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Efficacy of Radium 223 in Radioactive Iodine Refractory Bone Metastases From Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (RAD-THYR)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02390934
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 18, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 16, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this Phase II single-arm study is to evaluate the efficacy of Radium-223 in treating bone lesions from differentiated thyroid cancer that are I-131 refractory. Based on the results of the phase III trial, the protocol using an injection of Radium-223 activity of 50 kBq/kg b.w. given 6 times at 4 weeks interval will be applied. The end point of this study will be the evaluation of Radium-223 efficacy one month after 3 administrations, i.e. at 3 months after the first injection. If disease progression at that time is excluded, patients will be treated with 3 further injections for a total of 6 administrations of Radium-223. The principal response criterion at 3 and 6 months will be the metabolic response on FDG PET/CT, but other imaging techniques will also be performed: axial skeleton MRI, 99mTc-HMDP bone scan and FNa PET/CT. Axial skeleton MRI is the reference for soft tissue study. 99mTc- HMDP bone scan is the most used and available routine tool to detect bone metastases in cancer patients, but its sensitivity in patients with bone metastases from thyroid cancer is low, because most lesions are lytic [23]. 18FNa PET/CT shows higher sensitivity than 99mTc-HMDP bone scan to detect bone lesions in cancer patients and is able to detect micrometastases that are not seen on bone scan [24] [25]. Preliminary results show some interest of using this tracer to evaluate the sclerotic component of bone metastases from thyroid cancer [26]. Furthermore preliminary data show that FNa PET/CT can be useful to quantify response to Radium-223 in prostate cancer. In only five patients evaluated by FNa PET/CT at baseline, 6 weeks and 12 weeks after 100 KBq/Kg of Radium-223, semiquantitative analysis by SUV max showed a relationship between PSA and SUV max level decrease in 3 patients (-44%, -31%, -27% vs -52%, -75, and -49% respectively) [27].

Finally bone metastases that are visible on morphological imaging (CT scan or on RI) are frequently submitted to local treatment modalities, and this may induce fibrosis and recalcification. Therefore, already treated metastases and not treated metastases will be studied separately as two separate subgroups of target lesions.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Thyroid Cancer Radiation: Radium 223 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 22 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Single Arm Phase II Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of Radium 223 in Radioactive Iodine Refractory Bone Metastases From Differentiated Thyroid Cancer
Study Start Date : October 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Radium 223
Radium-223 (Xofigo®) will be supplied in vials as a ready-to-use solution for intravenous administration. The activity (administered radioactivity) will be 50 kBq/kg b.w., and multiple treatment activities up to 6 injections will be administered at intervals of 4 weeks.
Radiation: Radium 223
Other Name: Xofigo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Metabolic response (PERCIST criteria) [ Time Frame: Assessed 1 months after 3 monthly injections of Radium 223 ]
    Metabolic response according to PERCIST criteria in up to five lesions on FDG PET/CT performed 1 month after 3 monthly injections of Radium 223


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pain response (numerical rating scale) [ Time Frame: Assessed every 30 days following the first Radium 223 up to 7 months ]
    evaluated on a 0-to-10 numerical rating scale completed by the patients

  2. Partial pain response (improvement ≥30% and <50% pain score) [ Time Frame: Assessed every 30 days following the first Radium 223 up to 7 months ]
    Partial pain response is defined as an improvement ≥30% and <50% of the worst pain compared to score at baseline. Complete pain response is defined as an improvement ≥50% of the worst pain score compared to score at baseline

  3. ECOG performance status [ Time Frame: Assessed every 30 days following the first Radium 223 up to 7 months ]
  4. Changes in Quality of life (QLQ-C30 and QLQ-BM22 questionnaires) [ Time Frame: Assessed every 30 days following the first Radium 223 up to 7 months ]
    evaluated with the QLQ-C30 and QLQ-BM22 questionnaires

  5. Time to occurrence of first skeletal-related events [ Time Frame: Assessed every 30 days following the first Radium 223 up to 7 months ]
    ) confirmed by imaging defined as: (i) local progression with indication for local treatment such as surgery, thermoablation, cement injection, external beam radiation, or (ii) pathological fracture, spinal cord compression (iii) appearance of new bone lesions.

  6. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Assessed every 30 days following the first Radium 223 up to 7 months ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Affiliated to a social security regimen ;
  2. Patients with histologically confirmed differentiated thyroid cancer (papillary, follicular including Hurthle cell or poorly differentiated) ;
  3. Iodine refractory disease defined by the absence of radioiodine uptake in at least one lesion or progression of the disease within 14 months after a radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment or persistent disease after the administration of a cumulative activity of 22GBq I 131 ;
  4. Age ≥18 years ;
  5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2 ;
  6. Life expectancy longer than 3 months ;
  7. Presence of at least one bone metastasis visible on CT scan or axial skeleton (AS) MRI and not requiring urgent locoregional treatment ;
  8. Presence of at least one bone metastasis with uptake on FDG PET/CT ;
  9. Presence of at least one bone metastasis with increased uptake on 99mTc HMDP bone scintigraphy or FNa PET/CT
  10. Low likelihood of an indication for systemic treatment within the next 6 months, as defined by the absence of soft tissue distant metastases or by the presence of only small (<1cm) soft-tissue metastases, or larger (>1 cm) but stable soft tissue metastases within 6 months prior to inclusion in the present protocol ;
  11. Adequate haematological (neutrophils ≥1,5×109/L; platelets ≥100×109/ L; haemoglobin > 9g/dL), renal (creatinine <1,5×upper limit of normal range), and hepatic (total bilirubin < 1.5 institutional upper limit of normal), aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase <2,5×upper limit of normal range in the absence of liver metastases or <5×upper limit of normal range in case of liver metastases) functions ;
  12. Patients receiving bisphosphonates or anti-RANK ligand (Denosumab) are allowed but patients should have received at least 2 administrations prior to Radium-223 administration and these treatments will be continued during Radium-223 treatment ;
  13. Blood negative pregnancy test in women of childbearing potential within 30 days prior to treatment initiation. Both men and women (of childbearing potential) who are sexually active must use adequate contraception during and for at least 6 months post-treatment ;
  14. Patient who is fully informed, able to comply with the protocol and who signed the informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with another malignancy that is not in remission for at least 2 years (except for in situ cervix uterine cancer, basocellular skin cancer) ;
  2. Treatment with any investigational drug or with a TKI within the previous 4 weeks, or planned during the treatment period ;
  3. Treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy within the previous 4 weeks, or planned during the treatment period, or failure to recover from adverse events due to cytotoxic chemotherapy administered more than 4 weeks before the study initiation ;
  4. Previous systemic therapy with radionuclides, including strontium-89, samarium-153, rhenium-186, rhenium-188 or radium-223 ;
  5. Patients with imminent or established spinal cord compression based on clinical findings and/or MRI and/or immediate need for local radiotherapy ;
  6. Patients with progressive visceral metastases according to RECIST 1.1 criteria assessed by CT scan and/or symptomatic brain metastases within 6 months prior to study initiation ;
  7. Patient already included in other clinical trial ;
  8. Pregnant or breast feeding women ;
  9. Fecal or urinary unmanageable incontinence ;
  10. Bone marrow dysplasia, uncontrolled diabetes or infection, NYHA Class III or IV cardiac disorders, fecal incontinence and symptomatic intestinal disease (such as Crohn disease or ulcerative colitis).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02390934


Contacts
Contact: Sophie LEBOULLEUX, MD 0142116365 ext +33 sophie.leboulleux@gustaveroussy.fr
Contact: Isabelle BORGET, MD 0142114146 ext +33 isabelle.borget@gustaveroussy.fr

Locations
France
Gustave Roussy Recruiting
Villejuif, Val de Marne, France, 94805
Contact: Sophie LEBOULLEUX, MD    0142116365 ext +33    sophie.leboulleux@gustaveroussy.fr   
Contact: Isabelle BORGET, MD    0142114146 ext +33    isabelle.borget@gustaveroussy.fr   
Principal Investigator: Sophie LEBOULLEUX, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sophie LEBOULLEUX, MD Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris

Responsible Party: Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02390934     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-001070-34
2014/2110 ( Other Identifier: CSET number )
First Posted: March 18, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 16, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017

Keywords provided by Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris:
Radium 223
bone metastases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasm Metastasis
Thyroid Diseases
Thyroid Neoplasms
Neoplastic Processes
Neoplasms
Pathologic Processes
Endocrine System Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms