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A Study of the Effectiveness of Cognitive Adaptation Training in Early Intervention for Psychosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02430935
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 30, 2015
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sean Kidd, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Brief Summary:
The proposed study will involve a randomized trial of Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT) for early intervention as compared against an active control in which Action Based Cognitive Remediation (ABCR) will be applied.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Psychosis Behavioral: Cognitive Adaptation Training Behavioral: Action Based Cognitive Remediation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The proposed project will expand knowledge of the role of compensatory and restorative cognitive interventions for early intervention population individuals with schizophrenia. The investigators will conduct a two arm randomized trial comparing the impacts of CAT and Action Based Cognitive Remediation (ABCR) for individuals with schizophrenia who are under the age of 30. The model would mirror the investigators' preliminary work at CAMH (Kidd et al., 2014) in which there will be 4 months of specialist-delivered treatment followed by 5 months of maintenance by case managers with pre, 4 month, and 9 month evaluations conducted. This study will be among the most rigorous examinations of such interventions to date, would be among the first to examine integrative approaches, and would make a substantial contribution to the early intervention literature.

The questions for the purposes of this project are:

  1. Is CAT effective among individuals with schizophrenia under the age of 30?

    and

  2. Does integrating cognitive remediation with CAT enhance outcomes as compared with CAT alone?

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 67 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study of the Effectiveness of Cognitive Adaptation Training in Early Intervention for Psychosis
Actual Study Start Date : April 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cognitive Adaptation Training
Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT) is a standardized approach to the use of environmental supports for improving multiple domains of adaptive functioning including adherence to medication, grooming, and activities of daily living in patients with schizophrenia.
Behavioral: Cognitive Adaptation Training
Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT) is a manual-driven standardized approach that uses environmental supports to improve multiple domains of adaptive functioning including adherence to medication, grooming, and activities of daily living in patients with schizophrenia. Interventions for each functional deficit are based on two dimensions 1) level of impairment in executive functions (determined by neurocognitive tests) and 2) whether the overt behavior of the individual is characterized more by apathy (poverty of speech/movement/inability to initiate and follow through on behavioral sequences), disinhibition (distractibility/behavior which is highly cue-driven) or a combination of these styles (based on the Frontal Lobe Personality Scale (FLOPS).

Active Comparator: Action Based Cognitive Remediation
ABCR is applied in once weekly 2 hour sessions in small groups (6-8 per group). In these group sessions, simulated bridging activities are done immediately following computerized cognitive activation to increase the chance that participants retain the strategies just developed in a real life environment.
Behavioral: Action Based Cognitive Remediation
ABCR is applied in once weekly 2 hour sessions in small groups (6-8 per group). In these group sessions, simulated bridging activities are done immediately following computerized cognitive activation to increase the chance that participants retain the strategies just developed in a real life environment.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Adaptive Functioning (SOFAS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    A global level of social and occupational functioning will be obtained using the Social and Occupational Functioning Scale from the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). The SOFAS rates global functioning on a scale from 0 to 100. The rating does not take into account level of symptomatology.

  2. Change in Adaptive Functioning (SFS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    The Social Functioning Scale (SFS; Birchwood et al., 1990) will be administered. This is a self-report measure that details the frequency and intensity with which the person engages in functional activities. A total score and domain scores for social withdrawal, relationships, social activity, recreational activity, independence (competence), independence (performance) and employment are generated.

  3. change in Adaptive Functioning (MCAS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    Both client and clinician versions of 17-item The Multnomah Community Ability Scale (MCAS, Barker et al., 1994) will be used to assess functionality.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Medication Adherence [ Time Frame: Throughout the 9 months of participation. ]
    Medication adherence will be determined through regular pill counts of currently prescribed psychiatric medications and pharmacy records.

  2. Hospitalization [ Time Frame: Throughout the 9 months of participation. ]
    Hospitalization will be tracked by (i) monitoring of electronic records through the central CAMH database and (ii) the reports of the primary Case Manager. Both frequency and duration of inpatient stays will be documented as will the frequency of emergency room visits.

  3. Change in Goal Attainment (GAS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) will be employed as a sensitive measure of progress on individually defined goals that has demonstrated good reliability and validity with severe mental illness populations (Hurn et al., 2006). Goal attainment scaling involves the setting of 3-5 goals, each operationalized on a 5-point scale. Goals are individualized to the client and assessment of progress are determined through consensus of the clinician and case manager.

  4. Change in Caregiver Burden (IEQ) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    Caregiver burden will be measured for the family member involved in implementing CAT using the 31-item Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire (IEQ; Van Wijngaarden et al., 2000). This questionnaire, which has been validated for caregivers of individuals with schizophrenia, covers a broad domain of caregiving consequences and refers to burden experienced within the past 4 weeks.

  5. Change in Cognition (WRAT-III) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    The Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT-III) reading subtest (Wilkinson, 1993) will be used to evaluate pre-morbid educational attainment.

  6. Change in Cognition (Trail Making test part A) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    The Trail Making test part A (Radford et al., 1978), a test involving using lines to connect numbers, will be used to assess scanning ability and psychomotor speed.

  7. Change in Cognition (Digit Span Subtest of the Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale - III ) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    Short term memory will be evaluated with the digit span subtest of the Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale - III (The Psychological Corporation, 1997).

  8. Change in Cognition (CVLT) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    Verbal learning and memory will be assessed with the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT -Delis et al., 1987). The CVLT involves the repeated presentation of a word list that determines acquisition ability and retention.

  9. Change in Cognition (Trail Making Test, Part B, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    Executive functioning will be assessed with the Trail Making Test, Part B, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST - Berg, 1948).

  10. Change in Positive symptoms (BPRS-E) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    Positive symptoms will be assessed using the expanded version of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-E; Ventura et al., 1993). The BPRS-E is a 24-item scale assessing multiple domains of psychopathology on a series of 7-point scales (1-7). A positive symptom factor score is composed of items assessing hallucinations, unusual thought content, conceptual disorganization and suspiciousness.

  11. Change in Negative symptoms (NSA) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 4 months and 9 months ]
    Negative symptoms will be assessed using the Negative Symptom Assessment (NSA; Alphs et al., 1989). The NSA is a 26-item instrument examining negative symptomatology on a series of 7-point scales (0-6). A total negative symptom score is calculated by adding together the scores from the NSA subscales, communication, emotion, motivation, social functioning, and cognition.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 29 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must be CAMH clients, have an assigned caseworker, be between the ages of 16-34 and have a psychosis such as schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • not currently experiencing high level of paranoia.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02430935


Locations
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Canada, Ontario
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Sean Kidd Clinician Scientist
Additional Information:
Publications:
Delis, D., Kramer, J., Kaplan. E., & Ober, B. (1987). California Verbal Learning and Memory Test (Manual). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
The Psychological Corporation. (1997). WAIS-III administration and scoring manual. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Ventura J, Green MF, Shaner A, Liberman RP: Training and quality assurance with the brief psychiatric rating scale: The drift busters. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 1993; 3:221-24
Wilkinson ,G. (1993). Wide Range Achievement Test 3 (Manual). Wilmington, DE: Wide Range Inc.
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC

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Responsible Party: Sean Kidd, Clinician Scientist, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02430935    
Other Study ID Numbers: 03/24/2015
First Posted: April 30, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Keywords provided by Sean Kidd, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health:
Psychosis
Psychosis NOS
Schizophrenia
Schizoaffective Disorder
Early Intervention
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders