Threonine Requirement in IBD Adults and Healthy Adult Controls
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
|Official Title:||Threonine Requirement in Healthy Adult Subjects and in Patients With Crohn's Disease and With Ulcerative Colitis Using the Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation (IAAO) Methodology|
- Threonine requirement in those with Crohn's Disease, ulcerative colitis and in healthy controls determined using the indicator amino acid oxidation method [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2015|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Threonine requirement
The threonine requirement in healthy male subjects and in patients with Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis
Threonine will be fed at various intake levels ranging from high to low in order to determine its requirement in healthy males and in patients with Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis.
Other Name: amino acid
Threonine is an essential amino acid which must be obtained from the diet. It is a component of mucin. Mucin, in turn, is a key protein in the mucous membrane that protects the lining of the intestine.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of inflammatory conditions that affect the colon and small intestine. IBD primarily includes ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). In UC, the inflammation is usually in the colon whereas in CD inflammation may occur anywhere along the digestive tract. Studies in animals have shown that more threonine is used when there is inflammation in the intestine.
The threonine requirement in healthy participants and in IBD patients will be determined using the indicator amino acid oxidation method. The requirement derived in healthy participants will be compared to that derived in patients with IBD.
Each participant will take part in two x 3 day study periods. The first two days are called adaptation days where the subjects will consume a liquid diet specially designed for him. The diet will be consumed at home. It contains all vitamins, minerals, protein and all other nutrients required. On the third day, the participant will come to the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. Subjects will consume hourly meals for a total of 8 meals and a stable isotope 13C-phenylalanine. Breath and urine samples will be collected to measure the oxidation of phenylalanine from which the threonine requirement will be determined.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02423460
|Contact: Theodore Wlodkowski, MSfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|The Hospital for Sick Children||Recruiting|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G-1X8|
|Contact: Mahroukh Rafi, BSc 4168137454 email@example.com|
|Contact: Mary Ann Ryan, BComm 4168137454 firstname.lastname@example.org|