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Safety and Effectiveness of the Orsiro Sirolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in Subjects With Coronary Artery Lesions (BIOFLOW-V)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02389946
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 17, 2015
Results First Posted : August 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Biotronik AG
Baim Institute for Clinical Research
Medstar Health Research Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Biotronik, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The objective of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of the Orsiro Sirolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the treatment of subjects with up to three native de novo or restenotic (standard PTCA only) coronary artery lesions compared to the Xience coronary stent system.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Coronary Artery Disease Atherosclerosis, Coronary Myocardial Ischemia Ischemic Heart Disease Acute Coronary Syndrome Angina Pectoris Device: Orsiro DES Device: Xience DES Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The BIOTRONIK BIOFLOW-V clinical trial is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial combining data on the randomized subjects with data from two historical studies by employing a Bayesian approach.

Subjects with CAD that qualify for PCI with stenting will be screened per the protocol inclusion and exclusion criteria to achieve a total of up to 1,400 randomized subjects. Eligible subjects will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio, stratified by study center, to undergo percutaneous coronary revascularization with either the Orsiro Sirolimus Eluting Stent System (treatment group) or the Xience Everolimus Eluting Stent System (control group).

Subjects may receive treatment of up to three target lesions, one or two target lesions per target vessel, for a maximum of two target vessels. The target lesion(s) must be de novo or restenotic lesion(s) of ≤ 36 mm in length in native coronary artery(ies), with a reference vessel diameter of 2.25-4.0 mm. Treatment of restenotic lesions is allowed provided that the target lesion was previously treated with PTCA only. All treatment with study stents is to be performed during a single index procedure. Note: Concurrent treatment of non-target lesions during the index procedure is not allowed.

Randomized subjects will have clinical follow-up at 1 month, 6 months, 12 months and at 2, 3, 4 and 5 years following the index procedure.

To assess the non-inferiority of the Orsiro stent compared to the Xience stent, BIOFLOW-V randomized subjects will be combined with historical subjects from the BIOFLOW-II and BIOFLOW-IV randomized trials employing a Bayesian approach. Only subjects who meet all clinical and angiographic eligibility criteria of the BIOFLOW-V trial will be included in the analysis.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1334 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: BIOTRONIK - A Prospective Randomized Multicenter Study to Assess the SaFety and Effectiveness of the Orsiro SiroLimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment Of Subjects With up to Three De Novo or Restenotic Coronary Artery Lesions - V
Study Start Date : May 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Sirolimus

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Orsiro sirolimus coronary stent system
Intervention with a Orsiro DES.
Device: Orsiro DES
Orsiro is a device/drug combination product composed of two components, a device (coronary stent system including a cobalt chromium stent platform), and a drug product (a formulation of sirolimus) contained in a bioabsorbable polymer coating.
Other Name: Orsiro sirolimus coronary stent system

Active Comparator: Xience everolimus coronary stent system
Intervention with a Xience DES.
Device: Xience DES
Other Name: Xience everolimus coronary stent system




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Target Lesion Failure (TLF) at 12 Months Post-Index Procedure by Bayesian Estimation [ Time Frame: 12-Months ]
    TLF is defined as all cardiac death, target vessel Q-wave or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI), or clinically driven target lesion revascularization (TLR).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Lesions With Device Success [ Time Frame: Hospital Discharge (6-24 hours post-index procedure) ]
    Defined as attainment of < 30% residual stenosis of the target lesion using the assigned study stent only.

  2. Number of Lesions With Lesion Success [ Time Frame: Hospital Discharge (6-24 hours post-index procedure) ]
    Defined as attainment of < 30% residual stenosis of the target lesion using any percutaneous method.

  3. Number of Participants With Procedure Success [ Time Frame: Hospital Discharge (6-24 hours post-index procedure) ]
    Defined as attainment of < 30% residual stenosis of the target lesion using the assigned study stent only without occurrence of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE; composite of all-cause death, Q-wave or non-Q-wave MI, and any clinically-driven TLR).

  4. Number of Participants With Myocardial Infarction [ Time Frame: Hospital Discharge (6-24 hours post-index procedure), 1, 6, 12 months, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years ]
  5. Number of Participants With Myocardial Infarction or Cardiac Death [ Time Frame: Hospital Discharge (6-24 hours post-index procedure), 1, 6, 12 months, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years ]
    Anticipated reporting: April 2022.

  6. Number of Participants With MACE and Individual MACE Components [ Time Frame: Hospital Discharge (6-24 hours post-index procedure), 1, 6, 12 months, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years ]
    MACE: composite of all-cause death, Q-wave or non-Q-wave MI, and any clinically-driven TLR

  7. Number of Participants With TLF and Individual TLF Components [ Time Frame: Hospital Discharge (6-24 hours post-index procedure), 1, 6, 12 months, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years ]
    TLF: composite of cardiac death, target vessel Q-wave or non-Q-wave MI, and any clinically-driven TLR

  8. Number of Participants With Target Vessel Failure (TVF) and Individual TVF Components [ Time Frame: Hospital Discharge (6-24 hours post-index procedure), 1, 6, 12 months, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years ]
    TVF: composite of cardiac death, target vessel Q-wave or non-Q-wave MI, and any clinically-driven TVR.

  9. Number of Participants With Stent Thrombosis [ Time Frame: Hospital Discharge (6-24 hours post-index procedure), 1, 6, 12 months, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years ]
    Stent thrombosis according to the Academic Research Consortium criteria.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject is ≥18 years or the minimum age required for legal adult consent in the country of enrollment.
  2. Subject is an acceptable candidate for PCI.
  3. Subject is an acceptable candidate for CABG.
  4. Subject has clinical evidence of ischemic heart disease, stable or unstable angina pectoris or documented silent ischemia.
  5. Subject is eligible for dual anti-platelet therapy treatment with aspirin plus either, clopidogrel, prasugrel, ticagrelor or ticlopidine.
  6. Subject has provided written informed consent.
  7. Subject is willing to comply with study follow-up requirements.

Each target lesion/vessel must meet all of the following angiographic criteria for the subject to be eligible for the trial:

  1. Subject has up to three target lesions in up to two separate target vessels (two target lesions in one vessel and one target lesion in a separate vessel).
  2. Target lesion must be de novo or restenotic lesion in native coronary artery; restenotic lesion must have been treated with a standard PTCA only.
  3. Target lesion must be in major coronary artery or branch (target vessel).
  4. Target lesion must have angiographic evidence of ≥ 50% and < 100% stenosis (by operator visual estimate). If the target lesion is < 70% stenosed, clinical evidence of ischemia by positive functional study, CT, electrocardiography, FFR, or post infarct angina.
  5. TIMI flow > 1.
  6. Target lesion must be ≤ 36 mm in length by operator visual estimate.
  7. Target vessel RVD of 2.25-4.0 mm by operator visual estimate.
  8. Target lesion must be treatable with a maximum of two overlapping stents.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject has clinical symptoms and/or electrocardiogram (ECG) changes consistent with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) within 72 hours prior to the index procedure. Hemodynamically stable non-STEMI (NSTEMI) subjects are eligible for study enrollment.
  2. Subject is hemodynamically unstable.
  3. Subject is pregnant and/or breastfeeding or intends to become pregnant during the duration of the study.
  4. Subject has a known allergy to contrast medium that cannot be adequately pre-medicated, or any known allergy to thienopyridine, aspirin, both heparin and bivalirudin, L-605 cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) alloy or one of its major elements (cobalt, chromium, tungsten and nickel), acrylic, fluoropolymers, silicon carbide, PLLA, sirolimus or everolimus.
  5. Revascularization of any target vessel within 9 months prior to the index procedure or previous PCI of any non-target vessel within 30 days prior to the index procedure.
  6. Planned treatment of a lesion not meeting angiographic inclusion and exclusion criteria during the index procedure or after the index procedure.
  7. Planned surgery within 6 months of index procedure unless dual antiplatelet therapy can be maintained throughout the peri-surgical period.
  8. History of a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 6 months prior to the index procedure.
  9. Subjects with active bleeding disorders, active coagulopathy, or any other reason, who are ineligible for DAPT.
  10. Subject will refuse blood transfusions.
  11. Subject has documented left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 30% within 90 days prior to the index procedure.
  12. Subject is dialysis-dependent.
  13. Subject has impaired renal function (i.e., blood creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL or 221 μmol/L determined within 7 days prior to the index procedure).
  14. Subject has leukopenia (i.e. < 3,000 white blood cells/mm3), thrombocytopenia (i.e. < 100,000 platelets/mm3) or thrombocytosis (i.e. > 700,000 platelet/mm3).
  15. Subject is receiving oral or intravenous immunosuppressive therapy (inhaled steroids are permitted), or has known life-limiting immunosuppressive or autoimmune disease (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus, systemic lupus erythematosus; diabetes mellitus is permitted).
  16. Subject is receiving chronic anticoagulation (e.g. coumadin, dabigatran, apixaban, rivaroxaban or any other agent).
  17. Subject has life expectancy of < 1 year.
  18. Subject is participating in another investigational (medical device or drug) clinical study. Subjects may be concurrently enrolled in a post-market study, as long as the post-market study device, drug or protocol does not interfere with the investigational treatment or protocol of this study.
  19. In the investigator's opinion, subject will not be able to comply with the follow-up requirements.

Subjects will be excluded from the trial if any of the target lesions/vessels meets any of the following angiographic criteria:

  1. Target lesion is located within a saphenous vein graft or arterial graft.
  2. Target lesion is a restenotic lesion that was previously treated with a bare metal or drug eluting stent (in-stent restenosis).
  3. Target lesion has any of the following characteristics:

    1. Lesion location is within the left main coronary artery, or within 3 mm of the origin of the left anterior descending (LAD) or left circumflex (LCX).
    2. Involves a side branch of > 2.0 mm in diameter. Note: Lesions within 3 mm of the origin of the right coronary artery may be treated.
  4. Target vessel/lesion is excessively tortuous/angulated or is severely calcified, that would prevent complete inflation of an angioplasty balloon. This assessment should be based on visual estimation.
  5. Target vessel has angiographic evidence of thrombus.
  6. Target lesion is totally occluded (100% stenosis).
  7. Target vessel was treated with brachytherapy any time prior to the index procedure.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02389946


  Show 92 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Biotronik, Inc.
Biotronik AG
Baim Institute for Clinical Research
Medstar Health Research Institute
Investigators
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Study Chair: Ron Waksman, MD Medstar Washington Hospital Center
Principal Investigator: David Kandzari, MD Piedmont Heart Institute
Principal Investigator: Jacques Koolen, MD Catharina Ziekenhuis
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Biotronik, Inc.:
Study Protocol  [PDF] February 11, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] September 14, 2017


Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Biotronik, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02389946     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BIOFLOW-V
First Posted: March 17, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 1, 2019
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by Biotronik, Inc.:
Drug eluting coronary stents
Sirolimus
Bioabsorbable polymer
DES

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Atherosclerosis
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Angina Pectoris
Ischemia
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Chest Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Sirolimus
Everolimus
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents