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Bortezomib and Vorinostat in Younger Patients With Refractory or Relapsed MLL Rearranged Hematologic Malignancies

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02419755
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Accrual goals were no longer feasible based on restrictions imposed by the DSMB.)
First Posted : April 17, 2015
Results First Posted : February 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Brief Summary:

This study will test the safety and effectiveness of adding bortezomib and vorinostat to other chemotherapy drugs commonly used to treat relapsed or refractory leukemia. Both drugs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat other cancers in adults, but they have not yet been approved tor treatment younger patients with leukemia.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE

  • To estimate the overall response rate of patients with MLL rearranged (MLLr) hematologic malignancies receiving bortezomib and vorinostat in combination with a chemotherapy backbone.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES

  • Estimate event-free and overall-survival.
  • Describe toxicities experienced by participants during treatment.

OTHER PRESPECIFIED OBJECTIVES

  • To identify all genomic lesions by comprehensive whole genome, exome and transcriptome sequencing on all patients.
  • To compare minimal residual disease (MRD) results by three modalities: flow cytometry, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and deep sequencing.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mixed Lineage Acute Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Lymphoid Leukemia Drug: Bortezomib Drug: Vorinostat Drug: Mitoxantrone Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Methotrexate Drug: Hydrocortisone Drug: Peg-L-Asparaginase Drug: Erwinia L-Asparaginase Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Mercaptopurine Drug: Doxorubicin Phase 2

  Show Detailed Description

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Bortezomib and Vorinostat in Patients With Refractory or Relapsed MLL Rearranged Hematologic Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : April 14, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 31, 2016


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Stratum 1: Myeloid Malignancies
Participants receive cytarabine, bortezomib, vorinostat, methotrexate, hydrocortisone, mitoxantrone as described in the Detailed Study Description.
Drug: Bortezomib
Bortezomib will be given as a 1 mg/mL solution intravenous (IV) push over 3 to 5 seconds. For subcutaneous (SQ) administration, bortezomib will be mixed at 2.5 mg/ml.
Other Names:
  • Velcade
  • PS-341
  • MLN341
  • LDP-341

Drug: Vorinostat
Vorinostat should be taken orally (PO) with food.
Other Names:
  • Zolinza
  • Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid
  • SAHA

Drug: Mitoxantrone
Given by intravenous (IV) injection.
Other Name: Novantrone

Drug: Cytarabine
Given by intravenous (IV) injection.
Other Names:
  • Ara-C
  • Cytosar

Drug: Methotrexate
Methotrexate will be given intrathecally (IT) along with hydrocortisone and cytarabine.
Other Names:
  • ITMHA
  • Intrathecal Triples

Drug: Hydrocortisone
Hydrocortisone will be given intrathecally (IT) along with methotrexate and cytarabine.
Other Names:
  • ITMHA
  • Intrathecal Triples

Experimental: Stratum 2: ALL and MLM
Participants in Stratum 2 [Acute Lymphoid Leukemia (ALL) and Mixed Lineage Malignancies (MLM)] receive mitoxantrone, PEG-L-Asparaginase (or Erwinia L-asparaginase), dexamethasone, bortezomib, vorinostat, cytarabine, methotrexate, hydrocortisone, mercaptopurine, and doxorubicin as described in the Detailed Study Description.
Drug: Bortezomib
Bortezomib will be given as a 1 mg/mL solution intravenous (IV) push over 3 to 5 seconds. For subcutaneous (SQ) administration, bortezomib will be mixed at 2.5 mg/ml.
Other Names:
  • Velcade
  • PS-341
  • MLN341
  • LDP-341

Drug: Vorinostat
Vorinostat should be taken orally (PO) with food.
Other Names:
  • Zolinza
  • Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid
  • SAHA

Drug: Mitoxantrone
Given by intravenous (IV) injection.
Other Name: Novantrone

Drug: Cytarabine
Given by intravenous (IV) injection.
Other Names:
  • Ara-C
  • Cytosar

Drug: Methotrexate
Methotrexate will be given intrathecally (IT) along with hydrocortisone and cytarabine.
Other Names:
  • ITMHA
  • Intrathecal Triples

Drug: Hydrocortisone
Hydrocortisone will be given intrathecally (IT) along with methotrexate and cytarabine.
Other Names:
  • ITMHA
  • Intrathecal Triples

Drug: Peg-L-Asparaginase
Given by intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) injection.
Other Names:
  • Pegaspargase
  • Oncaspar

Drug: Erwinia L-Asparaginase
To be used in case of allergy or intolerance to PEG-Asparaginase. Given by intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) injection.
Other Name: Erwinase

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given orally (PO) or intravenously (IV).
Other Name: Decadron

Drug: Mercaptopurine
Given orally (PO).
Other Names:
  • 6-MP
  • Purinethol

Drug: Doxorubicin
Given intravenously (IV).
Other Name: Adriamycin®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate in All Participants [ Time Frame: End of first treatment block (up to 2 months) ]

    For the purpose of the statistical analysis of the primary objective, response is assessed at the end of first treatment block at maximum tolerated dose of vorinostat (i.e., Induction Ia or Ib for myeloid and Induction for lymphoid and mixed lineage). Any eligible patient who starts first treatment block is considered evaluable. Response of CR, CRi, PR, or PRi is considered a success; otherwise a failure, which will include the cases of No-response, as well as off- treatment or off-study before response can be assessed, except cases found ineligible after enrollment. A patient found ineligible after enrollment will be taken off study and replaced by enrolling an additional MLLr patient.

    The rate (probability) of response will be estimated by the sample proportion of patients who responded (CR, CRi, PR, PRi) to Induction, along with the 99% confidence interval and lower confidence bound. Three interim analyses will be performed to monitor the possible lack of efficacy.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With 3 Year Event Free Survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: Three years after the last enrollment ]

    All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. In addition to death for any reason, no-response (i.e., other than CR, CRi, PR or PRi), off-treatment or off-study (except for the reason of being found ineligible), disease progression, relapse, and second malignancies will be considered as failures. The time to EFS will be set to 0 for patients who fail to respond.

    Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.


  2. Number of Participants With 5- Year Event Free Survival [ Time Frame: Five years after the last enrollment ]

    All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. In addition to death for any reason, no-response (i.e., other than CR, CRi, PR or PRi), off-treatment or off-study (except for the reason of being found ineligible), disease progression, relapse, and second malignancies will be considered as failures. The time to EFS will be set to 0 for patients who fail to respond.

    Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.


  3. Number of Participant With 10-year Event Free Survival [ Time Frame: Ten years after the last enrollment ]

    All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. In addition to death for any reason, no-response (i.e., other than CR, CRi, PR or PRi), off-treatment or off-study (except for the reason of being found ineligible), disease progression, relapse, and second malignancies will be considered as failures. The time to EFS will be set to 0 for patients who fail to respond.

    Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.


  4. Number of Participants With 3-year Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Three years after the last enrollment ]

    All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. Death for any reason is considered as a failure.

    Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.


  5. Number of Participants With 5-year Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Five years after the last enrollment ]

    All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. Death for any reason is considered as a failure.

    Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.


  6. Number of Participants With 10-year Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Ten years after the last enrollment ]

    All eligible patients who started the treatment will be included in this analysis. Patients later found ineligible will be replaced and excluded from the estimation. Death for any reason is considered as a failure.

    Kaplan-Meier estimates of the OS and EFS functions will be computed, along with estimates of standard errors by the method of Peto. Three-year OS and EFS rates, as well as longer term survival rates (5 year and 10 year) will be estimated with 95% confidence intervals.


  7. Number of Relevant Toxicities Related to Therapy [ Time Frame: From on-therapy date up to 18 months ]

    Events were graded using CTCAE v. 4.0. All toxicities will be monitored until the completion of therapy (up to 500 days) for patients that do not go on to bone marrow transplant. If a patient goes on to receive a bone marrow transplant, at that point, they will no longer be monitored for toxicity, as any further toxicities may be secondary to the transplant and not the study regimen.

    This outcome reports those toxicities that are that were possibly, probably or definitely related to therapy. Participants were separately monitored for frequency of grade 5 events, grade 4 sepsis, grade 4 hemorrhage, and grade 4 hepatic toxicity across all patients in the stratum. Grade 4 and 5 events that are clearly and incontrovertibly due to extraneous causes or disease progression will be excluded. Higher grade events are considered more severe than lower grade.



Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Frequency of Identified Genomic Lesions [ Time Frame: Once at enrollment ]
    Frequencies of the identified lesions will be described by counts and proportions. An established method (Pounds et al., 2013) will be applied to identify genes and pathways frequently hit by the genomic lesions.

  2. Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) [ Time Frame: Various time points until completion of therapy (up to 18 months) ]

    MRD will be monitored until the completion of therapy (up to 500 days) for patients that do not go on to bone marrow transplant. If a patient goes on to receive a bone marrow transplant, at that point, they will no longer be monitored for minimal residual disease.

    Concordance and associations of the MRD levels across three modalities (flow cytometry, PCR, and deep sequencing) as continuous measurements will be assessed by Pearson's and Spearman's correlations and Kendall's tau; MRD levels categorized into ordinal values will be analyzed by contingency tables with or without ordered margins.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Age: Patient is ≤ 21 years of age (i.e., eligible until 22nd birthday).
  • Diagnosis: Participant has a hematologic malignancy that is positive for MLLr as determined by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) or RT-PCR, and disease meets at least one of the following criteria:

    • Relapsed after or is refractory to chemotherapy
    • Relapsed after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)
    • Relapsed or refractory secondary leukemia (Relapse is defined as reappearance of leukemia cells after the attainment of complete remission and refractory is defined as ≥5% blasts at the end of induction. Patients that achieved MRD negative status followed by reappearance of blasts at less than 5% are eligible.)
  • Patients must have had verification of the malignancy at relapse, including immunophenotyping, to confirm diagnosis.
  • Performance Level: Karnofsky ≥50% for patients >16 years of age and Lansky ≥50 for patients ≤16 years of age (See Appendix III). Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score.
  • Prior therapy:

    • Patients who relapse while receiving standard ALL maintenance chemotherapy consisting of daily 6MP, weekly methotrexate, monthly vincristine, and monthly steroid pulse will not be required to have a waiting period before entry onto this study.
    • Patients who relapse on therapy other than standard ALL maintenance therapy must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study.
    • Cytotoxic therapy: At least 14 days since the completion of cytotoxic therapy with the exception of hydroxyurea, low dose cytarabine, and intrathecal chemotherapy which is permitted up to 24 hours prior to the start of protocol therapy. For patients with aggressive disease that is in the peripheral blood and rising, this 14 day washout period may be omitted.
    • Biologic (anti-neoplastic) agent: At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent or donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI). For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur.
    • Stem cell transplant or rescue: ≥2 months must have elapsed since the time of transplant. Patients with active graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) are not eligible.
  • Organ function requirements: All patients must have:

    • Adequate renal function defined as: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR ≥70 mL/min/1.73 m^2, OR adequate serum creatinine based on age/gender.
    • Adequate liver function defined as: Total bilirubin ≤ ULN for age, or if total bilirubin is > ULN, direct bilirubin is ≤ 1.4 mg/dL, AND SGPT (ALT) ≤4 x ULN for age, unless elevation due to leukemic infiltration
    • Adequate cardiac function defined as: Shortening fraction of ≥27% by echocardiogram OR Ejection fraction of ≥50% by gated radionuclide study
    • Central nervous system (CNS) function defined as: Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on allowed anti-convulsants and well controlled. Benzodiazepines and gabapentin are acceptable. CNS toxicity ≤ Grade 2.
    • Adequate pulmonary function defined as FVC>50% predicted OR, if unable to perform pulmonary function testing, must maintain pulse oximetry oxygen saturation >92% on room air.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Patients requiring anticonvulsants known to activate the cytochrome p450 system, in particular anticonvulsants such as phenytoin, carbamazepine, and phenobarbital, are not eligible. Benzodiazepines and gabapentin are acceptable. Please see Appendix I for a list of drugs known to be potent inducers/inhibitors of the cytochrome p450 system and Appendix II for a list of anticonvulsants based on CYP3A4/5 enzyme induction.
  • ALL patients who cannot receive any asparaginase products (E. Coli, PEG-asparaginase, or Erwinia asparaginase) on this study (eg, due to prior severe pancreatitis, stroke or other toxicity) are not eligible. Patients with clinically significant prior allergies to PEG-asparaginase are eligible if Erwinia L-asparaginase can be substituted.
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding: patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding are not eligible for this study as there is as yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities. Negative pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective birth control method.
  • Investigational drugs: Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible.
  • Anti-cancer agents: Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents with the exception of those delineated in the eligibility criteria.
  • Infection: Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible. Infections controlled on concurrent anti-microbial agents are acceptable, and anti-microbial prophylaxis per institutional guidelines are acceptable.
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (pre-study testing not required).
  • Any significant concurrent disease, illness, or psychiatric disorder that would compromise patient safety or compliance, study participation, follow up, or interpretation of study research.
  • Patients with Fanconi anemia, Kostmann syndrome, Shwachman syndrome, or other inherited bone marrow failure syndromes are not eligible.
  • Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02419755


Locations
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United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tanja A. Gruber, MD, PhD St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02419755     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RELMLL
NCI-2015-00602 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Clinical Trial Registration Program )
First Posted: April 17, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 1, 2018
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2018
Last Verified: November 2017

Keywords provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:
Infant leukemia
ALL
AML
Biphenotypic leukemia
Pediatric

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Leukemia, Myeloid
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Hydrocortisone
Hydrocortisone 17-butyrate 21-propionate
Hydrocortisone acetate
Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Methotrexate
Bortezomib
Cytarabine
Vorinostat
Mitoxantrone
Asparaginase
Mercaptopurine
Pegaspargase
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents