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Trial record 25 of 49 for:    "Depressive Disorder" [DISEASE] AND Behavioral | ( Map: Belgium )

A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Intranasal Esketamine Plus an Oral Antidepressant in Elderly Participants With Treatment-resistant Depression (TRANSFORM-3)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02422186
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 21, 2015
Results First Posted : April 24, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 24, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of switching elderly participants with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) from a prior antidepressant treatment (to which they have not responded) to either intranasal esketamine plus a new oral antidepressant or switching to a new oral antidepressant plus intranasal placebo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant Drug: Esketamine Drug: Placebo Drug: Duloxetine (Oral Antidepressant) Drug: Escitalopram (Oral Antidepressant) Drug: Sertraline (Oral Antidepressant) Drug: Venlafaxine Extended Release (XR) (New Antidepressant) Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized, double-blind (neither the researchers nor the participants know what treatment the participant is receiving), active-controlled, multicenter study (more than 1 study site) in elderly participants with TRD to assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of flexible doses of intranasal esketamine plus a newly initiated oral antidepressant compared with a newly initiated oral antidepressant (active comparator) plus intranasal placebo. The study will consist of 3 phases: Screening/Prospective Observational Phase (4 to 7 weeks), Double-blind induction Phase (4 weeks), Follow up Phase (2 weeks). Participants who rollover into a long-term open-label safety study will not participate in the Follow-up Phase. At the start of the Screening/Prospective observational Phase, participant must have had documented nonresponse to at least one antidepressant treatment (based on Massachusetts General Hospital - Antidepressant Treatment Response Questionnaire [MGH-ATRQ] criteria) in the current episode of depression, and the participant is taking a different oral antidepressant treatment on the MGH-ATRQ for at least the previous 2 weeks at or above the minimum therapeutic dose. This antidepressant treatment will be discontinued prior to the double-blind induction Phase. Participants taking benzodiazepines (at dosages equal to or less than the equivalent of 6 mg/day of lorazepam) and/or permitted non-benzodiazepine sleep medications (example, zolpidem, zaleplon) during the screening/prospective observational phase can continue these medications. All participants will start with first dose (Day 1 as 28 milligram [mg]); second dose (Day 4) is either 28 or 56 mg. All subsequent doses may be 28, 56 or 84 mg. After the first dose, all dosing decisions are determined by the investigator based on efficacy and tolerability. In addition, each participant will be assigned to receive 1 of 4 oral antidepressant medications from 2 different classes of antidepressant treatments, a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) (escitalopram or sertraline) or a Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor (SNRI) [duloxetine or venlafaxine extended release (XR)], initiated on Day 1 and continued through the double-blind induction Phase. Participants will be primarily evaluated for improvement in depressive symptoms as assessed by change in Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score at Week 4. Participants' safety will be monitored throughout the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 139 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Multicenter, Active-controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Intranasal Esketamine Plus an Oral Antidepressant in Elderly Subjects With Treatment-resistant Depression
Actual Study Start Date : August 20, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 10, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 10, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Antidepressants

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intranasal Esketamine plus Oral Antidepressant
Participants will self-administer esketamine intranasally twice per week for 4 weeks as a flexible dose regimen in the Double-Blind Induction Phase. All participants will start with first dose (Day 1 as 28 milligram [mg]); second dose (Day 4) is either 28 or 56 mg. All subsequent doses may be 28, 56 or 84 mg. After the first dose, all dosing decisions are determined by the investigator based on efficacy and tolerability. In addition participants will simultaneously initiate a new, open-label oral antidepressant (Duloxetine, Escitalopram, Sertraline, or Venlafaxine extended release [XR]) on Day 1 that will be continued for the duration of Double-Blind Induction Phase.
Drug: Esketamine
All participants will start with first dose (Day 1 as 28 milligram [mg]); second dose (Day 4) is either 28 or 56 mg. All subsequent doses may be 28, 56 or 84 mg. After the first dose, all dosing decisions are determined by the investigator based on efficacy and tolerability.

Drug: Duloxetine (Oral Antidepressant)
Duloxetine could be selected as the oral antidepressant medication by the investigator based on review of Massachusetts General Hospital -Antidepressant Treatment Response Questionnaire (MGH-ATRQ) and relevant prior antidepressant medication information. The minimum therapeutic dose is 60 milligram per day (mg/day).

Drug: Escitalopram (Oral Antidepressant)
Escitalopram could be selected as the oral antidepressant medication by the investigator based on review of MGH-ATRQ and relevant prior antidepressant medication information. Escitalopram will be given at a dose of 10 mg/day throughout the Double-Blind Induction Phase. This dose (10 mg/day) is the also the minimum therapeutic dose.

Drug: Sertraline (Oral Antidepressant)
Sertraline could be selected as the oral antidepressant medication by the investigator based on review of MGH-ATRQ and relevant prior antidepressant medication information. Sertraline may be titrated up to a dose of 150 mg/day, but if not tolerated the dose can be reduced to the minimum therapeutic dose of 50 mg/day.

Drug: Venlafaxine Extended Release (XR) (New Antidepressant)
Venlafaxine Extended Release could be selected as the oral antidepressant medication by the investigator based on review of MGH-ATRQ and relevant prior antidepressant medication information. Venlafaxine Extended Release may be titrated up to a dose of 150 mg/day, but if not tolerated the dose can be reduced to the minimum therapeutic dose of 75 mg/day.

Active Comparator: Placebo plus Oral Antidepressant
Participants will self-administer matching placebo, intranasally, twice per week for 4 weeks as a flexible dose regimen in Double-Blind Induction Phase using the same titration as Esketamine. In addition participants will simultaneously initiate a new, open-label oral antidepressant (Duloxetine, Escitalopram, Sertraline, or Venlafaxine XR) on Day 1 that will be continued for the duration of Double-Blind Induction Phase.
Drug: Placebo
Participants will self-administer matching placebo, intranasally, twice per week for 4-weeks as a flexible dose regimen in the Double-Blind Induction Phase.

Drug: Duloxetine (Oral Antidepressant)
Duloxetine could be selected as the oral antidepressant medication by the investigator based on review of Massachusetts General Hospital -Antidepressant Treatment Response Questionnaire (MGH-ATRQ) and relevant prior antidepressant medication information. The minimum therapeutic dose is 60 milligram per day (mg/day).

Drug: Escitalopram (Oral Antidepressant)
Escitalopram could be selected as the oral antidepressant medication by the investigator based on review of MGH-ATRQ and relevant prior antidepressant medication information. Escitalopram will be given at a dose of 10 mg/day throughout the Double-Blind Induction Phase. This dose (10 mg/day) is the also the minimum therapeutic dose.

Drug: Sertraline (Oral Antidepressant)
Sertraline could be selected as the oral antidepressant medication by the investigator based on review of MGH-ATRQ and relevant prior antidepressant medication information. Sertraline may be titrated up to a dose of 150 mg/day, but if not tolerated the dose can be reduced to the minimum therapeutic dose of 50 mg/day.

Drug: Venlafaxine Extended Release (XR) (New Antidepressant)
Venlafaxine Extended Release could be selected as the oral antidepressant medication by the investigator based on review of MGH-ATRQ and relevant prior antidepressant medication information. Venlafaxine Extended Release may be titrated up to a dose of 150 mg/day, but if not tolerated the dose can be reduced to the minimum therapeutic dose of 75 mg/day.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) Total Score up to Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28])- Mixed-Effects Model Using Repeated Measures (MMRM) Analysis [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase[Day 28]) ]
    The MADRS is a clinician-rated scale designed to measure depression severity and to detect changes due to antidepressant treatment. The scale consists of 10 items (to evaluates apparent sadness, reported sadness, inner tension, sleep, appetite, concentration, lassitude, inability to feel [interest level], pessimistic thoughts, and suicidal thoughts), each of which is scored from 0 (item not present or normal) to 6 (severe or continuous presence of the symptoms), summed for a total possible score range of 0-60. Higher scores represent a more severe condition. Negative change in score indicates improvement.

  2. Change From Baseline in Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) Total Score to Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28])- Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) Analysis [ Time Frame: Baseline and Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]) ]
    The MADRS is a clinician-rated scale designed to measure depression severity and to detect changes due to antidepressant treatment. The scale consists of 10 items (to evaluates apparent sadness, reported sadness, inner tension, sleep, appetite, concentration, lassitude, inability to feel [interest level], pessimistic thoughts, and suicidal thoughts), each of which is scored from 0 (item not present or normal) to 6 (severe or continuous presence of the symptoms), summed for a total possible score range of 0-60. Higher scores represent a more severe condition. Negative change in score indicates improvement. Missing data was imputed using Last Observation Carried Forward (LOCF) method and last post baseline observation during the double-blind induction phase was carried forward as the "End Point" for that phase.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved >=50% Reduction From Baseline in MADRS Total Score at Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]) (LOCF Data) [ Time Frame: At Endpoint-Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28] ]
    Percentage of participants with greater than or equal to (>=50) percent (%) reduction from baseline are reported. MADRS is clinician-rated scale designed to measure depression severity, and to detect changes due to antidepressant treatment. Scale consists of 10 items (apparent sadness, reported sadness, inner tension, sleep, appetite, concentration, lassitude, interest level, pessimistic thoughts, and suicidal thoughts), each of which is scored from 0 (item is not present or is normal) to 6 (severe or continuous presence of symptoms), summed for a total possible score of 0 to 60. Higher scores represent more severe condition. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method and last post baseline observation during the double-blind induction phase was carried forward as the "End Point" for that phase.

  2. Percentage of Participants in Remission (MADRS<=12) at Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]) (LOCF Data) [ Time Frame: At Endpoint-Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28] ]
    Remission was defined as participants who had a MADRS total score of less than or equal to (=<) 12. MADRS is clinician-rated scale designed to measure depression severity, and to detect changes due to antidepressant treatment. Scale consists of 10 items (apparent sadness, reported sadness, inner tension, sleep, appetite, concentration, lassitude, interest level, pessimistic thoughts, and suicidal thoughts), each of which is scored from 0 (item is not present or is normal) to 6 (severe or continuous presence of symptoms), summed for a total possible score of 0 to 60. Higher scores represent more severe condition. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method and last post baseline observation during the double-blind induction phase was carried forward as the "End Point" for that phase.

  3. Change From Baseline in Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) Score to Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28])- ANCOVA Analysis on Ranks [ Time Frame: Baseline and Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]) ]
    CGI-S provides an overall clinician-determined summary measure of the severity of the participants illness including participants history, psychosocial circumstances, symptoms, behavior, and the impact of the symptoms on the participants ability to function. The CGI-S evaluates the severity of psychopathology on a scale of 0 to 7. Considering total clinical experience, a participant is assessed on severity of mental illness at the time of rating according to: 0=not assessed; 1=normal (not at all ill); 2=borderline mentally ill; 3=mildly ill; 4=moderately ill; 5=markedly ill; 6=severely ill; 7=among the most extremely ill patients. Missing data was imputed using LOCF method and last post baseline observation during the double-blind induction phase was carried forward as the "End Point" for that phase.

  4. Change From Baseline in EuroQol-5 Dimension-5 Level (EQ-5D-5L) to Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]): Health Status Index [ Time Frame: Baseline and Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]) ]
    EQ-5D-5L is a 2-part instrument for use as a measure of health outcome, designed for self-completion by respondents. It consists of EQ-5D-5L descriptive system and EQ VAS. EQ-5D-5L descriptive system comprises of 5 dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. Each has 5 levels of perceived problems (1-no problem, 2-slight problems, 3-moderate problems, 4-severe problems, 5-extreme problems). Participant selects answer for each of 5 dimensions considering response that best matches his/her health "today". Responses were used to generate a health status index (HSI). HSI ranges from -0.148 (health state value equal to dead) and 0.949 (full health), is anchored at 0 (dead) and 1 (full health).

  5. Change From Baseline in EuroQol-5 Dimension-5 Level (EQ-5D-5L) to Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]): EQ-VAS [ Time Frame: Baseline and Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]) ]
    EQ-5D-5L is a 2-part instrument for use as a measure of health outcome, designed for self-completion by respondents. It consists of EQ-5D-5L descriptive system and EQ VAS. The EQ VAS self-rating records the respondent's own assessment of his or her overall health status at the time of completion, on a scale of 0 (the worst health you can imagine) to 100 (the best health you can imagine).

  6. Change From Baseline in EuroQol-5 Dimension-5 Level (EQ-5D-5L) to Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]): Sum Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Endpoint (Double-blind Induction Phase [Day 28]) ]
    EQ-5D-5L consists of EQ-5D-5L descriptive system and EQ visual analogue scale (EQ VAS). EQ-5D-5L descriptive system comprises of 5 dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. Each has 5 levels of perceived problems (1-no problem, 2-slight problems, 3-moderate problems, 4-severe problems, 5-extreme problems). Participant selects answer for each of 5 dimensions considering response that best matches his/her health "today". Responses were used to generate a Health Status Index (HSI). HSI ranges from -0.148 (health state value equal to dead) and 0.949 (full health). EQ VAS self-rating records the respondent's own assessment of his/her overall health status at time of completion, on a scale of 0 (worst health you can imagine) to 100 (best health you can imagine). Sum score ranges from 0 to 100 where, sum score = (sum of the scores from the 5 dimensions minus 5) *5. Higher score indicates worst health state.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • At the time of signing the informed consent form (ICF), participant must be a man or woman 65 years of age or older
  • At the start of the Screening/prospective observational Phase, participant must meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for single-episode major depressive disorder (MDD) [if single-episode MDD, the duration must be greater than or equal to (>=) 2 years] or recurrent MDD, without psychotic features, based upon clinical assessment and confirmed by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)
  • At the start of the Screening/Prospective observational Phase, participant must have an Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician rated (IDS-C30) total score of greater than or equal to (>=) 31
  • At the start of the Screening/Prospective observational Phase, participants must have had nonresponse (less than or equal to 25% improvement) to >=1 but less than or equal to (<=) 8 oral antidepressant treatments taken at adequate dosage and for adequate duration, as assessed using the Massachusetts General Hospital - Antidepressant Treatment Response Questionnaire (MGH-ATRQ) and documented records by medical and pharmacy/prescription records, or a letter from the treating physician, for the current episode of depression
  • Participant must be taking one of the oral antidepressant treatment with nonresponse that is documented on the MGH-ATRQ at the start of the screening/prospective observational phase
  • The participant's current major depressive episode, depression symptom severity (Week 1 MADRS total score greater than or equal to 24 required) and treatment response to antidepressant treatments used in the current depressive episode (retrospectively assessed) must be confirmed for participation in a clinical study based on a Site-Independent Qualification Assessment
  • Participant must be medically stable on the basis of clinical laboratory tests performed in the screening/prospective observational phase

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The participant's depressive symptoms have previously demonstrated nonresponse to: Esketamine or ketamine in the current major depressive episode per clinical judgment, or all of the 4 oral antidepressant treatment options available for the double-blind induction Phase (Duloxetine, Escitalopram, Sertraline, and Venlafaxine extended release [XR]) in the current major depressive episode (based on MGH-ATRQ), or an adequate course of treatment with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the current major depressive episode, defined as at least 7 treatments with unilateral ECT
  • Participants who has received vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) or who has received deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the current episode of depression
  • Participant has a current or prior DSM-5 diagnosis of a psychotic disorder or MDD with psychosis, bipolar or related disorders (confirmed by the MINI), obsessive compulsive disorder (current episode only), intellectual disability ( intellectual disability [DSM-5 diagnostic codes 317, 318.0, 318.1, 318.2, 315.8, and 319]), borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, or narcissistic personality disorder
  • Participant has homicidal ideation/intent, per the Investigator's clinical judgment, or has suicidal ideation with some intent to act within 6 months prior to the start of the Screening/prospective observational Phase, per the Investigator's clinical judgment or based on the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) and also includes history of suicidal behavior within the past year prior to start of the screening/prospective observational phase
  • Participant has a history (lifetime) of ketamine, phencyclidine (PCP), lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), or 3, 4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA) hallucinogen-related use disorder\
  • Participant has a Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) < 25 or <22 for those participants with less than an equivalent of high school education
  • Participant has neurodegenerative disorder (eg, Alzheimer's Disease, Vascular dementia, Parkinson's disease with clinical evidence of cognitive impairment) or evidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
  • Participant has a history of uncontrolled hypertension; current or past history of significant pulmonary insufficiency/condition;clinically significant ECG abnormalities; current or past history of seizures; clinically significant cardiovascular disorders including cerebral and cardiac vascular disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02422186


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Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 18, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] January 10, 2017


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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02422186     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR107129
ESKETINTRD3005 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
2014-004588-19 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 21, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 24, 2019
Last Update Posted: April 24, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant
Esketamine
Oral Antidepressant
Elderly Participants
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depression
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Duloxetine Hydrochloride
Dexetimide
Antidepressive Agents
Citalopram
Sertraline
Venlafaxine Hydrochloride
Esketamine
Psychotropic Drugs
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Parasympatholytics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists
Cholinergic Agents