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Nivolumab Alone or in Combination With Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Advanced Uterine Leiomyosarcoma

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified June 2017 by National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02428192
First received: April 23, 2015
Last updated: July 10, 2017
Last verified: June 2017
  Purpose
This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab alone or in combination with ipilimumab works in treating patients with uterine cancer that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Condition Intervention Phase
Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma Biological: Ipilimumab Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Nivolumab Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Advanced Leiomyosarcoma of the Uterus

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective response per RECIST 1.1 among patients with advanced ULMS treated with nivolumab (Cohort A) [ Time Frame: Up to 100 days ]
    For the primary endpoint of overall response with a null hypothesis of 5% and an alternative hypothesis of 20%, 37 patients are needed in a two-stage design with 12 patients in the first stage and 25 patients in the second stage. At the first stage analysis, overall response, at least 1 response out of 12 patients will need to be observed to continue through the second stage. At the second stage, at least 4 responses out of 37 patients will need to be observed to accept the treatment. The overall power for overall response rate is 90%. The overall type I error, the chance of incorrectly reject

  • Objective response per RECIST 1.1 among patients with advanced ULMS treated with nivolumab and ipilimumab (Cohort B) [ Time Frame: Up to 100 days ]
    For the primary endpoint of overall response with a null hypothesis of 5% and an alternative hypothesis of 30%, 25 patients are needed in a two-stage design with 8 patients in the first stage and 17 patients in the second stage. At the first stage analysis, overall response, at least 1 response out of 8 patients will need to be observed to continue through the second stage. At the second stage, at least 3 responses out of 25 patients will need to be observed to accept the treatment. The overall power for overall response rate is 94%. The overall type I error, the chance of incorrectly rejectin


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of toxicity, graded using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (Cohort A) [ Time Frame: Up to 100 days ]
    Among the first phase of 12 patients, there is at least 58% probability of observing one or more rare (7% true probability) events, and 83% probability of observing toxicities that have a true occurrence of at least 15%. Among the total cohort of 37 patients, there is at least 85% probability of observing one or more rare (5% true probability) events, and 95% probability of observing toxicities that have a true occurrence of at least 8%. With 37 treated patients, the maximum width of a 90% two-sided exact binomial confidence interval for any estimated adverse event proportion will be no wider

  • Incidence of toxicity, graded using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (Cohort B) [ Time Frame: Up to 100 days ]
    Among the first phase of 8 patients, there is at least 57% probability of observing one or more rare (10% true probability) events, and 73% probability of observing one or more toxicities that have a true occurrence rate as low as 15%. Among the total cohort of 25 patients, there is at least 84% probability of observing one or more rare (7% true probability) events, and 93% probability of observing toxicities that have a true occurrence of at least 10%. With 25 treated patients, the maximum width of a 90% two-sided exact binomial confidence interval for any estimated adverse event proportion w

  • PD1 in infiltrating lymphocytes [ Time Frame: Up to 100 days ]
    The relationship between PD1 in infiltrating lymphocytes and response to nivolumab will be explored. A Fisher's exact test will be used to assess the relationship between each biomarker and response to treatment. The power to detect the relationship of interest increases as the prevalence of the biomarker increases.

  • PD2 status in archival tumor [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The relationship between PD2 status in archival tumor and response to nivolumab will be explored. A Fisher's exact test will be used to assess the relationship between each biomarker and response to treatment. The power to detect the relationship of interest increases as the prevalence of the biomarker increases.

  • PDL1 status [ Time Frame: Up to 100 days ]
    The relationship between PDL1 status and response to nivolumab will be explored. A Fisher's exact test will be used to assess the relationship between each biomarker and response to treatment. The power to detect the relationship of interest increases as the prevalence of the biomarker increases.

  • Rate of progression-free survival (Cohort A) [ Time Frame: Time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed at 12 weeks ]
    A null hypothesis of 20% and an alternative hypothesis of 40% at 12 weeks will be investigated. Patients lost to follow-up or deaths within 12 weeks will be counted as failures. The overall power for overall progression-free rate at 12 weeks is 87%, using the exact binomial distribution. The operating characteristics of this design are calculated using a one-sided exact test with 10% type I error.

  • Rate of progression-free survival (Cohort B) [ Time Frame: Time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed at 6 months ]
    A null hypothesis of 18% and an alternative hypothesis of 40% at 6 months will be investigated. Patients lost to follow-up or deaths within 6 months will be counted as failures. The overall power for overall progression-free rate at 6 months is 85%, using the exact binomial distribution. The operating characteristics of this design are calculated using a one-sided exact test with 10% type I error.


Estimated Enrollment: 37
Actual Study Start Date: April 22, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 7, 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cohort A (nivolumab - closed to accrual on 21-Oct-2015)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over approximately 60 minutes once every 2 weeks for up to 46 doses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo
Experimental: Cohort B (nivolumab and Ipilimumab)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over approximately 60 minutes followed by a saline flush and ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Ipilimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody
  • BMS-734016
  • MDX-010
  • MDX-CTLA4
  • Yervoy
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the objective response rate per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 of patients with advanced leiomyosarcoma of the uterus (ULMS) treated with nivolumab.

II. To evaluate the objective response rate per RECIST 1.1 of patients with advanced ULMS treated with nivolumab in combination with ipilimumab.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the toxicity of nivolumab in patients with advanced ULMS. II. To evaluate the toxicity of nivolumab in combination with ipilimumab in patients with advanced ULMS.

III. To evaluate the progression-free survival of ULMS treated with nivolumab. IV. To evaluate the progression-free survival of ULMS treated with nivolumab in combination with ipilimumab.

V. To explore the relationship between PDL1, programmed death PD1 in infiltrating lymphocytes and PD2 status in archival tumor, and pre/post treatment biopsies in a minimum of 10 patients.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To explore the relationship between general immune response and specific markers of immunomodulation and response to nivolumab.

II. To explore the relationship between tumor inflammatory gene signature and response to nivolumab in archival material.

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts.

Cohort A (closed to accrual on 21-Oct-2015): Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over approximately 60 minutes once every 2 weeks for up to 46 doses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohort B: Patients receive nivolumab IV over approximately 60 minutes followed by a saline flush and ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 100 days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced leiomyosarcoma of the uterus (ULMS); advanced ULMS is defined as metastatic ULMS or unresectable primary ULMS
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm (>= 2 cm) with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm (>= 1 cm) with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
  • Patients must have received at least one prior line of chemotherapy, for ULMS (either in the adjuvant or metastatic setting)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Life expectancy of greater than 9 months
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (except patients with Gilbert syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN/ =< 5 x ULN for subjects with liver metastases
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN OR creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 50 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula)
  • Patients with a requirement for steroid treatment or other immunosuppressive treatment: patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration; inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational drug; women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab; women must not be breastfeeding; women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile) do not require contraception

    • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal; menopause is defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes; in addition, women under the age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level less than 40 mIU/mL
    • WOCBP receiving nivolumab will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product.; these durations have been calculated using the upper limit of the half-life for nivolumab (25 days) and are based on the protocol requirement that WOCBP use contraception for 5 half-lives plus 30 days
    • Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform the treating physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events (AEs) due to agents administered more than 3 weeks earlier; patients who have had prior pelvic radiation may be at increased risk for bowel perforation, and therefore may not have residual inflammatory disease of the bowel or residual bowel toxicity based on baseline imaging and clinical assessment; palliative (limited-field) radiation therapy is permitted, if all of the following criteria are met:

    • Repeat imaging demonstrates no new sites of bone metastases
    • The lesion being considered for palliative radiation is not a target lesion
    • Bowel toxicity is not expected from the target field due to increased risk of perforation
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients are excluded if they have had prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-ligand 2 (L2), anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways
  • Active brain metastasis or leptomeningeal disease; patients with known brain metastases are allowed if metastases have been treated and there is no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of progression for at least 12 weeks after treatment is complete and within 28 days prior to the first dose of nivolumab administration; there must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nivolumab
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with nivolumab
  • Patients should be excluded if they have known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or if they have a positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection
  • Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids, are excluded; these include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded; patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible; patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjögren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible
  • Patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event)
  • Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration; inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses =< 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease; patients are permitted to use topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption); physiologic replacement doses of systemic corticosteroids are permitted, even if =< 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents; a brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g., contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g., delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted
  • Patients who have had evidence of active or acute diverticulitis, intra-abdominal abscess, gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction, fistula and abdominal carcinomatosis should be evaluated for the potential need for additional treatment before coming on study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02428192

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Suzanne George    877-442-3324      
Principal Investigator: Suzanne George         
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Suzanne George    877-442-3324      
Principal Investigator: Suzanne George         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Suzanne George Dana-Farber - Harvard Cancer Center LAO
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02428192     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2014-02403
NCI-2014-02403 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
DFCI- 15-707
9672 ( Other Identifier: Dana-Farber - Harvard Cancer Center LAO )
9672 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA006516 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA186709 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: April 23, 2015
Last Updated: July 10, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sarcoma
Nivolumab
Leiomyosarcoma
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2017