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Plaque Psoriasis Efficacy and Safety With Secukinumab (OPTIMISE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02409667
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 7, 2015
Results First Posted : May 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
To demonstrate in the patient pool of PASI 90 responders at Week 24 that secukinumab 300 mg s.c. when administered at a longer dosing interval is non-inferior to secukinumab 300 mg s.c. every 4 weeks treatment with respect to maintaining a PASI 90 response rate at Week 52.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Plaque Psoriasis Biological: Secukinumab Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16487 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Long Term Clear Skin Maintenance Treatment Optimization in Patients With Moderate to Severe Chronic Plaque Psoriasis: A Randomized, Multicenter, Open-label With Blinded-assessment, Comparative, 52 Week Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Secukinumab 300 mg s.c.
Actual Study Start Date : May 7, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 14, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : May 8, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Psoriasis
Drug Information available for: Secukinumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Secukinumab 300mg in PASI 90 responders (every 4 weeks)
Participants with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis who had reached PASI 90 response after 24 weeks of treatment with secukinumab 300 mg subcutanous (s.c.) every 4 weeks were treated with Secukinumab 300 mg subcutanous (s.c.) from week 24 until Week 52 every 4 weeks.
Biological: Secukinumab
Secukinumab for s.c. injection was supplied in single boxes each containing 2 pre-filled syringes (PFS) of 150 mg secukinumab in a 1 mL liquid formulation. Each 300 mg dose was administered as 2 PFS injections of 150 mg secukinumab.

Experimental: Secukinumab 300mg in PASI 90 responders (longer intervals)
Participants with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis who had reached PASI 90 response after 24 weeks of treatment with secukinumab 300 mg subcutanous (s.c.) every 4 weeks were treated with Secukinumab 300 mg subcutanous (s.c.) from week 24 until Week 52 every 6 weeks.
Biological: Secukinumab
Secukinumab for s.c. injection was supplied in single boxes each containing 2 pre-filled syringes (PFS) of 150 mg secukinumab in a 1 mL liquid formulation. Each 300 mg dose was administered as 2 PFS injections of 150 mg secukinumab.

Experimental: Secukinumab 300mg in PASI 75-90 responders (every 4 weeks)
Participants with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis who had reached PASI 75 to <90 response after 24 weeks of treatment with secukinumab 300 mg subcutanous (s.c.) every 4 weeks will be treated with Secukinumab 300 mg subcutanous (s.c.) from week 24 until Week 52 every 4 weeks.
Biological: Secukinumab
Secukinumab for s.c. injection was supplied in single boxes each containing 2 pre-filled syringes (PFS) of 150 mg secukinumab in a 1 mL liquid formulation. Each 300 mg dose was administered as 2 PFS injections of 150 mg secukinumab.

Active Comparator: Secukinumab 300mg in PASI 75-90 responders (shorter intervals)
Participants with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis who had reached PASI 75 to <90 response after 24 weeks of treatment with secukinumab 300 mg subcutanous (s.c.) every 4 weeks were treated with Secukinumab 300 mg subcutanous (s.c.) from week 24 until Week 52 every 2 weeks.
Biological: Secukinumab
Secukinumab for s.c. injection was supplied in single boxes each containing 2 pre-filled syringes (PFS) of 150 mg secukinumab in a 1 mL liquid formulation. Each 300 mg dose was administered as 2 PFS injections of 150 mg secukinumab.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maintenance of PASI 90 Response at Week 52 in Participants With a PASI 90 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    PASI is a combined assessment of lesion severity and affected area into a single score: 0 (no disease) to 72(maximal disease). Body is divided into 4 areas for scoring (head, arms, trunk, legs; each area is scored by itself and scores are combined for final PASI. For each area, percent of skin involved is estimated: 0 (0%) to 6 (90-100%), and severity is estimated by clinical signs, erythema, induration and desquamation; scale 0 (none) to 4 (maximum). Final PASI = sum of severity parameters for each area* area score weight of section (head: 0.1, arms: 0.2 body: 0.3 legs: 0.4).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Key Secondary: PASI 90 Response Rate at Week 52 in Participants With a PASI Response of ≥75 to <90 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    PASI is a combined assessment of lesion severity and affected area into a single score: 0 (no disease) to 72(maximal disease). Body is divided into 4 areas for scoring (head, arms, trunk, legs; each area is scored by itself and scores are combined for final PASI. For each area, percent of skin involved is estimated: 0 (0%) to 6 (90-100%), and severity is estimated by clinical signs, erythema, induration and desquamation; scale 0 (none) to 4 (maximum). Final PASI = sum of severity parameters for each area* area score weight of section (head: 0.1, arms: 0.2 body: 0.3 legs: 0.4).

  2. PASI 50, PASI 75, PASI 100 and IGA Mod 2011 0 or 1 Responders at Week 52 in Participants With a PASI 90 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: week 52 ]
    PASI is a combined assessment of lesion severity and affected area into a single score: 0 (no disease) to 72 (maximal disease). Body is divided into 4 areas for scoring (head, arms, trunk, legs; each area is scored by itself and scores are combined for final PASI. For each area, percent of skin involved is estimated: 0 (0%) to 6 (90-100%), and severity is estimated by clinical signs, erythema, induration and desquamation; scale 0 (none) to 4 (maximum). Final PASI = sum of severity parameters for each area* area score weight of section (head: 0.1, arms: 0.2 body: 0.3 legs: 0.4). PASI 50, 75, 90 and 100 were defined as participants achieving ≥ 50%, 75%, 90% or 100% improvement from baseline. The IGA mod 2011 scale is static, i.e. it referred exclusively to the participant's disease at the time of the assessment, and did not compare with any of the participant's previous disease states at previous visits. The scores are: 0 = clear, 1 = almost clear, 2 = mild, 3 = moderate and 4 = severe.

  3. PASI 50, PASI 75, PASI 100 and IGA Mod 2011 0 or 1 Responders at Week 52 in Participants With a PASI Response of ≥75 to <90 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    PASI is a combined assessment of lesion severity and affected area into a single score: 0 (no disease) to 72 (maximal disease). Body is divided into 4 areas for scoring (head, arms, trunk, legs; each area is scored by itself and scores are combined for final PASI. For each area, percent of skin involved is estimated: 0 (0%) to 6 (90-100%), and severity is estimated by clinical signs, erythema, induration and desquamation; scale 0 (none) to 4 (maximum). Final PASI = sum of severity parameters for each area* area score weight of section (head: 0.1, arms: 0.2 body: 0.3 legs: 0.4). PASI 50, 75, 90 and 100 were defined as participants achieving ≥ 50%, 75%, 90% or 100% improvement from baseline. The IGA mod 2011 scale is static, i.e. it referred exclusively to the participant's disease at the time of the assessment, and did not compare with any of the participant's previous disease states at previous visits. The scores are: 0 = clear, 1 = almost clear, 2 = mild, 3 = moderate and 4 = severe.

  4. Change From Baseline in PASI in Participants With a PASI 90 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48 and 52 ]
    PASI is a combined assessment of lesion severity and affected area into a single score: 0 (no disease) to 72(maximal disease). Body is divided into 4 areas for scoring (head, arms, trunk, legs; each area is scored by itself and scores are combined for final PASI. For each area, percent of skin involved is estimated: 0 (0%) to 6 (90-100%), and severity is estimated by clinical signs, erythema, induration and desquamation; scale 0 (none) to 4 (maximum). Final PASI = sum of severity parameters for each area* area score weight of section (head: 0.1, arms: 0.2 body: 0.3 legs: 0.4). A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  5. Change From Baseline in PASI in Participants With a PASI Response of ≥75 to <90 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48 and 52 ]
    PASI is a combined assessment of lesion severity and affected area into a single score: 0 (no disease) to 72(maximal disease). Body is divided into 4 areas for scoring (head, arms, trunk, legs; each area is scored by itself and scores are combined for final PASI. For each area, percent of skin involved is estimated: 0 (0%) to 6 (90-100%), and severity is estimated by clinical signs, erythema, induration and desquamation; scale 0 (none) to 4 (maximum). Final PASI = sum of severity parameters for each area* area score weight of section (head: 0.1, arms: 0.2 body: 0.3 legs: 0.4). A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  6. Change From Baseline in DLQI in Participants With a PASI 90 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    The DLQI is a ten item general dermatology disability index designed to assess health-related quality of life in adult participants with skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis, acne and viral worts. It is a self-administered questionnaire which includes domains of daily activity, leisure, personal relationships, symptoms and feelings, treatment and school/work activities. Each domain has 4 response categories ranging from 0 (not at all) to 3 (very much). "Not relevant" is a valid score also and is scored as 0. The DLQI total score is a sum of all 10 responses. Scores range from 0 to 30 with higher scores indicating greater health-related quality of life impairment. A negative mean percentage change from baseline indicates improvement.

  7. Change From Baseline in DLQI in Participants With a PASI Response of ≥75 to <90 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    The DLQI is a ten item general dermatology disability index designed to assess health-related quality of life in adult participants with skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis, acne and viral worts. It is a self-administered questionnaire which includes domains of daily activity, leisure, personal relationships, symptoms and feelings, treatment and school/work activities. Each domain has 4 response categories ranging from 0 (not at all) to 3 (very much). "Not relevant" is a valid score also and is scored as 0. The DLQI total score is a sum of all 10 responses. Scores range from 0 to 30 with higher scores indicating greater health-related quality of life impairment. A negative mean percentage change from baseline indicates improvement.

  8. Change From Baseline in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire - Psoriasis (WPAI-PSO) Score in Participants With a PASI 90 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    The WPAI-PSO is a self-administered questionnaire comprised of 6 questions about effects of psoriasis on the patient's ability to work and perform regular activities based on the previous 7 days. The questionnaire quantifies the number of hours the respondent was unable to work and evaluates how much the respondent's psoriasis affected productivity while working. For respondents who were not in paid employment, the questionnaire evaluated how much the respondent's psoriasis affects their ability to perform regular daily activities. Four outcomes were generated from the WPAI-PSO: % Absenteeism: percent work time missed due to health; % Presenteism: percent impairment while working due to health; % Total work productivity impairment: percent overall work impairment due to health; % Total activity impairment: percent activity impairment due to health for all respondents. First 3 outcomes applied to employed participants only. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  9. Change From Baseline in WPAI-PSO Score in Participants With a PASI Response of ≥75 to <90 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    The WPAI-PSO is a self-administered questionnaire comprised of 6 questions about effects of psoriasis on the patient's ability to work and perform regular activities based on the previous 7 days. The questionnaire quantifies the number of hours the respondent was unable to work and evaluates how much the respondent's psoriasis affected productivity while working. For respondents who were not in paid employment, the questionnaire evaluated how much the respondent's psoriasis affects their ability to perform regular daily activities. Four outcomes were generated from the WPAI-PSO: % Absenteeism: percent work time missed due to health; % Presenteism: percent impairment while working due to health; % Total work productivity impairment: percent overall work impairment due to health; % Total activity impairment: percent activity impairment due to health for all respondents. First 3 outcomes applied to employed participants only. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  10. Change From Baseline in Pain, Itching and Scaling Score in Participants With a PASI 90 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    Self-administered, 11-point numeric rating scales (NRS, 0-10) were used to evaluate the patients' assessment of their current pain, itching and scaling. Respondents answered the following questions for the assessment: Pain: Overall, how severe was your psoriasis-related pain over the past 24 hours?; Itching: Overall, how severe was your psoriasis-related itch over the past 24 hours?; and Scaling: Overall, how severe was your psoriasis-related scaling over the past 24 hours? Patients had to rate their pain, itching, and scaling from 0 to 10 (11-point scale), with the understanding that the 0 represents the absence or null end of the pain, itching, or scale intensity (i.e. no pain, itching or scaling) and the 10 represents the other extreme of pain, itching, or scaling intensity (i.e. pain, itching or scaling as bad as it could be). The number that the patient selected represents his or her intensity score in the respective category. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement

  11. Change From Baseline in Pain, Itching and Scaling Score in Participants With a PASI Response of ≥75 to <90 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    Self-administered, 11-point numeric rating scales (NRS, 0-10) were used to evaluate the patients' assessment of their current pain, itching and scaling. Respondents answered the following questions for the assessment: Pain: Overall, how severe was your psoriasis-related pain over the past 24 hours?; Itching: Overall, how severe was your psoriasis-related itch over the past 24 hours?; and Scaling: Overall, how severe was your psoriasis-related scaling over the past 24 hours? Patients had to rate their pain, itching, and scaling from 0 to 10 (11-point scale), with the understanding that the 0 represents the absence or null end of the pain, itching, or scale intensity (i.e. no pain, itching or scaling) and the 10 represents the other extreme of pain, itching, or scaling intensity (i.e. pain, itching or scaling as bad as it could be). The number that the patient selected represents his or her intensity score in the respective category. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement

  12. Change From Baseline in the European Quality of Life - 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) in Participants With a PASI 90 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    A visual analogue scale (VAS) was used within the EQ-5D. This scale recorded the respondent's self-rated health on a vertical 20-cm VAS where the endpoints were labeled "best imaginable health state" and "worst imaginable health state." This resulted in a numeric value set ranging from 0 (="worst imaginable health state") up to 100 (="best imaginable health state"). A positive change from baseline indicates improvement.

  13. Change From Baseline in the EQ-5D VAS in Participants With a PASI Response of ≥75 to <90 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]
    A visual analogue scale (VAS) was used within the EQ-5D. This scale recorded the respondent's self-rated health on a vertical 20-cm VAS where the endpoints were labeled "best imaginable health state" and "worst imaginable health state." This resulted in a numeric value set ranging from 0 (="worst imaginable health state") up to 100 (="best imaginable health state").

  14. Change From Baseline in the EQ-5D Utility Index (Germany, United Kingdom (UK)) in Participants With a PASI 90 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]

    The EQ-5D quantifies the health state of a patient for the following 5 dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort & anxiety/depression. In this study the EQ-5D-5L version has been used which evaluates each of these dimensions using the following 5 labels: no problems, slight problems, moderate problems, severe problems & unable to/extreme problems. Based on the 5 dimensions, a summary score (utility index) was derived using country specific value sets evaluating the patient condition described by the outcome in the single dimensions. The EQ-5D-5L (in this trail) utility index based on the crosswalk value sets available from the EuroQol for Germany & UK (https://euroqol.org/eq-5d-instruments/eq-5d-5l-about/) was calculated. A positive change from baseline indicates improvement.

    A visual analogue scale was used within the EQ-5D measuring the health state of the patients, ranging from 0 (worst imaginable health state) up to 100 (best imaginable health state).


  15. Change From Baseline in the EQ-5D Utility Index (Germany, UK) in Participants With a PASI Response of ≥75 to <90 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ]

    The EQ-5D quantifies the health state of a patient for the following five dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. In the current study the EQ-5D-5L version has been used which evaluates each of these dimensions using the following five labels: "no problems", "slight problems", "moderate problems", "severe problems" and "unable to/extreme problems".

    Based on the five dimensions, a summary score (utility index) was derived using country specific value sets evaluating the patient condition described by the outcome in the single dimensions. For this trial, the EQ-5D-5L utility index based on the crosswalk value sets available from the EuroQol for Germany and for UK (https://euroqol.org/eq-5d-instruments/eq-5d-5l-about/) was calculated.

    A visual analogue scale (VAS) was used within the EQ-5D measuring the health state of the patients, ranging from 0 (="worst imaginable health state") up to 100 (="best imaginable health state").




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Main Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Chronic plaque-type psoriasis diagnosed for at least 6 months prior to Screening and candidate for systemic therapy.
  2. Moderate to severe psoriasis at Baseline as evidenced by:

    • PASI ≥ 10 and
    • IGA mod 2011 score of 3 or higher (based on a scale of 0 to 4) and
    • BSA affected by plaque-type psoriasis of ≥ 10%.

Main Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of exposure to any biologic drug taken for the treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis or any other indication including but not limited to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, anti interleukin (IL)12/23, or any anti-IL 17A or IL 17A receptor (IL 17AR) antibody.
  2. History of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or to drugs of similar chemical classes.
  3. Forms of psoriasis other than chronic plaque-type (eg, pustular, erythrodermic and guttate psoriasis).
  4. Drug-induced psoriasis (ie, new onset or current exacerbation from beta-blockers, calcium channel inhibitors or lithium).
  5. Ongoing use of prohibited psoriasis treatments (eg, topical or systemic corticosteroids, ultraviolet (UV) therapy).
  6. Ongoing use of other non-psoriasis prohibited treatments. Washout periods detailed in the protocol have to be adhered to. All other prior non-psoriasis concomitant treatments must be at a stable dose as detailed in the protocol before initiation of study drug.
  7. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) laboratory test (> 5 mIU/mL).
  8. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using effective methods of contraception during dosing of study drug and for 16 weeks after stopping study drug.
  9. Active ongoing inflammatory diseases other than psoriasis that might confound the evaluation of the benefit of secukinumab therapy.
  10. Underlying condition (including, but not limited to metabolic, hematologic, renal, hepatic, pulmonary, neurologic, endocrine, cardiac, infectious or gastrointestinal conditions) which, in the opinion of the Investigator, significantly immunocompromises the patient and/or places the patient at unacceptable risk for receiving an immunomodulatory therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02409667


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Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 22, 2017
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 16, 2015


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Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02409667     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CAIN457A3302
First Posted: April 7, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 13, 2019
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com


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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
plaque, psoriasis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Psoriasis
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs