We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Ganetespib in Combination With Paclitaxel, Carboplatin, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage II-III Esophageal Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02389751
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 17, 2015
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2019
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of ganetespib when given together with paclitaxel, carboplatin, and radiation therapy in treating patients with stage II-III esophageal cancer. Ganetespib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving ganetespib in combination with paclitaxel, carboplatin, and radiation therapy may be a better treatment for patients with esophageal cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma Malignant Neoplasm of the Cervical Esophagus Malignant Neoplasm of the Thoracic Esophagus Stage IIA Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IIB Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IIIA Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IIIB Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IIIC Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Ganetespib Drug: Paclitaxel Radiation: Radiation Therapy Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the maximum tolerated disease (MTD) and the recommended phase II dose of ganetespib to combine with standard carboplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy and radiotherapy in stage II-III patients with esophageal carcinoma.


I. To assess the response rate based on fludeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) +/- CT with contrast imaging response assessment after completion of chemoradiation.

II. To determine the 1 year overall survival (OS) rate. III. To determine the progression-free survival (PFS) rate. IV. To determine the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate for patients who undergo surgery.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of ganetespib.

Patients receive ganetespib intravenously (IV) over 1 hour, paclitaxel IV over 1 hour, and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes once a week on day 1. Patients also undergo radiation therapy 5 days a week for 5.5 weeks or for a total of 28 treatments. Treatment continues for 28 treatment days (5.5 weeks) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for 3 years.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: GUARDIAN-1 Trial: A Phase 1 Study of Ganetespib in Combination With Chemoradiation for Stage II-III Esophageal Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : April 10, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 16, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : July 16, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (ganetespib, paclitaxel, carboplatin, radiation)
Patients receive ganetespib IV over 1 hour, paclitaxel IV over 1 hour, and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes once a week on day 1. Patients also undergo radiation therapy 5 days a week for 5.5 weeks or for a total of 28 treatments. Treatment continues for 28 treatment days (5.5 weeks) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
Drug: Carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Blastocarb
  • Carboplat
  • Carboplatin Hexal
  • Carboplatino
  • Carbosin
  • Carbosol
  • Carbotec
  • Displata
  • Ercar
  • JM-8
  • Nealorin
  • Novoplatinum
  • Paraplatin
  • Paraplatin AQ
  • Paraplatine
  • Platinwas
  • Ribocarbo

Drug: Ganetespib
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Hsp90 Inhibitor STA-9090
  • STA-9090

Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MTD and recommended phase II dose of ganetespib, graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 70 days ]
    The MTD is defined as the dose for which the posterior mean probability of dose-limiting toxicity is closest to 30%.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate based on FDG-PET/CT +/- CT imaging response assessment after completion of chemoradiation [ Time Frame: At 6 weeks after completion of chemoradiation therapy ]
  2. OS [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  3. PFS [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  4. pCR for patients who undergo surgical resection after neoadjuvant therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 10 weeks after completion of chemoradiation therapy ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically documented adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the cervical esophagus, thoracic esophagus, or gastroesophageal junction
  • Stage II or III esophageal carcinoma according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th edition staging
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) +/- biopsy at M.D. Anderson are required to confirm staging
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Patients should have no contraindications for chemotherapy or radiation, and should receive either definitive chemoradiation therapy or preoperative chemoradiation therapy
  • Patients must have received baseline FDG-PET/CT +/- CT with contrast within 1 month +/- 2 weeks prior to study entry, and should have no contraindications to PET or CT imaging
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) during and up to 30 days after discontinuing treatment
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days of study entry; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • White blood cells (WBC) >= 2500 cells/ul
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Platelets >= 100x10^9/L
  • Albumin >= 2.5 g/dL
  • Serum bilirubin =< 1.5x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) >= 50 mL/min OR 24-hour urine creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 x institutional ULN
  • Baseline screening corrected QT (QTc) < 470 ms is eligible

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior radiation to the chest or abdomen
  • Previous or concomitant malignancy - EXCEPTIONS: patients with curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal cell of the skin, transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, or early stage cancers at non-overlapping sites with no evidence of disease for >= 3 years
  • No induction chemotherapy
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding females; patients who become pregnant during active therapy will be immediately removed from the study
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness or serious medical conditions including, but not limited to:

    • Clinically significant, uncontrolled, major cardiac, respiratory, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal, or hematologic disease
    • Active uncontrolled infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina, or cardiac dysrhythmia not controlled by pacer device
    • No myocardial infarction within 3 months of registration
    • Symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease with uncontrolled diarrhea
  • Major cardiac-related diseases, medications, or laboratory abnormalities including the following: a) clinically unstable cardiac disease, including unstable atrial fibrillation, symptomatic bradycardia, unstable congestive heart failure, active myocardial ischemia, or indwelling temporary pacemaker, b) ventricular tachycardia or a supraventricular tachycardia that requires treatment with a class Ia antiarrhythmic drug (eg, quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide) or class III antiarrhythmic drug (eg, sotalol, amiodarone, dofetilide); use of other antiarrhythmic drugs is permitted; c) use of medications that have been linked to the occurrence of torsades de pointes, d) second- or third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block unless treated with a permanent pacemaker, e) complete left bundle branch block (LBBB), f) history of long QT Syndrome or a family member with this condition, g) if baseline QTc > 470 ms, average of triplicate electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings is necessary; if average value of QTc is > 470 ms, patient is ineligible for the study; h) serum potassium, magnesium, and calcium levels outside the laboratory's reference range
  • Known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction to carboplatin, paclitaxel, polysorbate 80, or any other component of the formulation
  • Any major surgery, extensive radiotherapy, chemotherapy with delayed toxicity, biologic therapy, or immunotherapy within 21 days prior to study registration, and/or daily or weekly chemotherapy without the potential for delayed toxicity within 14 days prior to registration
  • Use of other investigational drugs within 28 days (or five half-lives, whichever is shorter; with a minimum of 14 days from the last dose) either preceding the first dose of ganetespib or during the study period
  • Current use of a prohibited medication; the following medications or non-drug therapies are prohibited: a) other anti-cancer therapy while on study treatment, b) the concurrent use of all herbal supplements is prohibited during the study (including, but not limited to, St. John's wort, kava, ephedra [ma huang], gingko biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEA], yohimbe, saw palmetto, or ginseng)
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), active hepatitis B virus (HBV), or active hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (with the exception of chronic or cleared HBC and HCV infection, which will be allowed)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02389751

Layout table for location information
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Steven Lin M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02389751    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2013-0815
NCI-2015-00492 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2013-0815 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 17, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Esophageal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action