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Effects of Visual Arts Training on Dementia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02432222
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 4, 2015
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Melody Wiseheart, York University

Brief Summary:

The study will use a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of two interventions (visual arts and music) for individuals with dementia, focusing on dementia of the Alzheimer's type (DAT). Interventions will be run for 10 weeks in dementia day centers and/or retirement residences. Participants will be tested before and after the intervention on a battery of cognitive, affective, and behavioural measures. They will be compared to a waitlist control group who don't receive the intervention.

The purpose of our research is twofold: treatment of symptoms and improved quality of life during disease progression in dementia. For the primary aim, the investigators are examining the potential of arts interventions on declining functions in dementia (memory, mood, and behavior) to investigate potential treatment effects. Secondly, quality of life will be measured, with the aim of looking beyond disease progression to contribute to an overall positive patient experience. Research has indicated the need for non-pharmacological treatments to be used as a first line of action against dementia symptoms and development. While, in best practice, pharmacological treatments should be used as a second-line approach.

Note: Music intervention dropped prior to study initiation.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dementia Alzheimer Disease Behavioral: Visual Arts Training Behavioral: Music Training Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Visual Arts Training on Dementia
Study Start Date : April 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dementia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Music Training
Music training
Behavioral: Music Training
Music training

Experimental: Visual Arts Training
Visual arts training
Behavioral: Visual Arts Training
Visual arts training

No Intervention: Control
Waitlist control



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA, change measure) [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Designed by Nasreddine (2005) for overall cognitive assessment

  2. Working memory (change measure) [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Visual (body part pointing test, Stopford et al, 2010), auditory (digit span test, Weschler, 2008)

  3. Rey-Osterreith test of long-term memory (change measure) [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Rey-Osterreith Complex Figure Recognition, Rey-Osterreith Figure Copy, Rey-Osterreith verbal task (Osterreith, 1944; Schmidt, 1996)

  4. Trails test of set-shifting (change measure) [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Measure of set-shifting/task switching

  5. Dual task for visual and auditory search (change measure) [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 weeks ]
    designed by Baddeley (2001)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Behavioural psychiatric peformance (time-to-event measure) [ Time Frame: from date of randomization upto 8 weeks ]
    Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI; Cummings, 2009)

  2. Quality of Life (change measure) [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Questionnaire on well-being (Kerner, Patterson, Grant, & Kaplan, 1998) to be filled out by caregivers

  3. Visual analog mood scale [ Time Frame: baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Measure of mood designed by Stern et al (2010) and Temple et al (2004)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • dementia

Exclusion Criteria:

  • known comorbid cognitive or neurological impairments

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02432222


Sponsors and Collaborators
York University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Melody Wiseheart, PhD York University

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Responsible Party: Melody Wiseheart, Associate Professor, York University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02432222    
Other Study ID Numbers: YorkU-AD1
First Posted: May 4, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 13, 2016
Last Verified: July 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders