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Safety and Immunogenicity of a Personalized Synthetic Long Peptide Breast Cancer Vaccine Strategy in Patients With Persistent Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02427581
Recruitment Status : Suspended (Drugs not available)
First Posted : April 28, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
The most important consideration in the design of this clinical trial is to ensure the safe translation of the personalized synthetic long peptide vaccine strategy. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) dictates that initial studies of biologic therapies be performed in such a way that there is a balance between the potential risks and benefits in individual patients. Consistent with these recommendations, the investigators will target patients with triple-negative breast cancer who do not have a pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. These patients typically have no gross evidence of disease following standard of care therapy (neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery and radiation therapy) but are at extremely high-risk for disease recurrence. Targeting this patient population provides a window-of-opportunity to design and manufacture the personalized cancer vaccines, maximizes the potential benefit from the vaccine as the regulatory networks associated with metastatic disease are not present, and balances risk in this patient population with extremely high risk for disease recurrence but no other treatment options.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Triple Negative Breast Cancer Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Biological: Personalized synthetic long peptide vaccine (Poly ICLC) Drug: Poly ICLC Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 15 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Personalized Synthetic Long Peptide Breast Cancer Vaccine Strategy in Patients With Persistent Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : September 29, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1 - personlized synthetic long peptide vaccine
  • Each subject will receive a single synthetic long peptide vaccine on Days 1, 4, 8, 15, 22, 50, and 78.
  • The first five injections must take place within +/- 1 day window and the remaining injections must take place within a +/- 2 week window.
  • The synthetic long vaccine is reconstituted in up to four pools (A, B, C, and D). At each vaccination time point, each of the up to four pools will be administered to one of the four limbs (A - Right Arm, B - Left Arm, C - Right Leg, and D - Left Leg) by subcutaneous (SC) injection. Alternative anatomical locations for patients who are status post complete axillary or inguinal lymph node dissection or other contraindications that prevent injections to a particular extremity are the left and right midriff, respectively. The same pool should be administered to the same limb across doses.
Biological: Personalized synthetic long peptide vaccine (Poly ICLC)
Drug: Poly ICLC
Other Name: Hiltonol




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety of the vaccine regimen as measured by grade and frequency of adverse events [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    -Toxicity will be characterized according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE). -Subjects who are immunized with the synthetic long peptide vaccine will be evaluated at the time of each vaccination. Follow-up on subject well-being will be performed by telephone on the first or second day after each vaccination.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immunogenicity of the vaccine regimen as measured by ELISPOT analyses [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    • ELISPOT analyses is a surrogate for CD8 T cell function
    • The quantity and quality of antigen-specific CD8 T cells is determined
    • The ELISPOT analysis is based on measuring the frequencies of IFN-γ producing T cells in response to polyepitope antigen

  2. Immunogenicity of the vaccine regimen as measured by multiparametric flow cytometry [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    • Multiparametric flow cytometry is a surrogate for CD8 T cell function
    • The quantity and quality of antigen-specific CD8 T cells is determined
    • Multiparametric flow cytometry assesses phenotypic as well as functional characteristics of epitope-specific CD8 T cells



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of invasive breast cancer.
  • ER and PR less than Allred score of 3 or less than 1% positive staining cells in the invasive component of the tumor
  • HER2 negative by FISH or IHC staining 0 or 1+.
  • Consented for genome sequencing and dbGAP-based data sharing and has provided or will provide germline and tumor DNA samples of adequate quality for sequencing. Fresh tissue is preferred (from biopsy at the time of port placement) but archival tissue is allowed.
  • Clinical stage T2-T4c, any N, M0 primary tumor by AJCC 7th edition clinical staging prior to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, with residual invasive breast cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. If the patient has invasive cancer in the contralateral breast, she is not eligible for this study.
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2
  • Adequate organ and marrow function no more than 14 days prior to registration as defined below:

    • WBC ≥3,000/μL
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/μL
    • platelets ≥100,000/μL
    • total bilirubin ≤2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • AST/ALT ≤2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine ≤1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Women of reproductive potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation.
  • Able to understand and willing to sign an IRB-approved written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of progressive breast cancer within the last 30 days.
  • Received chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or biologic therapy within the last 30 days (neoadjuvant chemotherapy excluded).
  • Experiencing adverse events due to agents administered more than 30 days earlier.
  • Receiving any other investigational agent(s) or has received an investigational agent within the last 30 days.
  • Known metastatic disease.
  • Invasive cancer in the contralateral breast.
  • Known allergy, or history of serious adverse reaction to vaccines such as anaphylaxis, hives, or respiratory difficulty.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia (including sinus bradycardia), or psychiatric illness/social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Prior or currently active autoimmune disease requiring management with immunosuppression. This includes inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, systemic vasculitis, scleroderma, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, hemolytic anemia, immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjorgen's syndrome, sarcoidosis, or other rheumatologic disease or any other medical condition or use of medication (e.g., corticosteroids) which might make it difficult for the patient to complete the full course of treatments or to generate an immune response to vaccines. Asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that does not require daily systemic corticosteroids is acceptable. Any patients receiving steroids should be discussed with the PI to determine if eligible.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding. A negative serum pregnancy test is required no more than 7 days before study entry.
  • The patient with a previous history of non-breast malignancy is eligible for this study only if the patient meets the following criteria for a cancer survivor. A cancer survivor is eligible provided the following criteria are met: (1) patient has undergone potentially curative therapy for all prior malignancies, (2) patients have been considered disease free for at least 1 year (with the exception of basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix).
  • Patient must have no active major medical or psychosocial problems that could be complicated by study participation.
  • Known HIV-positive status. These patients are ineligible because of the potential inability to generate an immune response to vaccines.
  • Subjects with a strong likelihood of non-adherence such as difficulties in adhering to follow-up schedule due to geographic distance from the Siteman Cancer Center should not knowingly be registered.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02427581


Locations
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United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Williams E Gillanders, M.D. Washington University School of Medicine

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02427581     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201506113
First Posted: April 28, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 8, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Vaccines
Poly ICLC
Poly I-C
Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Interferon Inducers
Laxatives
Gastrointestinal Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents