Adjuvant Benefit of NMES to Supervised Exercise in Patients With IC (AdjIC)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02429310|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2016 by Imperial College London.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : April 29, 2015
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2016
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Intermittent Claudication Peripheral Vascular Disease Lower Limb Arterial Disease||Device: Revitive IX||Not Applicable|
The circulation of blood around the body is dependent on effective pumping of the heart. Patients with claudication experience pain or discomfort in their legs usually during activity such as walking, which goes away at rest. Claudication is a symptom of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). If left untreated, patients can develop arterial insufficiency which can lead to various complications such as swelling, painful legs, reduced healing of injuries and the loss of limbs in extreme conditions.
PAD can be defined as a narrowing of the arteries reducing blood flow. It is most commonly due to atherosclerosis, and has associations with heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Its incidence is estimated at 7-14% in the general population, increasing with age to about 20% in the over-seventies. It is associated with effects on mobility, skin condition and quality of life. Symptoms include pain in the legs on walking (intermittent claudication), pain at rest (particularly at night), gangrene, and limb loss. Management of PAD is based on encouraging exercise, and modification of risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.
In patients with PAD, exercise tolerance is often limited. Severe symptoms and disease can be treated by procedures such as balloon angioplasty, stenting or surgical bypass, but these procedures have risks. There also remains a percentage of patients who are not suitable for revascularisation, and have few options besides amputation available to them.
Current NICE guidelines (NICE Clinical Guideline 147: Lower Limb Peripheral Arterial Disease:Diagnosis and Management guidance.nice.org.uk/cg147) advise a supervised exercise programme should be offered to all patients with IC as well as best medical therapy. Regular exercise has shown to significantly improve symptoms of IC in patients, but the effects of this benefit quickly revert upon inactivity.
Some trials have shown that increasing the blood flow in the legs over time using medical devices (intermittent pneumatic compression, muscle stimulators), in addition to maximal medical and surgical therapy, can increase claudication distance, absolute walking distance, decrease rest pain, and reduce amputation rates. In our unit it has become apparent that there are an increasing number of medical devices available for circulatory support, either for use as an inpatient, out-patient, or a member of the general public. The supporting evidence for these is variable in scientific and clinical content or relevance, and requires clinical trials to evaluate further.
The device being used in this study activates the pumping action of the leg muscles by providing neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) to cause foot muscle contraction and relaxation. This squeezes blood back towards the heart, improving circulation.
The investigators wish to evaluate whether NMES using this device has the same beneficial effects in patients with claudication when used in conjunction with supervised exercise.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||42 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Adjuvant Benefit of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation to Supervised Exercise in Patients With Intermittent Claudication|
|Study Start Date :||December 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||June 2016|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 2016|
No Intervention: Supervised Exercise Only
This is the cohort of patients with Intermittent Claudication that will receive standard care of a supervised exercise programme only.
Experimental: NMES + Supervised Exercise
This cohort of patients with Intermittent Claudication will receive the standard care of supervised exercise plus the use of a Revitive IX neuromuscular electrical stimulation device (Intervention) as per the protocol. The adjunctive benefit of the latter intervention compared to standard treatment alone will then be assessed.
Device: Revitive IX
This is a neuromuscular electrical stimulation device
- Initial walking distance measured by treadmill [ Time Frame: Change in baseline treadmill walking distance at 6 weeks ]For the initial claudication distance measurement, a fixed load treadmill test will be carried out at 3.5 km/h with a 10% gradient. The initial claudication distance (ICD) is the distance walked until the onset of pain.
- Absolute walking distance measured by treadmill [ Time Frame: Change in baseline treadmill walking distance at 6 weeks ]For the absolute claudication distance measurement, a fixed load treadmill test will be carried out at 3.5 km/h with a 10% gradient. The absolute claudication distance (ACD) is the distance walked before the participant is forced to stop due to typical pain.
- Femoral Haemodynamics measured by Femoral artery Duplex Ultrasonography [ Time Frame: Change in baseline femoral haemodynamics at 6 weeks ]Ultrasound assessment of blood flow dynamics in the femoral artery will be obtained at rest, and if randomised to the intervention group, whilst using the device.
- Laser Doppler Flow measured by optical laser [ Time Frame: Change in baseline flowmetry at 6 weeks ]Optical laser flowmetry probes will be used to assess the superficial skin circulation and temperature.
- Symptomatic scores by questionnaire [ Time Frame: Change in baseline questionnaire scores at 6 weeks ]Validated questionnaires including the Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire and Intermittent Claudication Questionnaire will be obtained at baseline and week 6.
- Quality of Life Scores measured by questionnaire [ Time Frame: Change in baseline quality of life at 6 weeks ]Validated questionnaires including the Euro-Quol 5D and Short Form 36 will be measured at baseline and 6 weeks.
- Urine metabolic profile [ Time Frame: Change of profile at baseline and at 6 weeks ]A urine sample will be collected at baseline and at 6 weeks. Mass spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis will be carried out.
- Serum metabolic profile [ Time Frame: Change of profile at baseline and 6 weeks ]A serum sample will be collected at baseline and at 6 weeks. Mass spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis will be carried out.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02429310
|Contact: Adarsh Babber, MBChB MSc MRCSemail@example.com|
|Imperial College London - Charing Cross Hospital||Recruiting|
|London, Hammersmith, United Kingdom, W6 8FS|
|Contact: Adarsh Babber, BSc MBChB MSc MRCS 07946 646 855 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Alun H Davies, BA BCh BM MA FRCS|
|Sub-Investigator: Adarsh Babber, BSc MBChB MSc MRCS|
|Principal Investigator:||Alun H Davies, BA BM ChB MA FRCS DM||Imperial College London|