD 617-667-8800 email@example.com|
|West Roxbury VA Medical Center||Recruiting|
|West Roxbury, Massachusetts, United States, 02132|
|Contact: Michael A Rosenberg, MD 857-203-6840 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher Newton-Cheh, MD, MPH||Massachusetts General Hospital|